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TABLE 4.-Summary of personnel and attendance in city public schools, 192324

GROUP IV.-CITIES OF 2,500 TO 10,000 POPULATION

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Nevada..
New Hampshire
New Jersey..
New Mexico..
New York...

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199

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ON

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29

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800.0

6, 253

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North Carolina
North Dakota---
Ohio.-
Oklahoma -
Oregon.-

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22
268
170

36, 793

1, 204
11,787
87, 270

9,728
99, 651
44, 709

8, 238
103, 251
61, 156
21,550
228,989
14, 985
32, 136
13, 198
34, 886

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41, 792
504, 692
222, 216

90, 432
1, 149, 595

87, 818
121, 203
62, 133

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Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.--
South Dakota.-
Tennessee....

4,737, 344

210, 590
2, 035, 238
16, 217, 047

1, 726, 271
18, 408, 848
7,870, 022
1,452, 745
18, 173, 402
10, 778, 216

3, 704, 295
41,846, 432

2, 737, 599
5, 600, 321
2,358, 381
5,838, 667
16, 023, 350
3, 103, 407
2,720, 019
4,789, 651
4,589, 273
4,604, 609
9,097, 805
1, 407, 384

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4, 159

110
265

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88, 410

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18, 325
16, 032
26, 839
25, 686
25, 931
154, 546

8, 129

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2, 112

217

294

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1 Includes estimates for all cities not reporting.

TABLE 5.-Summary of expenditures, value of school properties, and number of

schools and school buildings in city public school systems, 192324

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COMPARATIVE DATA The following tabulation presents some comparisons between 1922 and 1924 for cities in the first three groups: Pupils per teacher, salary of teachers, and per pupil cost of instruction, for certain

types of schools in Groups I, II, and III

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Slight increases are noted in size of classes in kindergartens, elementary schools, high schools, normal schools, and vocational schools. The salary trend is upward for every type of school, the largest increase being in city normal schools, where a 20 per cent increase occurs. Per pupil cost of instruction increases for every type of school excepting vocational schools. The data for city colleges are too incomplete to make comparisons with 1922.

PER CAPITA COSTS No tables are presented in this bulletin showing per capita costs of education in cities, as that material was presented in Statistical Circular No. 4. A study of 35 representative cities in Group I shows an average total cost, excluding debt service, of $95.64 per pupil in average daily attendance, which is an increase of $10.96 over that for 30 representative cities of this class for 1922. This is an expenditure of 3.4 per cent for general control, 76.9 per cent for instruction, 9.6 per cent for operation of plant, 5.6 per cent for maintenance, 2.5 per cent for auxiliary agencies, and 2 per cent for fixed charges.

In Group II, 55 representative cities had an average total cost of $87.12 per pupil, an increase of $7.08 over the average for 40 representative cities of this class for 1922. Of this total expenditure, 3.4 per cent is for general control, 77 per cent for instruction, 11.1 per cent for operation of plant, 4 per cent for maintenance, 2.8 per cent for auxiliary agencies, and 1.7 per cent for fixed charges.

In Group III, 55 representative cities have an average total cost of $73.90 per pupil in average daily attendance, an increase of $0.18 over that for 50 representative cities of this class for 1922. Of this

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total cost, 3.6 per cent is for general control, 77.9 per cent for instruction, 11.5 per cent for operation of plant, 3.6 per cent for maintenance, 1.9 per cent for auxiliary agencies, and 1.5 per cent for fixed charges.

In Group IV, 50 representative cities show an average total cost per pupil of $74.91, an increase of $10.78 over that for 50 representative cities of this class for 1922. The total cost is divided as follows: 5.5 per cent for general control, 72.3 per cent for instruction, 13 per cent for operation of plant, 3.9 per cent for maintenance, 3.6 per cent for auxiliary agencies, and 1.7 per cent for fixed charges.

The total range of per pupil costs for 1924 for the cities included above is as follows: Group I, from $35.74 to $133.32; Group II, $35.52 to $125.05; Group III, $24 to $110.85; and Group IV, from $34.25 to $165.51.

The following tables present in detail the personnel and financial statistics for cities of 10,000 population or more:

Plant, 2. 72.3 Total com

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