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COMPARATIVE STATISTICS

Table 1 presents historical statistics for instructors, students, and degrees, by 10-year periods, from 1890 to the present time. There were enrolled in 1890, excluding duplicates and preparatory students, a total of 121,942 students in collegiate courses. In 1900 this enrollment had reached 167,999; in 1910 it was 266,654; and in 1924 it amounted to 664,266. During this 34-year period the general population increased about 78 per cent, while enrollment of collegiate students increased 445 per cent. During this period enrollments in all kinds of secondary students increased 951 per cent. College enrollment, therefore, has grown nearly 6 times as fast as the general population, and secondary school enrollments have grown about 12 times as fast as the general population. Since college growth must of necessity come through the secondary schools, the continuous growth of the secondary schools becomes one of primary importance.

The number of instructors, excluding those in preparatory departments, in 1890 is reported as 10,762, in 1900 as 18,056, in 1910 as 29,083, and in 1924 as 51,907. The number of students per teacher for each of these four years is 11.3, 9.3, 9.2, and 12.8.

From 1922 to 1924 the number of baccalaureate degrees conferred increased from 47,854 to 61,285; the number of first professional degrees from 12,053 to 17,357; and the number of graduate degrees from 7,332 to 9,261. During this two-year period the amount of productive funds of these institutions increased from $699,213,452 to $814,718,813, and the total annual receipts from $326,535,304 to $387,694,609. There is also an increase in student fees from $64,296,212 in 1922 to $81,168,998 in 1924. The student fees in 1924 are about 21 per cent of the total receipts, which means that for every dollar the student pays $4 more must come from other sources.

The summer-school enrollment increased from 25,538 men and 52,521 women in 1918 to 36,469 men and 58,369 women in 1920, to 62,994 men and 85,069 women in 1922, and to 76,155 men and 113,788 women in 1924. This is an annual increase of about 20 per cent for the men and 13 per cent for the women. In 1918, 33 per cent of the summer-school enrollment were men, and in 1924 this had increased to 40 per cent. The increase in enrollment in 1924 over 1918 is 198 per cent for the men and 117 per cent for the women.

TABLE 1.-Review of statistics of universities, colleges, and professional schools, by

decades, 18901922, and for 1924

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1 Includes 982 men and 1,239 women teaching in other departments.
2 Includes 1,010 men and 1,241 women teaching in other departments.
3 Includes 1,073 men and 1,255 women teaching in other departments.

* Includes students in theology, law, medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, osteopathy, and veterinary medicine.

0 Includes 27,533 men and 38,326 women in other departments. 6 Includes 26,496 men and 29,453 women in other departments. 7 Includes 33,144 men and 39,859 women in other departments,

TABLE 1.-Review of statistics of universities, colleges, and professional schools, by

decades, 1890-1922, and for 1924Continued

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8 First degrees in theology, law, medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, osteopathy, and veterinary medicine.

TABLE 2.-Number of collegiate and resident graduate students in universities and

colleges from 1889-90 to 192324

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TABLE 3.--Institutions conferring the Ph. D. degree on examination in 1924

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TABLE 3.-Institutions conferring the Ph. D. degree on examination in 1924Con.

State

Institution

Men Women

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Illinois

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Do.. Kansas. Louisiana Maryland

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Massachusetts

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Michigan..
Minnesota..
Missouri..

Do. Nebraska. New Jersey

Do... New York

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De Paul University...
University of Chicago....
Northwestern University..
Garrett Biblical Institute.
University of Illinois.-----
Indiana University. ------
University of Notre Dame..
Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts
University of Dubuque.
State University of Iowa.----
University of Kansas...
Tulane University of Louisiana
Johns Hopkins University.
University of Maryland...
Massachusetts Agricultura
Boston University.---
Harvard University...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology -
Radcliffe College
Clark University
University of Michigan.
University of Minnesota...
University of Missouri.
Washington University..
University of Nebraska.
Rutgers University.----
Princeton University....
Cornell University..
Columbia University..
Fordham University.----
New York University...
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute...
University of North Carolina.
University of Cincinnati
Ohio State University...-
University of Dayton...
Bryn Mawr College.
St. Francis College..
Dropsie College..--
University of Pennsylvan
Duquesne University..
University of Pittsburgh..
Villanova College...
Brown University.
University of Texas...
Rice Institute.--
University of Virginia..
University of Washington
University of Wisconsin..
Marquette University...

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North Carolina
Ohio...

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Do. Pennsylvania

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Rhode Islai
Texas.

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Total.

150

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BENEFACTIONS

The total amount of gifts and bequests, excluding grants by the United States, by the several States, and the municipalities, reported for the year 1923–24 is $81,722,887. Of this amount $22,632,735 was for increase of plant, $12,380,569 for current expenses, and $46,709,583 for endowment. One hundred and forty-seven universities, colleges, and professional schools reported gifts above $100,000 each received during 1923–24, the total for these institutions amounting to $69,064,665.

TABLE 4.-Benefactions

State

Institution

Amount

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Indiana

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Kansas.
Kentucky

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Marion Institute.
Ouachita College.--
University of Californ
Pomona College...
California Christian College...
Occidental College.--.
University of Southern California..
Leland Stanford Junior University...
Mills College.-----
California Institute o' Techr
University of Redlands. ----
University of Santa Clara
College of the Pacific..
Whittier College.---
Trinity College.---
Wesleyan University -----
Yale University. ---
University of Georgia.
Georgia School of Technology -
Agnes Scott College..
Emory University...
Mercer University..
Wesleyan College..
Blackburn College..
Armour Institute of Technology.
Chicago Theological Seminary--
University of Chicago...
Northwestern University--
Eureka College...
Knox College-----
Rosary College.--.
Indiana University --
Wabash College.---
University of Notre Dame.
Taylor University -
Grinnell College
Simpson College.
Baker University
Berea College...
Centre College.---
Transylvania College
Presbyterian Theological Seminary of Kentucky.
Cumberland College-
Loyola University..
Tulane University of Louisiana
Bow doin College....
Johns Hopkins University
Washington College..
Woodstock College..
Amherst College...
Boston University..
Simmons College...
Harvard University..
Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Radcliffe College....
Boston College.-.-.
Smith College.....
Tufts College....
Wellesley College..
Williams College.---
University of Michigan..
University of Minnesota.
Carleton College..
College of St. Catherine..
Culver-Stockton College
Central College...
William Jewell College-
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Park College
Intermountain Union College
Nebraska Wesleyan University-
Dartmouth College.--
Upsala College...---
Rutgers University..
Princeton University..
St. Stephen's College.
University of Buffalo
St. Lawrence University-
Hamilton College..
Hobart College...
Cornell University..
Keuka College..---
Columbia University...

$150,000

400,000 1,356, 643

361, 183 113, 743 404, 351

450,000 1, 135, 658

173, 643 319, 670 103, 724 227, 353 171, 000 152, 500 259, 270

202, 477 5, 037, 413

244, 593 119, 834 156, 236 204, 251 204, 000 274, 120 133, 114 159, 000

250,000 2,699, 086 5,057, 542

179, 557 157, 222 146, 449 850, 370 108, 968 722, 481 145, 000 104, 897 118, 478 279, 681 317, 930 304, 819 119, 767 112, 551 272, 000 340, 000 436, 357

559, 088 1, 648, 030

250,000 100,000 390, 000 220, 622 619, 119 7, 780, 745

513, 000 144, 000 105, 200 334, 804 384, 183 605, 970 580, 834 206, 966 796, 474 130, 607 415, 000 675, 700 120, 442 176, 083 330, 897 102, 000 176, 574 337, 554 135, 532 462, 048 937, 868 170, 546 727, 802 247,849 934, 068

110, 260 1,093, 110

249, 500 1,092, 774

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Maine-
Maryland

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Missouri.

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Montana.
Nebraska...
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New Jersey

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Do. New York

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