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CHAPTER XXIII STATISTICS OF TEACHERS COLLEGES AND NORMAL

SCHOOLS, 1923–24

CONTENTS.- Review of the statistics-Statistical summaries (Tables 1-21)-Teachers colleges Sessions,

graduates, degrees conferred; instructors; students; property and income; expenditures (Tables 22-26)-State normal schools (Tables 27-31)-City normal schools (Tables 32-33) Private normal schools (Tables 34-37).

This report contains statistics from 382 institutions engaged primarily in training teachers. It is supplemented by data from secondary schools showing the number of pupils in teacher-training courses, and from colleges and universities with a department of education, showing the number of college students preparing for the profession of teaching Table 1 gives a summary by States of the number in teacher preparation in each type of school, and of the number of public-school teaching positions in each State. In a few States the number of teaching positions is for 1922.

The total number of these teaching positions is 742,172, and the number preparing to teach in the types of schools mentioned is reported as 418,533. Of this number, 253,747, or about 61 per cent, are enrolled in the regular sessions, and 191,311 in the summer sessions, both enrollments including 26,525 duplicates. If the regular students in these colleges attend the full four years, those in normal schools two years, and those in high schools one year, these institutions would be turning out 107,488 prospective teachers each year, or about one for every seven teaching positions. Taking the average training period as two years, 126,874 annual recruits would take care of all these teaching positions in six years.

Many do not teach, even after preparation, and some teach without formal training. There are always teachers to be found whose training was in some of the 212 colleges not included in this report, some from the better type of commercial and business schools, and some from other schools. There are also in the United States about 150,000 teaching positions in colleges and schools other than public schools. The work of supplying recruits for all these positions, and of improving those already employed is of vital importance.

The summer-school enrollment is composed of those already teaching who desire to improve their positions, those who wish to shorten the period of training by attending both regular sessions and summer sessions, and those who wish to use the summer school as a short course in the preparation of teaching.

It is difficult to analyze the situation with respect to each State, since so many students prepare in one State and later teach in another. Most States provide ample training facilities for those wishing to follow the profession of teaching. A study of columns 7 and 13 of Table 1 shows the following States with more than one-half as many students in teacher-training institutions preparing to teach as there are public-school teaching positions in those States: Oklahoma, Nebraska, Wisconsin, North Dakota, Kansas, Washington, Missouri, Michigan, Colorado, Alabama, South Dakota, Virginia, and Idaho. It is also possible to make comparisons between columns 11 or 12, and 13, but it must be kept in mind that column 11 includes those in institutions under private control, and 12 excludes students in summer sessions only, while 13 does not include teaching positions in schools other than public schools.

Table 2 gives a sex distribution of those preparing to teach and taking training in secondary schools and colleges. A study of this table and of Table 3 shows 81,718 men and 336,815. women in teacher training. Of the public-school teaching positions, 16.3 per cent are filled by men, and 19.5 per cent of those in teacher training are men. Better salaries are no doubt attracting more men toward the teaching profession, and the openings in other fields of work are perhaps taking women from the work of teaching.

Of the 382 institutions included in Table 3, 88 are teachers colleges, 108 State normal schools, 67 private normal schools, 29 city normals, and 90 county normals. Since 1922 there has been an increase of 40,963 students in these schools. The increase in number taking teacher-training courses is 51,115. This is an increase of 25.5 per cent for women, and 30.1 per cent for men.

The list of teachers colleges has been changed since 1922, the following 11 schools having been added: State Teachers College, Chico, Calif. State Teachers College, San Diego, Calif. State Teachers College, San Francisco, Calif. Western Kentucky State Normal School and Teachers College, Bowling Green,

Ky. Eastern Kentucky State Normal School and Teachers College, Richmond, Ky. Eastern State Teachers College, Madison, S. Dak. State Normal School, Spearfish, S. Dak. Sul Ross State Normal School, Alpine, Tex. Stephen F. Austin Teachers College, Nacogdoches, Tex. Concord State Normal School, Athens, W. Va. State Normal School, Fairmont, W. Va.

The following schools formerly on the teachers college list now appear elsewhere: Chicago Teachers College, Chicago, Ill. Tri-State College, Angola, Ind. State Normal School, Buffalo, N. Y.

TABLE 1.— Number of students in teacher-training courses, 192324

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Continental U. s. 53, 222 134, 431 79, 87713, 06535, 521 316, 116 82, 450 10,074 1,691 418, 533 301, 619741, 109 Alabama...

7,623 1, 101

119, 195/ 5,332 13, 849 Arizona...

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0 907 571 2,373 Arkansas.

3551

3, 463 2,650 9, 200 California..

10,363 8, 674 27, 421 Colorado.

7341 2,950 8,934 Connecticut.....

1,972 1, 972 8, 049 Delaware...

460 460 1.323 District of Columbia

2, 575 2,575! 2, 493 Florida..

1, 1706, 742 Georgia..

3, 749

17, 687 Idaho. 775

157

4, 249 Illinois.. 515 10, 339

41, 904 Indiana.

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3, 841) 10,6 18, 874 Iowa.--3371

14, 583 10 25, 479 Kansas.. 3, 616,

18, 186 Kentucky.

988 2,914' 1,324 Louisiana 1,930

300 Maine---

0 2,073

359 Maryland... Massachusetts

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1 Students in county normal schools as follows: 509 in Michigan, 604 in Ohio, 1,511 in Wisconsin, included in column 11.

2 Students in private teachers colleges as follows: 504 in Illinois, 2,414 in Indiana, 2,680 in Tennessee, included in column 11.

3 Number of students registered in education, used for 12 institutions out of 87. * Out of 481 institutions, 66 not reporting.

TABLE 2.-Students in teacher-training courses in universities and colleges and in

high schools, 192324

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TABLE 3.Review of statistics of all teachers colleges and normal schools, 19001924

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Schools reporting---------
305 268 264 273

371

382 Instructors: a. Total in all courses-Men.

1.920

2.506 3,560 4, 949 Women.-2, 511 3, 131

370 6,027 7,568 Total.. 4,367 5,051 5,914

9,587 12, 517 b. In normal coursesMen... 1, 466 1, 540 1, 360 1, 740

4, 257 Women... 1, 617 2,111 2,400 3, 165

6, 717 Total. 3,083 3,651 3,760 4, 905

10, 974 Students enrolled: a. Total in all coursesMen..

47, 9061 47, 889 37, 823 27, 370 29, 149 53, 351 Women.. 68, 778183, 496 94, 615)

219, 756 Total....

116, 684 131, 385 132, 438 118, 960 162, 796 273, 107 b. In normal courses Men...

24, 157 15, 954 19,746 19, 978 19, 110 42,477 Women...

45, 394 49, 346 68, 815 80, 347 116, 325 203, 192 Total...

69,551 65, 300 88, 561 100, 325 135, 435 245, 669 Graduates from normal courses:

2,989 1, 713 2, 151 2,772 2, 151 5, 749

8, 370 8, 647 13, 279 19, 172 18, 861 34, 735 Total...... 11, 359 10, 360 15, 430 21,944 21,012

40, 484 Enrollment in model schools

35, 397 51, 310 6 6, 180| 52, 605 92, 146 8 5, 585 Volumes in libraries.

807, 963 1, 156, 715 1,521, 528 1,672, 462 2,385, 238 2,926, 023 Receipts for the year: a. From State, city, and county for improvements.--------------

$718, 507 $1, 684, 789 $2, 635, 838 $1,957, 199 $4, 245, 667 $7, 573, 406 b. From State, city, and county for current expenses.----------

$2,782, 123]$4, 149, 908 $6, 675, 152 $8,769, 258 $15, 424, 586 $26, 337, 388 c. Total receipts from State, city, and county---

$3,500, 630$5, 834, 697 $9, 310, 990 $10, 737, 325 $19, 670, 253 $33, 910, 794 Total receipts, all sources.-- $5, 231, 856 $7, 962, 299 $14, 688, 220 $15, 875, 438 $31, 395, 389 $48, 948, 518 Average receipts per school ---------- $17, 154 $37, 382 $55, 637 $67, 844 $91,532 $128, 137 Average number of students per school --

490

715 Average number of students in normal courses per school ?.

367

643 Average number of students per instructor 2..

21.8 Percentage of all students who were in normal courses... 59.7 49.7

89.9

M en..-----------
Women.-------

3821

243

26.7

26

1 No data.
. These averages include only the schools which report both items.

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