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CHAPTER XXVI

STATISTICS OF KINDERGARTENS, 1923–24

This report contains statistics of public and of private kindergartens for the school year 1923–24. Increases appear in the number of kindergartens, number of teachers, and in the number of pupils enrolled, over those reported in 1922. The largest increase is in California, where the kindergarten enrollment increased 29 per cent during this two-year period, and the public school enrollment increased 22 per cent.

Reports were received from 126 more private kindergartens in 1924 than in 1922, but 567 fewer pupils were enrolled. In villages

896 public kindergartens, a gain of 204 over 1922. In cities of 2,500 and over, reports were received from 7,619 public kindergartens, an increase of 615 over 1922. The total enrollment for all types of kindergartens in 1924 is 618,819, which is 12.8 per cent of all children in the United States of ages 4 and 5. A total of 12,992 teachers were employed in 9,834 schools.

In the public kindergartens the average annual salary of a supervisor for 1924 is $2,472, and of a teacher $1,564, both salaries being slight increases over 1922. In the private kindergartens the average annual salary of a director is $1,720, of a teacher $914, and of an assistant teacher $648, all of which are decreases from 1922.

In 1914 the bureau received reports from 1,571 private kindergartens, having 2,139 teachers, 74,725 pupils, and an average daily attendance of 51,684. In the same year 7,254 public kindergartens reported 8,430 teachers, 391,143 pupils, and an average daily attendance of 224,978. In 1924, 1,319 private kindergartens reported 1,390 teachers, 54,456 pupils, and an average daily attendance of 36,564. In 1924, 8,515 public kindergartens reported 10,852 teachers, 564,363 pupils, and an average daily attendance of 330,154. The loss in enrollment in the private kindergartens is due largely to the absorption of the private kindergarten in some localities by the public school systems. The increase noted in the public kindergartens is due to several causes; namely: (1) Continuous healthy growth of kindergartens; (2) absorption of the private kindergartens; (3) increase in school attendance in general; (4) growth of cities; and (5) more complete returns.

The urban population has increased from 47,021,513 in 1914 to 59,159,996 in 1924. The total number of children in kindergartens in 1914 is 465,868, which is less than 1 per cent of the urban population. For 1924 the number in kindergartens is 618,819, which is

1.04 per cent of the urban population. This is a gain of five hundredths of 1 per cent during the past decade. At present more than one-half of the population of the United States lives in cities. If the 4,818,902 children 4 and 5 years of age are about evenly divided between urban and rural, the public schools of the cities furnish 85 per cent of the children in kindergartens in 1924. The accompanying tables furnish statistical data by States.

TABLE 1.-Summary of public and private kindergartens, 1923-24

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19.6 11.5 13.9

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117

102

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143

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Continental United States.
Alabama..-
Arizona.-
Arkansas.
California...
Colorado.---
Connecticut.----
Delaware.----
District of ('olumbia.
Florida...
Georgia...
Idaho...
Illinois..
Indiana..
Iowa.--
Kansas...
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine..--
Maryland
Massachusetts.
Michigan..--
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri.
Montana...
Nebraska..
Nevada..
New Hampshire
New Jersey.--
New Mexico..
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota..
Ohio....
Oklahoma..
Oregon...
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota.
Tennessee..
Texas.----
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington.
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Wyoming-

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125, 877
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47, 060
152, 584

23, 136 279, 316 119, 196 101, 203

73, 686 117, 870 88, 302 30, 077 59, 720 159, 982 171, 146 108, 827

92, 174 134, 156 29, 674 57, 718

2,885 16, 915 145, 959

19, 300 424, 623 1-49, 197

37, 595 246, 710 105, 375

31, 253 421, 335 24, 818 97, 528 32, 014 114, 450 226, 937

24, 877 113, 591 54, 717 81, 772 120, 691

9, 550

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TABLE 2.Public school kindergartens in cities, towns, and villages, 192324

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TABLE 3.—Public school kindergartens in cities having a population of 2,500 or

more, 192324

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TABLE 4.-Public-school kindergartens in towns and villages having a population

less than 2,500 in 1993–24

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225

150

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138 240 327

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New Hampshire
New Jersey ----
New Mexico.
New York...
North Carolina

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2, 250

989 925

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Bow Wow

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135 1, 232

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Ohio..
Oklahoma..
Pennsylvania..

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Rhode Island.
South Carolina.

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1,000 6, 185 27, 571 1,000

400

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