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The display at the exposition included typical cases of exhibits furnished by the museum. These cases are distributed by automobile to the various schools, where they may remain two weeks, upon the expiration of which time they are changed for others. Racks pro
Two of the cases of exhibits furnished by the Harris Extension to the Chicago public schools. Upper
picture, origin of coal; lower, the water snake. vided by the Chicago School Board serve for display of the cases, and when not occupied by cases, the racks serve for display of a placard explaining the scope and design of the museum, how it may be reached, etc.
NATIONAL CHILD LABOR COMMITTEE.
The exhibit of the National Child Labor Committee touched the school side of the problem at several points. Attention was called to the fact that the child who works can not have adequate schooling
even if his work is done outside of school hours.
“But many in the cotton LACK OF EDUCATION mills, in shrimp and oys
ter canneries, and in other THE VICIOUS CYCLE
through the States with Begin
Children have here
poor child-labor laws are period of inadequate schooling
deprived of schooling. Their work does not take the place of school, and they too often grow up
illiterate, inefficient, and 2 Lack of education ultimately unemployable.” keeps the worker
Under the caption from improving his condition
“Compulsory education 4 As a father the worker
and child-labor reform," is compelled by circumstances and ignorance to send his children
the exhibit pointed out to work without sufficient
that States with the largeducation 3 Ready for the
est percentage of chiljunk pile in the prime of life
dren 10 to 13 at work have
also the largest percentTHE CHILD PAYS FOR HIS EARLY LOSS
age of illiterates. ToOF EDUCATION ALL HIS LIFE
gether, good child-labor laws and good compul
sory-education laws deA significant chart from the child labor exhibit.
crease illiteracy and crime, increase earning power, elevate citizenship, and make real democracy possible.
Continuation schools were urged for all working children under 18 years of age. There are 1,990,225 children under 16 at work in the United States to-day, according to the figures given at the exhibit; 817,800 of these are working in nonagricultural occupations or are hired out to work on farms.
The following table indicates the child-labor situation in the vari. ous States as summarized for the exhibit:
WHERE DOES YOUR STATE STAND?
States which have no 14-year limit in factories or a 14-year limit with exemptions: *California.
North Carolina. *Colorado.
South Carolina. *Delaware.
*South Dakota. *District of Columbia. *Tennessee. *Georgia.
*Virginia. *Mississippi. *Washington.
Working children *Nevada. *West Virginia.
go to school New Mexico. Wyoming.
part of the time NOTE.--States marked * have a 14year limit with exemptions.
States which have no 16-year limit for night work in factories or
Employers spare them a 16-year limit with exemptions:
a few hours each week *Colorado. *Tennessee.
out of their work time Georgia. Texas.
without reducing wages * Maine.
*Virginia. *Mississippi. Washington.
CHILDREN GET Nevada. West Virginia.
A better chance for promotion New Mexico. Wyoming.
EMPLOYERS GET South Dakota.
Increased efficiency in workers NOTE.--States marked * have a 16
School work is related to shop work year limit with exemptions.
HENCE States which have no
the child becomes for children under 16 in factories,
an intelligent workman
and a better citizen or States which have an 8-hour day
EDUCATION IS THE ENEMY with exemptions :
OF CHILD LABOR Alabama.
The value of continuation schools as set forth in the Delaware. New Hampshire.
exhibit of the National Child Labor Committee. Florida.
South Carolina. Vermont.
States which have 16-year limit in mines and quarries or a 16-year limit
New Hampshire. * South Dakota. District of Columbia. Maine.
*Utah. †Florida. Massachusetts. New Mexico.
**Vermont. *Georgia. Michigan.
North Carolina. † Virginia.
South Carolina. NOTE.—States marked * have a 16-year limit with exemptions. States marked † have : mining products valued at $2,500,000 a year or over.
ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION INTERNATIONAL HEALTH
“ Teaching by demonstration” was the keynote of the International Health Commission exhibit. Wax models, pictures, and other devices were used to show the ravages of hookworm disease and the campaign of eradication that has been waged. During the five-year campaign, according to statistics presented at the exhibit, more than half a million children of school age (6 to 18, inclusive) were examined for hookworm disease in 11 Southern States. As a result, 216,828, or 39 per cent, were found infected. In other words, two out of every five children of school age were found to be infected. It was pointed out that infection means: Impaired health; greater susceptibility to other diseases; stunted body; dulled mind; diminished results of teaching; blighted manhood and womanhood.
Other features of the exhibit illustrated the improvement in community well-being wrought by the substitution of sanitary conditions for insanitary.
The Smith College exhibit was designed to set forth the developments in higher education for women. Charts were presented to
show the increase in number of students, the ratio of elective to required work, the type of work offered, and work taken for 1914–15, and the geographical distribution of students. The distribution of subjects and subject hours was of special interest. The following