Imágenes de páginas

The display at the exposition included typical cases of exhibits furnished by the museum. These cases are distributed by automobile to the various schools, where they may remain two weeks, upon the expiration of which time they are changed for others. Racks pro


Two of the cases of exhibits furnished by the Harris Extension to the Chicago public schools. Upper

picture, origin of coal; lower, the water snake. vided by the Chicago School Board serve for display of the cases, and when not occupied by cases, the racks serve for display of a placard explaining the scope and design of the museum, how it may be reached, etc.


The exhibit of the National Child Labor Committee touched the school side of the problem at several points. Attention was called to the fact that the child who works can not have adequate schooling

even if his work is done outside of school hours. “But many in the cotton mills, in shrimp and oys

ter canneries, and in other THE VICIOUS CYCLE occupations scattered

through the States with Children have

poor child-labor laws are time only for a short here! period of inadequate schooling

deprived of schooling. Their work does not take the place of school, and they too often grow up

illiterate, inefficient, and 2 Lack of education ultimately unemployable.” keeps the worker

Under the caption from improving his condition

“ Compulsory education (4) As a father the worker

and child-labor reform," is compelled by circumstances and ignorance to send his children

the exhibit pointed out to work without sufficient

that States with the largeducation

est percentage of chilejunk pile in the prime of life

dren 10 to 13 at work have

also the largest percentTHE CHILD PAYS FOR HIS EARLY LOSS

age of illiterates. ToOF EDUCATION ALL HIS LIFE

gether, good child-labor laws and good compul

sory-education laws deA significant chart from the child labor exhibit.

crease illiteracy and crime, increase earning power, elevate citizenship, and make real democracy possible.

Continuation schools were urged for all working children under 18 years of age. There are 1,990,225 children under 16 at work in the United States to-day, according to the figures given at the exhibit; 817,800 of these are working in nonagricultural occupations or are hired out to work on farms.

The following table indicates the child-labor situation in the various States as summarized for the exhibit:




States which have no 14-year limit in factories or a 14-year limit with exemptions: *California.

North Carolina. *Colorado.

South Carolina. *Delaware.

*South Dakota. *District of Columbia. *Tennessee. *Georgia.

*Texas. *Idaho.

*Utah. *Indiana.

*Vermont. *Maryland.

*Virginia. *Mississippi. *Washington.

Working children *Nevada. *West Virginia.

go to school New Mexico. Wyoming

part of the time NOTE.--States marked * have a 14year limit with exemptions.

States which have no 16-year limit for night work in factories or

Employers spare them a 16-year limit with exemptions:

a few hours each week *Colorado. *Tennessee.

out of their work time Georgia. Texas.

without reducing wages *Maine.

Utah. Maryland.

*Virginia. *Mississippi. Washington.

CHILDREN GET Nevada. West Virginia.

A better chance for promotion New Mexico. Vi'yoming.


Increased workers NOTE.--States marked * have a 16

School work is related to shop work year limit with exemptions.

HENCE States which have no s-hour day

the child becomes for children under 16 in factories,

an intelligent workman

and a better citizen or States which have an 8-hour day

EDUCATION IS THE ENEMY with exemptions:


Maryland. *Colorado.

Michigan. Connecticut.

* Mississippi. The value of continuation schools as set forth in the Delaware. New Hampshire.

exhibit of the National Child Labor Committee. Florida.

New Mexico.
North Carolina. South Dakota.



West Virginia.
Rhode Island.


South Carolina. Vermont.
NOTE.—States marked * have an 8-hour day with exemptions.

States which have 16-year limit in mines and quarries or a 16-year limit
with exemptions:

New Ilampshire. South Dakota. District of Columbia. Maine.

New Jersey.

†Utah. Florida. Massachusetts. New Mexico.

* Vermont.

North Carolina. * Virginia.
i Minnesota.
North Dakota.

*West Virginia.

† Wyoming.
i Missouri.

Rhode Island. *Kansas. Nebraska.

South Carolina.


NOTE.—States marked * have a 16-year limit with exemptions. mining products valued at $2,500,000 a year or over.

States marked † have



“ Teaching by demonstration” was the keynote of the International Health Commission exhibit. Wax models, pictures, and other devices were used to show the ravages of hookworm disease and the campaign of eradication that has been waged. During the five-year campaign, according to statistics presented at the exhibit, more than half a million children of school age (6 to 18, inclusive) were examined for hookworm disease in 11 Southern States. As a result, 216,828, or 39 per cent, were found infected. In other words, two out of every five children of school age were found to be infected. It was pointed out that infection means: Impaired health; greater susceptibility to other diseases; stunted body; dulled mind; diminished results of teaching; blighted manhood and womanhood.

Other features of the exhibit illustrated the improvement in community well-being wrought by the substitution of sanitary conditions for insanitary.

SMITH COLLEGE. The Smith College exhibit was designed to set forth the developments in higher education for women. Charts were presented to

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]

show the increase in number of students, the ratio of elective to required work, the type of work offered, and work taken for 1914–15, and the geographical distribution of students. The distribution of subjects and subject hours was of special interest. The following

« AnteriorContinuar »