Imágenes de páginas

A chart describing educational foundations gave the following information:

Htlucatiomil foundations.

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The printed publications shown in the exhibit included the annual reports of the Commissioner of Education, issued since 18G8, and the bulletins of the Bureau of Education, of which 160 were issued in the three years preceding December, 1915.

Other printed matter on exhibition included: (1) Student annuals, or similar publications of the leading universities, colleges, and normal schools of the United States; (2) the 6-foot shelf of home reading courses offered by the Bureau of Education; (3) bound volumes of the principal educational surveys conducted in this country in recent years; (4) a model country-school library for California schools.

Children's Bureau.

The Children's Bureau exhibit as a whole was educational in the larger sense, and certain features of it had direct reference to school problems. A moving panorama, "Our 30,000,000 children," attempted to show where children Mere at each year of life. Of about two and a half million children born every year, 300,000 die before they are 1 year old, according to the exhibit. In the seventh year 52 per cent of the children are in school; in the eighth year, 75 per cent; in the ninth, 83 per cent; in the tenth, 86 per cent; in the twelfth, 91 per cent; in the thirteenth, 90 per cent; in the fourteenth, 89 per cent; and in the fifteenth year 81 per cent are in school.

Attractive charts emphasized the need for playgrounds, especially play spaces for younger children.

Models of a sanitary dairy and an insanitary dairy shown were of special interest, because they were made by the girls' class in sanitation of the Pasadena (Cal.) High School.

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Extensive space was given in the exhibit to charts impressing upon mothers simple directions for the care of their children; and a feature of the exhibit was the children's clinic, to which children of all ages, but especially very young children, were brought daily for examination.


Models of an insanitary and a sanitary country school were shown in the United States Public Health Service exhibit in the Liberal Arts Building. The insanitary school, which bore the date "A. D. 1S90," was described as follows:

In the erection of this building no attention was paid to proper light-ins or sanitary environment. The surface privy pollutes the soil, increasing the danger of infection by hookworm and other intestinal parasites. These breed in the manure in the horse shed and may transmit typhoid fever. The well is so located that surface drainage from the privy and stable may contaminate the water supply. No provision is made for physical exercise. The lack of individual drinking cups favors the transmission of disease.

The sanitary country school, dated "A. D. 1914," was intended to fit the following requirements:

Tins school building was constructed with a view to proper lighting and ventilation. The privy is of the type known as the I... R. S. privy. The horse shed is kept clean, and the manure is in a covered bin to prevent fly breeding. The water supply is from a driven well, incased with concrete cap, to prevent contamination by surface drainage. There are no roof gutters except over doors, and the surrounding ground is drained so that there may be no breeding places for mosquitoes. A playground and school garden are provided. Each child is required to have an individual drinking cup.


Industrial work was emphasized in the Indian schools' exhibit in the Palace of Liberal Arts. Blankets, basket work, and admirable examples of art furnishings were shown. All the furniture used in the exhibit space was "made by Indian student apprentices while at work in the different shops of the schools." A model, one-seventh size, of the domestic science cottage at the United States Indian school at Mount Pleasant, Mich., indicated the importance assigned to practical domestic science work in the Indian schools. The model was constructed by male students of the institution. Stereomotograph slides depicted life and work in the Government Indian schools.

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