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The possibilities of consolidation were shown by a model of a consolidated school and grounds. It was stated that Utah has no rural one-room school problem, because the State has no one-room schools. It has the county-unit plan of school organization, and hopes thereby soon to reach the present ideal of public-school education—to place free elementary and free secondary schools within easy reach of all the children of all the people.
High schools.—Rapid growth in the development of high schools in Utah was shown by the exhibit. In a little more than 10 years the
Playground facilities of Salt Lake City, as shown in the Utah exhibit.
enrollment in Utah high schools has increased from 100 to approximately 10,000, according to the charts displayed. In six years 25 new high-school buildings have been erected, varying in cost from substantial $40,000 structures to the magnificent half-million dollar East Side High School in Salt Lake City, each school with a curriculum that is rapidly adapting itself to the needs of the various communities in which the schools are situated.
Recreation in Salt Lake City.—Salt Lake City featured its recreational activities at the exposition in three ways—by a model of an elementary school playground in action, showing apparatus and arrangement of space, by sending 400 high-school cadets to the exposition for personal review, and by motion pictures and photographs illustrating Field Day. school festivals, and Governor's Day in the Salt Lake City public schools.
The Virginia building contained school exhibit material, designed chiefly to show recent improvements in education in Virginia. Pictures and charts of the State normal schools occupied a prominent place. The increase in number of high schools from 74 to 514 between 1004 and 1914 was pointed out. Other items in progress as described were:
Ten years of educational progress.
Increase in enrollment -. 78,345
Increase in average daily attendance ... . 82, 345
Increase in State, county, and city appropriations .. . .$4,025,386
Increase In salaries of teachers $2,080,530
Number of new schoolhouses .... 2,412
Cost of new school houses , _ . . .. $(>, 113,189
Number of schoolhouses (consolidated) . ... .__ 572
New normal training schools 3
New features introduced: School farms, school leagues, civic leagues, night schools, open-air schools, school wagons, industrial supervisors, domesticscience, girls' canning clubs, boys' corn clubs, extension work, medical inspection, free lunches, industrial surveys, schools for adult illiterates, supervised school athletics, public playgrounds, literary leagues, debating societies, teachers' reading courses, and school gardens.
The following table was presented to show Virginia's school system as it is at present:
Virginia's school system.
Population of school age (7 to 20) 610,168
Number of schoolhouses 6,753
Number of teachers 12,000
Annual appropriation for schools $6,270,101
Number of primary and grammar grade schools 6,239
Number of high schools 514
Number of agricultural high schools 11
Number of normal training schools 4
Number of technical schools 2
Number of school leagues 766
Membership of school leagues 23,846
Number of annual county school fairs 55
Number of school wagons 258
Membership of boys' corn clubs 2,500
Membership of girls' canning clubs 1,200
INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING.
Universities . _. 2
Colleges for men 11
Colleges for women .... _ ]7
Extension education, continuation school work, and rural library development were emphasized in the Wisconsin education exhibit. An interesting fact about the entire exhibit is that it was in part made possible by penny contributions from the school children of the State, who donated $2,500 in this way.
Extension service.—How the extension service of the University of "Wisconsin covers the State was shown by a large electric flashing map, different bulbs indicating respectively the following forms of extension service: Correspondence study, package libraries, lectures and concerts, general welfare service, classes organized.
The Wisconsin booth. The map was fitted with electric-fiashing apparatus. The transparencies at the rear were especially effective.
Other maps of the State showed graphically the increase in the extension work for the two years, July, 1912, to July, 1914, as compared with the previous biennial period. Up to January 28, 1915, the total registration had been 18.529. this figure representing the total courses for which students had enrolled. On January 28, 1915, there was a total active registration of 7,113, and G.099 courses had been completed.
The correspondence-study department enrolls two general types of students: (1) Those who are doing work for university credit to be applied toward a degree, and (2) those who are taking work for vocational purposes or for information only. In the university credit grade the number of registrations has been 3,076, and 1,205 courses have been completed. In the vocational courses 12,011 registrations have been made, and 4,490 courses have been completed.
The 2,731 new students who entered in 1912-13 and the 3,055 new students who entered in 1913-14 recorded as vocations pursued by them 317 different occupations, ranging from that of the apprentice boy cobbler and housemaid to business man, lawyer, and doctor.
The department of library service has, in the past four years, lent on request 10,945 "package libraries,"' containing approximately 437,800 classified articles, on 2,G44 subjects, to 531 communities in "Wisconsin. Each package contains up-to-date available material in the form of office-bound magazine or newspaper clippings, pamphlets, typewritten excerpts, or books. Between July, 1914, and January, 1915, some of the leading topics about which information was sought were international peace, disarmament, increase of Army and Navy, ship subsidies, immigration restriction, woman suffrage, and Government ownership of railroads, telegraphs, and telephones.
The department of instruction by lectures takes lecturers and musicians with their inspiration and instruction from the university directly to the people of the State; as a cooperative agency it secures, at cost, to communities throughout Wisconsin the services of other lecturers, readers, and recital and concert groups not officially connected with the university.
Through attendance at lectures, concerts, and entertainments during the past two years 370,750 people in 525 different communities of the State received the lecture-department service. In the schools 255 commencement addresses were given by men from the lecture department.
The following figures show in detail the recent growth of this lecture work:
Instruction and entertainment by lectures and concerts.
Number of lecture anil entertainment courses 170 360
Number of lectures given" 587 1,251
Number of entertainments and concerts Riven 187 792
Number of commencement speakers supplied 170 255
Number of communities receiving extension lectures 312 525
Number of engagements filled by faculty members in tbe past
Number of engagements filled by others affiliated with the
lecture department 1,422
Total number of engagements in the past biennium 2,043
Total estimated attendance 133, 000 370, 750
Up to February 1, 1915, 250 popular lecture and entertainment courses have been arranged for the current year.
The scope and purpose of university extension work are summed up in the following statement from the Wisconsin exhibit:
UNIVERSITY EXTENSION HELPS
Correspondence study.—By taking university classroom opportunities*, at the time when the need is most keenly felt, to the man or woman who is on the job and therefore unable to come to the university.
Packet libraries.—By furnishing anyone, anywhere in Wisconsin with the best and latest available publications on all sides of any perplexing question.
Lecture service.—By extending the educational and cultural opportunities of the larger city pulpits, platforms, and concert stages to any community in the State.
General welfare.—By furnishing practical information to the people of Wisconsin in the practical solution of their welfare problems.
Municipal service.—By affording to public servants and others facts concerning the experience of similarly situated municipalities; and by furnishing expert engineering and other technical assistance which would otherwise be available to only the larger municipal corporations.