« AnteriorContinuar »
No. 60. Statistics of State universities and other institutions of higher education partially supported by the State, 1912-13.
1914. ♦No. 2. Compulsory school attendance. 15cts.
*No. 3. Monthly record of current educational publications, February, 1914. 5 cts.
No. 5. The folk high schools of Denmark.- L. L. Friend.
*No. 7. Monthly record of current educational publications, March, 1914. 5 cts.
*No. 8. The Massachusetts home-project plan of vocational agricultural education. R.W. Stimson. 15 cts.
No. 10. Physical growth and school progress. B. T. Baldwin.
No. 12. Rural schoolhouses and grounds. F. B. Dresslar.
No. 13. Present status of drawing and art in the elementary and secondary schools of the United States.
No. 16. The tangible rewards of teaching. James C. Boykin and Roberta Kin. ."..
No. 17. Sanitary survey ol the schools of Orange County, Va. Roy K. Flanneyjn
No. 18. Tho public school system of Gary, Ind. William P. Burris.
No. 19. University extension in the United States. Louis E. Reber.
No. 20. The rural school and hookworm disease. J. A. Ferrell.
No. 22. The Danish folk high schools. H. W. Foght.
No. 23. Some trado schools in Europe. Frank L. Glynn.
No. 25. Important features in rural school improvement. W. T. Hodgos.
No. 26. Monthly report of current educational publications, October, 1914.
No. 28. Tho Montessori method and the kindargarten. Elizabeth Harrison.
No. 29. The kindergarten in benevolent institutions.
No. 30. Consolidation of rural schools and transportation of pupils at public
No. 32. Bibliography of the relation of secondary schools to highor education.
No. 34. Library instruction in universities, colleges, and normal schools. Hen
No. 36. Education for the home—Part I. General statement. B. R. Andrews.
No. 37. Education for the home—Part II. State legislation, schools, agencies. B. R. Andrews.
No. 38. Education for the home—Part III. Colleges and universities. B. R. Andrews.
No. 39. Education for the home—Part IV. Bibliography, list of schools. B. R. Andrews.
No. 40. Care of the health of boys in Girard College, Philadelphia, Pa.
No. 44. County-unit organization for the administration of rural schools. A. C. Monahan.
No. 47. City training schools for teachers. Frank A. Manny.
No. 48. Tho educational museum of the St. Louis public schools. C. G. Rathman.
No. 49. Efficiency and preparation of rural-school teachers. H. W. Foght.
No. 50. Statistics of State universities and State colleges.
♦No. 1. Cooking in the vocational school. Iris P. O'Leary. 5 cts.
No. 2. Monthly reeoJH of current educational publications, January, 1915.
No. 4. The health of school children. Wr. H. Heck.
No. 5. Organization of State departments of education. A. C. Monahan.
No. 7. Accredited secondary schools in the United States. Samuel P. Capen.
No. 8. Present status of the honor system in colleges and universities. Bird T. Baldwin.
No. 9. Monthly record of current educational publications, March, 1915.
*No. 15. Moiijii., lout.i.u. current educational publications. Index, February, 1914-January, 1915. 5 cts.
No. 21. Schoolnouse sanitation. William A. Cook.
No. 22. State versus local control of elementary education. T. L. MacDowell.
No. 24. Adjustment bf ween kindergarten and first grade. Luella A. Palmer.
Capen. N" 28. The extension of public education. Clarence A. Perry. Jvo. *.- . "!. p*«M;,~i and the parental school. James S. Hiatt.
•n; o'C'i ication for 1911-12.
i .' ly of the salaries of teachers and school officers.
current educational publications, September, 1915 . fcts.
unentary-school teachers in mathematics. I. L. Kandel.
f current educational publications, November, 1915.
of current educational publications, December, 1915. Nu. .„. „.„..•! jl children. W. II. Heck.
No. 1. Education exhibits at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition. W. Carson Ryan, jr.
No. 2. Agricultural and rural education at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition. H. W. Foght.
No. 3. Placement of children in the elementary grades. K.J.Hoke.
No. 4. Monthly record of current educational publications, January, 1916.
No. 5. Kindergarten training schools.
No. 6. Statistics of State universities and State colleges, 1915.
No. 7. Monthly record of current educational publications, February, 1916.
No. 8. Reorganization of the public-school system. F. F. Bunker.
No. 9. Monthly record of current educational publications, March, 1916.
No. 10. Needed changes in secondary education. Charles W. Eliot and Ernesto Nelson.
No. 11. Monthly record of current educational publications, April, 1916.
No. 12. Problems involved in standardizing State normal schools. C. H. Judd and S. C. Parker.
fij/ U S BUREAU OF EDUCATION
BULLETIN, 1916, No. 14
STATE PENSION SYSTEMS FOR PUBLIC-SCHOOL TEACHERS
PREPARED FOR THE COMMITTEE ON
TEACHERS' SALARIES. PENSIONS. AND TENURE OF
THE NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION
OF THIS PUBLICATION HAY BE PROCURED FROM
THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS
GOVERNMENT PRINTIN'O. OFFICE
WASHINGTON, I>. C.
10 CENTS PER COPY
J President of Swarthmore College and Chairman Committee on Salaries, Tenure, and Pensions, National Education Association.
Since the appointment of the committee on salaries, tenure, and . pensions in October of 1911 there have been published by the com. mittec, or by the United States Bureau of Education in cooperation with it, about 1,000 pages of literature, chiefly on teachers' salaries. The report of January, 1913, on teachers' salaries and cost of living, was an extensive study of economic conditions of teachers in four representative cities in different parts of the country—namely, Cincinnati, New Haven, Atlanta, and Denver. Bulletin of the Bureau of Education, 1014, No. 16, "The Tangible Rewards of Teaching," was a detailed statement of salaries paid to the several classes of teachers and school officers in different parts of the United States. Bulletin, 1915, No. 31, of the Bureau of Education was a comparative study of salaries of teachers and school officers. The study of these three publications will make clear to any impartial and enlightened observer that salaries of teachers in the United States are not large enough to provide properly for the numerous financial demands that their work makes upon them. (See "Teachers' Salaries and Cost of Living," pp. 234-235.) The overwhelming consensus of view of intelligent people in all walks of life who are familiar with present conditions in the United States is that not only must salaries be increased, but some kind of a retiring allowance in the form of a pension or annuity must be provided for all public school-teachers if we are to have a profession of teaching.
The studies thus far made naturally led the committee to the study of pensions. The subject is both a scientific and a social question. Many pension systems have failed because they had no sound economic basis. A system may have a sound economic basis and not be in a form acceptable to those who participate in it. The committee has brought experts, who have worked out the scientific basis on sound economic grounds, and the teacher and public-school officer together in the hope that we may have better pension legislation,