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KINDERGARTEN AND PRIMARY SCHOOL.

1684. Barbour, Marion. The influences of modern education upon hand work for

young children. Kindergarten review, 26: 215-26, December 1915.

Address given before the Kindergarten department, National education association, Oakland, California.

1685. Ellis, Evelyn. Comparison of results of the kindergarten and Montessori

methods. Kindergarten review, 26: 209-14, December 1915.

Given before the Boston Froebel club.

The writer says that her comparisons are frankly and enthusiastically in favor of the Montessori side.

1686. Montessori, Maria. My system of education. Educator-journal, 16: 63-71,

October 1915.
Address before the National education association at Oakland, California.

1687. Scott, Miriam Finn. How to know your child. Boston, Little, Brown, and

company, 1915. 316 p. 12°.

RURAL EDUCATION.

1688. Burnham, Ernest. A decade of progress in training rural teachers. Ele

mentary school journal, 16: 181-89, December 1915.

An interesting review of the subject, supplemented with statistical data drawn from the reports of the United States Bureau of education.

1689. McKeever, William A. Education and rural life. North Carolina high

school bulletin, 6: 168-74, October 1915.

Abstract of a series of lectures delivered before the Rural life conference held at the University of North Carolina summer school, July 5-10,1915.

Discusses (1) A philosophy of education as applied to rural life; (2) Play and recreation in the country; (3) Preparation for rural leadership; (4) A cooperative social union in the country; (5) A democratic plan for boys' and girls' club work.

1690. Monahan, A. C. The administration of rural schools. Moderator—topics, 36:

248-50, December 2, 1915.
Address given before the Rural section at Saginaw, Michigan.

1691. Morris, Elise. A school of country life. Mother's magazine, 11: 57-59, Jan

uary 1916.
Mrs. Hetty Browne's school at Rock Hill, South Carolina.

1692. Rural school messenger, vol. 5, no. 2, October 1915. (Equipment number)

Contains: I. R. Kirk: The demonstration rural school.—Thurba Fidler: School equipment.—
W. A. Clark: The teacher's equipment.—Mark Burrows: Approved rural schools.—L. B.
Sipple: The equipment of the county superintendent's office.

1693. Tenney, C. W. Rural high schools. School news and practical educator, 29:

193-94, December 1915.

SECONDARY EDUCATION.

1694. Bonser, Frederick G-. Democratizing secondary education by the six-three

three plan. Educational administration and supervision, 1: 567-76, November 1915.

In conclusion, the writer says "As a measure of helpful organization, the six-three-three plan offers much of promise for greater flexibility, more varied adjustment, and a more democratic realization of the selective function of the secondary school."

1695. Cooper, Clayton Sedgwick. What is an English public school? Educa

tional foundations, 27: 218-23, December 1915.

1696. Dancing in high schools. Journal of education, 82: 507-11, November 25, 1915.

Opinions on the subject by leaders on both sides of the question.

1697. Hollister, H. A. The junior high school. School and home education, 35:

117-20, December 1915.

Head at the High school conference, Urbana-Champaign, November 18,1915.

1698. Manahan, J. L. Grading and promotion of high-school pupils. Educational

administration and supervision, 1: 577-90, November 1915.

"The study here presented was made in the general high school at Somerville, Mass. . . . The study aims to present and discuss: first, the method of marking employed: second, the actual distribution of the marks given to a class of 627 pupils . . . during the four years of the highschool course; third, a comparison of the distributions in the separate departments, such as mathematics, English, and commercial departments, with tho school norm and with each other; fourth, the retardation and elimination for this class; and finally, it suggests other similar and supplementary studies."

1699. The moral situation in high schools. Religious education, 10: 515-39, Decem

ber 1915.

Includes papers on the subject by the following writers: Franklin \V. Johnson, principal, University high school, Chicago, p. 515-26. Jesse B. Davis, principal, Central high school, Grand Rapids, Mich., p. 526-32. Henry E. Brown, principal, New Trier township high school, 111., p. 532-39.

Mr. Johnson says "An experience of 24 years as principal of secondary schools, including a public high school and a co-educational boarding school in New England, a boys' boarding school and a co-educational private high school in the Middle West, has led me to two conclusions regarding the moral situation in our secondary schools: first, that moral standards in our schools are seldom clearly defined and are frequently low; and second, that tho moral situation is not essentially difforent in the different kinds of schools, public and private."

1700. Sexson, J. A. The high school and the community. Colorado school journal,

31: 17-20, November 1915.

Suggestions as to the ways and means of obtaining wider community service from the high school.

TEACHERS: TRAINING AND PROFESSIONAL STATUS.

1701. Bolton, Frederick E. Curricula in university departments of education.

School and society, 2: 829-41, December 11, 1915.

Discusses the changes that are taking place in the curricula in university departments of education.

1702. Brooks, E. C. How to improve the teacher in service. Training school quar

terly, 2: 167-71, October, November, December 1915.

Discusses: (1) A new method of certificating teachers and a better use of the institutes; (2) A more elTe^tive reading course and the use of the rural libraries; (3) Teacher training in the high school; (4) Better supervision.

1703. Hirtz, A. Wo soil der leiter einer schule wohnen? Schulhaus, 17: 258-63,

hft. 8, 1915.

Contains table showing cost of dwellings for teachers erected in Cologne between 1900 and 1912.

1704. Hodgson, Elizabeth. What ails the teachers? Survey, 35: 249-52, Decem

ber 4, 1915.

Psychological analysis of the teacher and her problems.

J 705. Kelly, F. J. and Scott, Ira O. What training school facilities are provided in state normal schools. Educational administration and supervision, 1: 591-98, November 1915.

A questionnaire was sent to more than a hundred of the best normal schools of the T'orth and West to find out what training school facilities they provided. The results of the investigation are given in this article. Sixty-eight replies were received. Ten schools have some facilities for trying out educational theory experimentally, while fifty-eight schools have none.

170G. MacDonald, D. J. A study of representative normal school courses. Education, 36: 215-19, December 1915.

An attempt to "ascertain the status of certain significant factors bearing definitely upon the question of economy in education."

1707. MacDonald, William. Shall professors form a union? Nation, 101: 621-22,

November 25, 1915.

1708. Trettien, A. W. Differentiation of the field in universities, colleges and

normal schools in the training of teachers. Pedagogical seminary, 22: 538-45, December 1915.

HIGHER EDUCATION.

1709. Beech, Joseph. A university on the roof of the world. World outlook, 2:

11-12, January 1916.
An interesting sketch of the University of Chongtu, China. Illustrated.

1710. Buck, Gertrude. College commencements to-day and to-morrow. School

and society, 2: 734-43, November 20, 1915.

1711. Cheyney, Edward P. Trustees and faculties. School and society, 2: 793-806,

December 4, 1915.

This article is based on an earlier article published in the Philadelphia Public ledger, July 18, 1915.

An analysis of some aspects of the ""earing case which may possibly help "toward the solution of what is admittedly a difficult problem in our wh >!c uni. ersity and college system."

1712. Derning, Seymour. The pillar of fire; a profane baccalaureate. Boston,

Small, Maynard & company [1915] ix, 223 p. 12°.

A radical view of the duty of the college and its graduates with reference to the existing social and industrial order.

1713. Hamilton, Franklin E. E., ed. Lodestar and compass. An adventure of the

immortal part of us. New York, Cincinnati, The Abingdon press [1915]
139 p. illus. 12°.

Contains the proceedings at the opening of the American university, Washington, D. C,
May 27,1914, with addresses on that occasion by President Woodrow Wilson; Bishops Cranston,
McDowell, and Hamilton; Secretaries Josephus Daniels and W. J. Bryan; ( hanccllor Franklin
Hamilton.

1714. Harvard publications. Harvard alumni bulletin, 18: 188-97, December 8, 1915.

Contents.—C. C. Lane: The Harvard university press.—F. W. Taussig: The scientific publications.—W. A.' "eilson: Undergraduate publications.—Other publications.

1715. If I were a college president. Unpopular review, 5: 51-65, January-March

1916.

Mentions various reforms which the writer would undertake to accomplish, if he were a college president.

1716. Jahresbericht iiber die fortschritte der hochschulpadagogik 1912-1914. Zeit

schrift fiir hochschulpadagogik, 6: 47-56, 75-85, July, October 1915.

Part of a comprehensive survey of the literature of college and university education. P. 83-85 are devoted to a discussion of American publications, including those of the Bureau of education, the Columbia university quarterly, and university associations.

1717. King, Irving. An inquiry into certain aspects of the study habits of university

students. School and society, 2: 824-28, December 4, 1915.

A report dealing with the time given by the student to the preparation for his class work. An investigation made at the State university of Iowa, 1913-1915.

1718. Le Rossignol, J. E. The value of college honors. School and society, 2:

762-65, November 27, 1915.

"In view of all the evidence which the writer has obtained on this subject, he considers it established that the honors systems which now exist in American colleges ... are producing good results in the promotion of scholarship. It is safe to say, too, that any falling off in scholarly ambition that may have been observed has been due, not to the granting of honors for scholarship, but to the competing attractions of society, sport and other activities of college life."

1719. Morris, Robert T. Problems of university administration. Educational

review, 50: 458-70, December 1915.

Also in part in Journal of education, 82: 511-12, November 25,1915.

Dwells on conditions at Cornell university. Says that people work harmoniously until a good government is established, and then "begin to rebel against centralization of responsibility and authority. The same features of human nature appear in connection with a growing university."

1720. Pine, John B. John Howard Van Amringe, L. H. D., 1836-1915. Columbia

alumni news, 7, no. 7, section 2, 191-200, November 5, 1915.

An account of Dean Van Amringe's activities at Columbia university during the fifty years he was connected with the institution.

1721. Strong, E. A. A new task for our colleges and universities School and

society, 2: 841-48, December 11, 1915.

Raises the question "whether the colleges and universities of America have not unduly neglected rural and elementary education, and whether it is not reasonable that they should attempt to do for the elementary schools of our country what they have so well done for the secondary schools."

SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION.

1722. Dick, William. The business management of the schools. Teacher, 19:

277-79, December 1915.

An address delivered at the Schoolmen's club, November 13,1915.

1723. Hamlin, Myra Sawyer. Gary schools in the making. School, 27: 229-30,

December 2, 1915.

A woman's point of view—description of the working of the study-work-plan in Public school 45, The Bronx, and Public school 89, Brooklyn.

1724. New York (State) Laws, statutes, etc. Special statutes and provisions of

charters regulating school systems in the several cities of New York state.
Comp. by Thomas E. Finegan . . . From the Tenth annual report of the
State education department. Albany, The University of the state of New
York, 1915. 454 p. 8°.

1725. Nutt, Hubert W. The re-organization of the period of elementary and second

ary education. Teacher's journal, 15: 113-18, 152-57, September, October 1915.

(lives the early stages of the movement toward reorganization and shows what may be the ultimate range and mission of the new junior high school, and how it is likely to be brought about.

1726. Robinson, Ernest W. Some defects of public school administration, with a

special study of the relationship between the school committee and the superintendent of schools. American school board journal, 51: 14-16, December 1915.

To be continued in the January 1910 issue.

"This article is the first installment of an important series discussing in detail the functions and relations of school boards and superintendents. The author ... is a schoolman of experience and wide knowledge in school administration. lie uses Massachusetts laws as the basis for his discussion."

1727. Sanders, Frederic W. The reorganization of our schools. Some educational

postulates and practical suggestions as to the organization i f schools. Boston, The Palmer company [1915] xi, 120 p. 12°.

1728. Shapleigh, F. E. School administration in non-commission governed cities.

American school hoard journal, 51: 11-13, 66-67, December 1915.

SCHOOL MANAGEMENT.

1729. Brown, H. G. Supervised study in the schools of Lebanon, Ind. Elementary

school journal, 16:179-80, December 1915.

Proceeds upon the theory that pupils ordinarily spend "too much time in a listless performance called reciting, and too little time in doing independent work."

1730. Credit for quality. School review, 23: 708-18, December 1915.

Symposium by Max F. Meyer, M. L. Hoblit, and F. W. Johnson. Mr. Johnson discusses credit for courses in the University high school, of the University of Chicago.

1731. McMurry, Frank M. Principles underlying the making of school curricula.

Teachers college record, 16: 1-10, September 1915.

The writer says: "The f jllowing principles in regard to the making of curricula were originally drafted by the writer. After discussion and some slight mxlificat ion they have been approved by a number of my colleagues specializing in widely different phases of education. It was thought that the extent of the agreement of this group would in itself be some indication of the validity of the proposals."

SCHOOL HYGIENE AND SANITATION.

1732. Armstrong, Donald B. The hygienic features of school lunches. New

York, 1915. 8 p. 8°.

Reprinted from the New York medical journal, September 18, 1915.

1733. Stevenson, A. H. Effective mouth hygiene. How medical inspectors and

nurses can help. School progress, 6: 8-11, November 1915.

A paper presented at the annual meeting of the New Jersey state association of medical inspection and school hygiene, held at Newark, N. J., June 1915.

1734. Williamson, Robert. Sheffield's children. World's work (London), 26: 555

62, November 1915.
Medical inspection of schools and open-air schools.

PHYSICAL TRAINING.

1735. Cromie, William J. Physical training in the university. Old Penn, 14: 325

28, December 4, 1915.
Treats of the course in physical education in the University of Pennsylvania.

1736. Snedden, David. A broader program of physical education. School and

society, 2:789-92, November 27, 1915.

Notes submitted at request of Commission on military education and reserve (Boston), October 25, 1915, by the Commissioner of educat ion for Massachusetts.

PLAY AND PLAYGROUNDS.

1737. Atkinson, Henry A. The church and the people's play. Boston, New

York [etc.] The Pilgrim press [1915] 259 p. illus. 12°.
Bibliography: p. 253-59.

1738. Parker, Charles A. Leisure hours for children. Child (London) 6: 57-64,

November 1915.
Discusses the right use of leisure; the role of compulsory games, etc.

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