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NOTES ON THE TABLES.
ON TABLE 1, SCHOOLS FOR TRAINING KINDERGARTEN TEACHERS. Among the kindergarten training schools reporting to the Bureau of Education are the names of some that have recently been discontinued, some that have merged with others, some whose names have changed, and some that have been temporarily suspended during a period of reorganization. In order to facilitate reference to these schools and to record the changes mentioned, the following lists are given: 1
SCHOOLS THAT HAVE PASSED FROM PRIVATE TO PUBLIC CONTROL.
(Figures in parentheses refer to year change went into effect.)
Birmingham, Ala. Training School for Teachers, Kindergarten Department (1912). Louisville, Ky. Louisville Normal School, Kindergarten Department (1911). Pittsburgh, Pa. Training School for Teachers, Kindergarten Department (1912). Fort Worth, Tex. Kindergarten Training School (1910).
SCHOOLS THAT HAVE CHANGED NAMES.
New Orleans, La. Tulane University of Louisiana, Newcomb College, Kindergarten
Department. (Formerly Free Kindergarten Training School of New Orleans.) Chicago, Ill. Kindergarten Collegiate Institute of Chicago. (Formerly Chicago Free
Kindergarten Association.) Chicago, Ill. National Kindergarten College. (Formerly Chicago Kindergarten Col
lege.) Boston, Mass. Miss Niel's Training School for Kindergartners. (Formerly Miss
Laura Fisher's School for Kindergartners.)
SCHOOLS AND DEPARTMENTS DISCONTINUED.
Chicago, Ill. Froebel Kindergarten Association. (Merged with Chicago Kinder
garten Institute.) Bangor, Me. Bangor Kindergarten Training School. Lowell, Mass. State Normal School, Kindergarten Department. East Orange, N.J. The Misses Adams's Kindergarten Training School. New York, N. Y. Kraus Seminary for Kindergartners. New York, N. Y. Scudder School, Kindergarten Department. Plattsburg, N. Y. State Normal School, Kindergarten Department. Youngstown, Ohio. Kindergarten Training School. Edmond, Okla. State Normal School, Kindergarten Department. Weatherford, Okla. State Normal School, Kindergarten Department. Philadelphia, Pa. Mrs. Van Kirk's School. Charleston, S. C. Training School of the South Carolina Kindergarten Association.
SCHOOLS AND DEPARTMENTS RECENTLY ORGANIZED OR UNDERGOING REORGANIZATION.
San Jose, Cal. State Normal School, Kindergarten Department.
1 Statistics in the tables are for the school year 1912-13.
SCHOOLS AND DEPARTMENTS REPORTING INCOMPLETELY.
SCHOOLS KNOWN TO EXIST BUT NOT REPORTING,
Mount Pleasant, Mich. State Normal School, Kindergarten Department.
SCHOOLS HAVING KINDERGARTENS FOR OBSERVATION AND PRACTICE BUT GIVING NO
SPECIAL TRAINING TO STUDENTS.
Tuskegee, Ala. Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (colored).
State Normal Schools at-
Millersville, Pa. Plymouth, Mass.
La Crosse, Wis. Salem, Mass.
Oshkosh, Wis. Cape Girardeau, Mo.
Platteville, Wis. Kirksville, Mo.
River Falls, Wis. Silver City, N. Mex.
Stevens Point, Wis. East Stroudsburg, Pa.
Whitewater, Wis. Kutztown, Pa.
ON TABLE 3, LENGTH OF COURSES, CERTIFICATES, AND DIPLOMAS. State Normal School, Los Angeles, Cal., requires one year of kindergarten training if the student be a college graduate; six months, if she be a graduate of some other recognized kindergarten training school.
Golden Gate Free Kindergarten Normal School, San Francisco, Cal., gives a diploma which is accredited by the State board of education.
State Teachers College, Greeley, Colo., offers a four-year course leading to an A. B. degree.
Chicago Kindergarten Institute, Chicago, Ill., gives a certificate for one year of work to students coming from accredited training schools.
National Kindergarten College, Chicago, Ill., offers a primary course of one year and a regular kindergarten course of two years. Graduate courses cover two additional years after the student has had successful teaching experience, and for these courses a diploma as assistant training teacher and a degree of bachelor of education are granted.
University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill., requires two years for a certificate in kindergarten teaching, two additional years (after two years of successful experience in teaching) for a supervisor's certificate, and four years for the degree of bachelor of philosophy in education.
Teachers College, Indianapolis, Ind., gives additional diplomas following the three and four-year courses.
South Bend Training School, South Bend, Ind., grants a diploma for the two-year course and a normal diploma for the three-year course.
State Teachers College, Cedar Falls, Iowa, gives a special kindergarten diploma to students completing the two-year course, and the State board of examiners also grants a certificate which is valid for five years and which may be renewed at the end of that time by the writing of a thesis and presenting evidence of successful experience. For a supervisor's diploma a three-year course is required.
Boston Normal School, Boston, Mass., requires all students to take general studies in the first year and specialize during the second year, either in kindergarten or elementary grade work. A three-year course is just beginning to be required, and the second and third years will be given to specific preparation for kindergarten and two elementary grades.
Froebel School of Kindergarten Normal Classes, Boston, Mass., offers a one-year course of preparatory work. A diploma is granted for the regular two-year normal course. Postgraduate work is given in the third year. A course for primary teachers is offered.
State Normal Schools, Bridgewater and Worcester, Mass. The regular course is three years. Special students are admitted for a shorter time, and a certificate given for the special course.
Alma College, Alma, Mich. On completion of the two-year course the State department of public instruction grants a State life certificate. An additional diploma from the college is given at the end of three years, and the degree of bachelor of science at the end of four years.
Ferris Institute, Big Rapids, Mich. The State department of public instruction grants a State life certificate to the holders of the diploma.
Kindergarten Training School, Grand Rapids, Mich. A diploma is given at the end of two years, and the State department of public instruction also grants a State life certificate to the holders of the diploma. A postgraduate diploma is given at the end of three years.
State Normal College, Ypsilanti, Mich. A State life certificate is granted at the end of two years, and the degree of bachelor of pedagogy at the end of three years.
State Normal Schools, Duluth, Mankato, and Winona, Minn. The diploma has the legal value of a first-grade certificate for two years, and on indorsement after two years of successful teaching becomes a life certificate. The holder is entitled to teach in the kindergarten or in the grades.
Kindergarten Association Normal School, Minneapolis, Minn. On completion of the two-year course a diploma is given. This diploma is accredited in the State, and the holder receives the same "permit to teach” kindergarten and primary which is granted to the graduates of kindergarten departments of State normal schools.
State Normal School, Warrensburg, Mo., gives a kindergarten-primary diploma which entitles the holder to teach in either kindergarten or primary.
State Normal School, Kearney, Nebr. After three years of teaching a life certificate is granted.
Teachers Training School, Omaha, Nebr., gives an assistant's certificate at the end of two years, and a director's certificate at the end of three years.
State Normal School, Peru, Nebr., gives a diploma at the end of two years. This is also a certificate to teach three years in Nebraska. After three years of successful teaching a life certificate is granted. The degree of bachelor of education is conferred upon those who do two years of graduate work in the regular normal-school subjects.
Nebraska Wesleyan University, University Place, Nebr., gives a diploma; a first-grade State certificate is also granted by the State board of education.
State Normal School, Wayne, Nebr., gives a first-grade State certificate and a cityState certificate at the end of two years. After two additional years of teaching a professional life certificate is conferred.
State Normal Schools, Montclair, Trenton, N. J., give a kindergarten-primary certificate entitling the holder to teach in kindergarten or in the first three grades.
Teachers Training School, Albany, N. Y. At the end of two years a New York State training-school certificate for grade work is given. Students completing the third year (or special kindergarten course) receive an Albany City kindergarten certificate, also a special kindergarten certificate from the New York State education department.
Adelphi College, Brooklyn, N. Y. The college allows from 40 to 42 points toward the degree of bachelor of arts for the work of the normal kindergarten course in Adelphi College. A graduate of the normal department may obtain her degree with two and one-half years of additional work in the college.
Ethical Culture School, New York, N. Y., gives a two-year course in kindergarten with a kindergarten diploma, and a three-year course in kindergarten and primary with a kindergarten-primary diploma.
Training School of the Froebel League, New York, N. Y., gives a three-year course for mothers, a two-year course for nurses, and a two-year normal kindergarten course. A diploma is granted upon satisfactory completion of the normal course, and a certificate upon the satisfactory completion of the other courses.
· Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, N. Y. In 1912–13 a bachelor of science degree and diploma in kindergarten teaching were given at the end of a twoyear course based upon fulfillment of entrance requirements—two years of normal school or college work, in addition to graduation from a four-year high-school course or equivalent. A bachelor of science degree and diploma in kindergarten supervision were given at the end of a two-year course based upon two years of successful teaching experience in addition to graduation from an accredited kindergarten training school or normal school. In 1914–15 the new requirements for admission to the course in kindergarten teaching are a bachelor of arts or a bachelor of science degree from an accredited college, and ability to play the piano. The course of study consists of special department courses, observation and practice, and graduate courses to meet the university requirements for the degree of master of arts. For admission to the course in kindergarten supervision and normal teaching the candidate must be a graduate of an accredited kindergarten training school or normal school and must have had two years of successful teaching experience. At the end of two years the degree of bachelor of science for master of arts) is conferred, together with a diploma as kindergarten supervisor or kindergarten training teacher.
City Normal School, Rochester, N. Y., confers a city diploma; a State certificate is also granted.
State Normal School, Valley City, N. Dak., grants a diploma and second-grade special certificate, and, after nine months of successful teaching, a professional certificate for life.
Kindergarten Association Training School, Cincinnati, Ohio, gives a training-school diploma at the end of the two-year course. Students who have had at least two years of college work are awarded the degree of bachelor of arts in education by the University of Cincinnati.
Kindergarten Training School, Cleveland, Ohio. At the end of two years a certificate is awarded entitling the holder to teach as assistant in public-school kindergartens. After a certain amount of experience the assistant becomes a director. At the end of the three-year course a diploma is awarded entitling the holder to a position as director. At present the third year is optional, but it is intended to lengthen the regular course to three years.
Normal School for Girls, Philadelphia, Pa. The two-year course is elective and parallel with the grade course in the school. A trial certificate is awarded, to be made permanent after one year of successful teaching in the city schools.
State Normal School, Providence, R. I. At the end of two and one-half years a diploma and a certificate are awarded entitling the holder to teach in kindergarten and in the first and second grades.
Winthrop Normal and Industrial College, Rock Hill, S. C. The kindergarten course covers four years. The freshman and sophomore courses are the same as all other college courses. In the junior year students begin to specialize in kindergarten work. Normal kindergarten students receive the regular A. B. degree conferred upon all those who have completed the four-year college course.
Kindergarten Training Schools at Dallas and Fort Worth, Tex., confer diplomas which are accredited in the State department of education.
State Normal Schools at Milwaukee and Superior, Wis. Students completing the kindergarten course satisfactorily receive a diploma which legally entitles them to teach for one year in any kindergarten or primary department. After one year of successful experience the diploma becomes a life certificate.
ON TABLE 4, ENROLLMENT, FEES, GRADUATES.
Enrollment.---The Barnard Kindergarten Training School, Berkeley, Cal., states that the 18 special students reported were those who were taking a course in the Montessori system.
The State normal schools of Greeley, Colo., and Emporia, Kans., state specifically that a number of students are taking partial courses in kindergarten work for the sake of doing better teaching in the grades.
The University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill., and the State Normal School of Peru, Nebr., include their summer-school students in their total enrollment.
The National Kindergarten College, Chicago, Ill., gives a total enrollment exclusive of summer-school students.
The training school of the Froebel League, New York, N. Y., includes in its total enrollment mothers and nurses who are taking regular courses provided for their special requirements.
Cost of instruction.-In the State normal schools of Nebraska and Wisconsin the necessary textbooks can be rented for a small fee.
Graduates.—The subsequent careers of graduates is an interesting consideration in the history of any school; especially is this true of kindergarten training schools. The reports admit the difficulty of giving definite and complete information on this point; nevertheless the figures are sufficiently full and significant to indicate that there are steady and insistent demands for young women with kindergarten training to fill positions of responsibility connected with various forms of social work outside of the profession of kindergarten teaching.
Some of these wider opportunities, aside from supervising, teaching in training schools, and grade teaching, are positions in settlements, on playgrounds, in libraries, in home and foreign missions, as deaconnesses, as doctors, as nurses, as social welfare workers, as story-tellers. Graduate kindergartners are also found specializing in music, art, and literature; studying for advanced degrees; or engaged in editorial work, business, and farming.
The Chicago Kindergarten Institute, Chicago, Ill., gives figures which include students who have taken partial and graduate courses as well as those who are full graduates. Of this total number 383 are now teaching, 45 are in other kinds of educational positions, 31 are in other lines of work, and 63 are at home.
The National Kindergarten College, Chicago, Ill., reports that records of students for the period between 1885 and 1890 are not available. Moreover, the number of