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Civet, essence (T. D. 28741).
Paste or sulphide of (T. D. 1863).
Sulphide of (T. D. 1863). Coumarin (T. D. 4288, 16855, 22531). Crystals, tin. Cumarin, as chemical salts (T. D. 13061). Direct black, as chemical compound (T. D. 15119). Discrotante, as chemical compound. Disinfecting liquid, as chemical compound (T. D. 22139). Distilled oils, n. s. p. f. Dulcin, as chemical compound (T. D. 19196, 23666). Essence bay rum. Essence, concrete, other than flowers (T. D. 26181). Essence, concrete, compounds of (T. D. 25023). Essence, rum (T. D. 26443). Essential oils. Expressed oils. Extract of leaves (T. D. 29119). Gaduol, as chemical compound (T. D. 25069, 25984, 25993, 26065). Gardenia (T. D. 25023). Germicides (T. D. 22139). Gloy (T. D. 25972). Gloy, octopus, chemical compound (T. D. 24372, 25972). Glue, vegetable, a chemical compound. Glycerophosphates of lime (T. D. 29535). Glycine (T. D. 25023). Gold:
Mineral, as expressed oil (T. D. 10851).
Oil and alkali mixed, as chemical compound.
As chemical compound (T. D. 9408, 23337).
Sodium (T. D. 30315).
Acetate of, as chemical salts
Tannate, chemical compound.
Chloride of (T. D. 8092, 8138).
Citrate (T. D. 5949, 6291).
Borate of (T. D. 25315).
Oxide of, so called, but a chemical salt (T. D. 3410).
(T. D. 22970).
All distilled, essential, expressed, and rendered, and combinations of the same
(T. D. 2848, 3318, 4085).
Wintergreen, synthetic (T. D. 9859, 12137).
Acetate, chemical salt.
Permanganate, chemical salt (T. D. 1545).
Bay, essence or oil of.
Essence or oil of.
Chemical, n. 8. p. f. (T. D. 9217, 9715, 29003).
per cent, but not less than 25 per cent.
Waste (T. D. 3874).
Acetate, carbonate, hyposulphate, phosphates, salicylate, and all salts of, n. 8. p. f.
Sulphite, chemical salt (T. D. 18006).
Precipitated carbonate (T. D. 17624).
Salts, chemical salts.
BRIEF OF ROBERT LANYON ZINC & ACID CO., RE SPELTER.
St. Louis, Mo., February 25, 1913. Hon. Oscar W. UNDERWOOD, Chairman,
Washington, D. C. DEAR SIR: This is to state that we are manufacturers of spelter-by which is meant pig or block zinc-having just recently built a new plant at Hillsboro, Ill., and are now in partial operation, and expect in a few days to be in full operation.
We fear that any tampering with or lowering the tariff on spelter will materially affect the welfare of this industry in this country, and the large number of men employed in same.
The present rate of duty on spelter is $1.374 per 100 pounds, which is the lowest duty it has ever been, it having been reduced on two or more occasions in the past few years. You will note the duty on pig lead is $2.121 per 100 pounds. Now, we contend that no such difference in the two duties on these two articles should ever have existed, and that spelter, owing to its world's value and nature, should properly pay the higher rate of duty in place of lead.
We have compiled and hereto attach a list of the average prices of lead and spelter in London, from the years 1881 to 1912, inclusive, showing that the average price of lead was $2.86 per 100 pounds, while the average price of spelter was $4.28 per 100 pounds, a difference of $1.42 per 100, or about 50 per cent. To show that this is a difference which is still in existence we also attach hereto current quotations for February 18, showing the London price of spelter to be £25 per ton, and lead £167 per ton, which shows spelter still slightly more than 50 per cent higher than lead. London is and has been the free-trade market of the world, so that this difference in relative prices proves what we contend, that the cost of mining and smelting into metal of zinc is a much more expensive and tedious operation involving a vastly larger amount of capital investment and labor employed than is the case in the production of lead. Consequently spelter should have always and should now pay a higher rate of duty than lead, in order that the same proportion of reasonable protection be accorded.
We have learned that it is proposed to put lead upon a 25 per cent ad valorem basis. As to lead, we really have not much to say, except in drawing the above comparison, for we are not producers of lead and not directly interested in any change of the duty thereon. We do contend, however, that spelter should pay a higher ad valorem basis than lead, and should not be less than 30 per cent, as compared with lead at 25 per cerit, and in no event should spelter be placed on a lower ad valorem basis in your tariff schedule than is pig lead.
The cost of erecting and equipping a plant for the production of spelter from its ore is at least four times as great as is necessary with relation to the production of lead from its ore, which can be easily shown upon inquiry. Likewise in the operation of spelter (zinc) smelting works, the cost for fuels, labor, and other supplies is from two to three times as great as in the smelting of lead from its ore.
We are paying workmen in our plant an average of fully 100 per cent in wages more than is being paid for the same labor in Swansea, England, Belgium, France, and Germany.
Another special feature in reagard to spelter is that the foreign produstion, which is more than double that of the entire United States, is now and has been for a number of years past absolutely controlled as to production and prices by a very strong syndicate who are in position to maintain prices in their market and dump any surplus on our market at a less price than they maintain in their own market.
We ask this question, Is it good, fair, reasonable, or business-like policy for our Government to permit foreign syndicates and trusts to do and perform those things abroad which if done in this country would be contrary to our laws governing such conspiracies, and then permit them to make a dumping ground of our markets to suit their whims or schemes?
We were unable to be personally represented in the hearings at Washington, but sincerely hope that you will be able to have this letter and the attached exhibits included in the report of testimony, which I note you have recently arranged to have printed. Yours, very truly,
THE ROBERT LANYON ZINC & ACID Co., Per Wm. LANYON, Proprietor.
(Inclosure 1.) Comparative price per pound on lead and spelter in London, 1881 to 1912, inclusive.
[Inclosure 2.) LONDON, February 18.—The spelter market closed at £25, making the price as compared with yesterday unchanged.
LONDON, February 18.-The lead market closed at £16 78. 6d., making the price as compared with yesterday 28. 6d. lower.
CINCINNATI, OHIO, February 27, 1913. The COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS,
House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. GENTLEMEN: Noticing brief of Roscoe C. McCulloch, for certain watch companies, with its many statements, which are apt to mislead one who is not posted upon the true facts, we feel that it is due to the thousands of dealers and buyers of watches that some one unfold the other side of the story for the benefit of the greatest number and not, as in the past, allow their representations to go practically unchallenged. We do this reluctantly, as we have never cared to be drawn into tariff matters.
The Gruen family having been connected with the manufacture of watches since 1876, in the United States and abroad, it places us in an exceptional position of knowing both sides of the question and no matter how the tariff is changed—whether increased or reduced-affects us accordingly, as we have one factory in Cincinnati and another in Madretsch-Biel, Switzerland. What we want is a fair tariff of reasonable protection that will bring a good revenue and that will equalize any difference in the cost of manufacture.
We believe the committee is of the opinion that Schedule C, paragraph 192, relative to watch movements, is too high. If this section is put entirely on specific duty, as desired by some interests, a prohibitive rate will be made on most grades and thus reduce the revenue. We think this specific duty is contemplated merely as a blind to make it appear that the duty had not been increased, whereas, in fact, it would be an increase over existing rates to the extent of 122 per cent. By this change from ad valorem to specific, they could further raise the price of their watches to the American públic and dealers, as they did the last time—50 cents on all cheap seven-jewel watches and correspondingly on others——the day after the bill was passed. There certainly will be a great protest from thousands of dealers and railroad men when this becomes generally known.
It is claimed that American manufacturers can not do business abroad, on account of being unable to compete. In answer to this we respectfully submit a copy of the report, dated February 12, of the Canadian Department of Trade and Commerce at Toronto, giving the value of imports for home consumption in Canada: Watches from United States for seven months ending October, $552,320; watches from Switzerland