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societies and by those who have anything them that are rich in this world, that they be personally to do with the poor, though I ac- not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, knowledge that more is done in that way than but in the living God, who giveth us richly all used to be."

things to enjoy; that they do good, that they "You would have people ruin themselves for be rich in good works, ready to distribute, the sake of appearing generous,” exclaimed willing to communicate; laying up in store for Miss Vivian, beginning to lose temper.

themselves a good foundation against the time "No," said Leonard, quietly and even gently. to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life. “I would simply have them act in accordance Miss Vivian listened in silence-apparently with Bible injunctions—with the spirit of our too much amazed at his audacity to interrupt Saviour."

him; and it was not till he paused, that she Miss Vivian's brow darkened visibly at the found voice to say haughtily, mention of anything like religion.

“I am much obliged to you, Captain Vivian !” “Of course, that is always the way, Captain “Captain Vivian was only answering your Vivian. Make up your mind to do what you objection about the texts,” said Beatrice, gently. wish, and then find some text in the Bible to “Of course; I understand very well. Capprove you are right.”

tain Vivian is at perfect liberty to read texts Leonard attempted no argument, but draw- and preach to whom he will, only not in my ing a little Bible from his pocket, he turned house! If he has nothing better to talk about, over the leaves, and, without preface of any I should very much prefer to be left alone.” sort, he read aloud a few verses in succession, Captain Vivian rose in obedience to the hint, as he had that afternoon repeated some to but held out his hand with a courteous air of Bertram,

apology, "Give to him that asketh thee, and from “I beg your pardon, Miss Vivian, if I have him that would borrow of thee turn not thou spoken too strongly. I had no intention of away. He that hath pity upon the poor, hurting your feelings." lendeth unto the Lord, and that which he hath But his hand was not accepted. Miss Vivian given will He pay him again.' 'He that giveth looked resolutely away, and with a bow to her, unto the poor shall not lack; but he that hideth he said good-bye to Beatrice and quitted the his eyes shall have many a curse.' Charge




MONG the many marvels which are nests, impervious to wet, and entirely composed

continually before our eyes, there are of hair stripped from their own bodies. With few more worthy of observation, or this material, which they tear off by means of

which more forcibly illustrate the their pincer-like ovipositor, they first form a condescending wisdom and beneficence of the soft couch on the surface of some leaf; they Creator, than the wonderful instincts, if in. then place upon it successively layers of eggs, stincts they are to be called, implanted in the and surround them with a similar downy coatminutest creatures, to enable them to provide ing; afterwards, when the whole number is for their hourly wants, and to secure the wel- deposited, they cover the surface with a roof fare of their progeny, which in the case of of hairs, the disposition of which cannot insects, for the most part come into existence be too much admired. Those used for the after the death of the parent.

interior of the nest are scattered without The most casual observer must have re- order, but those that are placed externally are marked at times, in field or garden, upon the arranged with as much art and skill as the leaf of an oak, or some fruit-bearing tree, a thatch of a cottage, and as effectually keep brownish patch of a downy texture, looking out water. One layer of these hairs partially not very unlike a mole on the human skin. overlaps another, and all having the same Did he ever imagine that this was a moth’s direction, the whole resembles a well-brushed nest ? " Several kinds of moths,” says Rymer piece of shaggy cloth or fur. When the mother Jones, “construct very beautiful and curious has finished this labour, which often occupies

her for twenty-four hours, and sometimes for repeats the same ingenious maneuvre; making even twice that period, her body, which before its cast-off skin serve as a sort of ladder, it was extremely hairy, is rendered almost wholly successively, with different segments, seizes naked; she has stripped herself to clothe her a higher and a higher portion, until in the end offspring, and having performed this last duty it reaches the summit, where, with its tail, it of her life, she dies."

feels for the silken threads which are to sup. Many have seen the chrysalis of the butter- port it. But how can the tail be fastened to fly hanging by its tail to a leaf of the hawthorn them? This difficulty has been provided or a rose-bush, without perhaps considering against by creative wisdom. The tail of the how the caterpillar accomplished the business pupa is furnished with numerous little hooks of suspending himself by the tail by means of pointing in different directions, and some of silk spun from his mouth, while encased in a these hooks are sure to fasten themselves upon skin which must be cast off before the process the silk the moment the tail is thrust amongst is finished. Let us see how he sets about it. it. Its labours are now nearly completed, but “When the caterpillar has selected an object to one more exertion remains; it seems to have which it proposes suspending itself, the first as great an antipathy to its cast-off skin as one process is to spin upon it a little hillock of silk,

of us would when newly clothed, after a long consisting of loosely interwoven threads; it then imprisonment, to the prison-garments we had bends its body so as to insinuate the anal pair put off. It will not suffer this memento of its of prolegs amongst these threads, in which the former state to remain near it, and it is therelittle crotchets which surround them become fore no sooner suspended in security than it so strongly entangled as to support its weight endeavours to make it fall. For this end it with ease. It now hangs perpendicularly from seizes with its tail the threads to which the its silken support, with its head downwards. skin is fastened, and then very rapidly whirls In this position it often remains for twenty- itself round, often not fewer than twenty times. four hours, at intervals alternately contracting By this manœuvre it generally succeeds in and dilating itself. At length the skin is seen breaking them, and the skin falls down. Someto split on the back, near the head, and a por- times, however, the first attempt fails; in that tion of the pupa appears, which, by repeated case, after a moment's rest, it makes a second, swellings, acts like a wedge, and rapidly ex- twirling itself in an opposite direction, and this tends the slit towards the tail. By the con- is rarely unsuccessful. After these exertions, tinuance of these alternate contractions and it hangs the remainder of its existence in this dilatations of the conical pupa, the skin of the state until the butterfly is disclosed.” caterpillar is at last collected in folds near the Some larvæ, in an equally ingenious manner, tail, like a stocking which we roll upon the suspend themselves horizontally by means of a ancle before withdrawing it from the foot. girth of silk wound many times round their But now comes the important operation. The bodies; others, the leaf-rolling caterpillars, roll pupa being much shorter than the caterpillar, up a portion of a leaf of a plant in the form of is yet at some distance from the silken hillock a cylinder, in the interior of which they spin upon which it is to be fastened; it is supported their cocoons and pass their pupa condition. merely by the unsplit terminal portion of the

The work is managed thus: the little labourer latter's skin. How shall it disengage itself first begins by spinning silken threads, which from this remnant of its case, and be suspended it fastens to the edge of the leaf by one end, in the air while it climbs up to its place? whilst the other is attached to a distant part Without arms or legs to support itself, the of the leaf's surface; she then pulls at these anxious spectator expects to see it fall to the cables one after another with her feet, so as at earth. His fears, however, are vain: the supple each effort to bend the edge of the leaf a little segments of the pupa's abdomen serve in the inwards, in which position she fastens it by place of arms. Between two of these, as with means of additional threads. This operation a pair of pincers, it seizes on a portion of the is repeated again and again, and as the ropes skin, and bending its body once more, entirely are thus progressively shortened, the leaf beextricates its tail from it. It is now wholly comes gradually folded more and more, until at out of the skin, against one side of which length it is bent into a roll, and securely tied it is supported, but yet at some distance in that position by innumerable silken filafrom the leaf. The next step is to climb up ments of sufficient strength to resist the reto the required height. For this purpose it siliency of the material employed.


It is interesting and amusing at times to of the flower being removed in the operation watch the motions of a working bee in its the hole being clean, without jagged edges, and busy pursuit after the two things which con- not larger than would be made by the puncture stitute its treasures, the pollen and the honey. of a shirtmaker's needle. The visit which it pays to each flower is of The “cricket on the hearth” is the senti. very short duration, helping itself to pollen mental and poetical favourite of a good many first, and to honey, if there be any, which is people who are not obliged to be his near not always the case, afterwards. Honey, in- neighbour, while he is the nuisance and plague deed, in the proper sense of the word, it does of a very numerous class whose fireside comnot get at all from the flowers; but it sucks a forts, when they have any, are on the kitchen sweet fluid, which is afterwards elaborated into floor. Whether we look upon him as a pet or honey in its own stomach, and thence regurgi. a plague, we are certainly not in the habit of tated into the waxen cells of the hive, We may attributing to him anything like sagacity or add, moreover, that the bee does not collect forethought. We see him and his tribe by the wax, as some suppose—the wax being hundreds walking by night, along with silly nothing more than a secretion from its own cockroaches, into a dish of stale beer, to drink body, a provision of nature for the exigencies and drown ingloriously, or, jumping headlong of its architecture. The bee appears to sweep into a basin of scalding tea, to perish in a the pollen together, making besoms of its boiling bath. . But the cricket is not altogether hairy hind-legs, and then in a manner to a fool. The following is recorded of him : dredge it into certain small receptacles on the “Sitting the other day by the kitchen fire, to outward surface of its thigbs. This is not dry ourselves after a sudden shower, we noticed always a silent process, but is mostly accom- Mr. Cricket popping up his head from a crack panied with a subdued hum, while the per- in the hearthstone. We thought perhaps he former fidgets about, sweeping the whole calyx might be hungry, and dropped a few small of the flower in by no means a neat and cleanly crumbs near his hole, Our shadow startled fashion, and leaving a portion for the next him, and he disappeared for an instant. In a

The sucking process, however-by moment or two, however, he came boldly forth, which it is to be supposed he pumps the sweet walked to the largest crumb, seized it and fluid which is to become honey, into his carried it to his hiding-place, returning immestomach—is always one of profound stillness, diately, until he had fetched them all. We and it is to be hoped, of enjoyment as well. It tried him again with larger pieces-several happens sometimes that the industrious and much larger than himself. Most of these he thirsty epicure is baulked, after having secured carried off with perfect ease; but mark the the pollen, in his attempts to get at the perfection of his instinct. The hole in the delicious nectar; but if he is perplexed, it is stone from which he emerged was barely large but for a moment; if he cannot get at it one enough to admit of his passage: when he way, he tries another. Look at him engaged carried small pieces of bread, he ran rapidly with a larkspur in full bloom. There is but little down the hole head foremost ; but with larger pollen, or bee-bread, to be got from this flower, pieces, he invariably got into the hole backwards, and he has soon done with the open blossom; pulling the bread after him, evidently to avoid but the larkspur wears a long and slightly the possibility of blocking up the hole, and curling horn in the rear, and in that, at the thus preventing his own escape in case of very extremity of it, is the fluid which Master alarm. At last there remained one piece too Bee is in search of. To reach it at the natural large for him to remove. He now called a opening is out of the question. The orifice companion to assist; the two together dragged would not admit the smallest pin's head, and it to the mouth of the hole, where they enthe tube is two-thirds of an inch long. What sconced themselves safely, and then, with does he do? He quietly crawls round to the bodies half protruded, set to work to reduce end of the tube, and by means of some ap- the mass to admissible dimensions, a task paratus with which a kind Providence has which it took them twenty minutes to accomfurnished him, drills a small hole in the ex- plish ere the last crumb was safely housed.” tremity of it, inserts his pumping engine, and The ant-lion employs rather singular meadrains the vessel dry. Upon plucking the sures in procuring its food. In its perfect flowers thus rifled, and examining them, the state it closely resembles the dragon-fly; it holes will be found neatly drilled, the soft fibre has a small head, a very moveable neck, and SONNET.

jaws like a strong pair of callipers, toothed along their inner margin. This creature will feed only on such game as he catches himself; nevertheless, he is unable to hunt even the slowest-paced insects, for not only are his movements excessively slow, but from the con. struction of his legs, he is only able to move backwards. As he cannot go in quest of his prey therefore, it must come to him; so he employs a stratagem, by the effect of which the game positively falls into his jaws.

Selecting a sandy soil, and choosing a situation beneath the shelter of some wall or tree, so as to be protected as much as possible from rain, the ant-lion proceeds to excavate a pit, which he accomplishes by throwing out the sand with his long jaws, walking backwards round and round until a deep conical excavation is formed in the loose sand, at the bottom of which he buries himself, remaining quietly concealed, with the exception of his jaws, which are kept half

open and ready for action. No sooner does a thoughtless insect approach the fatal pitfall, than, the loose sides giving way beneath its feet, the hapless visitor is precipitated to the bottom of the ant-lion's den, and falls at once into the jaws of its destroyer.

The insect sometimes perceives the danger, and tries to lay hold of the grains of sand at the border of the dreadful gulf; some yield beneath its feet, and it sinks lower and lower still; at last with desperate efforts it succeeds in getting hold of some piece of earth more stable than the rest, whereby it holds, or even attempts to regain the top of the dangerous steep. But the bandit has still a resource to enable him to secure his booty; with the top of his flattened head, which he uses as a shovel, he throws up a deluge of sand, which, falling in showers upon the miserable victim, already exhausted with its futile efforts, soon brings it to the bottom, there to become an easy prey to the destroyer.


DROPPED a stone into a sleeping pool,

And watched the ripples circling to the shore,

Whereon I saw them break, and nothing more;

But all was calm again, and clear and cool. Still stood I gazing there, with dreamy eyes,

Striving, by painful processes of thought,

To trace the changes by that action wrought, Till I was lost amid infinities.

Thus lightly do we drop a hasty word;

But can we realize the truth sublime,
That on through boundless space that voice is heard

Reverberating to the end of Time ?
Ponder these things, O mortal! and be wise-
Nature is teeming with such mysteries.


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APTAIN HALL, of the whaling voice say, 'Good morning, sir.' The tone in

barque George Henry, whose long which it was spoken-musical, lively, and varied intercourse with the Innuits has -instantly told me that a lady of refinement enabled him to contribute more was there greeting me. I was astonished.

information respecting the mode Could I be dreaming? Was it a mistake ? of life, customs, and character of this extra- No! I was wide awake, and writing. But, ordinary people than any previous writer, had a thunder-clap sounded on my ear, though introduces in his narrative the following it was snowing at the time, I could not have graphic and interesting account of two of the been more surprised than I was at the sound natives :

of that voice. I raised my head: a lady was "It was about this time I was visited by two indeed before me, and extending an ungloved Esquimaux, man and wife, who, together with hand. a child afterwards born to them, accompanied “Of course my welcome to such an unme to the States. The man's name was Ebier- expected visitor in these regions was as befitbing—otherwise called by us 'Joe'—his wife's ting as my astonished faculties for the moment Tookoolito, or ‘Hannah.

could make it. The doorway in which she “I was informed that this couple had been stood leads from the main cabin into my taken to England in 1853, and presented to private room. Directly over this entrance was Her Majesty Queen Victoria, and that the the skylight, admitting a flood of light, and thus female was a remarkably intelligent, and what revealed to me crinoline, heavy flounces, an might be called an accomplished woman. attenuated toga, and an immensely expanded They had remained nearly two years in Great

bonnet : but the features I could not at first Britain, and were everywhere well received. make out. I immediately tried to do honour I heard, moreover, that she was the sister of to my unknown visitor. But, on turning her Toto and Ee-noo-loo-a-pik, both celebrated in face, who should it be but a lady Esquimaux ! their country as great travellers and intelligent Whence, thought I, came this civilization remen, and the latter well known in England finement ? But in a moment more, I was from his visit there in 1839, and from a made acquainted with my visitor. She was the memoir of him published by Surgeon Mac- Tookoolito I had so much desired to see, and donald, of the ill-fated Franklin expedition. | directly I conversed with her, she showed herThe first interview I had is recorded in my self to be quite an accomplished person. She journal as follows:

spoke my own language Auently, and there, “ November 2nd, 1860.-While intently occu- seated at my right in the main cabin, I had a pied in my cabin, writing, I heard a soft, sweet long and interesting conversation with her.

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