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Ebierbing, her husband-a fine, and also intelli- * The day became stormy after I had landed gent-looking man—was introduced to me, and in one of the native boats, but I continued my though not speaking English so well as his walk, accompanied by the dogs, to a part of the wife, yet I could talk with him tolerably well. island I wished to visit. On arriving there, I From them I gleaned many interesting par- found a sort of natural causeway, formed of ticulars of their visit to England, and I was stones, leading to a smaller islet, and, crossing gratified to hear that they had actually dined it, I continued examining the locality for some with Prince Albert, who treated them very time. At length the snow-storm increased so kindly, and with much consideration.

much as to compel my return, and I made my “ Ebierbing, in speaking of the Queen, said way back to the south side of the main island. he liked her very much, and she was quite “But now I could hardly see my way. The 'pretty.' He also said that Prince Albert was snow came down so thick, that I was fain to a ‘very kind, good man, and he should never take shelter under the lee of some rocks near forget him.'

me, and while there, I examined my compass “The following conversation, as copied from to ascertain if I was going right. To my my journal, written at the time, will show the astonishment I found the course I had pur. sentiments of Tookoolito on civilized life :- sued was exactly the reverse of the right one.

“I asked her how she would like to live in I looked again and again, and yet the needle England. She replied, 'I would like very well, pointed exactly opposite to what I had expected. I thank you.'

What was I to do? retrace my steps ? For a “Would you like to go to America with moment I hesitated; but at length moving on, me?' said I.

I was about walking back as I had come, when “I would indeed, sir,' was the ready reply. on looking at the compass again, I found it just

"In reference to the Queen of England, she the opposite of what it was before!. Strange, said,

thought I. Surely there must be local attrac• • I visited her, and liked the appearance of tion in the rocks where I took shelter. But Her Majesty, and everything about the palace. still it made me anxious, especially as the Fine place, I assure you, sir.'

weather was becoming worse.

Indeed, I felt Tookoolito was suffering with a cold, and I it very possible I might be lost in the storm, noticed that whenever she coughed, she threw and perhaps have to wander about all the her face on one side and held her hand before coming night, or be frozen to death by reher lips, the same as any lady of good manners maining stationary, should the compass play would. Her costume was that of civilization, me another trick; but at last, thanks to my being a dress with heavy flounces, an elegant faithful dogs, they actually guided me straight toga made of young tuktoo fur, deeply fringed, to the village, where I arrived without any and a bonnet of the style invented on the prin- | mishap. ciple cover the head by a rosette on its back.' “ The one I entered was Ebierbing's. He

“As Tookoolito continued speaking, I could himself had gone out, but Tookoolito welcomed not help admiring the exceeding gracefulness me as usual, soon entering into lively and inand modesty of her demeanour. Simple and structing conversation. Two native boys were gentle in her way, there was a degree of there at the time, and Tookoolito herself was calm intellectual power about her that more busy KNITTING socks for her husband! Yes, to and more astonished me. I felt delighted be- my surprise, she was thus engaged, as if she yond measure, because of the opportunity it had been in a civilized land and herself civilized, gave me for becoming better acquainted with instead of being an Esquimaux in her own these people through her means, and I hoped native wilds of ice and snow! to improve it towards the furtherance of the

" It was a strange contrast, the sight within great object I had in view.

that tent and the view without. The latter pre“ After a stay of some duration she went on sented a picture of barrenness and storm; the shore, and the following day I visited her and former much that tended to the idea of warmth her husband at their tent. She was then in and home. Knitting stockings for her husband! native costume, and it seemed to me that this How much of dear home was in that favourite suited her even better than the other.

domestic occupation! Then, too, her voice, “Some short time after this, I made an excur- her words and language, the latter in my own sion by myself to the island on which was vernacular, were something more than common situated the Esquimaux ‘North Star' village. in that region. I have before said that she


was peculiarly pleasing and refined in her style useful eaoh in the department they will be and manners; and now, while sheltering me called upon to fill. Tookoolito will especially beneath her hospitable roof, with the bright fill the place of an interpreter. flame before me, the lively prattle of the two “Tookoolito I have no doubt will readily boys came in strong contrast to the soft tones accomplish the differences in language between of her partly civilized tongue as my mind the Innuits of Boothia and King William's opened to receive all she uttered.

Land, and that of her own people around “What she said, and what my impressions Northumberland Inlet and Davis's Strait. The were at the time, will be found in the follow- pronunciation of the same words by commu. ing extract from my journal :

nities of Esquimaux living at considerable ** November 14th, 1860.-Tookoolito, after distances from each other, and having but returning from England five years ago, where little intercourse, is so different, that it is with she and her wing-a (husband) spent twenty difficulty they are understood one by the other. months, commenced diffusing her accomplish- “I now complete the tupic interview. Before ments in various ways; to wit, teaching the I was aware of it, Tookoolito had the teafemale portion of the nation, such as desired, kettle' over the friendly fire-lamp, and the to knit, and the various useful things practised water boiling. She asked me if I drank tea. by civilization. In all the places around Imagine my surprise at this, the question Northumberland Inlet she has lived, and done coming from an Esquimaux in an Esquimaux what she could to improve her people. A tent! I replied, 'I do; but you have not tea singular fact (!) relative to dressing her hair, here, have you?' Drawing her hand from a keeping her face and hands cleanly, and wear- little tin box, she displayed it full of fineing civilization dresses-others of her sex, in flavoured black tea, saying, ‘Do you

like your considerable numbers, follow these fashions tea strong?' Thinking to spare her the use of imported by her! This shows to me what one much of this precious article away up here, far person like Tookoolito could accomplish in the from the land of civilization, I replied, I'll take way of the introduction of schools and churches it weak, if you please.' A cup of hot tea was among this people. To give this woman soon before me-oapital tea, and capitally education in the States, and subsequent em- made. Taking from my pocket a sea-biscuit ployment in connexion with several of our which I had brought from the vessel for my missionaries, would serve to advance a noble dinner, I shared it with my hostess. Seeing and good work. And yet I must state that, she had but one cup, I induced her to share unless a working colony, or several of them, with me its contents. There, amid the snows were established, co-operating in this work, and of the North, under an Esquimaux's hospitable laws were made by the fundamental power, tent, in company with Esquimaux, for the first that should be as rigid relative to whalers visit. time I shared with them in that soothing, ing the coasts as those of Denmark to Green- cheering, invigorating emblem of civilization land, all would be as naught.

--T-E-A! Tookoolito says that she and her “The working or trading colony would make wing-a (husband) drink it nearly every night its government, school, and church institutions

and morning. They acquired a taste for it in self-supporting. Let the plan of Denmark for England, and have since obtained their annual Greenland be followed. It is a good one, and supply from English and American whalers works well.

visiting Northumberland Inlet.” “While in the tent, Tookoolito brought out a book I had given her, and desired to be in. structed. She had got so far as to spell words The Iceberg is of course one of the peculiar of two letters, and pronounce most of them features of Arctic scenery; and even on the land properly. Her progress is praiseworthy. At a large portion of the ground is concealed by almost every step of advancememt, she feels perpetually accumulating ice, while the same as elated as a triumphant hero in battle. substance covers to a great extent the surface She is far more anxious to learn to read and of the ocean. There is scarcely a more beauwrite than Ebierbing. I feel greater confi- tiful object than one of the towering icebergs dence (allowing it were possible to feel so) in that abound in these regions. They are often the success of my mission since engaging these of vast dimensions; one seen by Ross, in two natives. They can talk with me in my Baffin's Bay, was estimated to be nearly two own vernacular, are both smart, and will be miles and a half long, two miles wide, and fifty


feet high. Of course this estimate respects minutes after eight o'clock, I went upon deck only that part which is visible above the to take my usual exercise. I noticed or felt a surface of the water; but this is a very small perceptible change in the temperature of the portion of its actual bulk. In Newfoundland, air. I looked at the thermometer and saw the part under water is usually considered to that it was falling. I tried the sea-water, and be ten times greater than that exposed: if the found that much colder also, being only ice be porous, it is not more than eight times two degrees above freezing point. I imme. greater.

diately concluded that we were near icebergs. On an excursion to one of the Seven Ice. At twelve o'clock the icebergs were really seen, bergs,” says Mr. Scoresby, "in July, 1818, I was and many of the old salts on board at once set particularly fortunate in witnessing one of me down as well up in Arctic knowledge. the grandest effects which these polar glaciers “ Directly the announcement was made I ever present. A strong north-westerly swell went on deck, and there, far away to the west, having for some hours been beating on the had my first view of an iceberg. By the aid of shore, had loosened a number of fragments a good glass, the grandeur of this icy moun. attached to the iceberg, and various heaps of tain of the deep was brought before me. Brief, broken ice denoted recent shoots of the sea- however, was the glance I had. The motion ward edge. As we rode towards it, with a of the vessel was such that I could not at first view of proceeding close to its base, I observed keep the iceberg within the field of the glass. a few little pieces fall from the top; and while But perhaps it was well I did not see all its

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my eye was fixed upon the place, an immense | splendour and magnificence at once. For years column, probably fifty feet square, and one I had longed to see an iceberg, and, even in hundred and fifty feet high, began to leave the the distant view I had, all my conceptions of parent ice at the top, and, leaning majestically its grandeur were more than realized. When forward, with an accelerated velocity fell with first seen it was perhaps ten miles off, and apan awful crash into the sea. The water into peared about 130 feet high, judging from a which it plunged was converted into an ap- calculation made. As, toward evening, we pearance of vapour or smoke, like that from a

approached, it appeared a mountain of alabaster furious cannonading. The noise was equal to resting calmly upon the bosom of the dark that of der, which it nearly resembled.

blue sea.

Behind it was the setting sun just The column which fell was nearly square, and dipping its nether limb in the waters, while its in magnitude resembled a church. It broke

upper reached some thick, heavy clouds er. into thousands of pieces. This circumstance tending half around the horizon, bathing them was a happy caution, for we might inadver- in a flood of crimson! Close by, and peering tently have gone to the very base of the icy out from a break in the sky, were Venus and cliff, from whence masses of considerable mag- the new moon, making a scene of sublimity nitude were continually breaking.” *

and beauty fit for a poet's pen or the pencil of Captain Hall thus describes his first view of an artist. Not before ten o'clock, p.m., were an iceberg:

we alongside this beautiful pile of ice, and then, Thursday, June 21st.—This morning, a few as it were, I had an opportunity of shaking • “Arctic Regions," Vol. I., p. 104.

hands with the first iceberg I had ever seen. The hour named would seem to indicate that greater distance, made it like a lighthouse on the darkness was upon the face of the deep. But top of piled-up rocks, white as the driven snow. not so; light abounded: not that of noonday, It took no great stretch of fancy to finish the but that of early eve, when the sun had with- similitude when the sun to-day, for nearly the drawn his glowing face. Then it was we met. first time during the week, burst forth in all Iceberg was silent; I too was silent. I stood its splendour, bathing with its flood of golden in the presence of God's work! Its fashioning fire this towering iceberg lighthouse! was that of the Great Architect! He who "Another berg I could not help calling the hath builded such monuments, and cast them Gothic iceberg. The side facing me had a row forth upon the waters of the sea, is God, and of complete arches of the true Gothic order, there can be none other!

and running its whole length were mouldings, “After this, numerous icebergs were seen, smooth projections of solid ice, rivalling in the one of which we passed within a stone's throw. beauty of all their parts anything I ever saw. At a distance it had appeared of a pyramidal The architecture, frieze, and cornice of each form, but on coming close its outline wholly column supporting the arches above were as changed. This I find to be a characteristic of chaste and accurately represented as the most almost all views—of none more strikingly so imaginative genius could conceive. Here and than that of an iceberg. Distance lends en- there I saw matchless perfection displayed in chantment to the view."

the curvature of lines about some of its ornaOn another occasion Captain Hall writes :- mental parts. Springing out from a rude

“The icebergs were numerous, and many of recess, away up in its vast height, I saw a them deeply interesting-one especially so, delicate scroll, which was quite in keeping with from its vast height and odd shape. I say Hogarth's line of beauty.' 'odd,' though that applies to all bergs, for no “As I was gazing upon one of the many two are alike, nor does any one seem long to bergs we passed, it overturned, and burst into retain the same appearance and position. a thousand fragments !

“Of the various bergs I particularly noticed, “Relative to the formation of these icebergs, a few descriptive words may here be said. Sterry—upon whose authority alone I mention The first view of one that attracted my atten. it, and who is entitled to his own theory upon tion looked as if an old castle was before me. the subject told me that, at a place between The ruins of a lofty dome about to fall, and a two mountains in Northumberland Sound, he portion of an arched roof already tumbling once counted something like a hundred strata down, were conspicuous. Then, in a short of ice that had been deposited, one layer each time, this changed to a picture of an elephant year. They were of various thicknesses, each with two large circular towers on his back, and course marked by a deposit of sediment like Corinthian spires springing out boldly from the dirt. He did not complete counting the numbroken mountains of alabaster on which he had ber of layers, as the height would not admit of placed his feet. The third view, when at a his doing so."


(Continued from page 222.)

HE lovers of exciting literature have after the storming of the Bastille. These

not failed to find ample material in consisted of from four to five hundred manudelineating the uninvestigated tor- scripts, signed by the Lieutenants of the prison.

tures of the Bastille. The fearful The first entire existing document bears the walls forbade approach to every witness, and date of the year 1602. It relates to the capthus the imagination remained free to conjure tivity of a Comte de Biron. Other manuup the most dreadful pictures.

scripts, dated 1617 and 1643, mention Louis The only authentic documents are those from XIII. The intervening years from this time the Hôtel des Archives, which were collected to 1660 are passed over in silence. and brought to a place of safety immediately From the mass of succeeding manuscripts, we shall only attempt to glean information mouth, and provided behind with a padlock. respecting two or three special cases which will His hands were said to be beautiful. He was serve as examples of the rest,

in the full vigour of manhood, but a few white In 1669 an order appears for the imprison. | hairs showed themselves from beneath the ment of a lady, Helena de Latours, a native of mask. He died in 1703, Florence, accused of conspiring against the For many years the literary world busied king. Amongst the papers, one letter read itself with conjectures about this prisoner. as follows:

At length, in the year 1789, when the Bastille “My dear child,

was taken and destroyed, it was thought the “My death-sentence has just been anngunced

mystery must unravel itself, A soldier dig. to me, I do not fear to die, but I may well be alarmed

covered among the heap of ruins the Register by the thought that you, beloved one, will be so dread

of the prison. The packets of paper were fully affected by the sorrowful news, that your precious opened, but the folio leaf referring to the life may also be in danger. The hand of God lies arrival of the masked prisoner from Margaret heavy upon me, not because death calls me away, but Island had been taken away and replaced by a because it separates me from you. Farewell !

newly written one! “If I might but press my lips on yours! Kiss these In this leaf the name of the State Secretary, lines, and thus you will kiss the hand which wrote

and the reason for imprisonment, are omitted. them, and the heart which beats for you.

It is stated of the prisoner that “ he was the “ Farewell for ever!

man in the mask, whom no one knew;" that “From my prison, Friday, Sept. 7, 1669,"

“he died November 19, 1703, being about 45 The signature is wanting. As no remarks years old;" that “he was buried at S. Paul's," are registered about the sojourn of the prisoner, and “that, not including his burial day, he it appears probable that this was one of the spent five years and sixty-two days in the mysterious murders of which the Bastille Bastille," afforded so many instances,

The Church Registers of S. Paul's were im. One of the most fearful acts of violence mediately examined, and fresh conjectures reported in the documents refers to Catherine made : but not to occupy further space, it Pelissier, a maid-servant. On March 17, 1685, may suffice to say, that, bearing in mind she was sent to the Bastille because she especially the evident purpose of the mask, had expressed a wish that she might hear to conceal the features of the prisoner, and the “that three distinguished knights had con- profound silence preserved by the sovereign of spired against the king." Without any in- France, there is at least a strong probability in vestigation, the unhappy woman was seized, favour of the supposition that he was a brother and thrown into the prison. Accusation and of Louis XIV. judgment are entered at the same time: no day During the captivity of "the man with the of release is given : so that there is no doubt iron mask,” in the year 1702, Constantine de she was one of those lamentable victims whose Renneville was imprisoned in the Bastille. existence was completely forgotten, and finally Political causes no doubt were the ground of perished her dungeon.

his incarceration. He attributed it himself to The year 1690 brought the most remarkable some satirical poems which he had composed prisoner to the Bastille who ever languished -an extraordinary offence to be followed by an within its walls. This was “the man with the imprisonment of almost twelve years' duration! iron mask.”

Renneville endured terrible privations. He Volumes have been written with the view writes: “The governor suffered me to pine of identifying the personality of this prisoner,

away for a long while, without straw, without but the mystery remains. The facts appear a stone to rest my head on, dwelling mid the to be these : The prisoner was brought to the filth of the prison, with bread and water for my Bastille from Margaret Island, under the food. My eyes almost started from my head, charge of the then governor, Le Comte St. my teeth fell out from scurvy, my mouth Mars. He was dressed in the finest linen, swelled, and the bones pierced my skin in and wore the most splendid clothes. He several places.” played on the guitar, was slender and tall, and This prisoner had to make acquaintance with spoke French with an Italian accent. During every dungeon in the Bastille, and languished his imprisonment, he always wore a black some time in each. He was not permitted to velvet mask, with iron springs across the change his linen for five months, although he

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