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that their many enemies fail to exterminate be brought again to the same form. But the them.

two spindles spoken of before,ought to be joyned "The number of traps invented for the pur- together in the ends above, and beyond them pose of taking mice," writes Mr. Wood, “is another small spindle to be made, which may beyond the power of statistics to give. There hold in the middle a crooked wedge or butten, are ingenious boards placed on shelves, which upon the which may be hanged a piece of hog. tilt the mouse into a basin of water below, skin, so that one of them may be easily turned where it swims about for many minutes, and at upside down with the skin, and put thou therelast sinks through sheer exhaustion. Struggling unto a little piece of earth or stick, that the for life and fighting for breath to the last mice may easily come to it: So that how many moment of its little life, it continues its vain mice soever shall come thereto, and to the efforts even while slowly sinking below the meat, shall be taken, always by rouling the surface. This is generally applauded as a paper into his wonted place.'” merciful trap. Then there is a spring trap, The fecundity of the mouse is as great as that that drives a steel spike through the mouse's of the rat, for it breeds at all times of the year, brain, causing instantaneous death. This is and frequently produces three families in the generally stigmatised (especially by ladies) as course of one year, each family numbering from a cruel trap. There is another. merciful' trap, four to six. In a fortnight the young are able the box trap, that shuts it in without hurting to obtain their own living, and in a few weeks it, and affords it a piece of cheese to eat, and a more become parents themselves. An experi. view from between the bars until it is shaken ment on the fecundity of this animal was made out of the trap and carried off by the cat, who so long ago as the time of Aristotle. He placed picks it up and takes it to her kittens, who in a closed box well stored with grain one practise upon it the art of mouse-catching and female mouse who was about to become a tormenting, which they hope soon to begin on mother, and kept the box closed for some time. their own account. There is the garotte trap, When the box was opened he found an hun. which strangles the mouse, and the arithmeti. dred and twenty mice, all sprung from one cal 4 trap, which mashes it flat. But there is parent. still extant an account of a trap that, from the If any one wishes to repeat the experiment, elaborate description, must be a most valuable he must be very careful about a plentiful supply one, and which the describer has wisely pre- of food, or his nice may come to the same unvented from being too common, by enveloping timely end that befella company of mice whom his account in such a mist of impenetrable lan- a boy had put in a box and forgotten for some guage, that no one whom I have met has been time. When he remembered his neglect, he able to form the least idea of the description bastened to open bis box, and found there only of trap intended-what may be its form, how one great mouse, sitting in solitary misery the mouse is to be caught, or what catches it. among the relics of his companions, of whom In sheer despair, I present the account to he was the sole survivor, hunger having commy readers, together with a hope that one of pelled them to kill and eat one another. them may be able to make a trap by means of “It is not so easy to clear a house of mice as the description, and that, if so, he will kindly many people imagine, particularly if traps are forward to me a sketch :

used as the means of destruction. Mamy will 'And again he telleth of another manner of be caught when the traps are first set, but the catching of mice, which is as great as the first, numbers fall off, and at last cease altogether, and it is after this manner: Take two smooth when the householder flatters bimself that the boards about the lenth of thy arm, and in mice are all gone. But the fact is that the breadth half thy arm, but joyn it so together, little creatures have learned caution, and have that they may be distant from the lower part only avoided entering the trap, while they still in lenth some four fingers, or little less, with continue their depredations. They not only two small spindles or clefts, which must be at take warning from seeing their fellows caught, every end one, and fasten paper under them, but if one that has been captured has been and put a piece of paste therein, being cut over- suffered to make its escape, the trap may as thwart in the middle, but you must not fasten well be removed, for no more mice will be it nigb the middle, and let it be so bound, that caught. After a month or two, it may again it may easily be lifted up betwixt the spindles, be used with success. that if by slipping it should be altered, it might “During my residence in college, the mice




had been a fertile source of annoyance. They | mouth. I thought that it seemed singularly nibbled my candles in two, so that they would indifferent to the battery, and withdrew the not stand upright; they drank my milk; they wire on finding that no effect had been pro. pattered with their little feet over my butter; duced. The mouse, however, remained in they raced about between the papered canvas exactly the same position; and, upon a close and the stone wall, until the wall was riddled examination, proved to be quite dead. On with holes made by a toasting-fork thrust opening the trap and inclining it, the mouse through the paper, in the vain hope of spearing slid out as if it had been carved in wood. All them; they would run across my carpet in the its limbs were rigidly stiff, and its neck most undisguised manner; until I determined stretched out in exactly the same position in to extirpate them. So I got a double trap, which it had bitten at the wire. It is impos. baited it very temptingly, and placed it in the sible to imagine any death more sudden than closet. Scarcely had the door been closed, when this must bave been; for it was so instantwo smart blows told of the capture of two taneous that no perceptible sign appeared to mice. They were speedily immolated, and the mark the moment when the life left the body." trap again set. During the first two or three Mr. Smee relates the following instance of days the trap was constantly going off, until I the sagacity of the mouse in refusing to be was tired of going and taking out the mice. caught a second time: The others, however, took warning, and came Many years ago, I caught a common mouse more and more sparingly, until it was a rare in a trap, and, instead of consigning it to the thing to catch one young mouse in a day, and usual watery grave, or to the unmerciful claws after a week or so, none were caught at all, of the cat, I determined to keep it a prisoner. although the trap was baited with most savoury After a short time the little mouse made its toasted cheese, and my candles suffered as escape in a room attached to my father's before. I then bethought me of changing the residence in the Bank of England. I did not bait :

: 80, after suffering the trap to be well desire the presence of a wild mouse in the aired, and the scent of the cheese to evaporate, room, and therefore adopted means to secure I substituted a piece of tallow with great suc- him. The room was paved with stone, and cess, for the mice came nearly as fast as ever. enclosed with solid walls. There was no hope When they had begun to dread the latter, for him that he would ultimately escape, a piece of bacon was used as the bait, and although there were abundant opportunities by systematically changing the bait, great for hiding. I set the trap and baited it with numbers were caught. At last, however, the a savoury morsel; but day after day no monse mice seemed to comprehend that the trap was entered. The poor little thing gave unequivocal in fault, and not the bait, and I had to substi. signs of 'extreme hunger, by gnawing the tute a 4 trap, to which they again came in bladder from some of my chemical bottles. I multitudes, and as the descending weight was a gradually removed everything from the room very large book, several often perished at once. that he could possibly eat, but still the old

"I once made an experiment on a mouse of proverb of Once caught, twice shy' so far rather a singular description. At that time applied, that he would not enter my trap galvanism had become rather a fashionable After many days, on visiting the apartment study among the members of the University; one morning, the trap was down, the mouse and numerous were the experiments that were was caught; the pangs of hunger were more tried, from firing gunpowder under water, to intolerable than the terror of imprisonment knocking down a scout with an electric shock. He did not, however, will the unpleasant alterI happened to have an excellent home-made native of entering the trap until he was so battery, only a small single-cell one, but one nearly starred that his bones almost protruded which would cause an electro-magnet to sustain through his skin; and he freely took bits of a weight of forty pounds, and, when connected food from my fingers through the bars of the with a coil, would give a tolerably severe shock. cage.” A mouse happened to be caught, and the wires The proverb is well known that speaks of were thrust into the trap, as much in jest as rats deserting a falling house. Topsell gives a in earnest. The mouse, seeing the wires, and, circumstantial account of such a proceeding in being enraged at its incarceration, dashed at the following lines :them, and happened to place its feet upon one

" It is also very certain that mice which lire at the moment that it seized the other in its in a house, if they perceive by the age of it, it

be ready to fall down, or subject to any other the notes of the canary and nightingale, either ruin, they fore-know it, and depart out of it, in volume, strength, or sweetness. as may appear by this notable story, which The field-mice are extremely injurious when happened in a town called Helice, in Greece, they exist in great numbers, as they are very wherein the inhabitants committed this abomi- partial to the young shoots of various plants, nable act against their neighbours the Greeks. and by nibbling them off, prevent the plant For they slew them, and sacrificed them upon from attaining its full growth. They are very their altars. Whereupon followed the ruine difficult to find; as they hide themselves so of the city, which was premonstrated by this carefully, that, even in the fields where they prodigious event. For five days before the swarm, it is by no means an easy matter to destruction thereof, all the mice, weesils, and catch a sight of them. There is a meadow in serpents, and other reptile creatures, went out Wiltshire, where, by carefully watching almost of the same in the presence of the inhabitants, any square yard of grass, a short-tailed fieldevery one assembling to his own rank and mouse is nearly sure to be found. Yet that company; whereat the people wondered much, field had been used for cricket, hockey, footfor they could not conceive any true cause of ball, and many other games, for a long time their departure, and no marvail. For God, before any one discerned a single mouse. If a which had appointed to take vengeance on field-mouse is caught and put down on the them for their wickedness, did not give them grass of even a newly-mown field, it glides so so much knowledge, nor make them so wise as neatly under the grass, pressing close to the the beasts, to avoid His judgment and their ground, and scarcely permitting the slightest own destruction; and, therefore, mark what motion of a single blade to betray its presfollowed. For these beasts were no sooner out sure, that if the eye is taken off for a moment, of the city, but suddenly in the night-time it is almost impossible to catch sight of it came such a lamentable earthquake and strong again. tempest, that all the houses did not only fall But concealed as the mice are from human down, and not one of them stood upright, to eye, the vision of the owl or kestrel soon detects the slaughter of men, women, and children them. Woe to the unfortunate field-mouse contained in them, but, lest any of them should that dare show its nose above ground if a kestrel escape the strokes of the timber and house- is hovering about; for down comes the sharptops, God sent also such a great floud of waters, eyed bird, and flies away with the mouse in its by reason of the tempestuous winde, which talons. At night, too, the large eyes of the drove the waters out of the sea upon the town, owl soon descry its movements, and the softthat swept them all away, leaving no more plumed bird, floating over with its noiseless behind than naked and bare significations of flight, strikes its talons into the unsuspecting former buildings. And not only the city and mouse, and either swallows it whole on the citizens perished, but also there was ten ships spot, or carries it off to its nest, where the of the Lacedæmonians in their port, all drowned young owls are expecting their parent. Indeed, at that instant."

were it not for the exertions of the hawks and In another part of his voluminous work, he owls, who pounce on them from above, and enumerates some of the qualities of “ Yo vulgar the weasels and stoats, who chase them on the little mouse,” among which he numbers its

ground, we might fare little better than Bishop capability of domestication, and gives the fol. Hatto, whose tragical story is related by various lowing account of a very tame mouse :

authors, and among these, by Coryat, in his “Albertus writeth, that he saw in Upper “ Crudities." Germany a mouse holding a burning candle in “Here followeth the history of Hatto, Archher feet, at the commandment of her master, bishop of Mentz. It happened in the year 914, all the time his guests were at supper." that there was an exceeding great famine in

Most people have heard of the famous “sing. Germany, at what time Otho, surnamed the ing mouse," whose musical performances at- Great, was emperor, and one Hatto, an Abbot tracted so much attention some years ago. of Fulda, was Archbishop of Mentz, of the Many sceptical individuals classed the animal Bishops after Crescens and Crescentius, the two with the “whistling oyster,” and undisguisedly and thirtieth, after the Archbishops of Saint expressed their incredulity. However, the little Bonifacius the thirteenth. This Hatto in the animal certainly did produce musical sounds, time of this great famine aforementioned, when although they did not, as was asserted, rival he saw the poor people of the country exceed.

is commonly called in the German tongue, the Mowse-turn."

The address of Burns to the mouse when he turned her up in her nest with the plough, will at once be recalled :

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ingly oppressed with famine, assembled a great company of them into a barn, and like a most accursed and mercilesse caitiffe, burnt up those poor innocent souls, that were so far from doubting any such matter, that they rather hoped to receive some comfort and relief at his hands.

The reason that moved the prelate to commit that execrable impiety was, because he thought the famine would the sooner cease, if those unprofitable beggars that consumed more bread than they were worthy to eat, were dispatched out of this world. For he said that these poor folks were like to mice, that were good for nothing but to devour corne. But God Almighty, the just Avenger of the poor folk's quarrell, did not long suffer this hainous tyranny-this most detestable factunpunished. For He mustered up an army of mice against the archbishop, and sent them to persecute him as his furious Alastors, so that they afflicted bim both day and night, and would not suffer him to take his rest in any place. Whereupon, the prelat, thinking that he should be secure from the injury of mice, if he were in a certain tower that standeth in the Rhine, near to the towne, betook himself unto the said tower as safe refuge and sanctuary from his enemies, and locked himself in. But the innumerable troopes of mice chased him continually very eagerly, and swamme unto him upon the top of the water, to execute the just judgment of God; and so at last he was most miserably devoured by those sillie creatures, who pursued him with such bitter hostility, that it is recorded they scraped and knawed out his very name from the walls and tapestry wherein it was written, after they had so cruelly devoured his body, Wherefore the tower wherein he was eaten up by the mice is shown to this day for a perpetual monument to all succeeding ages of the barbarous and inhuman tyranny of this impious prelate, being situate in a little green island in the midst of the Rhine, near to the towne of Wingen, and

“Wee, sleekit, cow'rin', timorous beastie,

Oh, what a panic's in thy breastie !
Thou need na start awa' so hasty,

Wi' bickerin' brattle! I
I wad be laith to rin and chase thee,

Wi' murd'rin' pattle.
I'm truly sorry man's dominion
Has broken Nature's social union,
An' justifies that ill opinion,

Which makes thee startle
At me, thy poor carth-born companion,

An' fellow-mortal.
Thy wec bit housie, too, in rnin!
Its silly wa's the win's are strewin',
An' naething now to big || a new ane,

A' foggage green!
An' bleak December's win's ensuin',

Baith snells and keen.
Thou saw the fields laid bare an' waste,
An' weary winter comin' fast,
An' cozie here, beneath the blast,

Thou thought's to dwell,
Till, crash! the cruel coulter pass'd

Out through thy cell.
That wee bit heap o' leaves an' stibble
Has cost thee mony a weary nibble;
Now thou's turned out, for a' thy trouble,

But house or hald,
To thole** the winter's sleety dribble,

An' cranreuchft cauld
But, mousie, thou art no thy lane,
In proving foresight may be vain;
The best-laid schemes o mice and men

Gang aft a-gley,11
An' lea's us nought but grief an' pain

For promis'd joy."

* "Màuse-thurm”--the Mouse Tower. † Sleek, sly. I A short race or hurry. § A ploughstaff. || Build. | Bitter, biting. Suffer, endnre. tt The hoar-frost. 11 Wrong.

C. A H. B.




HOSE who do not smile at all expres. ing to God. I will use that speech to thee,

sions of mutual affection in print, that Abigail did to David: 'I will be a servant
will find pleasure in the following to wash the feet of my lord. I will do any

correspondence between the first service wherein I may please my good husband. Governor of Massachusetts, the Hon. John I confess I cannot do enough for thee; but Winthrop, and his excellent lady. We are so thou art pleased to accept the will for the deed, apt to regard our forefathers only as men stern and rest contented. and inflexible in their sense of duty, that it is “I have many reasons to make me love thee, indeed refreshing to soften the picture with the whereof I will name two: first, because thou mild colouring of domestic happiness. These lovest God; and, secondly, because thou lovest letters are peculiarly interesting; because the If these two were wanting, all the rest writers had been many years married, and had would be eclipsed. But I must leave this disarrived at that sober meridian of life, when the

course, and go about my household affairs. I worldly and the profligate would make us be- am a bad housewife to be so long from them; lieve that love is considered as the mere idle but I must needs borrow a little time to talk dream of youth.

with thee, my sweet heart. I hope thy busiThe following letter was probably written in ness draws to an end. It will be but two or 1624 or 1625:

three weeks before I see thee, though they be

long ones. God will bring us together in His "MOST DEAR AND LOVING HUSBAND, – I

good time; for which I shall pray. cannot express my love to you as I desire, in

"Farewell, my good husband; the Lord keep these poor, lifeless lines; but I do heartily wish


Your obedient wife, you did see my heart, how true and faithful it

“ MARGARET WINTHROP.” is to you, and how much I do desire to be

“I did dine at Groton Hall yesterday; they always with you, to enjoy the sweet comfort of

are in health, and remember their love. We your presence, and those helps from you in

did wish you there, but that would not bring spiritual and temporal duties, which I am so

you, and I could not be merry without thee.” unfit to perform without you. It makes me to see the want of you, and wish myself with you.

"1629. But I desire we may be guided by God in all

“MY GOOD WIFE, — Although I wrote to our ways, who is able to direct us for the best; thee last week, yet, having so fit opportunity, and so I will wait upon Him with patience, who I must needs write to thee again; for I do is all-sufficient for me. Desiring to be re

esteem one little sweet, short letter of thine membered in your prayers, I bid my good

(such as the last was) to be well worthy two or husband good night. Farewell.

three from me. • Your obedient wife,

"I began this letter yesterday at two o'clock, “MARGARET WINTHROP." thinking to have been large, but was so taken

up by company and business, as I could get In 1627 or 1628:

but hither by this morning. It grieves me "MY MOST SWEET HUSBAND,– How dearly that I have not liberty to make better expreswelcome thy kind letter was to me, I am not sion of my love to thee, who art more dear to able to express. The sweetness of it did much me than all earthly things; but I will en•

What can be more pleasing to a deavour that my prayers may supply the defect wife, than to hear of the welfare of her best of my pen, which will be of use to us both, beloved, and how he is pleased with her poor inasmuch as the favour and blessing of God is endeavours! I blush to hear myself com- better than all things besides. mended, knowing my own wants. But it is “I know thou lookest for troubles here, and your love that conceives the best, and makes when one affliction is over, to meet with all things seem better than they are. I wish another; but remember our Saviour tells us, that I may be always pleasing to thee, and Be of good comfort, I have overcome the that those comforts we have in each other may world.' Therefore, my sweet wife, raise up thy be daily increased, as far as they may be pleas. | heart, and be not dismayed at the crosses thou


refresh me.


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