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Two years later, the great Dover road was heard, and when it did succeed, it was instantly thronged with spectators, for railways were silenced by the nation's expression of indigyet in their infancy. The fair lady who wore nant reprobation, the Imperial crown of these realms was about But however appreciated whilst living, it to share so much of its burden as was per- was not till that sad morning wben the shock mitted to her with a young German Prince of of grief fell upon every heart and home in the the Protestant line of Saxony; and again the land, and eyes that had scarcely ever been multitudes had gathered for a momentary dim with tears, overflowed for their Queen, in sight of a single face. That face was one to the desolating bitterness of her great bereave. photograph itself on the memory. It bespoke ment-it was not till then that England could a cultivated intellect, a gentle heart, and dig. really know and feel how much she owed to nified firmness of character. The sweet gravity the wise counsel and conduct of her noble of its expression, indicating a sense of the Prince. The telegraphie communication which, responsibility about to be assumed, was wel. on that Sabbath morning. stilled the voice of come to all who valued the happiness of the prayer in so many Christian temples for one Queen and the welfare of the country.

who needed prayer no more, aroused and Years sped on, and the opening promise of quickened the pulsations of the national heart : "twain lives made one,” was developed in the and that heart, throbbing in closest sympathy Home Life of a Royal Household, which pre- with the sorrow of the best of earthly sove, sented such a picture of “whatsoever things reigns, bespoke, in language which could not are pure, lovely, and of good report," that the be misunderstood, the sense of a loss which nation's loyalty, advancing far beyond the the country felt could scarcely be over-esti. principle of allegiance to the throne, deepened mated. into a feeling of almost personal attachment Since the hour of this great sorrow, years and affection towards the Queen and her Hus- bave again sped on, and we may truly say, band.

whilst time has fled, our Queen in her widowed The royal pair became a notable pattern of loneliness, whether in her household or upon those private and domestio virtues which, next her throne, has not been less queenly than to the "righteousness" which “exalteth a before. We know there have been those who people,” are the truest elements of a nation's have found occasion for censure in Her Ma. strength and prosperity. Those who bear in jesty's partial retirement from the world's mind how demoralising and wide-spread must gay circle---where grief is so often disguised be the influence which the profligacy of a from the eye, but continues nevertheless as Royal Court necessarily exerts, are able to a canker-worm to feed on the heart. But appreciate the reformation in social and family even that retirement, we doubt not, has bad life which the Queen and her Consort 80 its influence for good: and whilst Christian powerfully promoted in the land.

loyalty may and ought to prompt the earnest From the very first, the princely character prayer that the light of another world may of Albert was manifest. Called at an early increasingly dispel the sorrowful recollections age to All a most difficult position, he shunned connected with happiness in this which has on the one hand the fashionable vices and passed away, filling their place with the anfrivolities of youth, and on the other the on- ticipations of hope looking

forward to a reunion maring temptations of political ambition. He above, and so bracing the mind for active chose a path of his own, which has for ever service till the appointed time,-it should ever associated his name with the progress of his be remembered that Her Majesty's partial readopted country, in manufactures, agriculture, tirement must be regarded as a personal science, and the fine arts; and, what is far matter, in which her own judgment alone could more important, identified him with every guide her; and, moreover, we must also admit philanthropie and educational movement of that hitherto this retirement has never been the age. Of course he did not always please allowed, in any single instance, to interfere all. No man in such a position could entirely with the faithful discharge of the royal duties escape either the jealousies in which even the incumbent upon her. Her walk in life may great sometimes indulge, or the vulgar detrac- have been less public than it would otherwise tion which is natural to the mean. But have been, but perhaps it has not on that throughout his career the voice of jealousy or account been less influential. The “outward detraction was very seldom able to make itself pomp and circumstance" of royalty, after all, is not the glory that excelleth. There are and richer in their common humanity than “touches of nature” which forge closer links any stately style or nice choice of royal inciof attachment than can be created in the at- dents could make them-wants eyesight to see mosphere of magnificent palaces and crowded great facts. He will be one who thinks the levées. The Queen has gained an entrance to jewels of a crown brighter than the tears of a many a palace-heart-even in cottage homes Queen, State papers more precious than the -which has opened the more readily to wel- souvenirs of a perfect bond of hearts, and come her, because the bond of sympathy had royalty too high and too unhappy a state to been formed by the hallowing influence of a have the right to be human, or to hold its common sorrow. We may have seen a little human prerogatives of love and loving memoless of the Queen, but we have certainly seen ries dearer than all its other splendour.” far more of the woman: and in the woman we Our readers are doubtless already familiar have learned the more to revere the Queen. with the extracts from the volume which have The humblest of her people have seen how appeared in most of the public journals: but they are remembered by their sovereign ; and we are sure they will welcome an attempt to those palace messages to widows and orphans present, in this and a succeeding paper, a in the hour of national calamity, whilst they somewhat more connected narrative of the spoke to the nation, are treasured as words Home Life of the Prince. seldom are treasured, in many a grateful heart. Prince Albert's father was Duke Ernest I. As a woman, in a queenly manner, Her Majesty of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.

of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. He married in 1817 has especially devoted herself to the exalted the daughter of the last Duke of Gotha. They ministry of sympathy-soothing the sorrowful, had two sons–Ernest, the present reigning cheering the sad, and alleviating the pains of Duke, born in 1818, and Albert, born on the the sick and the distressed: and we are well 26th of August, 1819. A memorandum, written assured that in the ultimate estimate of royal by the Queen in 1864, describes the Duchess, influence, any disadvantages which may be their mother, as "very handsome, although thought in some cases to have arisen from her very small; fair, and with blue eyes: and partial retirement from public life, will be felt Prince Albert is said to have been extremely to be unworthy to be named in comparison like her.” She was, moreover, full of cleverness with the higher office which that retirement and talent. has enabled her the more effectively to dis. The Duchess died in 1831, in her thirtycharge,

second year; and the Princes were, from this It is in this light we regard and accept the period, mainly indebted for motherly care to remarkable volume—"The Early Years of His their grandmothers, the Dowager-Duchess of Royal Highness the Prince Consort”—which Coburg-Saalfeld, and the Duchess of Saxethe Queen, with the simple, free, and unre- Gotha, who watched over them with the most served confidence which she has ever displayed, constant anxiety. From their infancy indeed, has just placed in the hands of her subjects. we are told, the grandmothers seemed to vie The original design, as we are informed, was with each other as to which should show the to furnish “a biography for his sons and two children the most love and kindness. daughters for those eyes alone that had the From the Duchess of Coburg we have the right of blood or of close friendship, to view first announcement of the arrival of the Prince, nothing as unimportant which might revive a written from the bedside of her forgotten touch, or deepen a familiar trait, in

law to her own daughter, the Duchess of Kent, the picture of a Prince whose life and death in England. have given new meanings to royalty." But "I am sitting by Louischen's bed (at Her Majesty ultimately and wisely resolved to Rosenau). She was yesterday morning safely "make her people members of her family.The and quickly delivered of a little boy. Siebold, confidence reposed will not have been mis- the accoucheuse, had only been called at three, placed. “This pathetic book-glowing with and at six the little one gave

his first cry household fondnesses, and plain to boldness in this world, and looked about like a little its resolute wish to let nothing go of the dead squirrel with a pair of large black eyes. I that can be saved-will speak to the millions found the little mother slightly exhausted, but the things they understand best. Whoever gaie et dispos. She sends you and Edward (the does not thank Her Majesty for these pages Duke of Kent] a thousand kind messages." -beautiful with a pure and faithful affection, Her Majesty observes in a foot-pote that


"the eyes were blue;" but the Duchess after- the contemplated change." The strength of wards repeats her statement, which proved the Prince, indeed, was in his mind rather than correct. And, in that second letter, she also in his body. He was healthy, but never robust. speaks of the “little May flower” born in the King Leopold describes him as “looking delisame year-three months before: the said cate in his youngest days," but adds that “he "May flower” being no other than the Princess was always an intelligent child, and held a Victoria.

certain sway over his brother, who rather The Prince was baptized in September, 1819, kindly submitted to it.” by the names of Francis Charles Augustus The two Princes were evidently much like Albert Emmanuel, but Albert was the name other boys--a fact not necessarily surprising by which he was always known. He must to anybody that we know of, except gold-stickscertainly have been a most charming child. in-waiting and the like. We have a joyous The following is his mother's description of little letter, commencing, “ Papa took me to him when he was eight months old, in which breakfast, and I got a beautiful crown piece”she contrasts the two brothers :

for by this time the Prince bas mastered the “Ernest est bien grand pour son âge, vif et

"dreadful elements;" but they don't always intelligent. Ses grands yeux noirs pétillent

agree with him, for he puts down in his boy

memoranda :d'esprit et de vivacité. . . . Albert est superbe -d'une beauté extraordinaire; a des grands .... I cried at my lesson to-day, because I yeux bleus, une toute petite bouche-un joli could not find a verb: and the Rath pinched nez—et des fossettes à chaque jouemil est me, to show me what a verb was. And I cried grand et vif, et toujours gai. Il a trois dents, about it. .... et, malgré qu'il n'a que huit mois, il commence déjà à marcher.”

He relates how he had “ beer and cheese" at

Ketschendorf-for it is only in fairy tales that Something, perhaps, must be allowed to a

Princes live on butterfly-wings and sunbeams; mother's partiality, but a portrait of the and here is a very naïve bit of boyhood :Prince at the age of four prefixed to the

9th April. volume amply supports the praises that are lavished on his beauty in childhood. It is as

I got up well and happy; afterwards beautiful a child's face as could be conceived.

I had a fight with my brother. . As a portrait it is an exquisite work of art, It is a little sad to notice that on the 10th bat painters rarely draw, even from fancy, 80 also “I had another fight with my brother;" lovely a face.

though conscience, or the Herr Tutor, has apThe education of the two young Princes, pended to this second the observation " that notwithstanding one or two serious disadvan. was not right.” tages, was from the first excellently conducted; While the Princes were thus variously enand their life during the next fourteen years gaged at books or fraternal cuffs at Coburg is described in a good deal of interesting detail. and Rosenau, the father was made Duke of

We have pictures of the little one at the Gotha, and the boys went there under their mature age of two when he drags his “uncle grandmother's care. The Duchess's views were Leopold” abont the castle, and is "teething, clearly sensible, since she concludes a letter on like his little cousin in England”-always with their regimen with the remark that "a well. his elder brother Ernest. At five we see him regulated diet, and as much air as possible, transferred from the nurse to the care of the are better than all the medicines." tator Herr Florschütz, under whose charge The prince at this time must have had great the brothers remained for fifteen years, until qualities, for they were recognized by his play. they had completed their education at the fellows; and boys are no panegyrists nor tuftUniversity of Bonn.

hunters. Playing at "dukes and emperors Their removal from female care at so early at Gotha, we find young Albert chosen to the an age caused very natural anxiety in their latter responsible title, which he wore till bedgrandmother at Gotha, for the Prince was time with success. The strength and nobleness subject to dangerous attacks of croup. But of his character are also brought into view, we are told that “the Prince from a child under a severe attack of croup. His tutor thus showed a great dislike to being in the charge of describes him :women, and rejoiced instead of sorrowing over “I shall never forget the goodness, the affec




Written Trans











tionate patience, he showed when suffering up

for himself the following programme of his ünder feverish attacks. His heart seemed then studies : to open to the whole world. He would form the most noble projects for execution after his Hours. Monday. Tuesday Wednesday. recovery."

6-1 Translation frm Exercises in Reading. There is a little bit of foot-note here, which

the French, Music.

7-8 Repetition and Preparation in Riding. must be quoted to show how simple the Royal

Preparation in Religion,

History, story is. Herr Florschütz says "he never Modern History. Religious In. Exercises in Ger. had the whooping-cough," and we read below:

struction, man compari

tion. "Note by the Queen. - This is a mistake. He 10-11 Ovid.


Music certainly had it."

11-12 English.



Mathematios. "Geography. French. He had attacks of boyish fun too. At a

Drawing, French.

English Exer- French. public entertainment we read of his getting

eises his instructor in chemistry to fill a number of

Exercises in

Mathematics. Latin Compo

lation of Sal. small glass vessels, about the size of a pea, with sulphuretted hydrogen, which he threw about the floor of the room in which they were as.

Honts. Thursday, Friday, Saturday, sembled, to the great annoyance and discom:

6-7 Exercises in Me- Exercises in Correspondent fiture of the audience, at whose confusion he

Music. was highly delighted.

7-8 Repetition and Exercises in Riding

Preparation in Memory. On another occasion he filled the pockets of

History. the Princess Caroline's cloak with soft cheese;

Religious Inc Ancient History. Exercises in Ger

man composibut the Princess paid him out, for she put a

10-11 Modern History. Exercises in Musie. basketful of frogs into his bed at Rosenau and

Latin Compospoiled his night's rest—a bitter revenge, 11-12 English.

Natural History. English. because he was one of those who "sleep o'


Drawing. nights," and could hardly keep awake if the 6-7 English Exer- French.

Geography palace festivities kept him up.

7-8 Matheinatics. Latin Exercises. Correspondente In 1832 the Princes went together to Brussels, and Albert began to see the world. The educational standing to which he had attained will This includes, says his tutor, all his self-imposed best be gathered from a very interesting tasks ; and well it may. It will be seen that, if memorandum drawn up by his instructor, it were carried out, it involves six and someHerr Florschütz. From this it appears the times seven hours' work a day before 2 o'clock, Prince's regular lessons commenced at six and two hours' work in the evening. It affords

At first he was only tàught one also an interesting description of the general hour a day. From his seventh to his ninth character of his instruction. It will be noticed year he was taught three hours; from his that the ancient languages were far from oeninth to his eleventh year, four hours. Bodily cupying the exclusive place they hold in our exercises and amusements occupied the re- English education, but that modern languages mainder of the day. Even after he went to and what we should consider accomplishments, Bonn his regular lessons did not exceed five receive quite as much attention. hours. So long as he was at home even this In connexion with the voluntary entry in time was greatly interrupted; for his father this programme of religious subjects, it is most seems to have been of very restless habits, and gratifying to read the testimony of his tutor, it was his custom to breakfast during the who warmly speaks of "the earnestness with summer months in the open air, generally at a which the Prince prepared for his confirma: different place every day. In fact, the Prince tion and of the deep solemnity with which be had generally to make an excursion to his engaged in it.” This ceremony took place on breakfast, and as the morning was his time for Palm Sunday, 1835, and the Court Chaplain, study, his work was frequently disturbed. The the well-known Dr. Jacobi, presided. After Queen says that he often complained of this the choir had begun the service by singing the himself in after-life. It must not be supposed, hymn, " Come, Holy Ghost,” the Prince and however, that his studies were confined to his his brother sustained a public and apparently regular lessons. He was indefatigable in his extempore examination, and it is stated " their own improvement. At the age of 14 hé drew strict attention to the questions, the frankness,


years old.

my accident.

decision, and correctness of their answers, & natural talent for imitation, and a great sense of the produced a deep impression on the numerous ludicrous, either in persons or things; but he was assembly.” The following extract indicates never severe or ill-natured; the general kindness of the sincerity and earnestness of his profession : his disposition preventing him from pushing a joke,

however he might enjoy it, so as to hurt any one's “The profession now made by the Prince

feelings. Every man has, more or less, a ridiculous he held fast through life. His was no lip

side, and to quiz this, in a friendly and good-humoured service. His faith was essentially one of the

manner, is after all the pleasantest deseription of heart, a real and living faith, giving a colour to humour. Albert possessed this rare gift in an eminent his whole life. Deeply imbued with a convic- degree. tion of the great traths of Christianity, his "Even as a child he was very fond of chess, and he, religion went far beyond mere forms, to which, Ernest, Alexander, and myself often played the great indeed, he attached no especial importance. It

four game. was not with him a thing to be taken up and

“While still very young his heart was feelingly ostentatiously displayed with almost pharisaical

alive to the sufferings of the poor. I saw him one observance on certain days or at certain seasons,

day give a beggar something by stealth, when he told or on certain formal occasions. It was part

me not to speak of it ; ‘for when you give to the poor,'

he said, 'you must see that nobody knows of it.' of himself. It was ingrafted in his very nature,

“He was always fond of shooting and fishing, as and directed his every day life."

far as his natural kind feeling would permit, for a Another memorandum of personal remi. wounded animal always excited his warmest compasniscencés, drawn up at the Queen's request, by

sion. one of his cousins, Count Arthur Mensdorff,

"One day, out shooting at Coburg, I was hit by a who was occasionally the Prince's playfellow,

chance shot, and he was the person who showed the furnishes, perhaps, the most lively picture of

greatest concern, and evinced the truest anxiety about his character during the period at which we

“In later years we saw much less of each other. are glancing

In 1839, when I was serving in the Austrian Lancers, The memorandum reads thus:

we met at Töplitz, and from thence drove together to "Albert, as a child, was of a mild, benevolent Carlsbad, to see uncle Ernest. Eôs was in the carriage. disposition. It was only what he thought unjust or During our journey Albert confided to me, under the dishonest that could make him angry. Thus I recollect seal of the strictest confidence, that he was going to one day when we children, Albert, Ernest, Ferdinand, England to make your acquaintance, and that if you Augustus, Alexander, myself, and a few other boys (if liked each other you were to be engaged. He spoke I am not mistaken Paul Wangenheim was one), were very seriously about the difficulties of the position he playing at the Rosenau, and some of us were to storm would have to occupy in England, but hoped that dear the old ruined tower on the side the castle, which uncle Leopold would assist him with his advice. We the others were to defend. One of us suggested that were at that moment approaching the station where we there was a place at the back by which we could get were to change horses. He asked me the name of the in without being seen, and thus capture it without place, which I told him was Buchau, a little village difficulty. Albert declared that this would be most un- known all round as a sort of Krährinkel, famous for becoming in a Saxon knight, who should always attack all sorts of ludicrous stories about the inhabitants. the enemy in front,' and so we fought for the tower We drove into the place, the postillion blowing his horn so honestly and vigorously that Albert, by mistake, for and cracking his whip. Albert seeing a large crowd I was on his side, gave me a blow upon the nose, of assembled rouöd the post house, said to me, Quick, which I still bear the mark. I need not say how stoop down in the carriage, and we will make Eôs look sorry he was for the wound he had given me.

out of the window, and all the people will wonder at "Albert never was noisy or wild. He was always the funny Prince.' We did so, and the people had to very fond of natural history and more serious studies, satisfy their curiosity with Eôs. The horses were and many a happy hour was spent in the Ehrenburg, soon changed, and we drove off, laughing heartily at in a small room under the roof, arranging and dusting our little joke. the collections our cousins had themselves made and “Some time ago I collected all the letters I have kept there. He urged me begin making a similar of dearest Albert's, and in one of them I found a pascollection myself, so that we might join and form sage most eharacteristic of his noble way of thinking, together a good cabinet.

as shown and maintained by him from his earliest This

was the commencement of the collections childhood: "The poor soldiers,' he says, "always do at Coburg, in which Albert always took so much their duty in the most brilliant manner; but as soon as interést.

matters come again into the hands of politicians and "Albert thoroughly understood the naiveté of the diplomats, everything is again spoiled and confused. Coburg national character,

and he had the art of turns Oxenstiere's saying to his son may still be quoted : “My ing people's peculiarities into a source of fun. He had son, when you look at things more closely you will be

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