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students, at nine o'clock on the morrow-morn. of the event which inspired it. The great ing. They were to assemble at the East-gate, classical events of Protestant chronology only the emblematic quarter of the resurrection, as want such paintings to give them that glory if from the ashes of the fire to be kindled there, and distinction in the arts which they already were to rise the sacred phenix of a regenerated possess in history and theology. Luther Christianity. A large concourse, both of the and his cohort reach the spot. On his right, doctors and students, gathered themselves to- a little in the rear of the Reformer, the pensive gether, scarcely knowing by what secret spirit of Melancthon occupies that position in magnetism the intrepid monk had attracted the picture, which his own bumility assigns them to himself, and exercised over their minds him in history, his beautiful wife leaning the irresistible influence of a mighty moral fondly on that arm that itself leant meekly gravitation. Many of them were, doubtless, on the arm of God. Near them follows Luther's trembling on the brink of the Rubicon, which noble pupil, Count Albert, learning in this they, at least, had not yet transgressed, and, last parabolic act of his illustrious tutor a perhaps, were loath to take the final irrevo. lesson worth all he had learned before. The cable step. The centripetal force of habit, bluff Ulric Von Hutten siniles a laugh that is education, tradition, prejudice, and numbers, obviously on the point of exploding, at a scan. that inclined them to the apostolic see, was dalised friar indignantly dragging away from counteracted by the centrifugal influence of the impious scene a reluctant dame, whose truth and righteousness that drew them to sympathies are clearly left behind her in the the side of the Reformer. Still the mass of scuffle. A pile of combustibles was already them, perhaps, like Israel on Mount Carmel, reared upon the ground, and one of the oldest were “halting between two opinions," till, Masters of Arts, the snows on whose venerable alike in a spiritual and material sense, they brow, like an Arctic crater, had not quenched realised “a God that answered by fire.” It nor even cooled the natural fire within the was a crisis where the hesitation seemed sacred bosom where God had kindled it, advanced to the parting infirmity of human nature, but beyond the rim of the crowd, and, setting fire the decision hallowed by the triumph of Divine to the heap, stood watching the process of grace.
ignition with the yearning of a Parsee. The They were not held long in suspense. Pre work of the righteous incendiary broke forth sently Luther appeared, habited, perhaps for into a blaze, and, just as the flames rose the last time, in his Augustinian cowl; as if he furiously, licking their ruddy tongues like had put on the Papal livery to give greater beasts of prey hungering for their meal, emphasis to the act by which he abandoned its Luther was seen approaching, and throwing service for ever! The lofty eye of the Re- into the roaring jaws of the element, Gratian's former was seen scanning the learned host, in “Abridgment of the Canon Law,” the “ Decre: the midst of which he strode like the officers tals,” the “Clementines," and the "Extrava. of the Hebrews on the eve of battle, saying, gantes of the Popes." He stood watching the "What man is there that is fearful and faint progress of their consumption, in a silence so hearted ? let him go and return unto his house, deep and awe-stricken, that, as if zealons in lest his brethren's heart faint as well as his His business “who maketh His angels spirits, heart." "He wished to rid himself of some and His ministers a Alaming fire," the very old papers; and fire, thought he, is made for crackling of the fagots was aadible in the that!” He found himself involuntarily at the ears of the multitude, and seemed to ignite a head of a mighty movement, and led them in burning echo in their hearts. procession, like a column of the Church Winter though it was, the ancient sun militant, to the solemn tournament. A dense smiled down gaily upon their new Christmas mass of enthusiastic thousands hailed their bonfire, as if he recognized in its comparatively approach with those thunders of applause--feeble glare the dawning of a higher' and the dread artillery of the million-which holier lustre than his own, when the Day. shakes the thrones of despots, and strikes a spring from on high should revisit benighted paralysis into their guilty souls.
Christendom, and proclaim within the dimness This, it will be remembered, is the scene of minster aisle and cloister cell, "Let there of Duval's historical picture a picture, the be light !" grandeur of whose design and execution seems When the voluminous mass of Papal for & poetical efflux of the essential greatness geries and tyrannies had been consumed, and
the breeze, like a breathing of the wind that was required to say simply and clearly whether "bloweth where it listeth," was already scatter- he would or would not retract his opinions.” ing their ashes on the heads of the people, as if “My answer,” said Luther, instantly, "shall in symbol of their repentance of having so long be direct and plain. I cannot think myself yielded to the sin and superstition thus re- bound to believe either the Pope or his councils; nounced, Luther laid his manly hand upon for it is very clear, not only that they have the pope's Bull—a band that trembled, not often erred, but often contradicted themselves; with fear, hut with the natural emotion insepar- therefore, unless I am convinced by Scripable from such a solemn crisis, and, holding it ture or clear reasons, my belief is so confirmed alutt, like the ancient wave-sheaf before the by the Scriptural passages I have produced, and altar of burnt incense, in the sight of God and my conscience so determined to abide by the man, he cried, “Because ye have troubled the Word of God. that I neither can nor will retract body of the Lord, therefore let eternal fire trouble anything; for it is neither safe nor innocent to you,” and cast it, as the Apostle shook off the act against a man's conscience." Luther then riper” at Melita, into the fire.
pronounced these words in the German lanThe superhuman grandeur of that act burst guage: "Here I stand; I cannot do otherwise. the pent-up stillness of the vast multitude-it God help me.
Amen." broke its way through to the popular heart, Of course the issue of the Diet of Worms and there arose from earth to heaven such a was an cdict of excommunication, which was wild delirous shout, as seemed to fling its echo drawn
with all possible rancour and malice beyond the skies! The free spirit of Germany by the Papal legate, Alexander. Luther was revelled in the luxurious magnanimity of the condemned as a notorious heretic," and "all great fact: and when the Reform-r quietly persous were forbidden, under the penalty of moved back towards the city, the electric spark higb tieason, to receive, maintain, or protect ran its jubilant shock through every bosow; him.” But German sympathy with the Reand doctors, professors, students, soldiers, former was already strongly evoked: and in populace, women, and children, accompanied spite of Papal effort the Reformer was allowed Luther into Wittemberg, shouting, laughing, twenty-one days to return bome, during which singing, praying, crying, clapping their hands, time the public faith was pledged for his safety. dancing their feet, tossing their heads, and He left Worms, in fact, a conqueror. But it lifting up their hearts in one grand hallelujah was so manifest tbat his enemies were deterchorus, shouting“Glory to God and the Bible!” mined upon his destruction, that the Elector of and “Long life to Luther, the Liberator of Saxony, with much secrecy, and by means of a their German fatherland!”
little friendly force, conveyed him to the castle Luther's after-lise presents a continuous of Wartburg.* struggle to maintain the antagonistic position In this " Patmos," as he called it, Luther he had so courageously assumed, and to spread remained ten months, and then returned to the doctrines of the Word of God-the only Wittemberg. Here he published a reply to rule of faith to be recognized as binding upon Henry VIII., who had written a book against the Caristian conscience. In April
, 1521, he him on the seven sacraments. He also printed presented himself at the Diet of Worms before a translation of the New Testament, which the emperor and a vast assemblage of the greatly alarmed the Romanists, and severe princes and prelates of Germany. He there made an elaborate and eloquent defence of the * Wartburg Castle was the asylum of Luther from May 4, course which he had pursued, and the books
1521, to March 6, 1522. It crowns one of a noble chain of
hills in Saxe-Weimar, as shown in the engraving (page 490). which he had published. So powerful was this An hour's walk up the steep ascent brings the visitor to the address, that privately the Elector of Saxony summit, whence a glorious panorama opens to the view. A expressed his approbation and astonishment.
sea of rocks and wooded hills in every variety of form un.
dalates around; whilst nearly a thousand feet below, Eisenach But Rome has never been disposed to listen to
is faintly discerned, appearing as a pretty little model of a reason or argument. And Eckius, before German town-the whole forming as lovely a scene as is to be Luther had well concluded, cried out in much
witnessed in Thuringia. Luther, besides completing a large
portion of his translation of the Bible in this asylum, wrote heat and passion, “That he had not answered to
several treatises against auricular confession, monastic vows, the point; that he was not called upon to give clerical celibacy, and prayers for the dead, against the Sor. an account of his doctrines; that these had been
bonne of Paris, which had condemned his works, and which already condemned in former councils, whose
he had exposed to public ridicule. Tho Duke of Saxe-Weimar,
at great expense, recently restored the principal part of the decisions were not now to be questioned; that he castle to the same state it was in in the fifteenth century.
edicts were issued against the reading of it. o'clock he laid down upon a couch, and slept In 1529 the emperor assembled another Diet for an hour, while Jonas, Cælius, his sons, and at Spires to check the progress of the new several friends, watched by him. At ten opinions : but the result was again favourable o'clock he awoke, and wished his friends to go to the Reformation. The protesting princes to rest, which they declined. About half-past determined to have a common confession of eleven he retired to bed. As they conducted faith drawn up, which was accordingly per. him to his chamber, he said, “I go to rest formed by Melancthon, and, being presented with God;” adding the words of the Psalmist, to the Diet of Augsburg, in 1530, was called “Into Thy hands I commend my spirit:" then, “The Confession of Augsburg.” In 1534 offering his hands to those around him, he Luther's translation of the whole Bible was bade them good-night, desiring them to pray published; and the same year he printed a that God would continue the Gospel to them; book against the service of the mass. At " for," added he," the Pope and the Council at length, worn out more by labour than age, Trent devise mighty things.” He laid down, Luther “fell asleep” at Eisleben, his native Jonas and some others sleeping in the room place, having lived to see his doctrines take with him. About one o'clock he awoke Jonas, such deep root that no earthly power could and desired that a fire might be made in his eradicate them.
study, adding that he was very ill, and felt a His closing hours furnished a most remark. great oppression at his chest, and should die able testimony to the truths he had confessed. at Eisleben. Jonas replied, that God, our
He continued to apply bimself to business Heavenly Father, would help him, through till the 17th February, on which day he felt Christ whom he had preached. Luther then indisposed, and by the advice of his friends he went to his study without assistance, again remained in his study. He frequently walked repeating, "Into Thy hands I commend my about the room, and sometimes looked out of spirit.” There he again walked about; two the window, praying with much earnestness, physicians were sent for, who speedily arrived; as those who were present could perceive. He also Count Albert, accompanied by his Countess. seemed cheerful, but said to Jonas and Cælius, Various remedies were then applied. His "I was born and baptized here at Eisleben, attendants, observing a perspiration commence, what if I should die in this place!” A person told him he would soon be better, but Luther named Sickelius overheard one of his prayers; said it was the forerunner of death, and prayed, it was to the following effect: “O Lord God,“O my Heavenly Father, everlasting and Heavenly Father, I call upon Thee in the name merciful God, Thou hast revealed Thy Son our of Thy beloved Son Jesus Christ our Lord, Lord Jesus Christ to me; I have preached in that according to Thy promise, to the glory of His name, I confess Him before men, I love Thy name, thou wouldest mercifully hear my Him, and worship Him as my beloved Saviour prayers. Since Thou hast delivered me, ac- and Redeemer, whom the Pope and other cording to Thy great mercy and loving-kind- wicked men persecute, revile, and blaspheme. ness, from the apostacy, blindness, and dark. O Lord, receive my soul.” He afterwards said, ness of the papacy, before the last day which “O Heavenly Father, although I am about to is now at hand, and hast shown me the light leave the body, and am snatched away from of the Gospel which now shines throughout the this life, yet I certainly know that I am about world, be pleased to keep the Church of my to dwell with Thee for ever, and that no one beloved country unto the end, without falling, can pluck me out of Thy hand.” He also re. in the pure truth, and in the constant and peated a verse of the 68th Psalm, “Our God is lawful confession of Thy Word, so that all the the God of whom cometh salvation, and unto world may know that I have been sent by God the Lord belong the issues from death.” Thee. Do this, O Lord, most gracious God. The physicians then proceeded to adininister Amen. Amen."
some remedy, which Luther perceiving, said, At supper time Luther joined the party that “I am about to depart;” and thrice rapidly were assembled ; during the meal he quoted repeated, “Into Thy hands I commend my several important passages of Scripture. spirit; Thou hast redeemed me, O God of truth;"
After supper, a pain in his breast, which he adding, “God so loved the world, that He gave had felt during the day, returned, and he asked His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth for warm cloths, but would not consent that in Him should not perish, but have everlastthe physicians should be called. About nine ing life.” His soul evidently was now about
to depart, nor did he reply to his friends, which he departs.” To this he signed his name although they spoke earnestly to him. The and the date, 7th February, 1546. Countess, however, having administered a Thus Luther lived and died_"a miracle cordial, he revived sufficiently to reply Yes among men,” as Melancthon described bimor No. Jonas and Caelius then addressed him, a man raised up by God in His good provi. saying, “Beloved father, you still confess Jesus dence to shake the world of superstition to its Christ the Son of God, our Saviour and Re. very centre, and to lay again that one Founda. deemer 9” Luther answered, “Yes," so that tion on which alone the superstructure of true it could be heard distinctly. He did not speak religion can be raised-Jesus Christ and Him again, but laid quietly, with his hands clasped, crucified. for a quarter of an hour, during which time his Thus the sacred fire of Protestantism was attendants saw his features gradually become kindled in Europe, and He who multiplied the pale and fixed; at length he breathed a gentle widow's oil has kept it burning to this day, sigh and fell asleep in Jesus, without evincing and will keep it still, in spite of many a blast any pain or suffering at the moment of his from the old quarter, which, aiming at its er departure, which took place between two and tinction, has only served to fan its flame. three o'clock in the morning of the 18th of What is our parting moral ? “ Hold fast February, 1546. He was in the sixty-third that which thou hast; let no man take thy year of his age.
crown.” Take Guizot's pathetic advice to Thus was fulfilled in Luther the words of England, when he shed a grateful exile's tears our blessed Lord (John viii. 51), “If a man on our national hospitality to the unfortunate keep My saying he shall never see death.” That -"Keep your faith-be faithful to the example passage had engaged his attention a few days and tradition of your ancestors, and I trust before, when he wrote the following explana. that God will pour upon you and your country tion of it in a book of devotion : “Although the most abundant blessing!” these words appear incredible, and contradict And beware too not only of open and avowed our daily experience, yet they are most true. For enemies and apostates, but of the Ahithophels if any one seriously meditates upon the Word and Judases who “dip the hand with you in of God in his heart, believes it, and in that the dish, and lift up their heels against you." faith falls asleep and dies, be departs before Beware of "false brethren unawares brought he sees or becomes apprehensive of death, and in, who come in privily to spy out our liberty most assuredly he is saved in that Word which which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might he has believed and meditated upon, and in bring us into bondage: to whom we give place • Com. de Luth. iii. $ 133. Sleidan, b. xvi. Melch. Adam.
by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the Vit. Luth. p. 74, et seq.
truth of the Gospel might continue with us."
"DARE TO BE RIGHT, DARE TO BE TRUE."
ARE to be right, dare to be true;
You have a work that no other can do;
Do it so bravely, so kindly, so well,
Dare to be right, dare to be true;