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the graves.

church was taken down in Queen Anne's time; of Him who “shall change our vile body, that but what they did with the monuments, who it may be fashioned like unto His glorious knows? Perhaps they dealt with them some- body, according to the working whereby He is what in the same style as they did with the able even to subdue all things unto Himself.” dead themselves.”

“I can show you something pleasant out“What was that? I hoped to find some side,” said the kind guide, leading me out to lingering memorial of Mrs. Donne, the wife of the west end of the church, and showing me Dr. Donne, Dean of St. Paul's in the reign of some trees which, as he said, he had " at last James I. She was buried here, and her monu- persuaded the churchwardens to plant." ment was in the old church."

Will they grow here?" “I never knew Mrs. Donne, sir; before my “Oh, yes;" was the cheerful reply. “Come, time,

you

know. Nor did I ever before hear of and see my pet garden, how fresh the trees the Doctor, though, as you say, he was Dean look here. Is not that a nice creeper running of St. Paul's. But, as to the bodies, I can tell up the church wall, as if it loved the church? you that when I came into office, some years

and there are my flower-beds among ago, I had to go down into the vaults, and there My bed of mignonette last year was beautiful. I found coffins all tied up in bundles of six or One of our bishops was passing one day, and seven together, with a chain around each he stopped and smiled; went as far as Temple bundle, fastened with a padlock, and these Bar, and came back again to have another bundles were piled one upon another on shelves. look and to give another smile. Perhaps he 'Look here!' says a man to me, as I was looking thought it was like a promise of life from the around, and thinking that those who built the dead. It was early in the morning, and it may new church had a wholesale way of dealing be there was dew upon the sweet mignonette. with human dust look here!' says he; and What is that verse in Isaiah ?-you remember when I turned there were two bodies stand. it: “Awake and sing, ye that dwell in the ing side by side; they seemed like mum. dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and mies asking me to cover them. Ah, sir! I the earth shall cast out the dead.'» thought of Job's words--Naked came I out of This quotation was happy, and it reminded my mother's womb, and naked shall I return me of Donne himself, and how he used to thither.' And that was the style in which the interweave the beauties of inspired truth living sometimes dispose of the dead; and so with his own interpretations of nature. And you need not wonder that all the monuments as I parted with my interesting guide, and disappeared."

turned my steps from St. Clement's with its * Have the bodies been left, then, in the under-world of sleeping generations, one's condition in which you saw them ?”

hope became more comfortable, and one's “No, no; we gathered them tenderly, and spirits were refreshed by the recollection of a laid them side by side in a large space, then passage from the favourite Doctor's sermon at built them in, covered them with earth, and the funeral of Sir William Cockayne:roofed their common house with cement; so The Gentiles and their poets describe the their resting place is now sacred.”

sad state of death as one everlasting night ;' to “ And so," thought I, as we stood in solemn them, a night; but to a Christian it is the day silence over that buried multitude, “the body of death and the day of resurrection; we die in of the lovely and loving Anne Donne must have the light, in the sight of God's presence; and been chained up in one of those bundles, and is we rise in the iight, in the sight of His very

no longer distinguishable among the essence. Nay, God's corrections and judgments mingled remains that await the quickening upon us in this life are still expressed so-voice of Him who gives to every seed his own dies visitationis; still it is a day, though a day body,' and who will as certainly, at the last, of visitation; and still we may discern God to fulfil His promise: This is the Father's will be in the action. The Lord of life was the first which hath sent Me, that of all which He hath that named death; morte morieris, says Godgiven Me I should lose nothing, but should raise thou shalt die the death. I do the less fear, or it up again at the last day."" Neither the rude abhor death, because I find it in His mouth; action of church builders at St. Clement's, nor even a malediction hath a sweetness in His the rage of the eat fire at St. Paul's, where mouth, for there is a blessing wrapped up in it; Donne's mortal remains were laid, can shake a mercy in every correction; a resurrection in the ground of Christian hope, nor mar the work every death."

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THE HOME LIFE OF H.R.H, THE PRINCE CONSORT,

(Continued from page 526.)

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T was decided that the public an- Prince's brother, the hereditary Prince Ernest, nouncement of the approaching

the approaching alone remained to remind him of his old home. marriage should be made in the first An extract from the Queen's journal de

instance to the Privy Council. This scribes the pain which the Prince felt at being was done on the 23rd of November, in the thus separated from all his connexions, and he presence of eighty-three Privy Councillors.

own generous sense that he was making a real No less than sixty-one of these, including the sacrifice for her illustrious names of the Duke of Wellington, "He said to me,” the Queen records in her Lord Lansdowne, and Sir Robert Peel, are journal," that I had never known a father, and now dead-an affecting comment on the solemn could not therefore feel what he did. His truth, Sic transit gloria mundi.

childhood had been very happy." "Ernest." The Queen herself, in her journal, gives an (the hereditary Prince remained for some time interesting account of the brief scene before in England after his brother's marriage the Council:

“ Ernest, he said, was now the only one re“Precisely at two I went in. The room was maining here of all his earliest ties and recol. full, but I hardly knew who was there. Lord lections; but that if I continued to love him as Melbourne I saw looking kindly at me with I did now, I could make up for all. He never tears in his eyes, but he was not near me. cried, he said, in general, but Alvensleben and I then read my short declaration. I felt Kolowrath (they had accompanied the Duke to my hands shook, but I did not make one England and now left with him) had cried so mistake. I felt most happy and thankful when much that he was quite overcome. Ob, bow I it was over. Lord Lansdowne then rose, and, did feel for my dearest, precious husband at in the name of the Privy Council, asked that this moment! Father, brother, friends, country *this most gracious and most welcome com- -all has he left, and all for me. God grant munication might be printed.' I then left the that I may be the happy person, the 46 room, the whole thing not lasting above two happy person, to make this dearest, blesed or three minutes. The Duke of Cambridge being happy and contented! What is in my came into the small library where I was stand- power to make him happy I will do." ing and wished me joy.

The Queen was now married to the husband General Grey states, "The Queen always wore of her choice amid the sincere and general rea bracelet with the Prince's picture,” and, re- joicing of her subjects. The Prince, on the ferring to this bracelet, Her Majesty adds in other hand, was established in his new and her journal, “ It seemed to give me courage at difficult position. The first point of any delithe council.”

cacy which he had to arrange related to the The marriage took place at the Chapel formation of his household. His own ideas Royal, on the 10th of February, 1840, and the are given in a letter to the Queen before his ceremony passed in the most auspicious man- marriage, which furnishes another striking

The morning was, indeed, somewhat proof of his good sense. dismal with rain and fog,“ but before the de. He thus writes to the Queen on the 10th of parture for Windsor the sun shone forth with December, 1839 :all the splendour which distinguishes what is "Now I come to a second point which for now proverbially called “Queen's weather.”' touch upon in your letter, and which I hare At four o'clock in the afternoon, the Queen also much at heart; I mean the choice of the and the Prince left for Windsor, being enthu- persons who are to belong to my household siastically received on all points of their route; The maxim, “Tell me whom he associates with, and, of course, the Eton boys were as con- and I will tell you who he is,' must here espespicuous as usual in their display of boisterous cially not be lost sight of. I should wish parti loyalty.

cularly that the selection should be made withThe Royal honeymoon was very short, for out regard to politics; for if I am really to keep on the 19th the Queen held a levée, and on the myself free from all parties, my people must 28th the Duke of Coburg left England. The not belong exclusively to one side. . . . . And

ner.

above all do I wish that they should be well- as would conduce to the health or recreation educated men, and of high character, who shall of the working classes; and few, if

any,

knew have already distinguished themselves in their 80 well, or took such interest as he did, in several positions, whether it be in the army or all that was being done, at any distance east, navy, or in the scientific world. I know you west, north, or south of the great city--from will agree in my views.”

Victoria Park to Battersea--from the Regent's On the whole, his household was formed to Park to the Crystal Palace, and far beyond. his satisfaction.

He would frequently return,' the Queen says, Nothing could be more admirable than the 'to luncheon at a great pace, and would always wisdom with which the Prince guided his re- come through the Queen's dressing room, lations towards general society. From the where she generally was at that time, with that first he laid down strict, not to say severe rules, bright, loving smile with which he ever greeted for his own guidance. The principle on which her, telling her where he had been, what new he resolved to act (to use his own noble words) buildings he had seen, what studios, &c., he had was this : “Tosink his own individual existence visited. Riding for mere riding sake he disin that of his wife; to aim at no power by himself liked, and said, “ Es ennuyirt mich so " (It bores or for himself; to shun all ostentation; toassume me so).” no separate responsibility before the public,” “There were some, undoubtedly, who would but, making his position entirely a part of the gladly have seen his conduct the reverse of all Queen's, “continually and anxiously to watch this, with whom he would have been more every part of the public business in order to popular bad he shared habitually and indisbe able to advise and assist her at any moment criminately in the gaieties of the fashionable in any of the multifarious and difficult ques- world-had he been a regular attendant at the tions brought before her-sometimes political, racecourse; had he, in short, imitated the free or social, or personal, as the natural head of lives, and even, it must be said, the vices, of her family, superintendent of her household, former generations of the royal family. But manager of her private affairs; her sole con- the country generally knew how to estimate fidential adviser in politics, and only assistant and admire the beauty of domestic life, beyond in her communications with the officers of the reproach, or the possibility of reproach, of Government."*

which the Queen and he set so noble an example. “He imposed a degree of restraint and self- "It is this which has been the glory and the denial upon his own movements, which could strength of the throne in our day, and which not but have been irksome, had he not been has won for the English Court the love and sustained by a sense of the advantage which veneration of the British people, and the respect the throne would derive from it. He denied of the world. Above all, he has set an example himself the pleasure--which to one so fond as for his children, from which they may be sure he was of personally watching and inspecting they can never deviate without falling in public every improvement that was in progress would estimation, and running the risk of undoing have been very great-of walking at will about the work which he has been so instrumental the town. Wherever he went, whether in a in accomplishing." carriage or on horseback, he was accompanied

His own personal position in the Queen's by his equerry. He paid no visits in general | household presented not the least of the diffisociety. His visits were to the studio of the

culties which he had to surmount. In a letter artist, to museums of art or science, to insti. to Prince Loewenstein he says :tations for good and benevolent purposes.

“In my home life I am very happy and con. Wherever a visit from him, or his presence,

tented, but the difficulty in filling my place could tend to advance the real good of the with the proper dignity is, that I am only the people, there his horses might be seen waiting; husband, not the master in the house." never at the door of mere fashion. Scandal But the following interesting

passage tells itself could take no liberty with his name. He us how this delicate point was settled :loved to ride through all the districts of Lon. “Thanks to the firmness, but at the same don where building and improvements were in time gentleness, with which the Prince insisted progress, more especially when they were such on filling his proper position as head of the

family--thanks also to the clear judgment and Letter to the Duke of Wellington, in answer to offer of command of the Army.--Speeches, &c., of the Princo Consort,

right feeling of the Queen as well as to her p. 76.

singularly honest and straightforward nature but thanks, more than all, to the mutual love of Kent or the ladies. The Prince also read and perfect confidence which bound the Queen aloud most days to the Queen. The dinner and Prince to each other—it was impossible to was at eight o'clock, and always with the comkeep up any separation or difference of interests

pany. In the evening the Prince frequently or duties between them. To those who would played at double chess, a game of which he urge upon the Queen that, as Sovereign, she was very fond, and which he played extremely must be the head of the house and the family well. as well as of the State, and that her husband “At first 'the Queen tried to get rid of the was, after all, but one of her subjects, Her bad custom, prevailing only in this country, of Majesty would reply, that she had solemnly the gentlemen remaining after the ladies bal engaged at the altar to obey' as well as to left, in the dining room. But Lord Melbourne * love and honour;' and this sacred obligation advised against it, and the Prince himself she could consent neither to limit nor refine thought it better not to make any change. away.”

The hours, however, were never late of an eren. The picture is indeed a beautiful one, over ing, and it was very seldom that the party bad which we might fitly place the apostolic legend not broken up by eleven o'clock. Compara-“In honour preferring one another.”

tively early, too, as the breakfast hour now was, Most interesting details are given of the life the Prince had often, particularly in later of the Queen and Prince during the first year years, as work got heavier, done much business of their marriage.

before it; written letters or prepared the At first early rising does not appear to have draughts of memoranda on the many important been a royal habit. The Prince writes to his subjects in which he took an interest, or which grandmother thus:

had to be considered by the Queen. “We are very happy, and in good spirits, “ The Prince was also at this time much but I find it very difficult to acclimatize myself taken up with painting'—an occupation of completely, though I hope soon to find myself which he was very fond, but for which, in after more at home. The late hours are what I find

years, he had no time—and began a picture it most difficult to bear."

of the death of Posa, from Schiller's Dos Late hours at night led naturally to late Carlos, making first a small sketch of it, which hours in the morning, and the Queen mentions he did beautifully." that“ in these days they were very late of a The Prince, it seems, never took kindly to morning (which was the Queen's fault), break- great dinners, or the common evening amusefasting at ten, and getting out very little, which ments of the fashionable world. On such occawas very unwholesome."

sions he loved to get hold of some man eminent These late hours in the morning were gradu- as a statesman, or man of science, and to pass ally improved “under the influence of the the hours he was thus compelled to give to the Prince”-an influence which was further evident world in political or instructive conversation. in the judicious and well-regulated division of The Prince, we learn, entirely altered the the hours and occupations of the day.

Queen’s feelings about town and country. BeThe Queen, in the following memorandum, fore her marriage she rejoiced in coming to gives this account of their ordinary habits :- London, and disliked nothing so much as leav.

At this time the Prince and Queen spent ing it. But she soon began to share the Prince's their day much as follows: They breakfasted preference for the country, until at length resiat nine, and took a walk every morning soon dence in London became absolutely distasteafterwards. Then came the usual amount of ful to her; and she adds in a note, “It was also business (far less heavy, however, than now); injurious to her health, as she suffered much besides wbich they drew and etched a great from the extreme weight and thickness of the deal together, which was a source of great atmosphere, which gave her the headache;" and amusement, having the plates 'bit' in the house. in connexion with this we must quote a note at Luncheon followed at the usual hour of two another part of the volume :o'clock. Lord Melbourne, who was generally “Note by the Queen.— This the Prince constaying in the house, came to the Queen in the stantly expressed on arriving at Osborne and afternoon, and between five and six the Prince Balmoral, and on leaving London: “How usually drove her out in a pony phaeton. If sweet it smells ! How delicious the air is! the Prince did not drive the Queen, he rode, in One begins to breathe again!" And how he which case she took a drive with the Duchess delighted in the song of birds, and especially

of nightingales !—listening for them in the we escaped, under the protection of the watchhappy peaceful walks he used to take with the ful hand of Providence. We drove out yesterQueen in the woods at Osborne, and whistling day afternoon, about six o'clock, to pay Aunt to them in their own peculiar long note, which Kent a visit, and to take a turn round Hyde they invariably answer. The Queen cannot Park. We drove in a small phaeton. I sat hear this note now without fancying she hears on the right, Victoria on the left. We had him, and without the deepest, saddest emotion. | hardly proceeded a hundred yards from the At night he would stand on the balcony at palace, when I noticed on the footpath on my Osborne, in May, listening to the nightingales.”” side a little mean-looking man holding some

The Prince, however, we are told, always thing towards us; and before I could distinsacrificed his feelings about this, partly for the guish what it was, a shot was fired, which sake of the easier communication with minis. almost stunned us both, it was so loud, and ters, and “still more from the conviction of fired barely six paces from us. Victoria had the influence for good which the presence of a just turned to look at a horse, and could not, Court so looked up to as that of England under therefore, understand why her ears were ringthe Queen and himself could not fail to exercise ing, as, from it being so very near, she could far and wide--far, indeed, beyond the world of hardly distinguish that it proceeded from a its immediate neighbourhood."

shot having been fired. The horses started, On Easter Monday, April 20th, 1840, the and the carriage stopped. I seized Victoria's Prince met with what might have been a fatal hands, and asked if the fright had not shaken accident. His horse suddenly ran away in the her, but she laughed at the thing. Home Park at the top of his speed, and the “I then looked again at the man, who was Prince, after turning him several times, in a still standing in the same place, his arms yain endeavour to stop him, was at last knocked crossed, and a pistol in each hand. His attioff by a tree,' against which he brushed in tude was so affected and theatrical, it quite passing, and fell, most providentially, con- amused me. Suddenly he again pointed his sidering the rapid pace, without being seriously pistol and fired a second time. This time hart. The Queen, who witnessed the accident, Victoria also saw the shot, and stooped quickly, writes in her journal :-

drawn down by me.

The ball must have "Oh, how thankful I felt that it was no passed just above her head, to judge from the worse! His anxiety was all for me, not for place where it was found sticking in an opposite himself.”

wall. The many people who stood round us * In June of the same year, the Prince pre- and the man, and were at first petrified with sided at a meeting to promote the abolition of fright on seeing what happened, now rushed the slave trade. Referring to this occasion, upon him. I called to the postilion to go on, the Queen'says, “He was very nervous before and we arrived safely at Aunt Kent's. Thence he went, and had repeated bis speech to her in we took a short drive through the Park, partly the morning by heart.” The Prince himself to give Victoria a little fresh air, partly also writes, “I learnt my speech by heart, for it is to show the public that we had not, on account always difficult to have to speak in a foreign of what had happened, lost all confidence in language before five or six thousand eager them. listeners.” The speech proved eminently suc- To-day I am very tired and knocked up by céssful, and forms the first of that remarkable the quantity of visitors, the questions, and series of public utterances since published descriptions I have had to give. You must, under the title of the “Principal Speeches and therefore, excuse my ending now, only thankAddresses of H.R.H. the Prince Consort." ing you for your letter, which I have just

A few days later, Edward Oxford made his received, but have not yet been able to read. despicable attempt on the Queen's life; and "My chief anxiety was lest the fright should we have a full and interesting account of this have been injurious to Victoria in her present occurrence in a letter from the Prince to the state ; but she is quite well, as I am myself. Dowager Duchess of Gotha :

thank Almighty God for His protection. Buckingham Palace, June 11, 1840.

"Your faithful grandson, “Dear Grandmamma,-I hasten to give you

“ALBERT. an account of an event which might otherwise “The name of the culprit is Edward Oxford. be misrepresented to you, which endangered He is seventeen years old, a waiter at a low my life and that of Victoria, but from which inn, not mad, but quite quiet and composed.”

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