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but thanks, more than all, to the mutual love of Kent or the ladies. The Prince also read and perfect confidence which bound the Queen aloud most days to the Queen. The dinner and Prince to each other-it was impossible to was at eight o'clock, and always with the com. keep up any separation or difference of interests pany. In the evening the Prince frequently or duties between them. To those who would played at double chess, a game of which be urge upon the Queen that, as Sovereign, she was very fond, and which he played extremely must be the head of the house and the family well. as well as of the State, and that her husband “At first 'the Queen tried to get rid of the was, after all, but one of her subjects, Her bad custom, prevailing only in this country, of Majesty would reply, that she had solemnly the gentlemen remaining after the ladies had engaged at the altar to 'obey' as well as to left, in the dining room. But Lord Melbourne * love and honour;' and this sacred obligation advised against it, and the Prince himself she could consent neither to limit nor refine thought it better not to make any change.' away.”

The hours, however, were never late of an even. The picture is indeed a beautiful one, over ing, and it was very seldom that the party had which we might fitly place the apostolic legend not broken up by eleven o'clock. Compara. -“ In honour preferring one another.” tively early, too, as the breakfast hour now was,

Most interesting details are given of the life the Prince had often, particularly in later of the Queen and Prince during the first year years, as work got heavier, done much business of their marriage.

before it; written letters or prepared the At first early rising does not appear to have draughts of memoranda on the many important been a royal habit. The Prince writes to his subjects in which he took an interest, or which grandmother thus:

had to be considered by the Queen. "We are very happy, and in good spirits, “ The Prince was also at this time much but I find it very difficult to acclimatize myself taken up with painting'- '-an occupation of completely, though I hope soon to find myself which he was very fond, but for which, in after more at home. The late hours are what I find years, he had no time—and began a picture it most difficult to bear."

of the death of Posa, from Schiller's Don Late hours at night led naturally to late Carlos, making first a small sketch of it, which hours in the morning, and the Queen mentions he did beautifully." that“ in these days they were very late of a The Prince, it seems, never took kindly to morning (which was the Queen's fault), break- great dinners, or the common evening amusefasting at ten, and getting out very little, which ments of the fashionable world. On such occa. was very unwholesome.'

sions he loved to get hold of some man eminent These late hours in the morning were gradu- as a statesman, or man of science, and to pass ally improved “under the influence of the the hours he was thus compelled to give to the Prince”-an influence which was further evident world in political or instructive conversation. in the judicious and well-regulated division of The Prince, we learn, entirely altered the the hours and occupations of the day.

Queen's feelings about town and country. BeThe Queen, in the following memorandum, fore her marriage she rejoiced in coming to gives this account of their ordinary habits:- London, and disliked nothing so much as leav.

• At this time the Prince and Queen spent ing it. But she soon began to share the Prince's their day much as follows: They breakfasted preference for the country, until at length resi. at nine, and took a walk every morning soon dence in London became absolutely distasteafterwards. Then came the usual amount of ful to her; and she adds in a note, “ It was also business (far less heavy, however, than now); injurious to her health, as she suffered much besides wbich they drew and etched a great from the extreme weight and thickness of the deal together, which was a source of great atmosphere, which gave her the headache;" and amusement, having the plates biť in the house. in connexion with this we must quote a note at Luncheon followed at the usual hour of two another part of the volume :o'clock. Lord Melbourne, who was generally “Note by the Queen.—This the Prince con. staying in the house, came to the Queen in the stantly expressed on arriving at Osborne and afternoon, and between five and six the Prince Balmoral, and on leaving London: “How usually dr

her out in a pony phaeton. If sweet it ls! How delicious the air is! the Prince did not drive the Queen, he rode, in One begins to breathe again!” And how he which case she took a drive with the Duchess delighted in the song of birds, and especially

of nightingales !--listening for them in the we escaped, under the protection of the watch. happy peaceful walks he used to take with the ful hand of Providence. We drove out yesterQueen in the woods at Osborne, and whistling day afternoon, about six o'clock, to pay Aunt to them in their own peculiar long note, which Kent a visit, and to take a turn round Hyde they invariably answer. The Queen cannot Park. We drove in a small phaeton. I sat hear this note now without fancying she hears on the right, Victoria on the left. We had him, and without the deepest, saddest emotion. hardly proceeded a hundred yards from the At night he would stand on the balcony at palace, when I noticed on the footpath on my Osborne, in May, listening to the nightingales.”” side a little mean-looking man holding some

The Prince, however, we are told, always thing towards us; and before I could distinsacrificed his feelings about this, partly for the guish what it was, a shot was fired, which sake of the easier communication with minis- almost stunned us both, it was so loud, and ters, and “still more from the conviction of fired barely six paces from us. Victoria had the influence for good which the presence of a just turned to look at a horse, and could not, Court so looked up to as that of England under therefore, understand why her ears were ringthe Queen and himself could not fail to exercise ing, as, from it being so very near, she could far and wide--far, indeed, beyond the world of hardly distinguish that it proceeded from a 'its immediate neighbourhood."

shot having been fired. The horses started, On Easter Monday, April 20th, 1840, the and the carriage stopped. I seized Victoria's Prince met with what might have been a fatal hands, and asked if the fright had not shaken accident. His horse suddenly ran away in the her, but she laughed at the thing. Home Park at the top of his speed, and the “I then looked again at the man, who was Prince, after turning him several times, in a still standing in the same place, his arms vain endeavour to stop him, was at last knocked crossed, and a pistol in each hand. His attioff by a tree,' against which he brushed in tude was so affected and theatrical, it quite passing, and fell, most providentially, con- amused me. Suddenly he again pointed his sidering the rapid pace, without being seriously pistol and fired a second time. This time hurt. The Queen, who witnessed the accident, Victoria also saw the shot, and stooped quickly, writes in her journal :

drawn down by me. The ball must have “Oh, how thankful I felt that it was no passed just above her head, to judge from the worse! His anxiety was all for me, not for place where it was found sticking in an opposite himself.”

wall. The many people who stood round us - In June of the same year, the Prince pre- and the man, and were at first petrified with sided at a meeting to promote the abolition of fright on seeing what happened, now rushed the slave trade. Referring to this occasion, upon him. I called to the postilion to go on, the Queen says, “He was very nervous before and we arrived safely at Aunt Kent's. Thence he went, and had repeated bis speech to her in we took a short drive through the Park, partly the morning by heart.” The Prince himself to give Victoria a little fresh air, partly also writes, “I learnt my speech by heart, for it is to show the public that we had not, on account always difficult to have to speak in a foreign of what had happened, lost all confidence in language before five or six thousand eager them. listeners.” The speech proved eminently suc- “To-day I am very tired and knocked up by cessful, and forms the first of that remarkable the quantity of visitors, the questions, and series of public utterances since published descriptions I have had to give. You must, under the title of the "Principal Speeches and therefore, excuse my ending now, only thankAddresses of H.R.H. the Prince Consort.” ing you for your letter, which I have just · A few days later, Edward Oxford made his received, but have not yet been able to read. despicable attempt on the Queen's life; and “My chief anxiety was lest the fright should we have a full and interesting account of this a

have been injurious to Victoria in her present occurrence in a letter from the Prince to the state; but she is quite well, as I am myself. Dowager Duchess of Gotha :

I thank Almighty God for His protection. * Buckingham Palace, June 11, 1840.

Your faithful grandson, “Dear Grandmamma,-1 hasten to give you

“ ALBERT. an account of an event which might otherwise The name of the culprit is Edward Oxford. be misrepresented to you, which endangered He is seventeen years old, a waiter at a low my life and that of Victoria, but from which inn, not mad, but quite quiet and composed.”



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General Grey's volume carries us only to the Her Royal Highness was asleep, he took Mr. close of the first year of Her Majesty's married Selwyn into the nursery, and, taking the little life, the last most important home event hand of the infant, he said, “The next time recorded being the birth of the Princess Royal. we read, it must be on the rights and duties

With the noble spirit of womanly confidence of a Princess Royal.” which pervades the entire volume, Her Majesty shrinks not from allowing her subjects to In bringing to a close our sketch of the glance within the holiest shrine of home affec- Home Life of the Prince Consort, we cannot tions and sympathies, and gives the most refrain from a brief reference to the important touching testimony to the devotion of her national benefits which resulted from his Royal husband at this interesting period. more public walk and example. “For a moment only,” the Queen says,

From the dayon which he first trodour English he disappointed at its being a daughter, and soil, to that on which his death so suddenly not a son.” His first care was for the safety desolated the Royal Home, the responsibilities of the Queen ;* and “we cannot be thankful of his exalted relationship were most faithfully enough to God,” he writes to the Duchess of discharged. He marked out at once, with Gotha on the 14th, “that everything has sagacious precision, his own sphere, and filled

" passed so very prosperously."

it with the utmost propriety and consistency. During the time the Queen was laid up, In doing so he surmounted no ordinary diffi. his care and devotion,” the Queen records, culties. From the domain of politics his ac. “were quite beyond expression.”

tivities and influence were jealously excluded. always at hand to do anything in his power In the work of Government, political etiquette for her comfort. He was content to sit by her and tradition prohibited him from taking any in a darkened room, to read to her or write part. With vigorous health, ample means, for her.

abundant leisure, and opportunity, but lacking "No one but himself ever lifted her from

any prescribed sphere of public duty, he reher bed to her sofa, and he always helped to sisted no ordinary temptations to a career of wheel her on her bed or sofa into the next self-indulgence. He descried a wide realm of

For this purpose he would come in- usefulness, in which he might become leader stantly, when sent for, from any part of the without exposing himself to party suspicion, house. As years went on, and he became over- and without trespassing beyond constitutional whelmed with work (for his attentions were limits. He became the patron of social reform; the same in all the Queen's subsequent con- he gave himself to philanthropy; he applied finements), this was often done at much in. the stimulus of his favour and his example to convenience to himself, but he ever came with scientific research, and aimed to raise the a sweet smile on his face. In short,” the educational tone of the people. Queen adds, “ his care of her was like that of The schools at Windsor afforded proof how a mother, nor could there be a kinder, wiser, greatly he valued popular culture. His erecor more judicious nurse."

tion of a model cottage at his own expense, In connexion with this event, a pleasing and the formation of a society to teach the anecdote is introduced, which places the Prince people how to construct their own houses, inbefore us as a father and a scholar. From the dicated the sincerity of the convictions which he moment of his first establishment in England, expressed in one of his speeches in the year 1848: he had resolutely applied himself to the task "To show how man can help man, notwith. of making himself thoroughly acquainted with standing the complicated state of civilized the laws and institutions of the land of his society, ought to be the aim of every philanadoption. To this end he began regular read- thropic person; but it is more peculiarly the ings in the English laws and constitution with duty of those who, under the blessing of Divine Mr. Selwyn, a highly distinguished barrister. Providence, enjoy station, wealth, and educa. Two days after the birth of the Princess Royal, tion." Mr. Selwyn came, according to appointment. One anecdote, which we have every reason The Prince said to him, “I fear I cannot read to believe is authentic, deserves to be recorded any law to-day, there are so many constantly in connexion with this topic. A young man, coming to congratulate; but you will like to then known only, if known at all, in the dissee the little Princess.” Then finding that trict, for his extreme political opinions, com* Memorandum by the Queen,

menced a mission with week-day lectures and


schools and savings-banks, in an extremely | in his private life, where real greatness finds debased corner, some forty or fifty miles from its noblest sphere as well as its most searching one of the Royal residences. All things went

test. Full proof has already been given that on well except the financial department. The in lifting the veil which generally screens the young missionary could not obtain money for humblest home from public observation, the his building purposes in sufficient quantities; Queen has taken a step most gratefully apprehe sought none for his own work. What could ciated by a nation, of which it has been truly he do? Boldly he applied to the Queen. The said, it “ seeks its own happiness at its own regular inquiries followed. No aid could ever fireside ;” and we have felt it no ordinary be procured from that family without inquiries. privilege to make our readers familiar with the Two or five pounds were never sent to an ap- main features of the attractive picture which plicant for the purpose of quieting conscience the Queen has invited us to contemplate and and getting rid of him. The plans were ap. study. The touching narrative of domestic proved. From that time the Prince and the life in the royal home cannot fail to "fix for Queen took a warm interest in their working. ever the loyal sympathy of all who have faith The scheme was singularly successful. It was in what is good, and hold true Christian alle. never forgotten amid the cares or the pleasures giance to their God and to their country;" it of the Court, because the pleasures were not cannot fail to give added fervour to the calculated to drive the mission out of mind,

national petition that our Sovereign may and the cares were formed of kindred objects.

"evermore have affiance in Him” who alone That mission not only received pecuniary sup

can fill the void created in her heart; and at port, but was a matter of continued personal the same time, looking into the dim future of inquiry and interest. The missionary was our country's weal, it is no slight cause of once a working man, who struggled onwards thankfulness to feel that in the standard of and upwards through many difficulties. He princely excellence set before them by their became ultimately one of the leading home royal father, “his children will ever find”-in missionaries of the land. And yet we cannot the words of his biographer—"the strongest tell how much of his perseverance in this work incentive to do nothing unworthy of their great was due to the kindly interest and the warm sire." encouragement afforded on this application

“ Oh, how should England, dreaming of his sons, for aid to his first mission. Kind words and Hope more for these than some inheritance deeds are noble incentives to work.

Of such a life !-a heart—a mind as thine,

Thou noble father of her kings to be!" Especially will the name of the Prince ever be identified in the recollection of the nation We notice that the closing paragraph in the with the Great International Exhibition of Prince's biography describes the Christmas 1851. Whether the original conception of that celebrations at Windsor. We read," It magnificent enterprise was due to his genius, was the favourite festival of the Prince-a or whether he adopted it, matters little; he day, he thought, for the interchange of made it his own by the enthusiasm with which presents, as marks of mutual affection and he welcomed it, the zeal and perseverance with good will.” The words seem to give wings which he laboured to realise it, the interest to thought. Involuntarily we travel over the with which he watched over its growth, and lapse of time: and now that Christmas is helped it on to maturity. If by that com. coming again, we realise afresh that night of petitive display of manufacturing art a new mourning which made a nation mingle its spirit of emulation and enterprise was kindled tears with Christmas joy. Years have since in the country-if the homes of England come and gone; but may it not still be well to have in consequence become more familiar

recognize the meetness of commingling Christwith artistic examples of graceful form and mas anticipations with the remembrances of combinations of colour, substituting elegance loved ones gone before? The first Christmas for unconthness in their internal arrange

song was a song in the night.” May not ments and decorations-if an art spirit has that song be regarded as no untrue parable of been born amongst us and is being cultivated, the mission of our Holy Faith in a sin-andthe change is mainly due to the exertion and sorrow-stricken world? Is not Christianity influence of the Prince Consort.

the religion which brings "tidings of great joy” But here we must pause. Our aim has not both to sinners and to sorrowers? May we rol been to speak of the Prince in his public but still have our “Christmas songs in the night”!


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It is a reminiscence we love to cherish in our recollections of Albert the Good, that in the night of his mortality he found comfort in

this song:

“ Rock of Ages, cleft for me,

Let me hide myself in Thee;
Let the water and the blood,
From Thy riven side which flowed,
Be of sin the double cure ;
Save me from its guilt and power.”

There is comfort for the dying in such a song; and there is comfort for the livingthe living mourner. May that comfort be richly ministered to our beloved Sovereign this Christmas-tide; and then Christmas recollections of bereavement may serve to intensify Christmas anticipations of expectant hope --hope, looking forward to a reunion in that home where holiness shall be perfected, and all tears wiped away.





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CHAPTER IX. (continued.)

when human weakness or ignorance might N the consideration of this question lead him into error, or divert him from the (I.) there are two main varieties which practical and moral purport of his message. at once suggest themselves--dictation In the former case, the message will bear most

and co-operation. There may be a conspicuously the impress of Divine agency; Divine message dictated for oral delivery, and

in the latter, human freedom; but in both there afterwards recorded, by a simple act of memory,

will be real immunity from error. in the very words in which it was previously Thus, then, dictation, revelation, illumina. spoken. Or there may be a message in which tion,* spiritual impulsion, and external superthe writer is permitted to co-operate more

vision, are five elements, which, singly or conlargely, and the Spirit of God uses the powers

jointly, may enter into the composition of a of his mind, more or less controlled by His own Divine message. The first alone is sufficient; influence, to be the channel through which and as to the rest, whether any or all of them facts or doctrines are transmitted to mankind. have been employed is a question of evidence

In this latter case we have further to distin- alone. It is sometimes said that Christians guish between the knowledge itself and the

would do well to refrain from all inquiry as to means by which it is conveyed. These means the mode of inspiration, and concern theni. may be twofold: (1) Immediate, supernatural

selves with the fact alone. And it must be revelation; or (@), The quickening and enlarge. admitted, that to pry curiously into particu

2 ment of the natural powers of the writer; his

lars which are not revealed would be equally memory, judgment, religious affections, and rash and sinful. But when objections are spiritual reason. These may be distinguished urged against the doctrine of inspiration, not as (1) Revelation, and (2) Illumination. The only on the ground of its (supposed) unreason. first is peculiar to inspired prophets, and is

ableness, but also of its opposition to clear distinctively supernatural; the second is shared, features of the sacred writings; the light which though it may be in lower degrees, by all true the Scriptures really supply, as to the manner Christians.

in which they were communicated, must eri. Then, again, with respect to the clothing of dently be a most important help in removing the message-its arrangement, its phraseology misconceptions, and in establishing a full --there may be a twofold operation. There harmony between the doctrine and the facts may be an impulsive and guiding process which it professes to explain. A false hypowithin the mind of the prophet; or there may *" In point of duration, illumination is continuons; whereas be an external restraint, so that the sacred inspiration (revelation] is intermittent. In point of measure, penman, retaining liberty of choice within

illumination admits of degrees ; whereas inspiration (revela

tion] does not admit of them."-Gaussen's "Theoproustia," certain limits, is checked at the first moment ch. iii. soct. 1., quest. ii.


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