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THE MANATEE, OR LAMANTIN.
HIS animal inhabits the mouths of when seen at a distance with the anterior part
the Amazon, Orinoco, and other South of the body out of the water, to be taken for American rivers. Its name has re- some creatures approaching to human shape.
ference to the peculiar form of its The effect has been deepened by the thick-set swimming paws. These, as in the other hairs of the muzzle, giving somewhat the apgenera, are composed of soft parts, and a pearance of human hair, or a beard. Thus the membrane which enfolds the bones of the Spanish and the Portuguese give the Manatee hand and fingers; but in the Manatee four a name which signifies Woman Fish; and the flat nails are seen attached to the edge of the Dutch call it the Dugong Baardmannetze, or paw. The tail, also, is peculiar, being about Little Bearded Man. one-fourth the length of the body, and oval- In this way, doubtless, some of our stories
shaped, not unlike that of the otter. The head is round, attached to the body without a neck: the muzzle, in which the nostrils are placed, is large and fleshy: the upper lip cleft, and bristled at the sides; the lower lip much shorter; and the mouth small. The teeth, which are all molars, bear a resemblance to those of some cloven-footed quadrupeds.
The mammæ of the Manatees are pectoral, and this structure, joined to the adroit use of their finger-like flippers, have caused them,
of mermaids have arisen; and “ It is not at all improbable,” says Scoresby, “that the Walrus has afforded foundation for others. I have myself seen a sea-horse in such a position, that it required little stretch of imagination to mistake it for a human being; so like, indeed, was it, that the surgeon of the ship actually reported to me that he had seen a man with his head just appearing above the surface of the water !” *
*Cassell's "Natural History, Vol. II., pp. 365-6."
Songs of the Garden .
BY MRS. ELLIS, AUTHORESS OF THE “WOMEN OF ENGLAND."
Let us Sing of the Dead.
That if they still could hear,
How true was every tear.
Of the cool and pleasant shade,
By light and shadow made.
In loving tones, and true;
Their bells of tender blue;
And many a queenly crown,
That beauty blushed to own;
From bower and border gay ;
The sighs of closing day.
Returning year by year,
Which made them more than dear :
A tale for ever true:
Its bloom will still renew :-
Where He His pledge has given Of a blessèd reawakening
In the garden bowers of Heaven.
So glanced the maiden o'er a golden page
Golden to her, with wealth in every word; Unseen by her was blight of youth, or age,
And the sharp rustling of the leaves unheard. There is no winter in her young life now,
No autumn chill, no withering in the blast; Spring scatters sunshine o'er her smiling brow, And flowers of summer round her feet are
cast. He comes! and not with lingering steps, and
slow; But swift to prove the truth his words have
told, That, taught by sorrow, he has learned to know Life's richest blessings are not bought with
gold. His proud heart yields at last—his dream is
o'erThe sordid promise of his worldly gain. He stands in thought upon his native shore,
And sees the idol of his life-how vain! He comes; but yet returning is not all, He brings that blessed wisdom taught by
tearsBy patient watching, -- listening for the call
Of death, beneath the shade of wasted years. 'Tis thus he comes, to share a lowlier home
Than fancy painted in his early dreams. Thus her fond heart has yearned that he might
come, And now too full her cup of gladness seems. Too full for only one. The flowers should hear
Her happy tidings; and the flowers are gone. He too is gone, that brother still so dear,
And she must drink her cup of joy alone. Such is our life. No blessèd draught is given,
But comes some bitter drop-some grief
we sigh : So we regard her not when tidings glad
Come floating o'er the garden sere and dry.
Such is our life; if not it would be Heaven, And we should trust, and pray, and hope no
The Home Library.
Lectures preached in Portman Chapel during and evil independence has arisen. School has quieted Lent 1866 and 1867. By J. W. REEVE, M.A.
us. Is it not there? Does it not give lessons ? Does London: J. Nisbet and Co.
it not exercise a moral oversight ? Does it not provide The topic of the First Series of lectures in
against everything ? this volume is “The Name which is above every
“Schools providing everything, and families concernname;." that of the Second is “ The Shepherd ing themselves about nothing; this is, in two words,
the crime and the peril of the present day. How and His Flock.” They are model pastoral dis
many holy affections it extinguishes, how much deWe give an extract
lightful intimacy, how much strength and joy, no SPIRITUAL WEAKNESS.
tongue can tell. Deprived of the family, we are losing, “Be assured that one cause of spiritual weakness
little by little, that certain something, distinctive and is the constant dwelling upon self instead of upon
personal, which home alone can give : turned out of Christ. Such persons study self more than they study
the same wholesale manufactory, we are naturally Christ, and then they are weak in courage—they have
pretty much like one another: a decent mediocrity none; weak in power—they can do nothing; weak in
prevails everywhere, accredited sentiments, recognized love—it centres all in self. There is no expansiveness ; opinions. Men are becoming more and more rare. there is no going forth to others. Why, how con
“Far be it from me to advocate the suppression of stantly we see it, my brethren,-persons that are in
schools. Let us have schools, but by all means affliction, perhaps unable to get out much, to have
families. It is a grievous mistake to imagine that much intercourse with others. A great many persons
school supplies what is lacking in the family; it may visit them, but it is always in the way of sympathy,
often do what the family cannot, but it does not do giving out to them, compassionating them, pitying
what the family alone can. Domestic education must them, making them think still more and more of self. ever go hand in hand with public education; or rather, But when those persons recover a little, let them make I should say, there is no public education ; children an effort, and go to see other people, and give out to
can be brought up only at home. This is a task others, instead of always craving to take in, and how
that cannot be deputed ; if neglected by the family it wonderfully they are improved then. What a change
is undone. it makes when once we are occupied with the sorrows
“God has not created the family for it to be dispensed of others, instead of always circling just round our
with. We may give ourselves many dispensations,
but our duties devolve upon us unalterably. We Oh, it is not good for some minds always to be
shall never invent a mechanism capable of, in any taking in h uman sympathy, but it is a good thing to degree, superseding the action of parents. So that it be giving out. The happiest people are those that is not everything to send children to school; they have large sympathies for the sorrows of others; who must be brought up at home. endeavour to cast their own cares upon the Lord, and
“ Solemn and noble work, the sweetness of which who receive from Him that help and support by which
cannot be imagined by those who seek to escape from they are comforted themselves, and are enabled to
it! The children of true families may go to school, comfort others. As I have said, then, these persons or college, like others; but they will feel themselves are weak because they look in, and not out-down, and
followed by an affection which never loses sight of not up; so they forget what Christ is, and dwell only
them; they will feel themselves to be under the eye on what they themselves are-poor and wretched and
of God, and under their mother's eye." miserable. "They forget all the promises of God, and that His Word is like Himself—The same yesterday, to-day, and for ever.'”
“ The first and chief thing is, to love our children.
The first lesson of the family is love. Their best The Family: Its Duties, Joys, and Sorrows. friends must be those at home. Without lowering
By COUNT A. DE GASPARIN. Translated ourselves, without assuming the tone of comrades, from the French. London: Jackson, Wal- without practising a false equality, and compromising ford, and Hodder.
our dignity and the respect due to us, we shall attach We shall best introduce this volume (which
our children to us closely. is emphatically a Book for the Home Library,
“You have doubtless known that special affection rich in the counsels of the ripest experience)
which grows up between parent and child, an affection
It by two or three extracts :
always increasing, and sometimes confidential.
THE FIRST LESSON OF THE FAMILY.
comes of genuine education. It is one of the best THE FAMILY AND THE SCHOOL.
gifts we can bestow upon our sons and daughters, "The laxity of family ties is one of the ominous and it is one of the best joys we can receive from signs of our times. Not only has it been made infinitely them. easy for parents to desert their task, even to giving out “We should not forget that one of our first duties is their children to nurse, but we have gone further; we to make home happy. Our children must feel happy have neglected the employment of those means of action
if otherwise, if their best moments were not which public virtue has left to us. Hours out of spent with us, if they did not look forward to the school have not been turned to account; parents and family gathering at the close of the day, as to its joy children alike have learnt to do without each other, and crown, something essential would be wanting in
the development of their hearts. We owe them cheer- “Such are the wonders of the Divine Institution ; fulness; youth requires it. This may cost us an it has harmonized submission with liberty. Weaken effort; we may often feel tempted to multiply and one or the other, and you fall into a miserable state; protract domestic squalls: we must beware ; if pro- dissensions, contending claims, complaints, recrimilonged they will produce a storm.”
nations, and it may be, absolute failure. No more WEARING VELVET INDOORS.
unity, no more respect, I need not say no more love. “We should wear our velvet indoors,' i. e., give
Whether the wife carries the day (to her cost), or those nearest to us the chief benefit of gentleness.
whether the husband realizes (to his cost also) his “How many, alas! put on their velvet to go out into
ideas of despotism, both are degraded; marriage has the world, and consider that anything will do to wear
given place to a far different association, for marriage at home. Politeness is their court dress, and they
has been undermined at its foundation, its constituent will exchange it for a dressing-gown when they return
elements have been tampered with ; it cannot exist home. But how beautifully consideration and respect
without authority and equality. harmonize with family affection. How they dignify
“And I must not be misunderstood on this point. all the intercourse of old and young, masters and
I insist that these two principles be maintained openly, servants, relations and friends, and how infallibly
loyally, in the very light of day. An equality they remind us of all that is due to woman! How
established in an under-hand manner, an influence thoroughly politeness may claim the title of 'good
manæuvred for, is unworthy of the name. Counsels fellow?' and 'good fellows,' in my creed, are rare
of a contrary kind have been too often given to women; now-a-days; and, whatever may be said, they are not
they have been too often informed that a position of the class who put themselves at their ease at the
difficult to maintain avowedly may be secured by expense of all around them, especially of their own
tactics; they have had recommended to them a comhousehold; who come home as they would enter an
pliance, very far from honourable to my mind, inasinn, throw themselves into an arm-chair, attend to
much as it savours of stratagem. There is a spurious their own concerns, or smoke, without troubling morality in this, against which it would be impossible themselves to notice father or mother, wife or child;
to protest too strongly. Let us above all things be who will attend to nothing but their appetite at table
true. I can understand certain weaknesses. I can (which would be disturbed by conversation); and
understand certain minds, in difficult positions, the who, finding at last that there is really more freedom
result of their own ambitions, ending by falling into in their club than at home, end by deserting the latter;
deceit. I can understand Madame de Maintenon and yet they are thoroughly content with themselves,
suggesting to women proceedings to which she had and, considering their life irreproachable, boastfully
such frequent recourse herself, and enjoining upon style themselves 'good fellows.'
them that in their dependent position 'gentleness is “Let us only be so; and this cannot be without
the best way to carry their point.' But our model goodness, as the very word implies. Do you deserve
is a different one, and we draw our inspiration from the name when you begin the day without a tender
higher sources. We consider duty. Now duty does greeting to every member of your family, without in
not accommodate itself—it does not yield in order to forming or concerning yourself as to their health, or be accepted. The duty of the wife is to recognize interesting yourself in what interests them—without fully, simply, and joyously, the authority of her encouraging, consoling, guiding, or helping them, just
husband; the duty of the husband is to recognize as though you saw them not, or as though they were
fully, simply, and joyously, the equality of his wife. not there; when you end the day, in which you have
Thus, and thus only, will be established that depenhad as little as possible of their society, without ad
dence in equality of which the pagan world had never dressing them more than an absent Good night,'
dreamed, and which forms the very key-stone while nevertheless you pretend to love them ?
marriage according to the Gospel.” THE HUSBAND'S AUTHORITY AND THE WIFE'S EQUALITY.
“ I will Help Thee." By the Author of “Homely “ The importance of a real authority is manifest
Readings,” &c. London: W. Macintosh.
An excellent Tract for the New Year. from the first day. It is one of the fundamental conditions of tenderness, happiness, progress. There is a Turning to the East at the Creed. By THOMAS hierarchy in marriage, though at the same time a C. PRICE, M.A., Vicar of St. Augustine-thehierarchy of equals. The map sees in his wife a help- less, Bristol. London: W. Macintosh. meet unto him ; thus the harmony of duties is main- The author proves that this is a superstitious tained, authority is penetrated with affection, obedience
custom, unscriptural and unauthorized by the and dignity are united.
Church of England. On one page we notice “ Such an obedience has its grandeur. The wife who would look upon it as a yoke would compromise
the following statistics of directions given in both her own happiness and the happiness of those
the service books of the Church of Rome for a belonging to her. How noble, on the other hand, is single mass :the position of the woman who is subject, who loves “Directions for folding and unfolding the hands 65 her position, who obeys joyously and lovingly! One
crossing of books, persons, &c. 58 whom I will not name has said: “Love subdues our
kneeling, slight bows, and promoral liberty without annihilating it.'
found bows .. “ The Family owns no slaves; those who would
incensing of persons, altars, incline to regard the submission of woman as slavery
53 must have forgotten their mothers. I know few
kissings of books, persons, altar, things more lovely or more sweet upon earth than
and holy vessels ..
29 domestic government, when it is what it ought to be.
right use of eyes, and washing The husband has the final decision, but nothing is
of hands and fingers
23 decided upon by him which has not been tenderly and
beatings of the heart, ringing seriously debated by them both; the authority he
of bells, and lighting and exexercises is far more recognized by his wife than con
tinguishing candles tended for by himself.
Such is Ritualism developed !