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more thankful, every time he reads a page of massive memorials of the dead, in gigantic those sermons which were once heard at White- forms of marble, all impressed me with ideas hall and in old St. Paul's from the lips and of vastness and beauty. Still, on looking heart of the saintly Dean ?

through the extended space and gazing upward In old St. Paul's he graced his first stall; into the sublime vault, the grandeur gave a and in old St. Paul's he found his last. Old chilly feeling rather than a glow. There was the St. Paul's is no more; but “St. Paul's Church. felt presence of massy proportions, harmony, yard” remains. Did anybody ever go around and grace; but the feeling was cold, as if death it without meeting a cool breeze at one point were much nearer than life. I remember how or another. The unceremonious puffs that different it was in Westminster Abbey. There, saluted me on my first visit seem to have made everything seemed to awaken a warm sense of an impression on one's skin which has ever association with past life. The forms of archi. since rendered it liable to be touchy by antici- tecture, the shadows, the lights; all hushed pation whenever one gets to the pitch of and yet elevated and kindled the soul. In fact Ludgate Hill, or catches the shadow of Peel's everything within us testifies in favour of monument at the top of Paternoster Row. what may be called the Christian style of The breezy reputation of St. Paul's, like the architecture. The Grecian form of modern distinguishing qualities of many other dis- St. Paul's must be admired, as much as any. tinguished things in this world, has been thing Grecian can be; nevertheless, it always accounted for long ago by those ghostly disposes one to shiver. Some people have philosophers who used to take it for granted never yet found either their outer or inner that whenever they failed to trace any remark- man warm enough for any act of devotion able effect to a visible cause, the cause must be within St. Paul's. My first reception was cold somewhere within the borders of the spirit enough at all events. The cold, however, had world; and for some reason best known to a sort of witchery about it which enticed me themselves, or most akin to their own style of into still deeper chillness, as if I were under character or thought, our old philosophers an instinctive persuasion that what proved unalways found it most easy to discover causes comfortable in a lower degree of its influence for remarkable effects within the infernal would become really pleasurable as its action rather than the celestial district of the spiritual upon me grew more intense. I must needs go region. Thus it is said that the archfiend, down into the crypt. It seemed to be my either in malice or in sport, once gave chase doom to snuff the dank air of sepulchral reto the wind; but that after closely pursuing it treats; or my calling, just then, to respond to all around London, he lo it at length in St. the thrilling touch of those viewless forms Paul's Churchyard, where, to the certain which glide about in expressive silence among knowledge of every mortal visitor, it has re- the sarcophagi of the mighty dead. mained ever since.

"This way, if you please,” said the guide, There is something curious about this early as he turned towards a prostrate marble figure association of facts in nature with the cha- which lay among various broken fragments of racter and movements of fallen angels. It is ancient monumental effigies. “Here is the a traditional record of the world's primitive most perfect monument that was left from the belief in Satan's personality, as well as his great Fire of London in 1666; when the old mysterious two-fold relation to the visible cathedral was destroyed.” and invisible, the region of spirits and the “Yes, indeed,” I thought, while looking world of matter," the powers of the air” and upon the unmistakeable form and features, the mortal children of disobedience." But " and it does appear fitting that the most whether or not dark angels sweep along with perfect monument left’ should be the monu. the cold blast, or gather thickly in the hot ment of one of the most perfect men who ever thundery air, it is a fact that I met the old graced the old cathedral with their presence, wind under the dome of St. Paul's, and was or hallowed its walls by their clerical ministra. glad enough to reach the cathedral doors, tions or their saintly example.” It was the hoping that there would be a warmer atmo. effigy of Dr. Donne. sphere inside.

Alas! It was not cared for as it ought to In this, however, I was mistaken. At first have been; but cast aside seemingly, amidst there was a deep thrill, a feeling of awe, under the valueless memorials of forgotten times and the grand shadows of that roof. Then the nameless generations. Who would not beg to


bè. left alone to muse in silence over the up- likeness of himself. The dying saint adopted turned face, with whose lines of sorrow and his own mode of meeting the wishes of his love, deep thought and reverent feeling, so friends, and the process has been described by many have become tenderly familiar during that charming old biographer, Isaac Walton:years of communion with the spirit of the "A monument being resolved upon, Dr. sainted Dean; a spirit, which, though departed Donne sent for a carver to make for him in from the outside world, still breathes and wood the figure of an urn, giving him direcspeaks in the pages that he bequeathed to us? tions for the compass and height of it; and to The marble, dusty as it was, and shamefully bring with it a board of the just height of his neglected, was still eloquent in the rehearsal body. That being got; then, without delay, a of its own history; or in witnessing to the choice painter was got to be in readiness to faithfulness of the records in which the draw his picture, which was taken as followeth: materials of its history are preserved.

Several charcoal fires being first made in his During the year 1631 there was somewhere large study, he brought with him into that in London a citizen of some note, whose daily place his winding-sheet in his hand; and business transactions were important enough, having put off all his clothes, had this sheet as he thought, to be noted, and whose literary put on him, and so tied with knots at his heal attainments were equal to the work of jotting and feet, and his hands so placed, as dea: what was most interesting to him in a pocket- bodies are usually fitted to be shrouded and book. His name was Nicholas Stone; not an put into their coffin or grave. Upon this urn he inappropriate name, as it happens that the thus stood with his eyes shut, and with so much work which has really immortalized him was a of the sheet turned aside as might show his piece of stone-work. He was a worker in stone lean, pale, and death-like face, which was pur--a'master sculptor. Happily for us, his pocket- posely turned towards the east, from whence book outlived him, and in it was just this inser- he expected the second coming of his and our tion :

Saviour Jesus. In this posture he was drawn “In 1631 I made a tomb for Dr. Donne, and at his just height; and when the picture was sette it up in St. Paul's, London; for which I fully finished, he caused it to be set by his bedwas paid by Dr. Mountford the sum of £120. side, where it continued, and became his hourly I took £60 in plate in part payment.”

object till his death, and was then given to his Thank you, Mr. Stone, for your little account! dearest friend and executor, Doctor Henry You were not overpaid, certainly, as far as we King, the chief Residentiary of St. Paul's, who can judge, even taking into account the varia- caused him to be thus carved in one entire tion between our times and yours as to the piece of white marble, as it now stands in that value of money; but your profits were tolerably church.” good after all, as you have kindly shown by There is a kind of plaintive or melancholy another entry in your pocket-book :

quaintness in all this, but it was quite natural "1631, Humphrey Mayor, a workman em- as marking a leading genius of that age; one ployed under Stone, finisht the statue for Dr. who in spirit and manner was akin to such Donne's monument, £8."

men as George Herbert, his correspondent and Who was Humphrey Mayor? He ought to friend; one whose poetic powers gave their have had a monument over his own dust, for in- deep-seated life and their fantastic rhythm tɔ deed he is the artist to whose skill we are most his own laboriously condensed satires and deeply indebted. All honour to his memory other heavily gemmed poems, and from whose as an accomplished workman! How many a lips and eyes and heart there used to come native genius and hard-working master of fine those flashes of subtle yet mighty thought, art has gone to his early grave in sorrow, and those rich and sometimes grand exhibiwithout even a little memorial in the pocket- tions of Divine truth which so deeply moved the book of his better-fed paymaster or patron! souls who gathered beneath his pulpit in St. Our stone worker, Humphrey Mayor, was aided | Paul's. He would not be a popular town by another artist whose name is lost, though preacher now. ' His thoughts are too deep, too his character is given in the title of a choice refined, too numerous, too weighty; weak painter."

tomachs must have light food and but little Dr. Donne, in his last sickness, was persuaded at a time. Nevertheless, there are some yet by his physician, Dr. Fox, to submit to some living who would like to hear his living roice measures for securing a faithful monumental in modern St. Paul's, or anywhere else could


it be recalled. I remember how, in that cold in which his neglected effigy lies ? Who could crypt, I hung over the sculptured face of his forget the closing utterances of his memorable monument, which is now treated as, perhaps, sermon ? the preacher of these times would be who took “Beloved, there is nothing so little in Heaven him for his model; and how I tried to realize as that we can express it; but if we could tell the opening of those closed eyelids, and the you the fulness of a soul, what that fulness is; looking forth cnce more of the rapt preacher's the infiniteness of that glory there, how far soul through those melting eyes, whose mellow that infiniteness goes; the eternity of that hapbut searching light so often found its way piness there, how long that happiness lasts : if into the very hearts of those who sat before we could make you know all this, yet this him.

"better resurrection' is a heaping even of that There I stood, inwardly calling up from the fulness, and an enlarging even of that infinitepast the testimonies of those who had seen and ness, and an extension even of that eternity of heard him as “a preacher in earnest; weeping happiness ; for all these, this fulness, this sometimes for his audience, sometimes with infiniteness, this eternity, are in all the resurthem.” The graceful, comely form, and manly, rections of the righteous, and this is a ' better gentle, and intellectual countenance seemed, resurrection.' We may almost say it is someat length, to live before me. One felt as if thing more than Heaven; for all that have any face to face with a rare impersonation of refined resurrection to life, bave all Heaven: and logic, winning address, majestic conception, something more than God; for all that have seraphic feeling, comprehensive learning, and any resurrection to life have all God : and masterly diction; all in fine proportion and yet these shall have a better resurrection. consistent unity.

Amorous soul, ambitious soul, covetous soul, Then there arose before the mind his mas. voluptuous soul, what wouldst thou have in sive stores of theological wealth, unworthily Heaven ? What doth thy holy amorousness, tinselled, here and there, with artificial fancies thy holy covetousness, thy holy ambition and after the style of some of his favourite Fathers. voluptuousness most carry thy desire upon ? Then his dignified manner of giving supreme

Call it what thou wilt ; think it what thou importance to the great essential and most pro- canst; think it something that thou canst not minent doctrines of inspired truth; his peculiar think; and all this thou shalt have if thou mode of unexpectedly bringing out arguments have any resurrection into life ; and yet there is against mischievous errors, so as to cast them a better resurrection . . a better resurrection redown by a kind of resistless side-blow; and his served for them, and appropriated to them that way of occasionally startling his hearers by a fulfil the sufferings of Christ in their flesh, by sudden practical turn in the midst of a quiet ex- martyrdom, and so become witnesses to that position. One felt anew the charm of his wise conveyance which He hath sealed with His counsels as they seemed to ooze from his massive blood, by shedding their blood; and glorify sentences, or as they fell from his lips in a suc- Him upon earth (as far as it is possible for cession of pithy lines and strings of apoph- man) by the same way that He hath glorified thegus, sparkling like gems in gold settings. them in Heaven; and are admitted to such a Then his clusters of symbols, similitudes, and conformity with Christ, as that (if we may have illuminations, still disclosing depths of thought leave to express it so) they have died for one beyond, like those forms of nebula which to another. Neither is this martyrdom, and so the eye of deeper research are ever showing this better resurrection, appropriated to a real, richer glories behind the constellations to which actual, and absolute dying for Christ; but by they appear somewhat akin.

every suffering of ours, by which suffering He How happily, sometimes, by an unlooked for may be glorified, is a degree of martyrdom, and turn, he brings us close upon some heavenly so a degree of improving and bettering our prospect, or into the brighter presence of our resurrection.* In a word, to do good for God's loving Redeemer, so as to raise us to a clear glory brings us to a good, but to suffer for His and vivid realization of the nearness of celestial glory brings us to a better resurrection ; and to life. Who could fail to glorify God for his suffer patiently, brings to a good, but to suffer voice, while catching a little of the joy which cheerfully, and, more than that, thankfully, filled his heart on Easter Sunday, 1627, as brings us to a better resurrection. If all the he preached about the “better resurrection,"

* Compare Hcb. xi. 23, 26; ii. Cor. i. 5-7; Phil. iii. 10, 11 ; on some spot just above the cold, dark crypt i. Peter iv. 13; ii. Cor. iv. 17.

joys of all the men that have had their hearts' satisfied, as with marrow and fatness, with that desires were concentred in one heart, all that bread of affliction, and not only contented in, would not be as a spark in his chimney to the but glad of, that affliction, no doubt, but to him general conflagration of the whole world, in is reserved a better resurrection. Every resurrespect of the least joy that that soul is made rection is more than we can think, but this is partaker of, that departs from this world im. more than that 'more. Almighty God, inform mediately after a pardon received, and recon- us and reveal unto us what this better resurrecciliation sealed to him for all his sins. No tion is, by possessing us of it; and make the doubt but he shall have a good resurrection; hastening to it one degree of addition to it! but then we cannot doubt neither but that to Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly to the consum. him that hath been careful in all his ways, mation of that kingdom which Thou hast and yet crossed in all his ways; to him whose purchased for us with inestimable price of daily bread hath been affliction, and yet is Tbine incorruptible blood! Amen."




small cup


work sustains. Christ's similitudes made small things appear great.


taught, the most ordinary circumstances of “Then shall the kingdom of Heaven be likened unto daily life became vocal with the mysteries ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth

of the Gospel kingdom. to meet the bridegroom. And five of them were wise,

In the celebration of Oriental marriages, and five were foolish. They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: but the wise

the more important portion of the nuptial took oil in their vessels with their lamps. While the ceremonies were performed at night. The bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. And two companies met at the bride's residence, at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bride. and both of them went thence in procession groom cometh ; go ye out to meet him. Then all

to the house of the bridegroom, lighted on those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps. And the foolish said unto tho wise, Give us of your oil; for

the way with torches or lamps, serenaded our lamps are gone out. But the wise answered, say- with music, and surrounded with every ing, Not so; lest there be not enough for us and you : demonstration of joy and gladness. The but go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for your- torch consisted of

filled with tags selves. And while they went to buy, the bridegroom

and resin, and affixed to a rod that it might came; and they that were ready went in with him to

be held aloft. Since each member of the the marriage : and the door was shut. Afterward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open

procession carried such a lamp, “the many to us. But he answered and said, Verily I say unto separate lights dancing and crossing each you, I know you not. Watch therefore, for ye know other, and changing places as the bearers neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of Man

advanced on the undulating and tortuous cometh."-St. Mart. xxv, 1–13.

path, imparted great liveliness to the joyful HE main truth which the Parable nocturnal scene."

of the Ten Virgins is intended to The Parable represents a procession of illustrate is the future Advent of this kind, assembled at the house of the

Christ; and, in connection with bride's father, awaiting the coming of the this, the fitting attitude of His disciples in bridegroom and his friends. There seems the prospect of that event.

to have been some unusual delay in the The framework of the Parable "the appearance of the bridegroom. Lange's Earthly Story”-is very simple. Its subli- conception is that he was coming from a mity lies in the spiritual truth-" the considerable distance, and some unexpected Heavenly Meaning "--which that frame- hindrances had occurred on his journey



The young companions of the bride-a native! Away went those foolish virgins, selected ten_closely corresponding to the at the dead of the night, on the hopeless bridesmaids at our marriage feasts,--anxious errand of buying oil for immediate use in to discover signs of the bridegroom's ap- the shops of the neighbouring town. “And proach went forth as the evening advanced while they went to buy, the bridegroom to meet him; and acoording to the custom of the time, and without danger to health The resource they adopted was the only in the warm climate of Palestine, they one that remained to them, but it proved of lingered in a group by the wayside.

no service whatever. The irrrevocable mis“ Waiting long without employment, the take had been made in their not supplying maidens would stand and sit and recline themselves with oil when they might have by turns. Each holds a tiny torch in her done so; and the neglected opportunity could hand, or has laid it on the ground by her never return. side. As the night wears on, the conversa- “They that were ready went in with the tion, that had at first been animated, bridegroom to the marriage: and the door was gradually dies away, and one by one the shut.” And when at a later period the five wearied damsels drop over into snatches of foolish virgins who had gone in search of slumber. Before midnight they have all oil returned and sought admission to the sunk into a continuous sleep. At midnight festival, their plea was rejected ; they could a cry arose, apparently from some more not now be recognized as the true friends of wakeful watcher in the neighbourhood, the bridegroom. “Afterward came also the 'Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to out to meet him.' At this alarm the whole But he answered and said, Verily I say band awake simultaneously, and spring to unto you, I know you not." their feet. Each maiden hastily snatches Such is the scene which the Parable deup her torch: not one of them burns brightly picts. Nothing could be more simple in its now; some are flickering low, and some are character and details. Yet how sublime altogether extinguished. In a moment all and piercing—how calculated to arrest the those nimble young hands begin to ply the attention of the auditors, and stimulate work of trimming the expired or expiring every slumbering conscience into activity-is lamps. All alike are able to touch them the solemn application of the truth, which it skilfully, but the main want with every was our Lord's purpose to illustrate and lamp is a new supply of oil. Some can sup- enforce by this "earthly story":ply that want at the moment on the spot, “Watch therefore, for ye know neither while others cannot. Those who had the day nor the hour wherein the Son of brought from home a supply of oil in Man cometh." separate vessels, found it easy to make the flame of their torches burn up The Parable seems to suggest four main brightly as ever; but those who had neg- reflections, which we shall notice in suclected to provide such a supply could not, cession : with all their efforts, revive the dead or I.-The Son of Man, the Lord Jesus, dying light. Give us,' said the five the Bridegroom of the Church, will come improvident maidens, 'give us of your oil, again, for our lamps are gone out.'

The more

II.-The members of His Church are thoughtful, and therefore provided, watchers, called to “go forth to meet Him.” while they pitied their sisters, were afraid III.-In order to this going forth to to part with any portion of their own stores, meet Him, it is essentially necessary they lest they should be left in the same hapless should have a supply of what is equivalent condition ere the procession should close. to “ oil” for the lamp, namely, grace in « Go to them that sell, and buy for your- their hearts. selves.' Alas, this was now the only alter- * The Parables of Our Lord." By the Rev. W. Arnot.


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