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The

Government of Ohio

Its History and Administration

BY

WILBUR H. SIEBERT

PROFESSOR OF EUROPEAN HISTORY IN OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY;
AUTHOR OF " THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD FROM

SLAVERY TO FREEDOM"

Pew York
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
LONDON: MACMILLAN & CO., LTD.

1908

All Rights Reserved

COPYRIGHT, 1904,

BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

Set up and Electrotyped September, 1904

Reprinted May, 1908

THE MASON-HENRY PRESS

Syracuse, New York,

PREFACE

This book is intended to give in brief compass a comprehensive account of the government of the State of Ohio as it has developed to the present year—the hundredth anniversary of Ohio's admission to Statehood. The plan of treatment conforms in general to that laid down for all the volumes of the series to which this book belongs, but several features have been suggested by the excellent work of Professor W. C. Morey on The Government of New York, which also appears in this series. In accordance with this plan, the growth of the government during the fifteen years of its Territorial life and the nundred years of its life as a State has been treated in Part I (Chapters I and II); the structure of the government has been described in Part II (Chapters III, IV, V, and VI); and the work of the government has been set forth in Part III (Chapters VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, and XII). It will be seen from this arrangement that an effort has been made to lay due stress on the functions of the State, a subject generally slighted despite the fact that these functions are an expression of the will of the people, are performed for the benefit of the people, and constitute the objects for which a modern government exists.

A list of helpful references is supplied at the beginning of each chapter for the use of readers and students

It is earnestly recommended to teachers using this volume as a text-book that they encourage their pupils to consult such of these references as may be available or can be readily obtained. Every school library is probably supplied with histories of Ohio and Bates' Annotated Statutes of Ohio. These works, together with a copy of the Manual of Legislative Practice and recent volumes of the Ohio Laws and the Executive Documents—which can be secured without difficulty would constitute a serviceable working collection (even though small) for the use of those who are soon to become citizens of the Commonwealth. Separate Reports of the State officers, departments, and institutions may be had on application.

Illustrative materials in the form of historical documents, a chronological outline of the history of the State, synopses of the central and local governments, statistical tables, etc., will be found in the Appendices; and it is hoped they will prove to be a convenience.

In the preparation of this book the author has received aid from many sources. He is especially indebted to his colleagues, Prof. James E. Hagerty and and Mr. George W. Rightmire, for the major parts of Chapters XI and VIII, respectively; to the Hon. Lewis C. Laylin, Secretary of State, who read Chapter IV, and was good enough to explain various knotty points in State administration; to the Hon. C. B. Galbraith, State Librarian, who has shown a sustained interest in the book from its inception; and to Miss Alice

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