Imágenes de páginas

of things, to come forward and take the Govern-lolina has taken, said, in 1851, when the same issue ment out of the hands of the Goths and Vandals, I was presented: wrest it from the Philistines, save the country,

" Secession, separate nationality, with all its burdens, is and hand it down to our children as it has been

no remedy. It is no redress for the past; it is no security handed down to us.

for the future. It is ony a magnificent sacrifice to the presI have already asked what is to be gained by lent, without in any wise gaining in the future." the breaking up of this Confederacy. An appeal in as strong terms as I can, to the secession of South Caris made to the border slaveholding

States to unite olina. Such is the intensity of my conviction on this subIf there is to be a division of this Republic, I would pendous madness--I shall consider the institution of slavery in what is commonly styled the Gulf confederacy: /ject, that if secession should take place—of which I have rather see the line run anywhere than between

as doomed, and that the great God, in our blindness, has the slaveholding and the non-slaveholding States, made us the instruments of its destruction.” and the division made on account of a hostility, on the one hand, to the institution of slavery, madness, (but he did not believe she could,) should

He said then, that if South Carolina, in her and a preference for it, on the other; for whenever determine upon secession, he would look upon it that line is drawn, it is the line of civil war; it is that the great God had doomed the institution of the line at which the overthrow of slavery begins; slavery. This is the opinion of one of the most me ask the border States, if that state of things distinguished and, I conscientiously believe, best

men of South Carolina. should occur, who is to protect them in the enjoyment of their slave property? Will South Caroi speech of the honorable Senator from Oregon to

But, sir, I pass on from the paragraph of the lina, that has gone madly out, protect them? Will Mississippi and Alabama and Louisiana, still been a sort of arrangement—at least it appears so

which I have referred; and as there seems to have further down towards the Gulf? Will they come to our rescue, and protect us?. Shall we partake me, because I agreed with Mr. Boyce of South

to my mind to make and keep up an attack on of their phrenzy, adopt the mistaken policy into which they have fallen, and begin the work of Carolina in this respect; because I agreed with the destruction of the institution in which we are

many distinguished men; and because I advanced equally interested with them? I have already the doctrines of the fathers who formed the Resaid that I believe the dissolution of this Union || public, I shall take up these Senators in the order will be the commencement of the overthrow andical, without being vain, when I feel that I have

in which I was attacked. Without being egotistdestruction of the institution of slavery. In å northern confederacy, or in a southern confeder- l got truth on my side, when I feel that I am standacy, or in a middle confederacy, the border slave-ling on principle, when I know that I have got holding States will have to take care of that

facts and arguments that cannot be answered, I ticular species of property by their own strength, never inquire as to the difference of ability or exand by whatever influence they may exert in the perience between myself and those with whom

have to contend. organization in which they may be placed. The Gulf States cannot, they will not, protect us. We shall have to protect ourselves, and perchance to The next Senator in order that made an attack protect them. As I remarked yesterday, my own upon me on account of my previous speech was opinion is, that the great desire to embrace the the distinguished Senator from Mississippi, [Mr. border States, as they are called, in this partic-Davis,] who took occasion to do so in making his ular and exclusive southern confederacy, which valedictory address to the Senate after his State it is proposed to get up, is not that they want us

had passed her ordinance of secession. It has there out of pure good will, but they want us there been the case not only with that Senator, but with as a matter of interest; so that if they are involved others, that an attempt has been made by innuendo, in war, in making acquisitions of territory still by indirection, by some side remark, to convey further south, or war growing out of any other the impression that a certain man has a tendency cause, they may have a corps de reserve, they may or bearing towards Black Republicanism or Abhave a power behind, that can furnish them men

olitionism. Sometimes gentlemen who cannot and money-men that have the hearts and the souls establish such a charge, are yet willing to make to fight and meet an enemy, come from what it, not directly, but by innuendo; to create a false quarter he may.

impression on the public mind What have we to gain by that? The fact that

“ Willing to wound, but yet afraid to strike.” two taken from four leaves but two remaining, is not clearer to my mind that it is that the dissolu-| If the charge can be successfully made, why not tion of the Union is the beginning of the destruc- make it directly, instead of conveying it by innution of slavery; and that if a division be accom- endo? The Senator from Mississippi did not atplished, as some desire, directly between the tempt to reply to my speech, did not answer my slaveholding and the non-slaveholding States, the arguments, did not meet my authorities, did not work will be commenced most effectually. Upon controvert my facts; but after reaching a certain this point, I propose to read a short extract from point in his own argument, he disposes of all that South Carolina herself. Mr. Boyce, late a mem

I had said in these very few words: ber of the other House, a distinguished man, a

56 I am here confronted with a question which I will not man of talent, and I believe a good man, and who, argue. The position which I have taken necessarily brings

me to its consideration. Without arguing it, I will merely I have no doubt, in his heart this day regrets most

niention it. It is the right of a State to withdraw from the deeply and sincerely the course which South Car- Union. The President says it is not a constitutional right.




"1. No annendment shall be maile to the Constitution

The Senator from Ohio, [Mr. Wade,] and his ally, the Sen- || mental principles, I am your ally, without referator from Tennessee, argued it as no right at all."

ence to your antecedents, or to what may take Is that the way for a Senator, a distinguished || place hereafter. I say to all such men, come forSenator, an Ajax of his peculiar sect-for when ward, and, like gallant knights, let us lock our we come to examine this doctrine of secession, shields and make common cause for this glorious it is only broad enough to found a sect upon; it || people.

people. If I were to indulge in a similar kind of is not comprehensive enough, it has not scope innuendo, by way of repartee, where would the enough, to found a great national party on-to Senator from Mississippi find himself? In the notice the arguments of others? The Senator from committee of thirteen, a resolution was introduced Mississippi would not argue the right of seces- | by the distinguished Senator from New York, sion. I say, that if any government be organized [Mr. SEWARD,]-who, I must say, since this queshereafter, in which this principle of secession is tion has sprung up, has given every indication of recognized, it will result in its destruction and a desire for reconciliation and for compromise, overthrow. But the Senator says that the Sen- and of a disposition to preserve the Government, ator from Ohio, [Mr. Wade,) and "his ally from that a man occupying his position could domto Tennessee," regard secession as no right at all; this effect: and by that statement the whole argument is an

- Resolved, That the following article be, and the same swered. What is the idea here? Let us talk

is hereby, proposed and submitted as an amendment to the plainly, though courteously and respectfully. Constitution of the United States, to be valid, to all intents What was the idea which this remark was calcu- and purposes, as a part of said Constitution, when ratified lated, if not intended, to convey? I am free to

by the Legislatures of three fourths of the Statés : say, that I think it was intended as well as calcu

which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abollated, to convey the impression that the Senator ish, or interfere within any State, with the domestic instifrom Tennessee was an ally of Mr. WADE, of tutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or Ohio, who was a Republican, and the whole speech | service by ihe laws of said State.” of the Senator from Tennessee, the authorities, That was a proposition which was calculated, the facts, and the arguments, are all upturned by to a very great extent, to allay the apprehensions that single allusion. Thank God, there is too and the fears that have been entertained in the much good sense and intelligence in this country, South in reference to the institution of slavery. to put down any man by an innuendo or side re- | Why do I say so? We know what the argument mark like that. But, sir, so far as the people has been before the southern mind. It has been: whom I have the honor in part to represent are first, that the northern anti-slavery party wanted concerned, I stand above innuendoes of that kind. I to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, as They have known me from my boyhood up. an entering wedge; next, to exclude it from the They understand my doctrines and my principles, | Territories, following up the attack upon slavery; in private and in public life. They have tried me but these points were looked upon as of minor in every position in which it was in their power importance; they were looked upon as outposts, to place a public servant, and they, to-day, will as the prelude to an interference with the institunot say that Andrew JOHNSON ever deceived or tion within the States, which has been supposed betrayed them. In a public life of twenty-five to be the great end and the great consideration. years, they have never deserted or betrayed me; Do you not know this to be the argument: that and God willing, I will never desertor betray them. they were merely taking these positions as enterThe great mass of the people of Tennessee knowing wedges to an interference with the institution that I am for them; they know that I have advo- of slavery in the States? Such is the real quescated those great principles and doctrines upon tion, and such it will remain, the territorial queswhich the perpetuity of this Government depends; tion being substantially settled. What does Mr. they know that I have periled my all, pecuniarily SEWARD,

who has acquired so much notoriety by and physically, in vindication of their rights and his "irrepressible conflict,” say? He comes here their interests. Little innuendoes, thrown off in and proposes an amendment to the Constitution, snarling moods, fall harmless at


which puts an estoppel upon his “irrepressible It was said that I was the ally of the Senator conflict” doctrine. He is willing to make it

perfrom Ohio. I turn to the doings of the committee petual, so that the institution cannot be interfered of thirteen to show who were allies there. I do with in the States by any future amendment of the not inquire what a man's antecedents have been constitution. That is Mr. SEWARD's measure. when there is a great struggle to preserve the ex-Upon the adoption of that resolution, I believe istence of the Government; but my first inquiry every member of the committee voted for it, save is, are you for preserving this Government; are two. The Senator from Mississippi (Mr. Davis) you for maintaining the Constitution upon which voted for it; Mr. Seward voted for it; and Mr. it rests. If Senator WADE, or Senator anybody WADĖ, of Ohio, voted for it. Whose ally is he? else, is willing to come up to this great work, Here we find Wade and SEWARD and Davis, and either by amending the Constitution of the Uni- the whole committee, with the exception of two, ted States, or passing laws that will preserve and in favor of amending the Constitution so that the perpetuate this great Union, I am his ally and he institution of slavery cannot be interfered with is mine; and I say to every Senator; to every in the States, making that provision irrepealable member of the House of Representatives; to every || by any number of States that may come into the man that loves his country throughout the length Confederacy. Who were " allies" then? and breadth of this great Confederacy, if you are But, Mr. President, recurring to what I said for preserving this Union on its great and funda-! yesterday, there are two parties in this country that want to break up the Government. Who find a sure deliverance, and we may no longer be answerare they? The nullifiers proper of the South, the able for their blood.” secessionists, or disunionists--for I use them all The Union is to be overthrown by way of getas synonymous terms. There is a portion of them ting clear of the "great sin of slavery? ' Mr. whó, per se, desire the disruption of the Govern- \J. B. Swassey, on the same occasión, said: ment for purposes of their own aggrandizement.

“In the olden times, I was what was called an antiI do not chargé upon them that they want to slavery Whig; but, Mr. President, it has come to my mind, break up the Government for the purpose of affect-like a conviction, that it is utterly in vain to hope ihat we ing slavery; yet I charge that the breaking up of

can live under such a Government as this with our, profesthe Government would have that effect; the result | signs, and

with our pretended love of freedom and right. would be the same. Who else is for breaking of things, be any union between the principles of liberty up this Government? I refer to some bad men in and slavery. There never has been any union, except by the North. There is a set of men there who are the subjugation of the principles of liberty to those of descalled Abolitionists, and they want to break up

potism. For one, sir, I believe that the duty of every true

man is to take the ground of secession." the Government. They are'disunionists; they are secessionists; they are nullifiers. Sir, the Ab

Again: Wendell Phillips, in a speech at Boston olitionists and the distinguished Senator from

on the 20th of January, argued that disunion was Mississippi and his party both stand in the same desirable, because it would abolish slavery. He attitude, to attain the same end, a dissolution of also argued that the North would gain by disUnion; the one party believing that it will

union, and used the following language: result in their own aggrandizement South, and the "Sacrifice everything for the Union? God forbid ! Sacother believing that it will result in the overthrow rifice everything to keep South Carolina in it? Rather of the institution of slavery. Who are the dis- / build a bridge of gold, and pay her toll over it. Let her

march off with banners and trumpets, and we will speed the unionists of the North? Who are the "allies” of parting guests. Let her not stand upon the order of her the distinguished Senator from Mississippi? We going, but go at once. Give her the forts and arsenals and find that a resolution was adopted at the anniver- | Egypt will rejoice that she has departed.”

sub-treasuries, and lend her jewels of silver and gold, and sary of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, convened in Boston, in these words:

He looks upon disunion as the beginning of the < Resolved, That the one great issue before the country destruction and overthrow of the institution of is the dissolution of the Union, in comparison with which slavery. Then, when we come to talk about “alall other issues with the slave power are as dust in the bal- || lies," whose allies are these gentlemen? Whose ance; therefore we give ourselves to the work of annulling allies are the Abolitionists of the North, if they this covenant with death, as essential to our own innocency, and the speedy and everlasting overthrow of the

are not the allies of the secessionists and disunslàve system."

ionists of the South? Are they not all laboring This resolution was passed by the Abolition and toiling to accomplish the same great end, the anti-slavery society of Massachusetts. They overthrow of this great nation of ours? Their think a dissolution of the Union would result object is the same. They are both employing, in the destruction of slavery, and absolve them

to some extent, the same means. Here is Wenfrom this “s covenant with death," and attest their dell Phillips; here is Garrison; here is the antiinnocency, as far as the Government is concerned. / slavery society of Massachusetts; and all, in the On that, we find that Mr. Wendell Phillips made very same point of view, the allies of the distinthe following remarks:

guished Senator from Mississippi and his coad

jutors; all in favor of disrupting and breaking "I entirely accord with the sentiments of that last resolution. I think all we liave to do is to prepare the public institution of slavery itself.

down this Union, with the view of destroying the mind by the daily and hourly presentation of the doctrine

" Allies laboring to of disunion. Events which, fortunately for us, the Govern- || destroy the Government!” Who else are labormenit itself, and other parties, are producing with unexam- i ing to destroy it but the disunionists and secespled rapidity, are our best aid."

sionists of the South, and Garrison and Phillips, Again: in reply to a remark made by Mr. Gid- and the long list that might be enumerated at the dings, respecting the dissolution of the Union, the North ? Here they stand, presenting an unbroken Boston Liberator says:

front, to destroy this glorious Union, which was “Mr. Giddings says truly, that the dissolution of the Union

made by our fathers.

Mr. President, I have alluded to this subject of When he adds that the fire-crow by the South ; but

“allies " in order to show who is engaged in this it, his statement is untrue, unless he means to confine it unholy and nefarious work of breaking up this to his political associates, who are but compromisers at

Union. We find first the rün-mad Abolitionists last. We demand nothing short of a dissolution, absolute and immediate. The Union which was founded by our

of the North. They are secessionists; they are fathers, was cemented by'the blood of the slave, and effected for disunion; they are for dissolution. When we through his immolation.”

turn to the South we see the red-hot disunionists And still further: William Lloyd Garrison, át and secessionists engaged in the same work. I a Fourth of July celebration, ať Fármingham, I think it comes with a very bad grace from them Massachusetts, declared:

to talk about the " allies" of others who are tryLet us, then, to-day, rejecting as wild and chimerical alling to save the Union and preserve the Constitusuggestions, propositions, and contrivances for restraining

tion. slavery in its present limits, while extending constitutional protection to it in-fifteen of the States, register our Carolina had held this doctrine of secession at a

I went back yesterday and showed that South pledge anew before Heaven and the world, that we will do what in us lies to effect the eternal overthrow of this blood- \\ very early day, a very short time after she entered stálied Union; that thus our enslaved countrymen mäylt into the Articles of Confederation, and after she had


nessee was

entered the Union by which and through which ferred to the time when we?-I suppose it means Tennesthe independence of the country was achieved. | absurdity for South Carolina to hold ; and Tennessee still What else do we find at a very early day? Go

was put, in the same speech, in the attitude of a great obto Massachusetts during the war of 1812, and || jeçtor against the exercise of the right of secession. Is the Hartford convention, and there you will find there anything in her history which thus places her? Tenmen engaged in this treasonable and unhallowed nessee, born of secession, rocked in the cradle of revolu

tion, taking ber position before she was matured, and claimwork. Even in 1845, Massachusetts, in mani

ing to be a State because she had violently severed her confesting her great opposition to the annexation of nection with North Carolina, and through an act of secesTexas to the United States, passed a resolutionsion and revolution claimed then to be a State.” ! resolving herself out of the Union. She seceded;

I suppose it was thought that this would be a she went off by her own act, because Texas was | poser; that it would be conclusive; and as TenCarolina and Massachusetts taking the lead in this cradle of revolution,” I was estopped; that my

"born of secession, rocked in the secession movement. We find the Abolitionists | lips were hermetically sealed, so far as related to proper of the North shaking the right hand of fellowship with the disunionists of the South in anything I could give utterance to in opposition

to this heresy. When we come to examine the this work of breaking up the Union; and yet we history of that subject, we find the Senator has hearintimations here that Senators from the South | fallen into just as great an error as he did in his who are not secessionists are Black Republican allusion to allies. Tennessee had her birth not in allies! If I were compelled to choose either-I secession-very far from it. The State of Frankwould not wish to be compelled to make a choice and had its origin in that way. They attempted --but if I were compelled to be either, having the

to separate themselves from the State of North privilege of choosing, I would rather be a black Carolina. When was that? In 1784. Peace was Republican than a red one. I think the one is made in 1783; but in 1784-I read from Wheelmuch more tolerable than the other. If red repub-ler's History of North Carolina: licanism is ever to make its way into this country, it is making its way in this disunion and se- “In 1784, the General Assembly, in April, at Hillsboro? cession movement that is now going on; for we

among other acts for the relief of the General Government,

ceded her western lands, and authorized her delegation in see that right along with the sentiment of seces- Congress to execute a deed, provided Congress would sion the reign of terror prevails. Everything is

accept this offer within two years. carried away by it, while the conservative men of

“This act, patriotic and self-sacrificing, was worthy of

the State; and although not then accepted by Congress, the country are waiting for the excited tempest to

was the real source of the civil commotion which we are pass. It is now sweeping over the country. Every-/ about to record.” thing is carried by usurpation, and a reign of

What was that civil commotion? The pioneers terror follows along in its wake.

I am charged with being an ally?? of the Sen-ll of that country had suffered great hardships, and ator from Ohio! I, who, from my earliest infancy, || the 24th of August of that year, they held a con

they viewed with suspicion this act of 1784. On or from the time I first comprehended principle, || vention

at Jonesboro', and resolved to send a perdown to the present time, have always stood battling for the same great principles that I contend

son to Congress to urge the acceptance of the offer

of North Carolina. But I will read from this for now! My people know me; they have tried

history: me; and your little innuendoes and your little indirections will not alarm them, even if your infu

« The General Assembly of North Carolina met at Newriated seceding southern men dare to intimate ihat

bern on the 224 October, 1784, and repealed the act of the

foriner session, in consequence of which the convention at I am an ally of Mr. Wade. The Senator charges Jonesboro’ broke up in confusion.” me with being " an ally;" while he and the lead- 6. The spirit of the people was roused. On December 4, ers of Abolitionism are uniting all their energies 1784, a convention of five delegates from each county met to break up this glorious Union. I an ally! Thank conyention. They formed a constitution for the State of God, I am not in alliance with Giddings, with Frankland, which was to be rejected or received by another Phillips, with Garrison, and the long list

of those hody, 'fresh from the people, to meet at Greenville in Nowho are engaged in the work of destruction, and Ivember, 1785. This body met at the time and place ap

pointed'; the constitution was ratified ; Langdon Carter was violating the Constitution of the United States. Speaker of the Senate ; William Cage, Speaker of the

So much, Mr. President, in regard to the argu- | House of Cominons. John Sevier was chosen Governor.; ment about allies. I am every man's ally when David Campbell, Joshua Gist, and John Henderson, judge he acts upon principle. I have laid down, as the

of the superior court. Other officers, civil and inilitary,

were appointed. cardinal point in my political creed, that, in all "The General Assembly of the State of Frankland, by a questions that involve principle, especially where coinmunication signed by both Speakers, informed Richard there was doubt, I would pursue principle; and in

Caswell, Esq., Governor of North Carolina, that the peothe pursuit of a great principle I never could reach ple of the counties of Washington, Sullivan, and Greene,

had declared themselves sovereign, and independent of the a wrong conclusion. If, in the pursuit of princi- || State of North Carolina. ple, in trying to reach a correct conclusion, I find * Governor Caswell was a soldier and a statesman. Ho myself by the side of another man who is pursu

was not of a temper to brook such high-handed measures,

Te issued, on the 25th of April, 1785, his proclamation ing the same principle, or acting upon the same

against this lawless thirst for power." line of policy, I extend to him my assistance, and " But the State of Frankland did not heed this warning, I ask his in return.

so properly expressed, and so dignified in its character But the Senator from Mississippi, in his reply appropriate money, forin treaties with the Indians, and

and tone. It proceeded to erect new counties, levy taxes, to me, also said:

exercise all the power and prerogatives of a sovereign 66 I was reading, a short time ago, an extract which re- State."





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“The scarcity of inoney was severely felt. The salary raised one hundred and fifty men, and marched to Tipof the Governor was £200 annually; a judge £150; the ton's house, on Watauga river, eight miles east of Jonestreasurer £40; to be paid from the treasury. The taxes boro'. Tipton had information of Sevier's design only time were to be paid into the treasury, in the circulating medium enough to obtain the aid of some fifteen friends, who were of Frankland, such as they had, namely: good flax linen with him on Sevier's arrival. ten hundred, at three shillings and six pence per yard; good “ Sevier, with his troops and a small cannon, demanded clean beaverskins, six shillings each ; racoon and fox skins, an unconditional surrender of Tipton and all in his house. at one shilling and three pence; deer skins, six shiliings; Tipton had barricaded the house; and in reply to the unbacon, at six pence per pound; tallow, at six pence; good ceremonious demand, sent him word 'to fire, and bed-d.' whisky, at two shillings and six pence a gallon.

He then sent a written summons to surrender. This letter " This has given rise to some humor at the expense of Tipton forwarded forth with to the colonel of the county, for the State of Frankland. It was referred to in debate in onr aid. This aid, through Robert and Thomas Love, was House of Commons, 1827, by H. C. Jones, and in Congress promptly afforded. The house was watched closely. A some years ago by Hon. Daniel Webster'; which was re- man by the name of Webb was killed, a woman wounded plied to by Hon. Hugh L. White. It was pleasantly stated in the shoulder, and a Mr. Vann. While, from extreme that the salaries of the Governor and judges were paid in cold, Sevier's guards were at the fire, a large reinforcement fox skins, and the fees of the sheriff and constables in mink from Sullivan county, under Maxwell and Pemberton, skins, and that there were compelled to receive the skins at the established The moment the junction was formed they sallied out with price.

shouts; a tremor seized the troups of Sevier, who fled in 66 Even this primitive currency was, by the ingenuity of man, extensively counterfeited, by sewing racoon tails to sheriff' of Washington, was mortally wounded, and many the opossum skins--Opossum skins being worthless and taken prisoners. Sevier himself escaped ; his two sons, abundant, and racoon skins were valued by law at one James and John, were prisoners.” shilling and three pence,"

" Judge Spencer, one of the judges of the State of North “The General Assembly of North Carolina, assembled Carolina, holding court at Jonesboro', issued a bench-war

rant against Governor Sevier for high treason, (1788.) at Newbern, in November, 17850 oblivion the conduct of Frankland, provided they returned "In October, Colonels Tipton, Love, and others, appreto their allegiance, and appointed elections to be held in hended Sevier, at the house of Mrs. Brown, near Jonesthe different counties for members to the General Assembly boro': Tipton was armed; and swore that he would kill of North Carolina, and also appointed civil and military Sevier; and Sevier really thought he would do so. Tipton officers to support those already appointed. The next year, was, however, with much exertion, pacified. Handcuffs 1786, presented a strange state of affairs ; two empires ex- were placed upon Governor Sevier, and he was carried to tended at the same time over the same territory and over Jonesboro'. From thence he was carried, under strong the same people.

guard, to Morganton, in Burke county, North Carolina, and « Courts were held by both Governments, military offi- delivered to William Morrison, the sheriff of Burke. cers appointed by both, to exercise the same powers. John " As he passed through Burke, General Charles McDowTipton headed the party for North Carolina, and John ell and General Joseph McDowell (the latter who was with Sevier the Frankland party."*

him in the battle of King's Mountain, and fought by his " The next year taxes were imposed by both administra- side) became his securities for a few days, until he could tions; but the people most innocently pretended that they see some friends. He returned punctually, and upon his did not know to whom to pay; so paid to neither. Thus own responsibility the sheriff' allowed him time to procure deprived of one of the chief means of government, the bail. His two sons, with friends, came to Morganton affairs of Frankland were approaching to its end. Tipton privately, and under their escort he escaped. and Sevier were both residents of Washington county, « Thus the career of the first and last Governor of FrankSevier 'was a brave soldier; he had proved his valor on land terminated. But with all his defects, John Sevier had King's mountain ; but he was seduced by the allurements many virtues. He was fearless to a fault; kind to his of office and ambition

friends; and hospitable to all. This gave him great weight “ The sin whereby the angels fell.""

among the people; and although in the General Assembly

of North Carolina, (Fayetteville,) in 1788, general oblivion " He applied to Dr. Franklin for advice and support; to

and pardon were extended to all concerned in the late rethe Governor (Matthews) of Georgia, and to Virginia; from

volt, John Sevier was especially excepted in the act, and none did he receive any aid or advantage. He realized

debarred from all offices of trust, honor, or profit. with fearful truth, the fable of Gay-

- The next year (1789) so great a favorite with the people “ The child who many fathers share,

was Sevier, that he was elected from Greene, to represent Hath rarely known a father's care.

that county in the Senate of the General Assembly of North He who on many doth depend

Carolina. He appeared at Fayetteville at the time appointed Will rarely ever find a friend."

for the meeting of the Legislature, (second Monday of NoAll this shows, Mr. President, that the State / vember.) of Frankland took its origin in 1784. A govern- | the past, that the Legislature passed early, an 'act repealing

"Such was the sense of his worth, or his contrition for ment was recognized, and it continued until Sep-|| the section disqualifying him from any office ; and on taking tember, 1787. The Legislature that year met at the oath of allegiance, he was allowed his seat. Thus were Greenville, the very town in which I live.

the difficulties settled. «In September, 1787, the Legislature of Frankland met

“North Carolina had ever been willing to allow her for the last time at Greenville. John Menifee was Speaker daughter to set up for herself when of lawful age and under of the Senate and Charles Robinson Speaker of the House.

proper restrictions. Cherishing this feeling, she was never They authorized the election of two Representatives to

unjust towards her fair and lovely offspring. attend the Legislature of North Carolina, and one of the

On the 25th of February, 1790, as authorized by a prejudges of Frankland was elected (David Campbell) and her

vious act of the General Assembly, passed in the year 1789, Treasurer (Landon Carter) the other.

Samuel Johnston and Benjamin Hawkins, Senators in Con* Had the party of Sevier accepted the liberal, fair, and

gress, executed a deed to the United States in the words of just proposition of Governor Caswell, in 1785, as stated

the cession act; and on the 2d of April of that year, Conpreviously, how much pain and trouble would have been

gress accepted the deed, and Tennessee was born. spared to this country, and how much personal suffering

so By proclamation, dated September 1, 1790, Governor to himself? With all his virtues, honesty, and former pub- ted States had transmitted to him a copy of the act of Conlic service, he was at this time a doomed man.

“On the return of the members from the General Assem-| gress, accepting the cession of North Carolina for this disbly at Tarboro', in February, 1788, it was soon understood

trict of the western territory, and the inhabitants of said that Frankland was no more.

district would take due notice thereof, and govern them"An execution against the estate of General Sevier had

selves accordingly.'" been placed in the hands of the sheriff, and levied on his John Sevier was brave and patriotic, a man negroes on Nolichucky river. These were, removed for loved by the people; but he had fallen into this sale keeping to the house of Colonel Tipton."

“ Brave in his character, obstinate and headstrong, Sevier error of secession or separation from the State of

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