Press and Speech Freedoms in the World, from Antiquity Until 1998: A Chronology

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Louis Edward Ingelhart
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1998 - 307 páginas

Although Americans tend to take the concept and protection of free expression for granted, free press and free speech are at best only tentatively established in some nations of the world. Covering prehistoric times to mid-1998, this book provides a year-by-year report of the efforts to free the press throughout the world. Since the American concept of free speech came from England, the early chapters place a heavy emphasis on events in England, while later chapters include other nations throughout the world. Ingelhart provides a thorough overview of free press and free speech principles and the continuing effort to extend those freedoms almost everywhere.

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Contenido

From Antiquity to Printing 30000 BC to 1499
1
England Struggles into the Communication Age 9 AD Through 1599
14
Irreverence and Newspapers 1500 Through 1699
31
Schismatism in England 1600 Through 1643
42
Freedom of Expression Beckons in England 1644 Through 1699
57
Libel in England 1700 Through 1759
81
Repression and Tyrants 1700 Through 1799
101
Parliament and the Kings Ministers 1760 Through 1799
109
New Tyrannies 1925 Through 1959
182
Freedom of Expression Struggles On 1960 Through 1979
193
A Century Ends A Century Begins 1980 Through 1994
201
But Tyranny Rules 1995 to 1998
209
The Future of the Worlds Freedom of Expression
228
Notes
239
Selected Bibliography
275
Index of Persons
278

Suppression Vice Stamp Taxes Blasphemy 1800 Through 1899
125
The NineteenthCentury Confusions 1800 Through 1899
155
Wartime Censorship 1900 Through 1924
168
Index of Subjects
291
Derechos de autor

Términos y frases comunes

Pasajes populares

Página 87 - The liberty of the press is, indeed, essential to the nature of a free state ; but this consists in laying no previous restraints upon publications ; and not in freedom from censure for criminal matter when published. Every freeman has an undoubted right to lay what sentiments he pleases before the public : to forbid this is to destroy the freedom of the press : but if he publishes what is improper, mischievous, or illegal, he must take the consequence of his own temerity.
Página 57 - And though all the winds of doctrine were let loose to play upon the earth, so truth be in the field, we do injuriously by licensing and prohibiting to misdoubt her strength. Let her and falsehood grapple ; who ever knew truth put to the worse, in a free and open encounter ? Her confuting is the best and surest suppressing.
Página 82 - If people should not be called to account for possessing the people with an ill opinion of the government, no government can subsist. For it is very necessary for all governments that the people should have a good opinion of it.
Página 148 - But the peculiar evil of silencing the expression of an opinion is, that it is robbing the human race ; posterity as well as the existing generation ; those who dissent from the opinion, still more than those who hold it. If the opinion is right, they are deprived of the opportunity of exchanging error for truth : if wrong, they lose, what is almost as great a benefit, the clearer perception and livelier impression of truth, produced by its collision with error.
Página 112 - Let it be impressed upon your minds, let it be instilled into your children, that the liberty of the press is the palladium of all the civil, political, and religious rights of an Englishman...
Página 8 - The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.
Página 6 - Athens, care so much about laying up the greatest amount of money and honor and reputation, and so little about wisdom and truth and the greatest improvement of the soul, which you never regard or heed at all?
Página 148 - Very few facts are able to tell their own story without comments to bring out their meaning. The whole strength and value, then, of human judgment depending on the one property that it can be set right when it is wrong, reliance can be placed on it only when the means of setting it right are kept constantly at hand.
Página 145 - The first duty of the Press is to obtain the earliest and most correct intelligence of the events of the time and instantly by disclosing them to make them the common property of the nation.

Acerca del autor (1998)

LOUIS EDWARD INGELHART is Professor Emeritus of Journalism at Ball State University and has been a champion of press freedom for at least fifty years. His most recent book is Press and Speech Freedoms in America, 1619-1995: A Chronology (Greenwood, 1997).

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