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the Mathematicks, eight Hours in a Day, till the Year 1693.
However, in the Year 1685 there was so extra1 ordinary a Crisis of the Protestant Religion, as well
deserves to be mentioned here : Insomuch that, as í Bishop Burnet partly implies, but Mr. Arthur On
Now more distinctly informs me, it once depended on a single Vote in the House of Commons, whether King James should be permitted to employ Popish Officers in his Army or not : Which Point, had he gained, there was visibly an End of the publick Establishment of the Protestant Religion in this Kingdom. It came, as I said, to a single Vote; and a Courtier, who was to watch every Voter where the Member had any Employment under the King, observed one that had a Regiment going to vote against the Court; and Teeing him, put him warmly in mind of his Regiment. He made Answer, “ my Brother died last Night, 6 and has left me 700l. a Year;" which single Vote gained a Majority, and saved the Protestant Religion at this Time. If I might use an Heathen Expression in a Case belonging to Christianity, I would say, Non hoc fine numine Divúm.
Now during this Time, and while I was Undergraduate, an Accident happened to me, which may
deserve to be here related, for the Caution and Benefit of others in the like Circumstances. I one Summer observed, that my Eyes did not see as usual, but dazzled after an aukward Manner. Upon which I imagined this might arise only from my too much Application to my Studies; and I thought
proper to abate of that Application for a Fortnight, in hopes of recovering my usual Sight by :
, walking, during that Time, much abroad in the green Grass and green Fields ; but found myself disappointed : Which occasioned some Terror to me, especially because of my Father's Loss of Sight before. At this Time I met with an Account, either in Conversation, or Writing, that Mr. Boyle had known of a Person who had new whited the Wall of his Scudy or Chamber, upon which the Sun shone, and used to read in that glaring Light, and thereby loft his Sight for a Time, till upon hanging the Place where he studied with Green, he recovered it again ; which was ; exactly my own Case, in a less Degree, both as to the Cause and the Remedy. For I and my ChamberFellow had newly-whitened our Room, into which almost all the Afternoon the Sun shone, and where I used to read. I therefore retired to my Study, and hung it with Green, by which means I recovered my usual Sight, which, God be praised, is hardly worse now, that I perceive, at fourscore Years of Age, than it was in my youthful Days.
During the same Time, while I was an under Graduate in the Reign of King James II. and, in the Year 1687 or 1688, I went with the senior Fellow of our College, Dr. Nathaniel Vincent, into Norfolk, on account of my Health. It was near the End of May, and when we came thither the Doctor found that he was put up to preach at the Cathedral of Norwich upon May 29, the Solemnity for the Restoration. Now the Doctor was
known to be a great Friend of King James's, and perhaps hoped to be made a Bishop by him: Which is sufficient for understanding his Temper and Principles; and this at a Time when the Body of the Protestants, and the University in particular, were in very great Dread of Popery, and were thereby become much more serious in Religion, much more fedulous in attending Divinc Service, and much more charitable and friendly to Disfenters than for- . merly. [And happy, thrice happy should I have thought this unhappy Nation now, if, upon our late Fears of the Pretender and cf Popery, we had been brought into the same excellent Temper. But, alas ! alas!) When Dr. Vincent found himself in these Circumstances, and unprovided of a compleat Sermon suitable to the Occasion, he found, however, that he had some Notes with him that might assist him in a new Composition.. He made me therefore, his Amanuensis for many Hours, where we then were, and so compleated his Sermon. His Text was, Rebellion is as the Sin of Witchcraft, 1 Sam. XV. 23. Which he, as is usual, understood of the Rebellion of Subjects against their Kings; whereas it was meant, most evidently, of King Saul's Rebellion against Almighty God, who had made him King. We then dined at the Bishop's, Dr. Lloyd's Palace, who was in gréat Reputation at that Time, and proved to be one of the Nonjuring Bishops afterward. The next Lord's Day there was so cxcellent a Sermon preached at the same Cathedral, by a Clergyman, to me unknown; but, by his Hood, seemed to be a Doctor of Divinity; and
if I remember right, came from the Parts near Lynn, and so directly fitted the unhappy Circumstances we were then in, the imminent Danger of Popery and Perfecution, that we, the Hearers, were prodigious attentive to it, and deeply affected by it. The Subject was, The proper Preparations of a Christian for Times of Persecution. [Almost like Bishop Sherlock's most cxcellent Sermon at Salisbury last Oftober, which I have since republished, with Additions of my own] yet with such Caution, that, though we well knew the Preacher's Meaning, no Handle was given for any Accufation at Court ; only so far we were advised, that, if Danger should approach, we should hold fast to our [l'rotestant] Bishops, as the most likely Way to escape the Dangers we might be in. I hardly ever in my Life saw such an Impression made by a Sermon, as was made by this, on any Audience. We were then for certain in earnest, and had, I believe, very little Regard to Dr. Vincent's Courte Sermon just before (as such Sermons generally deserve no better): However, it soon happened that the Prince of Orange came to our Deliverance, and the Cambridge Mob got up, and seized Dr. Watson, the Bishop of St. David's, of much the same Character with Dr. Vincent, and threatened Dr. Vincent himself. Who thereupon thought of saving himself by going out of the College for awhile : Accordingly he called for me, as then his Sizor, to affist him in preparing for his Removal. But what may be here most worth mentioning is this, that I happened, by Inadvertency, to
overthrow his Salt towards himself at Supper : Which put him into a great Concern ; and made him say very folemnly, that “ It would be a fad “ Completion of this Omen if they should find " him dead in his Bed the next Morning :" To which no Reply was made. Yet was this so far from being accomplished, that the Doctor lived a great many Years after it : So vain are the pretended Signals of this superstitious Nature. Tho' the Affrightment they may cause in melancholy Persons may be sometimes really mischievous to them.
In my Note-Book I find about this Time the following Memorandum.
Sept. 1, 1687. Dr. Henry Moor of Christ'sCollege died ; and was buried by Torchlight the third Day, being Sunday. His laft Words, as I heard, were these, or to this Effect : Calling his Nurse he said to her, Nurse, I am going a long Journey, where I shall change these for better Porsessions ; and fo presently departed. Sic Obijt Divimus ille Pbilosopbus Cantabrigienhs : Extinētus amabitur idem.
Nor can I well mention this Dr. Henry Moor, without the Mention of his prodigious Admirer and Executor, Dr. Davies of Haidon ; who was one of my best Friends when I was banished the University; and whose Brother-in-Law, Mr. Ward, was also my very good Friend, and Dr. Moor's great Admirer, and wrote his Life, very well. I should digress too much if I should go on with these two very valuabļe Clergymen's Characters,