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our common Christianity itself. Moreover this Bishop of London did not only Patronize that horrible Curse upon the Eusebians or Christians, the Athanafian Creed, but long supported an annual Lecture, I mean that founded by the Lady Moyer, against the Eufebians or Christians, under the false Name of Arians : And this even since the Publication of my Pamphlet concerning Athanasian Forgeries, and its Appendix, or appeal to xxx Primitive Councils against the Athanafian Heresy ; which I venture to say it openly, have rendred all Vindications of it, in the Way of Learning, absolutely impossible. One Thing farther I have to observe in the Conduct of this Bishop, during the many Years he was the grand Recommender to EccleGaftical Preferments at Court; viz. That he took vaft Care to keep out such as were suspected not to be Athanafians, till at length Dr. Rundle, was recommended by the Lord Chancellor Talbot, whom I well knew to be no Athanjian, but once a zealous Promoter of Primitive Christianity upon the Foot of the Apostolical Constitutions, till the usual Corrupter of Clergymen, the Prospect of Preferment, diverted him another Way : I say the Bishop's over-grown Zeal against his Promotion, and the over earnest Sollicitations for the easy Recovery of Tithes to the Clergy from the Quakers, at length overset him at Court, and procured his Exclusion from any such high Pretensions. And this, which is to me very remarkable, in the celebrated Astronomical Year 1736 ; as I have observed in the second Edition of my Ejay on the Revelation, Page 320,

-324. For which Stoppage to his career, of bringing on a Codex Persecution, which I was at that Time aware of, he ought sincerely to have thanked divine Providence ; left at the great Day he should have been found, not among the Orthodox Promoters of Truth, but the Heretical Perfecutors of the Christian Religion.

And now I am upon the Character of our Archbishops and Bishops, particularly the late Bishop of London, who was once esteemed the Heir apparent of the Archbishoprick of Canterbury, till the unhappy Circumstances already mentioned befel him. It may not be improper to set down a large Letter of mine to Archbishop Wake, who in the Year 1721, united with the then Lord Nottingham, to bring in such a new Test upon those called Arians, as the Bishop of London himself, as it was fupposed, wrote against, under the Title of Remarks on Part on a Bill lately brought into the House of Lords. This Paper I have by me, and it has been already mentioned Page 163 priùs. And tho' it was not written in the least out of Favour to the Arians, yet did it, I suppose, help to get the Bill rejected. However my Letter to the Archbishop is so full and distinct as to need no farther Introduction ; and is I think one of the most material of all the Letters that I publish on this Occasion: It runs thus verbatim.


Cross Street, Hatton-Garden,

May 18, 1721.
May it please your GRACE, .

O call to Mind, that in the Summer of the

I came from Cambridge, in Company with Dr. Laughton of Clareball, who was then Tutor to a Relation of your Grace's. (Martin Folkes, Esq; now President of the Royal Society:] And with several of his Pupils, Members of the same College, to wait on your Grace, who at that Time was Bishop of Lincoln, at Bugden; and to desire your Permission for printing your Translation of the Smaller Epifles of Ignatius's; (which had been before published, in your Grace's very useful English Edition of the Apoftolical Father's ;) together with my own Translation of the larger Epistles, in my Primitive Christianity Reviv'd; which I was at that Time about to publish. Your Grace will also call to Mind, that upon my coming to Bugden you was pleased to receive me with great Humanity and Kindness; tho' you well knew what Doctrines I had then openly embrac'd, and was going to make publick : Insomuch that you was pleased, not only to grant my Request for

Use of

your Translation of Ignatius's Epistles, as I did accordingly; but to do me the Favour of taking me into your Study, and of discoursing freely with me there about the ancient Doctrines of Christianity; and particularly of shewing me your own MSS. Collections out of the Primitive Fathers, made much after the same Manner that I had made mine; but mainly relating to that Controversy against the Pa



pists, wherein your Grace had been formerly engaged with so great Reputation. You was also pleased then to invite me to come over to Bugden another Time, to stay two or three Days with you, that you might more fully discourse with me about those Doctrines. Sometime after this, as your Grace will remenber, I put into your Hands my mtire Dissertation on the Epifles of Ignatius, before it was printed, for your Perusal, Correction, and Opinion: Which Differtation you was pleased, after some Time, to return, without giving me either your Correction or Opinion. I also waited on your Grace, when you came to Cambridge, about the Month of September the same Year, to discourse with you farther concerning those Matters ; I well remember the Time, because it was when the Convecation was about to fit; and when your Grace thought it very fit that my Papers should be laid before that Convocation before they were printed, for their Examination: Which Motion I, with great Readiness agreed to. You was also pleased to add this truly honest, truly memorable, and truly Chriftian Promise or Declaration, which I am sure I never shall, and I heartily wish your Grace never may forget, viz. " That altho' what I then asserted « concerning the Trinity, was contrary to what

you had believed, even as fundamental all your “ Life ; yet did you assure me, that in case you “ should be one of those chosen by the Convocation (6 for the Examination of that Matter, you would “ do it with the same Impartiality, as if you had " never been of the contrary Opinion at all.”'

Which appear'd also to be, for several Years afterwards, your real, tho' not perhaps sufficiently resolute Sentiments, by your constant Conduct in your Diocese; as well as at London, during that Convocation wherein I was so deeply concern'd; and during that later Convocation also, wherein Dr. Clarke was afterward concern'd.

Seeing then your Grace well knows all this to be true, and seeing all the Nation do now know that of late Years, since you have been removed from Bugden to Lambeth, your Sentiments and Conduct have (after some Time] been diametrically opposite to your former Sentiments and Conduct, to that prodigious Degree indeed, that what your Grace formerly promised to examine with the utmost Impartiality, as possibly no other than the genuine Doctrines of Christianity; you now declare, in open Parliament, you would have punished, even before, and without such Examination, with the atmost Sevety, as no better than profane Blasphemy; I, who among many others, am deeply concern'd in the Consequences of such an amazing Change in your Grace; and with Regard to whom, with all due Respect be it spoken, your Grace is not clear of your Obligation, by a particular Promise,' to promote that Method of impartial Examination, do hereby, in a folemn Manner, in my own Name, and in the Name of many other sincere Lovers of Truth and true Christianity, humbly desire, and openly insist on such a publick, such an impartial Examination ; or, at least, on as plain and publick an Account of your Grace's Reasons against it.



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