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Freedom of Speech, 196. Commons Complain of Breach of Privilege, 196.
Parliament dissolved, 196. Queen Elizabeth's Visit to the Lord Keeper at Hare-
field, 196. Othello acted before her, 197. A Lottery, 197. Valedictory Address
to her Majesty by Harefield, personified, 198. Practical Mitigation of Penal Code,
199. Clemency to the Roman Catholics, 199. Queen's last Illness, 199. Lord
Keeper asks her to name her Successor, 200. Her Death, 200. Equitable Juris-
diction during Reign of Elizabeth, 200. Process of Sequestration, 200. Costs,
201. Office of Lord Keeper, 201. Assistance of Common-law Judges, 201. Re-
ferences to Master, 201. Fees, 202. The Bar, 202. Decision against the Court of
Requests, 202. Charities, 203. Equity Reports, 203.
Accession of James I., 203. Egerton continued Lord Keeper, 203. His Letters to
propitiate the King, 203. Letter from Sir Thomas Chaloner to the Lord Keeper,
204. Meeting between Lord Keeper and James I, 204. Egerton made Lord
Chancellor, and a Peer, 205. Resigns office of Master of Rolls, 205. Lord Kin-
losse, Master of Rolls, 205. Trial uf Lord Cobham and Lord Grey de Wilton,
206. Parliament summoned, 207. Opening of the Session, 207. King's Speech,
207, Abortive Attempt of Lord Chancellor to decide on Validity of Returns of
Members of the House of Commons, 208. Union with Scotland, 208. Commis-
sioners appointed to treat of Union, 208. Gunpowder Plot, 203. Measure of
Union resumed, 209. Resisted by the English, 209. Question of Naturalization
of “ Postnati,” 209. Calvin's Case, 209. Judgment of Lord Chancellor, 210.
Two dissenting Judges, 211. Aid for Knighting the King's eldest Son, 212.
Death of Prince Henry, 212. A Parliament, 212. Commons complain of Speech
in House of Lords, 213. Parliament dissolved, 214.
Assistance to Chancellor in Court of Chancery, 214. His Letter to Earl of Somerset,
214. Countess of Shrewsbury's Case, 215.- Case of Duels,” 215. Oliver St.
John's Case on “ Benevolences," 216 Lord Ellesınere invariable Supporter of
Abuses of Prerogative, 216. Court of High Commission, 216. Illegal Proclama-
tions, 217. Controversy between Lord Coke and Lord Ellesmere respecting “ In-
junctions,” 217. Injunction against Execution on a fraudulent Judgment, 218.
Proceedings in King's Bench, 218. Lord Ellesmere's Statement, 218, Lord Elles-
mere's Illness, 220. Appeal to the King, 220. King's Decision, 220. Lord Coke's
Obstinacy, 220. Letter from Sir Francis Bacon to the King, 221. Murder of Sir
Thomas Överbury, 221. Divorce of Countess of Essex, 221. Prosecution of
Earl and Countess of Somerset, 222. Lord Ellesmere Lord High Steward at
their Trial, 222, His Address to Countess of Somerset, 223. Measures for silen-
cing Earl of Somerset, 223. Pardon improperly granted to Somerset, 223. Blame
imputable to Lord Ellesmere, 223. Dismissal of Lord Coke from Office of Chief
Justice, 224. Question of Commendams and King's Power to stay Actions at
Law, 224. Pusillanimity of the Judges, 224. Unconstitutional Opinion of Francis
Bacon, 224. Unconstitutional Opinion of Lord Ellesmere, 224. Cowardice of the
Puisne Judges, 225. Noble Answer of Lord Coke, 225. Order for Lord Coke
to abstain from public Exercise of his Office, 226. He is dismissed, 226. Lord
Ellesmere's Speech in swearing in new Chief Justice, 226. Lord 'Ellesmere's
Letter to King wishing to resign, 227. King's Answer refusing Leave, 228.
Lord Ellesmere's second Letter to King, 223. Lord Ellesmere made Viscount
Brackley, 228. His Resignation, 230 Offer of an Earldom, 230. His Death,
231. Funeral, 231. Epitaph, 231. Character of Lord Ellesmere, 232. Solicitous
for Honour of Bar, 233. King's Interference with Suits, 233. Courtesy
to Peers, 233. His Patronage of Merit, 234. Anxious to make good Judges,
234. His Acquaintance with Poets, 235. His Writings, 235. His Jests, 235.
His Person, 236. His Fortune, 236. His Marriage, 236. Splendour of his
Difficulty of writing Life of Lord Bacon, 233. His Birth, 240. Early Education,
240. Instructed by his Mother, 2 10. His Progress, 241. Early Turn for Inquiry,
241. His Answer to Queen Elizabeth, 211.At Cambridge, 241. His Studies
there, 241. His Opinion of Aristotle, 242. His Residence in France, 242. Sud-
den Death of his Father, 243. He returns to England, 243. Tries in vain to ob-
tain political Appointment, 243. Embraces the Profession of the Law, 244. A
very diligent Student, 244. Became a sound Lawyer, 244. His Popularity, 214.
Ouier Barrister, 245. A Bencher and Reader, 545. Counsel extraordinary to the
Queen, 245, Familiarity with the Queen, 246, Solicits Situation under Govern-
ment, 246. Not in great Practice, 247.
Enters on new Career, 248. Returned a Member of the House of Commons, 248.
His inaiden Speech on Law Reform, 248. Ben Jonson's Opinion of his Oratory,
248. His famous Speech against the Subsidy, 219. Indignation of Queen, 249.
He is a Candidate for the Office of Solicitor General, 250. His Letter to Burgh-
ley soliciting the Appointment, 251. Burghley's Answer, 251. Bacon's Letters to
Lord Keeper Puckering, 251. Bacon warmly snpported by Essex, 252, Essex's
Letters to Bacon, 252. Bacon writes to the Queen, 253. Sends her a Jewel, 254.
His Hopes of being made Solicitor General, 251, He is Disappointed, 255. His
Despair, 255. His Resolution to Retire from public Life, 255. He recovers his
Composure, 256. Queen reconciled to Bacon, and tries to make a Vacancy for
him in Office of Solicitor General, 256. Generosity of Essex, 256. Bacon writés a
Law Book, 257. Publishes his Essays, 257. Again relurned to Parliament, 258.
Bills introduced by him, 258, His Speech for the Subsidy, 258. His Matrimonial
Scheme, 259. Courts the Lady Hatton, 259. Is supported by Essex, 260, The
Lady Hatton marries Sir Edward Coke, 260 Bacon is arrested for Debt, 260.
Carried to a Spunging-house, 260, He is liberated, 261. Altercation with Sir Ed-
ward Coke in Court of Exchequer, 261. Enmity of Sir Edward Coke, 262.
Bacon's “ History of the Alienation Office,” 262. His celebrated Argument in
Chudleigh's Casé, 262. “Reading Statute of Uses,” 262. Bacon's prosperous
Bacon's Ingratitude to Essex, 264. Essex's Return from Ireland, 264. Bacon's
Representations to the Queen, 265. Different Account by Queen Elizabeth, 265,
Prosecution against Essex at York House, 266, Bacon ceases to visit Essex, 266.
Bacon's Letter to the Queen respecting Essex, 266. Bacon's Conduct on Prosecu-
tion of Essex at York House 266. He writes Report of the Trial for the Queen, 267.
Composes Letters in favour of Essex to be shown to the Queen, 267. Imprudent
Conduct of Essex when liberated, 267. Resentment of the Queen, 267. Bacon's
Dialogue with the Queen respecting Essex, 268. Ruin of Essex when deserted
by Bacon, 268. Base Conduct of Bacon when Essex committed for Treason, 268.
Bacon Counsel against Essex, 269. Essex's Trial for Treason, 269, Bacon's
Speech against Essex, 269. Essex quotes Bacon's Letters, 270. Essex's Appeal
for Mercy, 270. Bacon's Answer to it, 270. Bacon's ('onduct between Conviction
and Execution of Essex, 271. Bacon's Baseness in blackening the Memory of
Essex, 271. Indignation of the Public, 27). Defence of Bacon by Mr Montague,
273. A new Parliament, 274. Bill introduced by Bacon, 274. His Speech for a
Subsidy, 274, Sarcasm of Sir Walter Raleigh, 274. Bacon supports Monopolies,
275. His Speech in the House of Commons, 275. Queen obliged to yield upon
the Question of Monopolies, 275. Close of the Reign of Elizabeth, 276.
Accession of James I., 276. Bacon's Letters to be shown to the King, 276. Bacon's
Letter to the King, 276. Renewal of his Patent as King's Counsel, 277. Pro-
posed l’roclamation, 277. He is presented to the King, 277. Bacon's Description
of James, 277. Bacon's Anxiety to be knightcd, 278. He is knighted with 300
others, 277. He is married, 277. Bacon's Unpopularity from his Ingratitude 10
Essex, 278. His Letter to Lord Southampton, 279. His Indiscreet “Apology,"
279. Trial of Sir Walter Raleigh, 279. A Parliament, 279. Bacon recovers his
Credit, 279. King's Counsel, with Salary and Pension, 280. Succeeds to Gorban)-
bury, 280. His Poverty, 280. Bacon's Visit to Provost of Eton, 280. Projected
Hisiory of England, 280. Publication of " Advancement of Learning, ' 280.
Part taken by him in the House of Commons, 280. His Discontent, 280 Sur E.
Coke tries to depress him, 281. His Letter of Remonstrance to Sir E. Cohe, 281.
Coke promoted to be Chief Justice of Common Pleas, 281. Bacon's Lelier to
Lord Salisbury, asking Office of Solicitor General, 282. His second Letter to
Lord Salisbury, 282. Again disappointed, 262. Bacon's Letter to Lord Chancel-
lor Ellesmere, 283. His Letter to the King, 284. Bacon, Solicitor General, 285.
His Speech in favour of the Union with Scotland, 285. Trial of Lord Sanquhar
for Murder, 285. "Cogitata et Visa," 286. Bacon's Letter to the King, asking
Promotion, 286. Another Letter to the King respecting Office of Attorney Gen-
eral, 287. Intrigue for removing Sir E. Coke from being Chief Justice of the
Common Pleas to be Chief Justice of the King's Bench, 288. Bacon Aitorney
General, 289. Dialogue between Mr. Attorney and Chief Justice Coke, 289. In-
fluence of Bacon in the Administration of the Government, 289. Question
whether he could be re-elected to the House of Communs, being Attorney Gen-
eral ? 290. Speech as Attorney General for a Supply, 290. Raising of “Benevo-
lences,” 291. Bacon defends“ Benevolences,” 291 Bacon's atrocious Conduct
in the Prosecution of Peacham for Treason, 292. Tampers with the Judges, 292.
Puts Peacham to the Torture, 292. Letter to the King about the torturing of
Peacham, 292. Bacon announces his Resolution to the King to go to the lower
to see the Torture inflicted on Pcacham, 293. His Report of the torturing, 293.
Peacham brought to Trial and convicted, 293. Public Indignation, 293. Death
of Peacham, 293. Improper Attempts to palliate Bacon's Misconduct, 294.
Bacon cultivates George Villiers, James's new Favourite, 294. His excellent
advice to Villiers, 294. Illness of Lord Ellesmere, 295. Bacon's Letter to King
soliciting Chancellor's Place, 295. Second Letter to King, pressing for the Ap-
pointment, 295. Profils of Offices he would give up, 296. Retainer of Serjeant
Yaxley in the Reign of Henry VII., 296. Arguments against making Sir E.
Coke Chancellor, 297. Bacon's own Fitness, 297. Preparations for Transfer of
Great Seal, 298. Lord Chancellor recovers, 298. Bacon's pretended Joy, 298.
Bacon solicits to be made Privy Councillor, 298. He is offered a Promise of
Great Seal, or to be made Privy Councillor, 299. He prefers being a Privy Coun-
cillor, 299. Sworn a Privy Councillor, 299. Gives up private Practice at the
Bar, 299. His Proposal for “the Amendment of the Law," 300. His wise Views
of Law Reform, 300. Murder of Sir Thomas Overbury, 300. Bacon's Part in
Prosecution of the Somersets, 300. Proceedings against Sir E. Coke, 301. Sir
E. Coke obnoxious for resisting a job, 301. Merits of Coke as a Lawyer, 302.
Foolish Charge against him, 302. He is ordered to revise his Reports, 302,
Bacon's insulting Letter 10 Coke, 302. Coke is summoned before the Privy
Council, 304. Bacon presses for his Dismissal, 305. Coke is dismissed, 305.
Bacon, Chancellor of Duchy of Cornwall, 305.
Great Seal delivered to Bacon as Lord Keeper, 305. His Delight, 306. His Letter
of Thanks to Buckingham, 306. King's Visit to Scotland, 307. Bacon's Instal-
lation as Lord Keeper, 308. His inaugural Address, 308. His Account of the
Ceremony, 309. King's Approbation of his Address, 310. The Lord Keeper's
great Despatch in the Court of Chancery, 310. His Letter announcing that there
were no Arrears in the Court, 311. He gives Dinners to the Judges and the Bar,
311. Tampers with the Judges about High Commission Court, 312. Bacon in-
discreetly opposes Marriage between Buckingham's Brother and Sir E. Coke's
Daughter, 312. His Letter to Buckingham dissuading the Match, 313. His Let-
ter to King on same Subject, 313. He directs Prosecution against Sir E. Coke
for rescuing his Daughter, 313. Rage of the King and Buckingham, 313. Bacon's
Alarm and Contrition, 314. King's vituperative Letter to Bacon, 314. Bacon's
abject Apology to the King, 315. His Servility to Buckingham, 315 He is
pardoned, 315. He defends Monopolies, 315. Buckingham's Interference in
Suits in Chancery, 316. Bacon made Lord Chancellor, and a Peer, 315. Bacon's
Danger from a Maniac Peer, 317. Exccution of Sir Walter Raleigh, 318. Cen-
sure on Bacon for his Concurrence in the Death of Raleigh, 318. Prosecution
for Exportation of Bullion, 319. Prosecution of Earl of Suffolk for trafficking
with public Money, 319. Prosecution for Libel on the Chancellor, 319. Prosecu-
tion of Yelverton, the Attorney General, for improperly granting a Charter, 320.
Publication of Novum ORGANUM, 320. Bacon's Letter presenting this Work
to the King, 321. The King's Answer, 321. Presentation Copy to Sir E. Coke,
322. Bacon at the Height of his Prosperity, 322. His Mode of Living, 322.
Made Viscount St. Alban's, 323. His sudden Fall, 223. He advises the Calling
of a Parliament, 323. Parliament meets, 323. His Address to the King, 323.
Proceedings in Parliament, 324. Sir E. Coke, Leader of Opposition, 324, Com-
mittee to inquire into Monopolies, 324. Scene in the House of Lords when Sir
E. Coke demanded a Conference, 324. Committee to inquire into Abuses in
Courts of Justice, ::25. Williams, Dean of Westminster, asterwards Lord Keeper,
becomes Adviser of the Court, 325. Measures recommended by him, 325. Con
ference between the two Houses, 326. Bacon irregularly defends himself, 326.
He is censured, 326. Charge of Corruption against the Chancellor, 326. He at
first ireals the Charge with scorn, 327. His last Appearance in the House of
Lords, 327. His dread of a Message from the Commons lo impeach him, 327.
He suddenly adjourns the House, and takes to his Bed, 327. The Chief Justice
of the Kirg's Bench appointed Speaker of the House of Lords, 327. Commons
demand a Conference on Charges against the Chancellor, 328. Bacon's Letter to
the Peers, 328. Answer of the Peers, 329. King's Message to the Commons,
329. Fresh Charges of Bribery against the Chancellor, 329. Bacon's Behavi-
our under the Accusation, 330. His Letter to the King, 330. His private Inter-
view with the King, 331. King wishes to dissolve Parliament, 331. 'Is dissuaded
by Williams, 331. Impeachment proceeds, 332. Bacon's Confession, 332. Con-
fession voted insufficient, 333. Articles of Impeachment, 334. Full Confession,
334. Deputation of Peers to Bacon to verify the Confession, 334. The Great
Seal is taken from him, 335. He is summoned to hear Judgment, 335. Last at-
tempt to move the King in his favour, 335. Sentence is pronounced, 335. Justice
of the Sentence, 336. Bacon's modern Defenders, 336. Reason for his plead-
ing Guilty, 336. Whether Bacon subject to Imputation of Moral Guilt 336.
Bacon's severe Illness, 339. He is committed to the Tower in Execution of his
Sentence, 339. His Letter to Buckingham, praying that he may be liberated,
439, Humane Interposition of Prince Charles, 310. Bacon is liberated, 310.
Goes to a Villa at Parson's Green, 340. He is annoyed by his Creditors, 340.
He retires to Gorhambury, 340. His Petition to House of Lords, 341. His
Penury, 341. Settlement of his Affairs, 341. Qualified Pardon granted to him,
342. Bacun ill-used by Lord Keeper Williams, 342. His Hopes of being re-in-
stated, 312. He resumes his literary Labours, 342. His History of Henry VII.
342. He returns to Philosophy, 343. Publication of "De Augmentis, '' 343.
“ Historia Vitæ et Mortis,” &c., 343. His continuing Love of Show, 344. His
Want of Money and Credit, 344. Candidate for Provostship of Eton, 341. His
Firmness when disappointed, 345. Has an Interview with the King, 345. He
is disappointed in the Hope of being again employed, 345. His Congratulation
on Buckingham's Return from Spain, 346. His Exclusion from Parliament, 346.
His Letter to the King praying for a full Pardon, 347. Full Pardon granted to
him, 347. His Health and Strength decline, 347. His literary Labours, 347.
He compiles a Jest Book, 348. Ho commences Digest of Laws, and History of
Henry VIII , 348. Death of James I., 348. Bacon's Hopes at Commencement
of new Reign disappointed, 349 He renounces Politics and public Life, 349.
Transfer of Great Seal from Williams to Coventry, 349. Bacon makes his last
Will, 349. Solicits Williams to edit his Letters and Speeches, 350. His Trans-
lation of Psalmis, 350. He returns to Gray's Inn, 351. His last Experiment,
352. His sudden Illness, 352 He is carried to Lord Arundel’s at Highgate,
352. He is visited by Sir Julius Cæsar, 352. His Letter to Lord Arundel, 352.
His Death, 353. His Judgment in the Court of Chancery, 353. Great merit of
his “Order,s” 353. His Lesson to King James 10 hear both Sides of a Cause,
351, His Addresses to the Judges in the Exchequer Chamber, 354. His excel-
lent Advice to a Judge, 355. His Feeling for the Honour of the Profession of the
Law, 355. His Character as a Statesman, 355. His Speeches, 356. Bacon as a
Philosopher, 356. Benefits conferred by his Writingi, 357. A great ethical wri-
ter, 358. His Siyle, 358. Essays, 358. “ New Atlantis,” 358. Tract “On
Church Controversies," 359, "Wisdom of the Ancients,” 359. Latin and En-
glish Writings, 359. His Private Character, 359. Delightful Companion, 359,
Kind to Servants and Dependants, 360, Fanciful about Health, 359. Fable that
he always sainted away at Change of Moon, 359. Charge of Infidelity, 359. Free
from Jealousy of Rivals, 361, His Person, 362. Duty of duly discriminating
and delineating his Merits and Defects, 363. Regret that he did not confine bim-
self to Philosophy, 363. His Funeral, 363. His Epitaph, 363. He died Insol.
vent, 363. His Widow, 364. His Feelings on being childless, 364.
Disposition of Great Seal when taken from Lord Bacon, 364. JOHN WILLIAMS,
Dean of Westrninster, Lord Keeper, 364. His Genealogy, 365. His School
Education, 365. He is sent 10 Cambridge, 365. His extraordinary Industry,
365. Takes his Bachelor's Degree, 365. Master of Arts, 366. Parish Priest