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knowledge of God at all?" After a struction, Natural History, Elementamoment's thought, the blind boy of ry Science, Accounts of Remarkable ten years of age answered, “ Yes !"- Persons, Places, Manners, Arts, and “ That,” observed the gentleman, Incidents, with a Selection of Pasturning to Mr. Wood, is by no means sages from the British Poets.” a right answer."-" Have you any No articles, it appears, have been reason,” said Mr. Wood gently to his studied with greater avidity, or have pupil, “ for making that answer ?”- been more thoroughly understood, “ Yes.”_"What is it ?”—The little than those which treat of the mechablind boy, ten years of age, laying an nical powers, and other elementary emphasis on the right words, replied, science. As a specimen of the me“ The Apostle Paul, in the 1st of the thod of examination employed in this Romans, says, that when they KNEW department, we annex the following. God, they glorified hiin not as God." " What is necessary to put a body We called the former anecdote a in motion ? What property of the pretty-this is a noble one. Nothing body is it which renders force necesindeed can be more affecting.
sary in such a case? Will a body go The unhappy man, we hope, slunk quicker of itself ? or slower ? or out of the school under the rebuke of stop ? Why then does a niarble rollthe little blind boy, whose outward ed along the floor first go slower, and eyes God had extinguished, but given at length stop altogether? On what him, for holiest and happiest comfort, two circumstances does the force of a the clear inward eyes—the spiritual moving body depend? How then eyes that see things invisible to the can you increase the force of the same material senses—whose orbs " no body? If two bodies move quite drop serene” ever veils, and when round the same centre within the same they shut on earth, open next moment time, have they the samne velocity ? in heaven.
or which has the greater? Do you Let it not be thought, however, know any mechanical power that acts that either Mr. Wood or his little upon this principle? What is a LEblind boy of ten years of age, trusted VER! How many kinds of lever are too much to natural religion. For, there? What is the first kind ? had the gentleman (we take the liber- Can you give me any examples of its ty of putting that word in italics) application ? In what proportion is thought proper, says he, to press the power gained by the use of this lever? conversation farther, as we in conse. In raising a heavy coal with a poker, quence thought it necessary to do on whether will it be easier done by apthe following Sunday, he would have plying the hands near the ribs, or at the been quite satisfied, that our pupils extremity of the poker? Why ?”' &c. were by no means impressed with any In the Sessional School, great and undue or too favorable estimate of unceasing attention is paid to Gramthe extent of religious knowledge mar. And pray, it may be asked, possessed by the wisest heathens, nor What use can grammar be of to poor were at all insensible to the infinitely people? Why, as much-sometimes superior advantages in this respect, more--and of the same kind-as to which may be enjoyed by the poorest rich people. Its chief value lies, in child in a Christian land !-It soon its enabling us to understand what we became desirable to furnish the scho- read. Every sentence, at all inverted lars with an additional book, which or involved, has been observed by Mr. might afford them more interest and Wood to be a stumbling block in the information than could be expected way of a child striving to understand. from the continued perusal of those A lad once said to him, that he had with which they were already familiar. never himself understood the metre The desideratum was supplied by the translation of the Psalms, until the publication of “ Instructive Extracts, acquaintance which he there received comprising Religious and Moral In- with the principles of grammatical construction, enabled him to turn But how shall grammar be taught ? them into the ordinary prose arrange- That's the rub. Can it only be acment, and that he felt the same thing quired by the memory arising from in some degree, with respect to ser- rules ? From the tyranny of Dr. mons. There can be no doubt-sure. Syntax ? Mr. Wood remembered too ly--that a knowledge of grammar well his own gross ignorance of grammust enable a man to know any dis- mar, when a little boy at school, and course at all in a different style of it could not excel our own in spite of language from every-day talk in the all that horrid and hideous committing shop or at the fireside, a hundred to memory. O, dear! “ getting off times better, than any man of equal by heart!”-a task which, in spite of natural vigor of mind altogether igno- our delight in angling, and other rural rant of it. Could any of us, without amusements, did often make us wish impaired faculties, totally forget all that we never had been born! He our grammar, how we should stare at tells a good story of the proficiency a great preacher, or a small one ei. made in grammar by the scholars genether—and in what a painful and per- rally, in the school in which he replexing glimmer and gloom should we ceived, what were facetiously called, suddenly find all our powers of appre- we presume, “the elements of his hension involved! Why, you may education.” speak to some men in the lower orders, “ Nor could we avoid frequently for hours, on very plain and simple calling to recollection a singular, but matters, and they come to understand now highly instructive incident, which you about as well as a post. This occurred in this stage of our educadoes not arise from stupidity-for they tion. In going over the grammar as are perhaps ingenious men in their usual, the boy at the head of our class profession-but they “ have no gram- was asked, "What is an article ?' to mar," and wonder what the deuce which he orthodoxly replied, "An aryou,—who have, we shall suppose, ticle is a particle, which'-does somesome little,-would be saying, if you thing or other that we do not at this could speak like themselves; for, moment precisely recollect, adding of granting even that they have been course, in the usual manner, as a part told, and believe, that you are a scho- of the definition, as, there is the lar, they cannot, or will not, make lady I saw at church yesterday. By mental effort sufficiently strong to en- some extraordinary accident, our able them to think that you are not talk- worthy teacher, on the particular occaing a parcel of sad nonsense. It is sion of which we are now speaking, certainly desirable that human beings contrary to all his ordinary practice, should, as generally as possible, be asked, "What is the article in that able to hold oral, or written commu- example ?' to which the boy replied, nication with each other; and, for · An article is a particle, which,' &c. such pleasing and useful purpose, no- •But what,' rejoined the master, is thing, in our humble opinion, like the particular article in that passage ?' grammar. If we seem to treat the — An article is a particle,' was again subject too jocularly, do only think a and again the reply. The next hoy moment on the ideots who can see no was now applied to, who insisted that use in teaching the lower orders how the dux was quite right, and that it to be intelligible to the upper, and was in that way in his book. A simivice versa—and indeed to themselves ; lar attempt at procuring an answer was for there is perpetual blundering, and made all round the class, and with a badgering in consequence of that blun- similar want of success. The attempt dering—many mistakes, and not a few was at length abandoned. We were lies, daily disturbing and infesting permitted ever afterwards to repeat our humble life, from the want of gram- grammar tasks, without being any mar—that is, the proper and rational more annoyed with troublesome quesuse of speech.
And it was not until a very long time from each other, but readily brought afterwards, that we could discover to recollection, the question is put in what crotchet the good old man had this form, Of what number is object? taken on this singular occasion.". why ? &c. A similar process is ob
That there should be no such scene served with regard to the Genders. as this ever acted in the Sessional The Cases, as we observed, are at School, Mr. Wood adopted what may this period omitted. be called the inductive method—that is “ After the class have been for a to say, he attempted to make them sufficient time exercised exclusively acquainted merely with some of its on nouns, they next take the ARTICLES leading principles, by illustrations along with them. After their nature, from the passages which they happen- object, and distinction, have been exed to read. At first, grammar-the plained, the boys are then called upon pure grammar of their own vernacular to point out the articles contained in tongue, without reference to the pe- the particular passage. After the culiarities of other languages-was first boy has given the,' he is asked confined exclusively to the highest what every article is prefixed to ? class, then extended by degrees to the what noun the' is prefixed to in the second, third, and fourth classes. present instance? what would be the
To understand Mr. Wood's very difference between the object,' and simple and efficacious method of teach- an object ? and the distinction between ing grammar, we must give a long the definite and indefinite article is extract:
then explained. As the children be« In order to illustrate our method come better acquainted with this disof teaching grammar, let us take the tinction, they are asked at once, Whecommencement of a passage in the ther the’ is the definite or indefinite school collection. "The grandest, the article ? and, when these terms are most sublime, and extraordinary ob- sufficiently familiar to them to be ject, we have yet seen, is Fingal's brought easily to recollection, the Cave, in the isle of Staffa. It is a question is put generally, What kind natural grotto of stupendous size, of article is 'the ? What other kind formed by ranges of columns,' &c. of article is there ? &c. The second If the class be only commencing this boy is in like manner called upon to study, after telling them that all names mention the next article in the pasare NOUNS, we desire them to pick sage, which also happens to be the,' out the nouns in the passage before and to be connected with the same them: when the first boy will give noun object.' The third boy will,
object,' the second Fingal's,' the in like manner, mention the subsethird 'cave,' and so forth, till they quent article 'the,' and its connexion have exhausted the remaining nouns, with the noun isle.' And the fourth
isle,' 'Staffa,' 'grotto,' size,' will give the article'a,' and mention 'ranges,''columus.' When they are a at the same time its connexion with little farther advanced, the first boy at the noun grotto.' In this last case, the time of naming the noun object,' in addition to the former questions, will be asked why it is object,' and the child will be asked why the artinot objects, and the distinction of sin- cle here is 'a' and not an." gular and plural will be pointed out In this manner all the different to him, and so on with the rest. Af- parts of speech in the sentence are ter a little time, in place of putting gone through with. This routine, the question in this form, the boy will however, is very often broken in upon, be asked at once whether the noun is (much oftener, indeed, than othersingular or plural ? why ? and what wise,) as the state of the class, the it would have been if it had been particular answer given, or any other plural ? As soon as these words sin- circumstances, may suggest the progular and plural are so familiar, as priety of more particular questions. not only to be easily distinguished
(To be continued.)
POPE LEO XII.
The interest excited in our days by principal part, to do grace and honor the death of a Pope, is much of the to the one, and to display the other. same kind as that with which we re- Accordingly, the air of pomp and diggard an event connected with the an- nity with which from the grand balcotiquities of the venerable city over ny* he dispensed the benediction of which his Holiness presides. The the Holy Church on the assembled head of the Catholic Church occupies throngs below, is described as most the Vatican Palace, and performs the imposing. How different the manner lofty functions of the papal office, ra- of his benevolent successor ! Io figure ther as a show than as a real part—as bent double with age, the traces of the representative of by-gone times suffering and anxiety still marking his rather than as a participator in actual handsome features, the paleness of his affairs. In this light, whether near or placid countenance contrasting with at a distance, we have ever regarded the black though spare locks that, prethe occupier, for the time being, of serving their hue to the last, were the chair of St. Peter in the nineteenth scattered over his venerable forehead, century. We have looked upon him he seemed to be giving the blessing, as the actor of a part in an historical not of an ostentatious Church, but of drama, and in that view we find, in one of the beloved of Heaven, the our reflections, the materials of the best and kindest of mortals. Braschi following sketch. Leo XII. was made imposed on the senses ; Chiaramonti a Cardinal by Pius VI., and affected touched the heart. Della Genga afmuch more the lofty hierarchical de- fected to follow Braschi; but he acted meanor of his patron and benefactor, his part better than his model, because than the simple and humble bearing he felt it more, and more completely of his immediate predecessor. Della sunk the ambitious individual in the Genya, however, had more sincerity devout Pope. Braschi was the Kemthan Braschi, the consequence partly ble of the Papal stage, Della Genga of his natural temperament, partly of the Kean. In dispensing the benedicthe times in which he had lived, and tion, he surrounded himself as Leo of the disasters which the Church to XII., with all the imposing formalities which he was attached had endured, and circumstance which could add to and which gave a more than ordinary the situation and uphold the splendor degree of seriousness to his religious and dignity of the Church; he spread feelings.
his arms abroad with an effect equally No Pope bad ever performed with pompous but with fourfold fervor. He more brilliant success the outward and was a bigh Churchman, and had exostentatious functions of the vicege- alted ideas of the office of the holder rent of Christ than Braschi. He was of the keys of Heaven; but he was fully conscious of the advantages with moreover a devotee, and crowned with which nature had endowed him, and the tiara, backed by the most glorious of the aptitude of his fine and portly temple of Christendom, with St. Peperson for the performance of the im- ter's Place thronged with 50,000 of portant character with which he was the devout awaiting the holy dispeninvested. His vanity, therefore, con- sation at his feet, when the clamor of curred with his ideas of the dignity of the assembled multitude was hushed, his sacred office to prompt him to make when the bands ceased their music, the most of the gorgeous ceremonies and all was dead and solemn silence in which he was required to act the for a moment, ere the air again re
* In the Facade of St. Peter's.
sounded with discharges of artillery their enormities, by withdrawing the and the shouts of the collected thou- military quartered in the neighborhood sands, he gathered himself and rose, of the districts which fostered the lawand with a religious sentiment, more less bands. He issued a proclamation, effective than his pomp, spread his asserting the dignity of the Church, arms over the people, as if he felt that and breathing ill-timed confidence, he was actually dispensing the bless that the sacred word of the Vicegeing of the Almighty Creator. But to rent of Christ, and the authority of have viewed Leo in the full glory of the Virgin, were more efficacious than his character, he should have been soldiers to reclaim the most obdurate. beheld during the ceremonies of the The presence of a Cardinal, it was feast of the corpus domini, when, rob- deemed, would add weight and reality ed in white, but bare-headed, on his to the words of the proclamation, and knees, and bearing the Eucharist in one was accordingly sent to publish his bosom, he is carried on a platform it; but, instead of submission and reup the nave of St. Peter's Church. spect, he met with nothing but insult; A more complete spectacle of abstrac- the mayor of a town was massacred tion and absorption, whether real or under his very nose, and he returned feigned, than he presented on those to the capital after a few months spent occasions, is inconceivable. It may among the mountains, leaving the disbe, that the weakness of his health, turbed district in a more disobedient and the lassitude of his frame, evident and wretched state than ever, and with in his countenance, increased the ef- a porse emptied of the 200,000 crowns fect. However produced, it was per- with which it had been furnished. The fect. For the rest, the countenance foreign political acts of Leo have been of Leo did not favor exhibitions of of the same character : he has shown this kind, it was mean and sour; but a desire to assert the high dignity and in other respects his person was well office of the Holy See ; but, even adapted for them: he was tall, or at among those most willing to acknowleast appeared so when robed, and ledge his supremacy, has he found none was dignified in his carriage. He en- credulous enough to give practical tered on his government with a dispo- proofs of their concurrence in his views sition to ensorce the ancient usages of or of their devotion to the Church. In the Church ; but he had evidently mis- the Irish alone, perhaps, as his predetaken the character of the times in cessor once observed, did he find which he lived. No clearer proof of hearts thoroughly imbued with prothis will be required than his conduct per ideas of the sanctity of his chatowards the Brigands, who, as soon as racter and functions ; but with the they found the vigor of Government Irish thus to regard him, it has hithrelaxed after Consalvi had ceased to erto been a point of honor rather than direct it, broke out into the most of superstition. We shall see how frightful excesses. Leo XII, remov- the successor of Della Genga will find ed the only restraints left to repress them.
I STOOD BY THE GRAVE.
I stood by the grave, and the dark night The ivy shook, as the wild bat fled came
On its path of night, o'er the voiceless From its evening couch of faded flame;
dead; The blue stars shed their silver ray
The willows waved on the sullen blast, On a form more brief and pale than they: That sadly across the red tombs passed; I stood on the grave, and I thought how soon And weeping over my kindred clay, From its sleep I should welcome the “lady I stood by the grave where my fathers moon,"