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that by such a scene « the question (and no wonder, seeing they were no has been set at rest!",
longer regarded as marks of honor by « On occasion of a visit to this him who conferred them,) assigning seminary by a royal chaplain, Mr. as their reason, it is the glory of God Malan says, This pious and excellent that we are anxious to obtain.' What man came to me, evidently much af- a contrast, we readily acknowledge, fected, and with tears in his eyes, do such scenes as these present to the *Oh! it is most admirable,' he ex- more simple and natural ones, of which claimed with emotion, it is truly alone Market Street can boast! But, most astonishing, and all to the glory to the following incident our own seof God. I could never have imagined minary, with all its odious emulation, it, and I am happy to have seen and can contribute innumerable parallels. heard it myself.'-- What has happen- 'I witnessed in my school, wbat is ed ?' said I. I first went,' he repli- rarely to be met with in colleges coned, 'to that dear little child, who is ducted on worldly principles, namely, the lowest in the school,' [query, how during the hours of recreation, a boy comes there to be a lowest and a who was further advanced, retiring to highest ?] and I said to him, even with a corner of the school, or of the playan appearance of harshness and seve- ground, and patiently and kindly teachrity, “So you are lowest, my child ?” ing one or two others, who had not - Yes, sir,' he replied, with candor made such progress.'» and modesty. And are you not The chapter on Punishments is ashamed ?' added I in the same tone. equally excellent. Mr. Wood sets
Sir,' said this poor child with won- out with this undeniable proposition, derful calunness, I assure you that it that in every large seminary for the is not my fault : I do all that is at education of young pupils, as well as present in my power ; but God has in every other large community, punnot yet given me a good memory.' ishments of some kind or other are I could do nothing but silently em- essential to its right manageinent. brace bim, [had this embrace no ten- This proposition is indeed so undenidency to excite emulation ?] for he able that he would have forborne to had melted my heart. Upon leaving state it, were it not that thoughtless the amiable boy who was lowest, I people, when they hear of schools went to the boy at the top of the managed without corporal punishment; class, and said to him, "Well, my suppose that all punishment whatever friend, you occupy the highest place. has been abolished in such establishIt is a post of honor and glory. I ments. That is a gross and a rather congratulate you on your attainment,' important mistake. Now, preventive Upon this the modest youth fixed his measures are always to be preferred eyes upon the ground, and said with to remedial or retributive ones; and an air of embarrassment, “Sir, I am it is plain that the arrangements not entitled to any praise ; all the glo- of the monitorial system are, by its ry belongs to God : and, if I relased provision, on this account, well calcumy efforts, I should sin against him.'». lated, to a certain extent, to supersede
Pho! Let us contrast the profane the necessity of punishment, but it drivelling of this poor weak creature on operates this effect-not by the aboliemulation, with Mr. Wood's truly phi- tion of punishment, but by its cerlosophical, and truly religious views tainty. Of what use, asks Mr. Wood, of the same principle.
would a monitor or assistant be, if the « After telling us, that these an- little urchin, bis pupil, night laugh in swers were certainly most satisfacto- his face, and petulantly and with imry,' the reverend gentleman proceeds punity tell him, that he would attend to detail another scene, in which all or not, just as he himself pleased ? the boys at once threw up the medals, Dr. Bell would fain have us to believe, which they had fornierly obtained, that in his system of monitorial superintendence, the fear of punishment age-was tried for a while in the Seshas no place. But unfortunately the sional School : a new master had a doctor lets the cat out of the bag with, whim or crotchet on the subject that out knowing that pussy bas inade her led him to despise the wisdom of his escape. "The business of our little ancestors and among them, that of teachers,' quoth he,“ is not to correct, his own old father, who had been a but to prevent faults-not to deter from flogger. The resolution against corpoill behavior by the fear of punishment, ral punishment was “ heard with much but by preventing ill behavior, to pre- satisfaction" by the thoughtless boys, clude the use of punishment.” All the most unprejudiced of all judgesthis is very pretty and to a certain the taws dwindled into a length of extent it is true. But hear the doctor mere neat leather. Unequivocal sympagain. “ Scarcely,” says he, “ can toms of insubordination soon showed an offence be committed without in themselves over the school,-the stant detection and immediate correc- warning voices of the masters lost all tion.” That is an awkward contra their power. Mr. Wood went for a diction, and leaves the mind of the week or two to his sheriffdoms at gentle reader in a state of scepti- Peebles ; on his return the master cism.
had a most rueful countenance indeed Well, then-is the punishment-for -he was comforted by being told that punishment there must be—to be cor- he might show the taws--but confessed poral ? And is corporal punishment that he had already been reluctantly such a very horrid-such a very shock- compelled not only to show them, but ing thing, as it is pictured by the sen- to use them too. Mr. Wood siniled, sitive educationists of this thin-skinned “suaviter in modo," and the master age? Have schoolmasters generally frowned « fortiter in re,' and once been the monsters of cruelty and inca- more the Sessional School became of pacity that they have been described all the scenes in this noisy world, the by eloquent declaimers against the rod most orderly and composed. and taws ? Dr. Johnson, we all know, We are frequently told, says Mr. once exclaimed, “ Rod! I honor Wood, about establishments from thee !” Mr. Wood confesses that it which every species of corporal punis with other feelings than those of ishment has been banished, with the unmingled gratitude or veneration, most complete success. There is frethat he has been accustomed to re- quently, in such cases, either falsegard that implement. This is can hood or deception. In some instances, did. But he regards it as a justifiable where teachers have proudly asserted and indispensable implement in every that they had “ ceased to employ corsuch large establishment as the Ses- poral punishment,” they had acquired sional School. And so do we. Were the pernicious habit-of striking their it banished from the school-he holds pupils with their fists! When they --and so do we-that we should either ceased to be floggers- they became sacrifice its general order, or else be pugilists. In another school which compelled to have recourse to some made a similar boast, Mr. Wood said substitute neither less degrading and to some children, “ Your master has revolting, nor more unobjectionable. no taws ?" To which they all replied, Often, says he, have we seen the " Ah ! but he has a cane !" In anbringing out of a child to receive a other school, Mr. Wood saw one boy single stripe on the hand, restore order after another brought up-first to be and attention, which the young teach- touched with a cane-by way of form ers and their assistants had been una- -a formal expression of blame and ble previously to procure. Indeed, censure ; but from the trembling, and the abolition of corporal punishment other symptoms of terror in their looks, -by way of conciliation and conces- it was plain to his eye that they hadsion, we presume, to the spirit of the when he was not by to see-been caned and preciously well caned too and expanded to receive the smack. -for on caning either a boy or a man It is vile Epicureanism thus to whine it is difficult to preserve the golden away about the pain in the palm-far mean. At all events, the taws being better that Stoicism that declares such of leather-We believe-and a cane pain to be no evil-and the tingle in being a species of tree-the former is the fingers to be no more to a wise not so apt as the latter to fracture the boy than the flourish itself is to the skull. A dominie may be thrown off taws. his guard, in a sudden fit of passion, To be serious—which it is not easy and severely administer the taws to to be, when one sees or hears of fulla boy's shoulders—but heaven pity grown Englishinen, and Scotsmen, the boy when the dominie has recourse and even Irishmen, sighing and weepto his cane.
ing, and even groaning in agony, over The short and the long of it is this, the horrors of that system of occathat a simple, humane, and authori- sional personal chastisement or cortative schoolmaster can contrive to rection, which, we venture to assert, manage a large school of medium idle- must have prevailed all over the world ness and wickedness by the terror of from the Fall, and will prevail till the the taws-without very frequently per- Millennium ;-to be serious we sayforming the manual or platoon exer- which it is not easy to be-when one cise; but if there be no taws in that bears it said that we are a flogged naparticular school, it is the same thing, tion, merely because a certain discito all intents and purposes, as if there pline is supported by an appeal to the were no taws in the universe-and body, in our academies, our fleets, and were there no taws in the universe our armies-and also to a far greater there need be no laws either-for, in extent than there, in the privacy, the that case, laws would be dead letters Sacred privacy, of domestic life, where -and society would be subverted. we verily believe more bodily correcBesides, the answer to the question, tion or chastisement ten times over is “ Why is a schoolmaster like-or ra- practised, without a murmur or with ther unlike a schoolboy ?” “ because much murmuring, than in all the barthe one whips tops and the other rack-yards, on all the decks of all the whips bottoms," would lose its mean- ships in his Majesty's service, and in ing—and there would be one joke less all the schools put together, Sessionin the world, which, in the present al, Parochial, Central, or on the very dearth of wit, the world could ill edge of the circumference, in Great spare. For these and other reasons, Britain and Ireland, and our foreign we are decidedly for the taws.
dominions, including even the West From what, in the name of all that India Islands, both windward and leeis pitiful, arises this timidity about ward ;-to be serious, we repeatthe taws? Is the hand-perhaps not which it is not easy to be when one very well washed, of a towsey-headed looks abroad over the whole system of schoolboy, so sacred—that to touch it animated being, rational and irrationwith the taws is to violate the sanctity al--from man to mouse, from homo of human nature in the whole boy ? sapiens to ridiculus mus, and beholds Wherefore this spiritualising of mat- how all that breathe, and move, carter? This enshrining of soul in the ry on their very existence by a conthumb and the little finger ? This tinued process of discipline, at least as deification of the bunch of fives ? corporal as it is mental; here, the old Why, one of the most obvious uses of mother or father ape being seen sita body is to be occasionally chastised. ting on the branch of a tree, with one The hand of the dominie does not of a plaguy progeny held firm bemore naturally flourish the taws, by tween parental knees, and cuffed in means of its beautiful mechanism, kind correction by two pair of salutary than that of the pupil stretched out paws, into a more subdued chatter
there, the middle-aged mother, or fa- pathy with his sentiments feel revivther man, sitting on a chair also made ed, and strengthened, our sober, but out of the branch of a tree, and polish- not passionate, attacbinent to the ing up squalling Dickey into a better- taws!. behaved Christian boy, by the well- To conclude with a single sentence tied, and well-placed application of -let there be no exaggeration of trione pair of taws;-to be serious—when fles---no attempt to turn real taws into in the dreadful din of this world's imaginary cart-whips ; let all domipassions, roaring louder than the hur- nies be decent men, and most of them ricanes that sweep the seas of ships, Christians ; let children continue to and the shores of houses, we see peo- believe what nature teaches them, that ple stopping at the door of some small . occasional corporal chastisement is all school-house, or large academy, and for their good, and that to care, much with all the earnest intentness of more to cry for a pawmy, is a crime philosophical eavesdroppers, listening, which conscience will continue to smart their soul sitting in the ear from and blush for, long after all remorse which the cotton pea has just been has ceased to disturb the doninie, who, withdrawn, in hopes to discern the perhaps, most unjustly and somewbat smack of a pawiny, or the sob of a be- too severely inflicted it; let this be grutten bairn, in the midst of all the the creed of the Country-and we busy and blessed murmur of the hu- need not fear the result. man skep, (see Dr. Jamieson); and The volume concludes with a chapshould they hear-or think they hear ter on the supposed dangers of gene-such smack or sob, then off like a ral education. It is a good chapter, shot, to pen, and print, and publish but we cannot help thinking that Mr. an outcry to the world, a cry of blood, Wood adopts too cautious—too timid as if all the childish population of the a tone ; that he seems disposed to alUnited Kingdoms were at that hour be- low too much force to the commoning [?] flogged to death ;-to be serious, place objections to the Instruction of finally-when Britain, the bulwark of the People. Of course, he utterly dethe world, begins whimpering like a spises such objections ; but he condelittle girl with her finger in her mouth, scends to argue upon them at greater about pawmies on the skelped hands length, and with more earnestness, of urchins, who, when they grow up, than, on such a thread-bare topic, will, for her sake, be ready with those needed to have been expected from such self-same hands—then horn-hard-to a man. Who are they who would keep take in a reef in the top gallant sail of the lower orders in ignorance? We some glorious ship that foresees the never could discover that; and have storm ;—why, hang it, we must be always been at a loss to know where done—when we think on all these the lovers of darkness reside, and from things, and a thousand more, we read what high or humble places they have Mr. Wood's Chapter on Punishments lifted up their voices against educawith perfect approbation, and in syin- tion.
A man of blanched and fearful eld
That aged traveller was bent
Sheep beside in still disorder
And a look was in his face
The traveller sat upon the turf,
To him, that merry crowing child And propped his bowed frame with his was not less marvellous and wild hands,
Than if a night-cloud caught from far
The children twain, who scared his ears, And each glance of failing vision
He found amid a bushy bower; Appeared to have an eager mission, It was as if, with all its years, As if in veins so cold and arid,
The past beheld the present stour. Life with all its keenness tarried.
A four-years' life one shout had been
For that delighted boy;
A wild-rose blossom of thirteen,
And heedful, e'en in her alarms, Of all his change-enwoven past.
Around the boy she threw her arms. For his existence' tangled skein
'Twas thus the nymph, to whom was given A thread to gird the world had been ; The infant Jove, the child of heaven, And he was now, that faded thing,
Her cave when eldest Saturn sought, The last worn knot of all the string. The baby to her bosom caught. Forth the umbered shape was stretched "Say whose were these, the slab and Like a thought from dream-land fetched,
mound?” Till its glimmer reached a hollow,
That old man said, each word a groan, Farther than his eye could follow;
“ This grave, with fern and hemlock round,
So green, and unapproached, and lone ?" A little nook amid the valley, Bounded by scattered stones and trees, The maiden closer clasped her brother, Where twilight fancies well might rally, And said, “there lies my grandam's mother. Chased from those bright and airy leas. They say that she was loved, and left,
And from that hour her soul was cleft; The old man rose, and stood upright, As if from out a funeral urn
She wedded in her wretchedness The ashes should disclose their sprite, With one who loved her not the less; And standing forth to scare the light, But after her betrothed departed, Death 'mid the living should return. Her days were few and broken-hearted.