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morning, and express a desire to drink it should be sung with the throat of before she goes to work. The first the whirlwind. So long as there is young man who then offers ber to warm blood in the heart of Scotchdrink, is the person destined by heaven man or man, it will move in fierce to marry her; and from that moment thrills under this war-ode, the best, all the little tricks of rustic coquetry we believe, that ever was written by are set in motion to bring about the any pen. execution of the celestial decree, and
MUSIC. often with success.
The German, who makes a science When a person hears the cuckoo of everything, treats music learnedly ; sing for the first time, and asks him the voluptuous Italian seeks from it if he shall enjoy long life, the bird's vivid but transient enjoyment; the next note being long or short, is con- Frenchman, more vain than sensitive, sidered as a reply to the important speaks of it with effect; the Englishquestion,
man pays for it, but interferes no farThe ignes fatui are, among the ther. Grisons, less an object of terror than
NEW WORKS. of pity, as they suppose them to be A work of unusual interest is anthe souls of infants who have died nounced, under the title of Letters without baptism. They never see from Turkey, Egypt, Nubia, and Paone without endeavoring to soothe the lestine, &c., by R. R. Madden, Esq. pain of the supposed sufferer by the The Author, who it appears is a phyrecital of a few pater.
sician, and has been sojourning for
four years in these countries, was enINDIAN CORN
abled, by virtue of his profession, to The cultivation of maize is likely ascertain the actual state of Turkish to become general in France. At the society, manners, and customs, and to sitting of the Academy of Sciences in furnish more accurate information than Paris on the 31st ult., it was proposed has ever appeared on the subject. to give a prize of 1500 francs value to During his travels in the East, he visitthe author of the best essay on the ed the sites of Troy, Memphis, Thebes, cultivation of Indian corn in the four and Jerusalem, and other interesting departments surrounding Paris, with a ruins. view to render this grain useful for The Chelsea Pensioners, by the the nourishment of the human species, Author of “ The Subaltern,” will apparticularly for children. Hitherto pear, in the course of the present it has been grown chiefly in the south month. To military readers, we have of France, as food for cattle and fowls. no doubt, it will prove particularly atIt is a singular fact, that fowls fed ex- tractive. clusively upon this food have a yellow A new Work, by the admired auappearance.
thor of « Blue Stocking Hall,” is pre
paring for publication, called Tales of SCOTS WHA HAE WI' WALLACE BLED. my Time, in 3 vols. At the same time
This dithyrainbic, we learn from will appear a new edition of Blue the Edinburgh Review, was compos- Stocking Hall. ed on horseback, in riding in the mid- Gabrielle, a Tale of Swizerland, is dle of tempests, over the wildest Gal- nearly ready for publication. *It is an loway moor, in company with a Mr. attempt to deviate somewhat from the Syme, who, observing the poet's looks, fashionable path of sentimental poetry, forhore to speak—judiciously enough and to delineate mental aberration of --for a man composing Bruce's Ad- the mildest kind in unison with singudress, might be unsafe to trifle with. lar and romantic scenery. Doubtless, this stern hymn was sing- A new Novel, entitled Jesuitism ing itself, as he formed it, through the and Methodism, will appear early in soul of Burns ; but to the external ear the ensuing month.
IN witnessing the operation of a steam- of every new invention, that it is, as engine, as it sets and sustains in mo- the word inplies, not merely a finding tion, by its wonderful piston, it may out-but a revealing of something that be a whole tenement of machinery, or, has at all times been in nature-or an in opposition to wind and tide, carries arousing of some power that only slept forward the ponderous ship on its easy because there was no one to call it up and majestic way, we behold the most into activity-or a bringing of it under stupendous effects produced merely by dominion and law after it had long the scientific employment of an ele- been suffered to run wild, and to spend ment which, for nearly six thousand its energies in unheeded and unprofityears, during which it was in our pos- able idleness. Some of the most session, had been allowed to run uni- boisterous and destructive agencies in versally to waste. It is an instance nature have been tamed in this way, of the way in which man manufactures not only into obedience and tranquilpower. We can create nothing; we lity, but into useful instruments and need to create nothing. Our most servants. Social life owes many of bountiful Maker has given us all things its best accommodations to the fire, ricbly ; and it is for us only to find the winds, the waters, and animals out their uses, and enjoy them wisely. that in their original condition were The best of his gifts is the power he the ferocious and dreaded prowlers of has bestowed upon us of doing this. the forest. We have begun to lay All civilization is nothing more than our grasp even upon the nimble lightthe advancing conquests made by this ning itself ; already we can command power—from the hour when an acci- it forth from its hiding-places, whether dental spark lighted the first fire of in earth or air, and point it whither dry leaves by which man warmed and we will, or seal it up in bottles ; and comforted himself, to that in which, the time, we doubt not, is coming in our own day, smoke was converted when it too shall do us valuable serinto light, and impalpable vapor into vice. the mightiest of all our ministers of The superstition of old times was strength. The fusibility and mallea- wont to look upon conquests such as bility of the iron existed before it these as impious even in the concepbad been turned either into swords or tion ; but they are obviously one great pruning-hooks, or the ore had been department of our allotted task-work made to give up its treasure ; and here on earth. In making them we but the vibratory air was full of unawak- fulfil the end of our being, and obey ened music ere
the ordinations of that Almighty Deity
who hath given us the wants, the sus“ Jubal struck the chorded shell.”
ceptibilities and the faculties we have, And in like manner might it be said and placed us in a world so abundant
31 ATHENEUM, vol. 2, 3d series.
ly stored with excitements for our cu- spoken of as of much the same account riosity, and subjects for our observa- with the powder and lead that may tion, and materials to be fashioned, have been expended in the conflict. transformed, or otherwise turned to But it is impossible to take a true use by our experimenting ingenuity, or philosophical survey of what huThe “ vetitum nefas” of Horace is manity has hitherto been and done, the very path we are bidden to go all the world over, without having the the thing it is both our destiny and reflection we have stated forced upon our duty to be continually seeking us. Mind seems to have everywhere after
abounded in vain-to have budded « Nil mortalibus arduum est;
only to be nipped and perish-or like Cælum ipsum petimus”
seed that has shot up only to be chokbut there is no folly in the endeavor,
ed before it could come into ear. as the poet adds ; for thus shall we
Here and there a few stalks hare esgo on through all time, and probably
caped from the entangling and suffothrough all eternity, progression being
cating weeds, and list up their heads apparently the characteristic and ne
in something like full-grown luxuricessary condition of our being, as well
ance ; but the general field is a mere as of all intelligence that is not essen
spread of withering immaturity-fit tially infinite, in so far as our reason
only for the dunghill. The earth ings and conceptions are able to in
might almost have been peopled by struct us. Are there not mysteries
any one of the more respectable orinto which even “ The Angels desire
ders of quadrupeds instead of men,to look ?” and is this desire a sin in
provided there had existed only a few them ? or is it not rather one of the
of the latter species of animals to act most exalted manifestations of their
air as keepers, or whippers-in of the herd, bright and exalted nature ?
-for any advantage that has been There is one power that, above all
taken of the superior intellectual caothers, has hitherto been allowed to
pabilities of the erect and two-legged remain unemployed, and yet it is by
race. If we turn even to Greece and far the greatest of all those of which
Rome, the countries in the ancient society can avail itself. We mean world where, above all others, the power of the popular mind. Of - Men were proud to be, the many millions of intellectual be
Not without cause," ings who have been born, lived and how little of the sovereignty of inteldied on our globe since it first became lect do we discern in the boasted de“ a breathing world,” how few com- mocracy of either! The popular conparatively have had the intellectual trol of the state was merely that of principle within them awakened to its the waves over the ship that rides on natural exercise ? What a waste of them, the swell and agitation of brute capacity has gone on in every age and passion serving merely to sustain and country, whether it was the abode of give buoyancy to the power by which barbarism or of civilization! History, it was kept down and trodden upon. it is true, as commonly written, These are called the enlightened nathrows everything of this sort into the tions of antiquity ; but the whole of shade. With it a small handful of their claim to this character consists the higher classes constitute the na- in the circumstance of each of them tion ; and the people are never men- having produced a few dozens of intioned, except, perchance, when a dividuals who, like so many stars fragment of the man is rolled, in the scattered over a cloudy night-sky, shape of an armed host, against a make bright the few spots where they similar conglomeration of the refuse are fixed, only to cast over the rest of and rubbish of another land, to be the expanse a thicker and blacker fused together like two lumps in a gloom. The nation itself was not enchemist's crucible; and then they are lightened : the body of the people was in a state of barbarism. Nor gives to every man that is born, even has it been much better in modern in the humblest station, mental powtimes, except that, whereas in that ers capable of being made to contriold world a monstrous and degrading bute largely to the happiness and adsuperstition, secretly and sometimes vantage both of himself and others; half-openly laughed at by the culti- and never can we be persuaded that vated class, separated from them the these high endowments have been great mass of their countrymen even lavished upon the whole of our race, in heart and conscience, Christianity only that they might be turned to has now bound all in the same creed their natural use by perhaps one indiand the same hopes, and thus united, vidual out of a thousand. This is not here at least, the high and the low, the rule according to which Infinite the learned and the ignorant. But it Wisdom dispenses its blessings. Whatis not the less true, for all that, that ever exists shall at last serve the nathe intellect of the people has, as we tural end and purpose of its creation. have said, been allowed everywhere But this result, too, like the other to run wofully to waste, and that, in arrangements of Providence, will be this respect, matters have proceeded brought about by natural means. much as they would have done in " a There is but one high theme as to world without souls" altogether. which heaven has appealed to man by
The great law of creation seems to the imposing splendor of miracles. be that nothing is created in vain. It This is the distinction of the grand is the law of mind, doubtless, as well scheme of salvation—which no lesser as of matter. The vast aggregate of matter must share with it. Yet are intellectual capacity, therefore, that all coming events and changes prefievery year gives birth to in those re- gured too by signs of the times--not gions of the world's population to less discernible to the eye that will which hitherto, in every country, so seek for them, than if they waved like little of the light of intellectual cul- banners from the firmament. ture has been sent, is not produced, Men are manifestly at last beginwe may be assured, merely to show ning everywhere to feel the importitself and to perish. This considera- ance, considered in reference to their tion alone is with us argument enough intellectual powers, of that large class to demonstrate that the universal dif- of their brethren who have hitherto, fusion of education is the ordination even in the best regulated states of of heaven itself, and a consummation society, been almost entirely debarred not only « devoutly to be wished," from the advantages of any other than but which will inevitably take place the most eleinentary education. In in spite of all the efforts that may be our own country until very lately, made to resist it. Moralists and wri- (and it was no better in others,) alterson natural religion have been most the only inquiry in regard to wont to draw a proof of a future this subject which statistical investiworld from the mere hopes and de- gators were wont to make, was, what sires of the human spirit after a con- portion of the population could read tinuance of its being, its
and write ? The possession of these “ Longing after immortality;"
accomplishments, in however imper
fect and we may say unserviceable a but such a deduction as this is weak degree, was looked upon as constituand unconvincing, compared to that ting the only distinction that was to which we have just advanced. Provi. be expected to exist in favor of the dence-the richest of all sources of more cultivated class of the people ; power and bounty-is as economical and the most sanguine dream of phias it is afilient-bestowing every- lanthropists amounted merely to a thing liberally and generously, but no- hope that, at some distant day, what tbing unprofitably and in vain. It was now the attainment of a part of the nation, would be the possession of not operate beyond a certain pointthe whole. In other words, they and that one really marking but a looked forward to a time when every very insignificant advancement toman and woman should be able to wards the attainment of any importspell through a printed English book, ant or desirable object. They will and to scrawl somewhat more distinct- have the effect of putting the generaliive than a cross by way of signature. ty of the population in possession of Unhappily, we are not yet in condi- an acquaintance with the alphabettion to congratulate ourselves on the typographical and scriptory ; and of perfect accomplishment even of this so rendering the art of reading and humble anticipation, notwithstanding, writing not quite so great a mystery that we have now become accustomed to them as the art of magic ; but in to stretch our ultimate expectations regard to the great majority of its far beyond it. But the chief reason élèves we cannot expect such a system of this is the rapidity of growth with to produce much beyond this. It will which our later hopes have sprung up, not make the people lovers of reading : which has been so great as not to it will not make books their delight have left time for what we may call and favorite relaxation. The cases the intermediate scheme to develope will be comparatively few in which it itself, and to sweep away completely will send its pupils forth capable of that utter illiteracy which it aimed at even readily understanding what they destroying, before being itself, as it read. It will be little more than the were, superseded by another of a far mere name of the accomplishment, more comprehensive and aspiring cha- in short, that they will hare—from racter, which the progress of events which truly we do not see that much has brought forth, and forced us to good can ever arise. Something adopt and act upon. We may now, more must be done in order to awaken however, without impropriety, assume to profitable exertion the intellect of that the phrase, Popular Education, the community. We must teach men has acquired quite a different mean- not only the way, but the worlh of ing from what it had in the days reading and writing. Show them the when nothing more than instruction real value of the art, and you may alin the elements of reading and writing most trust to themselves for the acwas contemplated as desirable for the quiring of it. Make them understand general body of the people. We should the benefit which the attainment will not now consider these acquisitions as procure for them and the temptation deserving the name of education at all. of that reward will be their best
It is most important to remark, that schoolmaster. This will not only in no way can we so powerfully contri- make them learn to read, it will make bute to the universal diffusion even of them read. the knowledge of reading and writing, As intimately connected with the as by setting distinctly before the peo- subject of popular education, we canple the ulterior advantages to which not refrain from adverting to the imthese attainments are fitted to conduct portant exertions of the Society for them. It is all very well to establish the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, schools throughout the country for in- which has now been for two or three structing both the young and such of years in operation. That most influthe adult population as may require it ential association has not only been in these beginnings of all literature ; proceeding with unabated spirit and and parents may be expected undoubt- effect in the career in which it first edly to be powerfully impelled to seek set out, but has recently entered upon for their children the benefits of such an altogether new field of usefulness. seminaries by the mere force of gene- But first we must speak of the original ral example and opinion. But still it series of publications—the Library of will be found that these incentives will Useful Knowledge. Or this work the