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In the thrush, however, it is re- (sylvia subcaria) and the celebra ed markable that there seems to be American mimic of the grove, may be no regular notes, each individual pip- added to the number. A species of ing a voluntary of his own. Their finch (lacia enucleator, LINN.) comvoices 'may always be distinguished mon in the pine forests of Hudson's amid the choristers of the copse, yet bay, and sometimes seen in the North some one performer will more parti- of Scotland, enlivens the summer cularly engage attention by a peculiar nights with its song. It is no uncommodulation or tune; and should seve- non occurrence for the canary, the ral stations of these birds be visited song-thrush, and other species, when in the same morning, few or none pro- kept in cages, to sing in the night, bably will be found to preserve the particularly when the room in which same round of notes ; whatever is ut- they are is well lighted ; and it may tered seeming the effusion of the mo- be remarked, that all night-song birds ment. At times a strain will break are partial to the moon,-a circumout perfectly unlike any preceding ut- stance well known in America, where terance, and we may wait a long tinie the night-hunter is roused from his bed without noticing any repetition of it. or his bottle by the mocking bird, heHarsh, strained, and tense, as the ralding with its loud notes the rising notes of this bird are, yet they are of the moon. To this catalogue we pleasing from their variety. The may likewise subjoin the land-rail or voice of the blackbird is infinitely corn-crake (rallus crex), the parmore mellow, but has much less vari- tridge, grouse, and guinea-fowl, which, ety, compass, or execution ; and he though they cannot be said to sing, uttoo commences his carols with the ter their peculiar cries in the night. morning light, persevering from hour Many more species of birds, perto hour without effort, or any sensible haps, than those we bave enumerated, faltering of voice. The cuckoo wea- sing in the night. Captain Cook, ries us throughout soine Jong May when off the coast of New Zealand, morning with the unceasing monotony says, “We were charmed the whole of its song ; and, though there are night with the songs of innumerable others as vociferous, yet it is the only species of birds, from the woods which bird I know, that seems to suffer from beautify the shores of this unfrequented the use of the organs of voice. Lit- island.” (Voyages, Vol. I.) A very tle exertion as the few notes it makes anomalous instance of a singing bird in use of seem to require, yet, by the the night, fell under our observation on middle or end of June, it loses its ut- the 6th of April, 1811. About ten terance, becomes hoarse, and ceases o'clock at night we heard a hedgefrom any further essay.
sparrow (accentor modularis) go With respect to the singing of birds through its usual song more than a in the night, we inay remark that dozen times, faintly indeed, but very there are many more night songsters distinctly. The night was cold and than has been commonly imagined. frosty, but might it not be that the The nightingale has usually engrossed little musician was dreaming of sumall the praise; but besides it, we have mer and sunshine? We have the poobserved the reed-sparrow, the wood - etical authority of Dryden for making lark, the sky-lark, the white-throat, the conjecture, who says, and the water-ousel, sing at most " The little birds in dreams their songs rehours of the night. The mock-birds also, both that of our own country
TOWN AND COUNTRY.
FROM THE NOCTES. North.-I LOVE suburban retirement, and cities ! Let but the faculties o James, even more than the remotest the mind be occupied for sake o' the rural solitude. In old age, one needs affections o' the heart, and your ee to have the neighborhood of human may shine as cheerfully on a smoky beings to lean upon-and in the still- dead brick wa', within three yards o' ness of awakening morn or hushing your nose, as on a ledge o' livin' rock eve, my spirit yearns towards the formin' an amphitheatre roun' a loch hum of the city, and finds a relief or an arm o' the sea. Wad I loe my from all o'ermastering thoughts, in its wife and my weans the less in the fellowship with the busy multitudes Grassmarket than in the Forest ? Wad sailing along the many streams of life, I be affected itherwise by burying too near to be wholly forgotten, and ane o' them-should it so please God yet far enough off not to harass or -in Yarrow kirkyard than in the disturb. In my most world-sick Greyfriars ? If my sons and my dreams, I never longed to be a hermit daughters turn out weel in life, what in his cave. Mine eyes have still matters it to me if they leeve by the loved the smoke of human dwellings, silver streams or the dry Nor-loch?
and when my infirmities keep me Vice and misery as readily-as inevifrom church, sitting here in this ar- tably-—-befa' mortal creturs in the bor, with Jeremy Taylor's Holy Liv- sprinkled domiciles, that frae the green ing and Dying, perhaps, on the table earth look up through amang trees to before me, how solemn, how sublime, the blue heavens, as in the dungeonthe sound of the Sabbath-bells ! whe- like dwallins, crooded ane aboon anither the towers and spires of the ther, in closes where it's aye a sort o' houses of worship are shining in the glimmering nicht. And Death visits sunlight, or heard each in its own them a' alike wi' as sure a foot and region of the consecrated city, through as pitiless an eo. And whenever, and a softening weight of mist or clouds wherever, he comes, there's an end o' from the windy sea!
a' distinctions-o' a' differences o' Shepherd. For my ain pairt, Mr. outward and material things. Then North, though I love the lochs, and we maun a' alike look for comfort to ae moors, and mountains, as well as do source-and that's no the skies theirthe wild swans, the whawps, and the sells, beautifu' though they may be, red-deer; yet could I, were there a canopyin' the dewy earth wi' a curtain necessity for't, be every bit as happy wrought into endless figures, a' bricht in a flat in ony timmer tenerent in wi' the rainbow hues, or amaist hidden the darkest lane o' Auld Reekie, as in by houses frae the sicht o' then that Mont-Benger itsell, that blinks sae are weepin' amang the dim city-lanes bonnily on its ain green knowe on the for what is't in either case but a broad bosom of natur. Wherever mere congregation o' vapors ? But duty ca's him, and binds him down, the mourner maun be able, wi’ the there may a man be happy-ay, even eyes o' Faith, to pierce through it a', at the bottom o' a coal-pit, sir, that or else of his mournin' there will be rins a mile aneath the sea, wi' waves no end-nay, nay, sir, the mair beauand ships roarin' and rowin' a thou- tifu' may be the tent in which he tasan' fathom ower the shaft.
bernacles, the mair hideous the hell North.—The Philosophy of Human within his heart. The contrast atween Life.
the strife o' his ain distracted spirit, Shepherd.-Better still-it's Reli- and the cawin o' the peacefu' earth, gion. Wo for us were there not great may itherwise drive him mad, or, if happiness and great virtue in toons not, make hiin curse the hour when he was born into a warld in vain so Shepherd.What's the difference? beautifu'.
North.-Nay, ask the Bishop of North. I love to hear you dis- Oxford. course, James,
Shepherd.-Whew !-Not so with « On man and nature, and on human life, the poetry of Burns, and other great Musing in solitude.”'
peasants. They pored not perpetually, Methinks that Poetry, of late years, sir, into streams and lochs that they has dwelt too much on external nature. might see there their ain reflection. The worship of poets, if not idolatry, Believe me, sir, that Narcissus was has been idolatrous
THE ROMAN STATES.
The first circumstance which strikes one hundred and twenty pounds paid an individual as indicative of the spi- on the nomination to a crosier; or the rit in which the affairs of a nation are seven hundred pounds (3,000 scudi) conducted, is the state of its popula- received for a cardinal's hat ?-Tbe tion and revenue. If he can obtain deficit is probably made good by peauthentic information on these points, cuniary allowances from Catholic he can be at no loss to ascertain the countries, pious donations, bequest, complexion of its Government, and and other resources, of which the the comparative healthiness or vicious- course of events may one day strip ness of its character. The moral the see of Rome in toto. What would preponderance of a state is always then be the fate of a sovereigoty, analogous to the powers of its indus- which has depended so essentially on try: weakness marches hand in hand Christain benevolence ? The more with poverty, and wretchedness with enlightened, and this city is by no ignorance ; whilst wealth follows in means deficient in that class,) would the train of virtue and mental civiliza- eagerly trace the defalcation to its tion. The Roman States contain a real source. Though at a late bour, population of two millions and a half; they would become sensible of the their public debt amounts to twenty ruinous effects resulting from lazy millions sterling ; the revenue does corporations; they would perceire not exceed eight hundred thousand the error of accustoming a whole pounds; they have a military force of community to a state of contemplaten thousand men, and a navy of five tive existence; they would call for insignificant vessels. Now, if we reforms within the priory and convent; suppose the twenty millions of public and the want of manna would drive debt to have been borrowed at par, the indolent out of their beds with the the papal dominions are burthened first glow of the solar ray. It would with the payment of an annuity of one be an exhilarating sight to witness the million sterling ; so that the sum to robber involved in one common fate tal of their revenue is not adequate to with his refuge, the land furrowed by defray the yearly interest upon the the ploughshare, and the stagnant debt. In the teeth of this fact, the marsh disappear in the same hour Holy Father contrives to pay his feet with its epidemical progeny! and army, repair the roads, and main- There can, in truth, be no great tain his own state, and his civil esta- difficulty in tracing the evils which blishment, and his foreign missions. undermine the prosperity of the RoThese cannot surely be provided for man dominions to their iminediate out of his “ Extraordinaries,” such origin. Beggary, that daughter of as, the first year's income of benefices inonkhood and idleness, has, under and bishoprics ; or dispensations for various disguises, found her way marrying a niece or a cousin ; or the across the thresholds even of the higher classes ; the “ date obolum" has debt is twelve millions sterling ceased to call a blush upon the cheek, less than that of Rome ; her army since Rome has become a hanger-on consists of thirty thousand men, and upon the charity of the whole world. her fleet of eighty vessels. The pubThe “ Eternal city” is converted into lic income of Denmark is, therefore, a general rendezvous of mendicants nearly double that of the Popedom, from every corner of the globe ; and when taken in all its bearings ; its in proportion as the indolent are driven military force treble, and its maritime out from the bosom of the laboring strength beyond all comparison greater. community, they find their way to a Whence originates a state of things, kind-hearted society, where sloth so infinitely in favor of a country basks in the sunshine of privileges to which is exposed to the deprivations which merit alone has any legitimate of an ungenial climate, and suffering title.
yet from the ravages of a hostile inWhen considered under this point vasion ? The germ of its prosperity of view, the states of Rome afford a lies in the laborious habits of a robust very singular contrast with the condi- and pains-taking people, in the diffution of other European climes. I sion of education even over the sandy have insisted upon the moral influence districts of Jutland, and in the absence and prosperity a nation derives from of parasite communities. The laws industry, and I will draw my proof and usages, the institutions and dofrom one of the minor sovereignties of mestic habits of this northern region, Europe. Denmark comprises a popu- do not interfere with the individual in Jation of 1,800,000 souls, and her the discharge of the duties befitting his revenue amounts to eight hundred station, or discourage him from seeking and forty thousand pounds ; her happiness in the pursuits of industry.
DISCOVERY OF THE MINES OF HAYNA.
And Diez, for Hispania's shore, quits not bis Indian bride. 35 ATHENEUM, VOL. 2, 3d series.
HERE part our paths : in other days And thou shalt dwell 'mid storm and cloud,
I may have dreamed to sail like thee 'Mid passion's gales that know not pause; In wild turmoil, for rule or praise,
And rescue from the battling crowd The billows of a troubled sea.
A people's fate, a world's applause. Here part our paths : thou still shalt wield To me a different fate is given, That busy and o'ermastering mind,
And I must seek the lowlier way Alike in council, court, or field,
Which steals unmark'd from earth to Mighty to lead and awe its kind ;
And flies the throng's tumultuous fray; The scorn of power, the hate of wrong, The lip of pride, the eye of sway,
And I must check the spirits' swell, The will of adverse fortune strong,
And spurn the dreams of power and pride; Which foes must fear, and friends Must brave ambition's master-spell, obey :
And dash the intruding world aside; A heart that thrills with loftiest hope, And bind me to the calm content
Whose essence is the lightning flame; Of toils obscure and cheap desires ;
THE LATEST LONDON FASHIONS.
MORNING DRESS. - shape, and ornamented at top by a Dress of cottà pali, oiseau de Para- treble row of blonde trimming, finishdis color. The corsage is disposed in ed by a quilling of tulle. Sleeves of plaits, diagonally placed across the crêpe -lisse, ornamented by jockeys of bust, and fastened on the shoulders by the same material as the dress, edged a narrow band. The waist is confin- by a narrow rouleau of satin, either ed by a broad band of the same ma- yellow or purple, according to the terial as the dress. The skirt set full taste of the wearer. The skirt is set all round, simply ornamented by a on in large plaits round the waist; the deep hem. Sleeves à l'evèque, set in trimming formed of the same material a broad band, tight to the wrist. A as the dress, surmounted by a double lace ruche round the neck.
row of sagittatum leaves, confined by Cap à la fiancée. The crown, a rouleau of satin the same color as which is fastened to a rouleau of lilac the edge of the leaves. Between the satin, is made to set close to the long points of the broad border, bows head. Three rouleaux of lilac satin of gaze Aerienne to match are interarched over the crown. Between the spersed. The whole terminated by a rouleaux and round the crown is plac- double rouleau of satin the same color ed a blonde trimming, interspersed as the borders. with artificial flowers. The rouleaux Toque of white crêpe-lisse; round meet in a bow on the sides of the which is twined a gold band to cross head, from which long strings of lilac at right angles. An espray is placed gauze riband extend to the waist. on the right side, and another to fall
Hair à la Madonna. Black tissue on the contrary side. A broad gold bracelets, with gold clasps ; lilac kid band is placed in the hair to meet in gloves ; black satin shoes and sandals. a point on the forehead, where it is
joined by a cameo, or a plain gold clasp. DINNER DRESS.
Pearl necklace with gold clasps; Dress of figured gaze Aerienne. gold ear-rings and bracelets; white The corsage made to sit tight to the kid gloves ; white satin shoes.