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REV. JOHN RICHARDSON MAJOR, D.D.,
HEAD MASTER OF KING'S COLLEGE SCHOOL,
THE FOLLOWING COMPENDIUM,
WITH SINCERE ESTEEM AND RESPECT,
BY THE AUTHOR.
The following compilation is strictly what it professes to be, “AN INTRODUCTION” to Hebrew Grammar. No language can be acquired by means of a compendium. But experience has taught me, that a large and comprehensive grammar may impede the progress of beginners, especially when the chief part of their time and strength is necessarily devoted to other subjects. For such the following pages may serve as a practical outline. The original intention was that it should not exceed two sheets. But having learned that the study of Hebrew was to be introduced into King's College School, it seemed necessary to add more complete tables. Mr. Duncan obligingly allowed me the use of the stereotype plates of the tables of verbs, reprinted from Gesenius' “ Lehrgebaude," by the Rev. Dr. Lee. The larger Grammars recommended for the study of the advanced student are those of the Rev. Dr. Lee, Professor Ewald, and the late Dr. Gesenius.
HEBREW LETTERS. CONSONANTS.
The Hebrew alphabet consists of twenty-two letters, all consonants.
§. 1. The six letters na???? Pronunciation. meric (B'gadk’phath) are pro
value. nounced with or without
an aspiration. The remoSpiritus lenis
val of the aspiration is BH and (B)
2 marked by a point in the
this point is called GH and (G) 3
Dagesh Lene; a point in DH and (D)
4 o is called Mappik, and
shows that his sounded H
as a consonant. V and W 6 §. 2. Five have a different
form at the end of words, Z
7,0, 1, 7, 9, included in Hh
8 the memorial word Ya???
§. 3. As the Hebrews do Y
10 not divide words at the
end of the line, an empty KH and (K) 20
space would sometimes re
main. This is prevented L
by enlarging the letter, N, M
word, omson (ahaltem). N.
50 $. 4. The letters , , 1,', S
60 are called quiescent, because
they sometimes lose all Soft GH 70
sound, except what they PH and (P)
80 derive from the preceding
vowel, like our W in flow, TZ
throw, &c. Q
x quiesces in Kametz,
Tsere, Segol, sometimes in R
300 at the end of words also.
Tin Hholem and Shurek. SH
in Tsere and Hhirik TH and (T) 400
2, 3, T
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