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ALEXANDER MACINTOSH,

PRINTER,

GREAT NEW STREET, LONDON.

TO THE

REV. JOHN RICHARDSON MAJOR, D.D.,

HEAD MASTER OF KING'S COLLEGE SCHOOL,

THE FOLLOWING COMPENDIUM,

IS INSCRIBED,

WITH SINCERE ESTEEM AND RESPECT,

BY THE AUTHOR.

ADVERTISEMENT.

The following compilation is strictly what it professes to be, “AN INTRODUCTION” to Hebrew Grammar. No language can be acquired by means of a compendium. But experience has taught me, that a large and comprehensive grammar may impede the progress of beginners, especially when the chief part of their time and strength is necessarily devoted to other subjects. For such the following pages may serve as a practical outline. The original intention was that it should not exceed two sheets. But having learned that the study of Hebrew was to be introduced into King's College School, it seemed necessary to add more complete tables. Mr. Duncan obligingly allowed me the use of the stereotype plates of the tables of verbs, reprinted from Gesenius' “ Lehrgebaude," by the Rev. Dr. Lee. The larger Grammars recommended for the study of the advanced student are those of the Rev. Dr. Lee, Professor Ewald, and the late Dr. Gesenius.

A. M°C.

TO

HEBREW GRAMMAR.

HEBREW LETTERS. CONSONANTS.

The Hebrew alphabet consists of twenty-two letters, all consonants.

Nu

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letter;

Gimel
Daleth
He
Vau
Zain
Hheth
Teth
Yod

final

§. 1. The six letters na???? Pronunciation. meric (B'gadk’phath) are pro

value. nounced with or without

an aspiration. The remoSpiritus lenis

1

val of the aspiration is BH and (B)

2 marked by a point in the

this point is called GH and (G) 3

Dagesh Lene; a point in DH and (D)

4 o is called Mappik, and

shows that his sounded H

5

as a consonant. V and W 6 §. 2. Five have a different

form at the end of words, Z

7

7,0, 1, 7, 9, included in Hh

8 the memorial word Ya???

(kamnephetz). T

9

§. 3. As the Hebrews do Y

10 not divide words at the

end of the line, an empty KH and (K) 20

space would sometimes re

main. This is prevented L

30

by enlarging the letter, N, M

40
,

67; memorias

word, omson (ahaltem). N.

50 $. 4. The letters , , 1,', S

60 are called quiescent, because

they sometimes lose all Soft GH 70

sound, except what they PH and (P)

80 derive from the preceding

vowel, like our W in flow, TZ

90

throw, &c. Q

100

x quiesces in Kametz,

Tsere, Segol, sometimes in R

200

Hholem.
S

300 at the end of words also.

Tin Hholem and Shurek. SH

in Tsere and Hhirik TH and (T) 400

and Segol.

2, 3, T

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Kaph
Lámed
Mem
Nun
Samech
Aiin
Pe
Tsade
Koph
Resh
Sin
Shin

ܕ ܝ ܕ ܝܕ

Y

ת ת

Thau

B

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