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BY LAWS.

1. Each active member of the council shall pay annually two dollars, to defray the expenses of tho council.

2. The secretary shall act as treasurer of the council.

The Vational Teachers' and the Vational Educational Issociation.

ORGANIZATION, MEETINGS, AND OFFICERS.

[The National Teachers' Association was organized at Philadelphia, Pa., 1857. James L. Enos, of

Iowa, was chosen chairman, and William E. Sheldon, of Massachusetts, secretary.]

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Z. Richards, D. C...
A. J. Rickott, Ohio.
J. W. Bulkley, N. Y..

J. W. Bulkley, N. Y...

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2. Richards, D. C.....

A. J. Rickoff, Ohio. C. S. Pennell, Mo. 0. C. Wight, D. C.

1 Cincinnati, Ohio.. 1858 2 Washington, D. C. 1859 3 | Buffalo, N. Y 1860 No sessions in 1861

anul 1862. 4

Chicago, Ill... 1803 5 Ogdensburg, N. Y. 1864 6 Harrisbury, Pa.... 1865 7 Indianapolis, Ind.. 1866

Nosession in 1867. 8 Nashville, Tenn.. 1868 9 Trenton, N.J 1869 10 Cleveland, Ohio... 1870 11 St. Louis, Mo.. 1871 12

Boston, Mass. 1872 13 Elnuira, N. Y

1873 14 Detroit, Mich 1874 15 Minneapolis, Minn 1875 16 Baltimore, Md.... 1876 17 Louisville, Ky. 1877

No session in 1878. 18 Philadelphia, Pa.. 1879 19

Chautauqua, N. Y. 1880 20 Atlanta, Ga.... 1881 21 Saratoga Springs.. 1882

Saratoga Spa.. 1883 23 Madison, Wis.. 1884 24 Saratoga Spa... 1885 25 Topeka, Kans.. 1886 26 Chicago, Ill. 1887 27 San Francisco, Cal. 1888 28 Naslı ville, Tenn... 1889 29 i St. Paul, Minn. 1890 30 Toronto, Canada... 1891 31

Saratoga Springs.. 1892 32 Chicago?

1893 33 Asbury Park. 1894

J. D. Philbrick, Mass. J. Cruikshank, N. Y. Do.
W. H. Wells, nl. D. N. Camp, Conn.... Z. Richards, D. C.
S. S. Greene, R.I.... W. E. Sheldon, Mass. Do.
J.P. Wickersham, Pa. S. H. White, Ill.. S. P. Bates, Pa.
J. M. Gregory, Mich.. L. Van Bokelen, Md.. J. Cruikshank, N. Y.
L. Van Bokelen, Md.. W. E. Crosby, Ohio... A. L. Barber, D.C.
D. B. Hagar, Mass. A. P. Marble, Mass. W. E. Crosby, Ohio.
J. L. Pickard, Ili... W. E. Crosby, Ohio... John Hancock, Ohio.
E. E. White, Ohio. $. I. White, Ill.

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B. G. Northrop, Conn. do

Do.
S. H. White, 111 A. P. Marble, Mass.

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W. T. Harris, Mo. W. R. Abbot, Va. A. P. Marble, Mass.
W.F. Phelps, Mion.. W.D. Henkle, Ohio... Do.
M. A: Newell, Md.

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J.O. Wilson, D.C.

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John Hancock, Ohio.. .do

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J.O. Wilson, D. C.... ...do

E. T. Tappan, Ohio.
Jas. H. Smart, Ind.

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Do.
Gustavns Orr, Ga.. W. E. Sheldon, Mass. H. S. Tarbell, Ind.
Eli T. Tappan, Ohio.. do

N. A. Calkins, N. Y
T. W. Bicknell, Mass. H.S. Tarbell, R.I.

Do.
F. L. Soldan, Mo. W. E. Sheldon, Mass. Do.
N. A. Calkins, N. Y.. do.

E. C. Hewett, III.
W.E. Sheldon, Mass. Jas. H. Candeld, Kans Do.
Aaron Gove, Colo..

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Do.
A. P. Marble, Mass. .do

Do.
Jas. H. Canfield, Kans W.R. Garrett, Tenn. Do.
W. K. Garrett, Tenn. E. H. Cook, N. J. J. M. Greenwood, Mo.
E. H. Cook, N.J. R. W. Stevenson, Kans Do.
A. G. Lane, Ill. Irwin Shepard, Minn. Do.

a International Congress of Education at Chicago in 1893, W. T. Harris, United States Commissioner of Education, chairman of committee of National Educational Association, in general charge; Dr. James B. Angell, presiding chairman.

Membership.

The following table gives by States the number of members registered at each annual meeting from 1884 to 1894, inclusive:

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Annual membership of the National Educational Association-Continued.

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A CLASSIFIED LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL SUBJECTS CONSIDERED IN

THE VOLUMES OF PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION, FROM 1870 TO 1893, INCLUSIVE.'

This classified list gives the topics upon which papers have been read before the association, the name of the author, and the volume, or year, in which the paper may be found.

Prior to 1870 there were three national associations in the United States considering educational work, each independent of the others—The National Teachers’ Association, organized in 1857; The American Normal Association, and The National Superintendents' Association. At the joint annual meetings in August, 1870, these associations united, forming The National Educational Association of the United States, with departments for the consideration of distinct phases of educational work.

The joint publication of the proceedings of these associations began with the volume for 1870. It is now hardly possible to find copies of the proceedings of either of these associations prior to that date. They were generally issued in pamphlet form, and seldom contained all the papers read at the meetings. Beginning with 1870, each volume is bound in cloth.

The volumes for 1870 and 1872 are now out of print. A limited number of copies remain for the years 1871, 1882, 1883. The volume for 1893 contains the proceedings of the International Congress of Education.

GENERAL CLASSIFICATION OF SUBJECTS. 1. American Public Education.

21. Moral Education. 2. Business Education.

22. Music in Public Schools. 3. City Schools-Graded.

23. Natural History-Physical Sciences, etc. 4. Country Schools-Uugraded.

24. National Aid to Education. 5. Compulsory Education.

25. National Educational Association. 6. Culture in Schools.

26. Normal Schools and the Training of Teachers. 7. Current Criticism of Public Schools.

27. Pedagogics, Psychology, etc. Denominational and Other Private Schools. 28. Physical education. 9. Drawing and Industrial Education--Art Edu- 29. Race Education. cation.

30. Round Table Conferences. 10. Education in Particular Sections of Our Coun. 31. School Attendance. try.

32. School Discipline. 11. Education in Foreign Countries.

33. Schoolhouses. 12. Education and Crinie.

34. School Supervision. 13. Educational Exhibits and Conventions.

35. School Ventilation. 14. Educational Literature-Libraries.

36. School Instruction-Subjects, etc. 15. Educational Statistics.

37. School Examinations. 16. Elementary Schools-Primary Instruction. 38. Spelling Reform. 17. High Schools, Colleges, Universities, etc. 39. Teacher-Examination of, etc. 18. Kindergarten.

40. Text Books - Use of. *19. Manual Training-Technical Education. 41. Woman's Work in Education. 20. Methods in Education-Philosoplıy of, etc.

1 This list, as well as the author list following, was originally prepared for the Bureau of Education by Zalmon Richards, of Washington, D. C., and has already been published in pamphlet form in connection with the historical sketch of the National Educational Association which forms the opening section of this chapter. The two lists have been revised by the Bureau so as to include the 1892 and 1893 volumes of addresses and proceedings.

CLASSIFIED LIST OF SUBJECTS,

I.--AMERICAN PUBLIC LDCATION.

ITS THEORY, OBJECTS, AND SYSTEM.

1870.' Theory of American Education. W. T. Harris, Mo. 1870. The Relation of tho National Government to Public Education. Hon. John Eatox, Washing.

ton, D.C. 1870. Claims of English Grammar in Common Schools. J. II. BLODGETT, 111. 1870. Freo Common Schools: What they can do for the State. Hon. F. A. SAWYER. 1671. How far may tho Stato Provide for the Education of her Children at Public ('ost. Hon. New.

TON BATEMAX, Illinois. 1871. Superior Education as Related to Universal Education. Gen. John EaTox. 1873. What should be the Leading Object of American Freo Schools? H. F. HARRINGTON, New Bed.

ford, Mass. 1876. Demands of the Coming Century on the American Common School. A.D. MAYO, Mass. 1879. The Neigli borhood, as a Starting.Point in Education. Rov. ROBERT E. Thompson. 1879. The New Teacher in New America. A. D. MAYO. 1850. The Unattainablo iu Public School Education. A. P. MARBLE, Worcester, Mass. 1881. The Leading Characteristics of American Systems of Public Education. J. P. WICKERSIAN

Penn. 1881. Lines of Advance. C.C. ROUNDS, Plymouth, N.H. 1881. Education and the Building of tho State. Gen. JOHN EATON, Washington, D. C. 1881. Some Essentials in the Development of a School System. D. F. DE WOLF, Ohio. 1881. The Century and the School. F. LOUIS SOLDAN, St. Louis. . 1882. The State and School; the Foundation Principlo of Elucation by tho State. SAMEL BARNET,

Georgia. 1882. What, How, and How Better. CARRIE B. SHARP, Indiana. 1882. Secularization of Education. WM. W. FOLWELL, Vinu. 1883. The Educational Lessons of the Census. WM. T. HARRIS. 1881. Needs in American Education. Mrs. Eva. D. KELLOGG. 1884. Citizenship and Education. J.L.M. CURRY, Richmond, Va. 1884. Civic Education. W. W. FOLWELL, Minneapolis, Minn. 1885. Adjustment of Modes of Instruction. F. Louis SOLDAN. 1885. Civil Service Reform and the Public Schools. H. RANDALL WAITE. 1885. The Ideal Schoolmaster. T.J. MORGAN, R. I. 1886. What shall Education do for the Future of the Country? President's Address. N. A. CALK

INS, Y.Y. 1887. Educational Intluences and Results of the Ordinance of 1887. Its Adoption. Opening

Address by the President. W. E. SHELDON, Mass.
History of tho Ordinance. ISRAEL W. ANDREWS, Marietta, Ohio.
Lessons Taught by the Ordinance in regard to the future Educational Policy of our Govern.

ment. J. L. PICKARD, Iowa.
The Educational Inilnence and Results. B. A. IIINSDALE, Ohio.

The Influence of its Operations. Trog. 1. BAYNING, Chicago, Ill. 1887. Council Report.-The function of the Public School. C.M. WOODWARD, St. Louis, Jo.; W. H.

PAYNE; W.T. HARRIS; F. L. SOLDAX. 1887. How to Spread Information concerning the Truo Purposes and Methods of School Education.

HENRY SABIX, Iowa. 1887. How to Teach Parents to Discriminate between good and bad Teaching. Mrs. ELLA F.

YorxG, III. 1887. How to awaken an Interest and create a Demand for Professionally Trained and good Teachers.

W. W. Parsons, Ind. 1888. The function of the State in Relation to School Books and Appliances. JOHN SWETT, Cal. 1888. The Best Discipline to Prepare Law- Abiding Citizens. DUNCAN BROWN, Kansas. 1888. Tho Culture most Valuable for Educating Law. Abiiling and Law-Respecting Citizens. JOSEPH

BALDWIN, Texas. 1886. Tho Culturo most valuable to Preparo Law-Abiding and Law. Respecting Citizens. GEORGE H.

ATKINSON, Oregon. 1888. The Discipline most Valuable as a means of Preparing Law-Abiding and Law-Reverencing

Citizens. B. F. TWEED, Cambridge, Mass. 1888. What the Public Schools should Teach the American Laborer. Geo. II. HOWisox, California. 1889. The Legal Status of the Public Schools. A. S. DRAPER, New York. 1889. Education and the Public. A. S. COLYAR, Nashville, Tenn.

1 The dates indicate volumes.

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