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STANFORD, LELAND, born in Watervliet, N. Y., March 7, 1821; died in Palo Alto, Cal.,

June 20; was brought up on a farm, and admitted to the bar in 1819, and removed to Wisconsin; made the overland trip, and began gold mining in 1852; began trade in San Francisco in 1856, and also became interested in manufacturing and agriculture, and the transcontinental railroad; in 1861 became governor of California, and was elected president of the Central Pacific Railroad; in 1881 and 1890 he was electeil to the United States Senate. For mauy years he was a generous giver to deserving objects, and on the death of his son, Leland Stanford, jr., he established a university bearing his name at Palo Alto, and gave it property valued as high as $20,000,000, and adding, as is estimatel, at his death $2,500,000. Mrs. Stanford heartily cooperated with him, and was also a generous supporter of the kindergarten under Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper, in

San Francisco. STERNS, Rev. 0. SPRAGUE, D. D., born in Bath, Mo., October 27, 1817; graduated at

Waterville College in 1810, and Newton Seminary in 1816, and was instructor in Hebrew thero, 1816–247; pastor of churches, 1868, when he became professor

of Old Testament literature in Newton Baptist Seminary, and so remained. STEVENSON, R. W., LL. D., born and educated in Ohio, and became a successful

teacher; was superintendent of schools of Dresden, Norwalk, and Columbus, Ohio, filling the latter office eighteen years and becoming one of the foremost educators of his State, when he became superintendent of schools at Wichita,

Kans., where he remained ntil shortly before his death. STEVENS, Rev. CHARLES E., born in Pembroke, N. H., March 24, 1815; graduated at

Dartmouth, 1835; studied at Andover, and became teacher at Fitchburg and elsewhere; afterwards was editor, and for many years was associated with Gould

and Lincoln. STOKES, WILLIAM H., M. D., born in !Iavro de Grace, Md.; died May 7, aged 81, in

Baltimore; graduated at Yale, 1831, and was professor in medical colleges in

Baltimore, 1815 to 1850. THIORNTON, HARRISON R., born in Hampden-Sidney, Va., 1858; killed at Prince of

Wales, Alaska, August 19; was missionary and teacher under appointment by the American Missionary Association in the school established by Dr. Sheldon Jackson under the Bureau of Education. He and his wife were the only white people among the large native population. Their school was a great success, but hostile feelings were aroused by his efforts to prevent the sale of intoxicants, and three Alaskans conspired to kill him, and did; two of his murderers were caught and put to death by the natives tire next day, and the third escaped, only

to be caught and suffer death later. Thwing, Rev. EDWARD PAYSON, M. D., born in Ware, Mass., August 25, 1830; died

in Canton, China, May 9; graduatoil at Harvard, 1855, and Andover, 1858; was pastor at several places; professor of vocal culture in Gorham Seminary, Maine, 1870 to 1874, and of sacred rhetoric in the Taberniela College, 1847-48. Having studied medicine, ho became deeply interested in the building of hospitals and

asylums, and undertook the building of a modern asylum in Canton. TUPPER, Rev. HIENRY MARTIN, D. D., born in Munson, Mass., April 11, 1831, and

died in Raleigh, NC., November 12. He fitted for college in the academy at Muson, and graduated at Amherst in 1859, and Newton Seminary in 1862; enlisted as private in the Thirty-sixth Massachusetts, was early made sergeant, was in many campaigns on the Potomac and the Mississippi, and was mustered out June 14, 1865. He was ordained to the gospel ministry when a private in the service, and held meetings among the men. At the close of the war he was commissioned by the American Baptist Home Missionary Society to preach to the freedmen in the South, and began his work in Raleigh, N. C., October, 1863, and in February organized a coloreil Baptist church there, of which he became pastor, and, in spite of great opposition, founded and built up Shaw University, of which

he was president. TWOMBLEY, Rev. Joun H., D. D., born in Rochester, N. H., July 19, 1814; died in

March, at Newton Lower Falls, Mass.; titted at Newbury, Vt. ; graduated at Wesleyan University, 1843; for three years taught mathematics at Wilbraham Academy, Massachusetts, then began his career as pastor, serving important churches. He was superintendent of schools in Charlestown, Mass., 1866 to 1870; president of Wisconsin State University, 1871 to 1874, when lo returned

to pastoral work, and so continued until his death, UPHAM, Rev. JAMES, born in Salem, Mass., January 23, 1815; died in Chelsea, Mass.,

May 4; graduated at Waterville, now Colby, 1835, and at Newton Seminary, 1839; was pastor of churches for a time, and became principal of Farmington Academy, and professor in the theological institution at Thomastown, Me., and also at New Hampton, N. H., teaching in all twenty years.

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WALKER, George FREDERIC, born in Massachusetts; died February 21, in his sixty

eighth year; graduated from Amherst, 1819; was principal of Holliston Seminary, Massachusetts, from 1819-1853, and of Riverside Institute, Auburndale,

Mass., from 1854-1857; ho afterwards went into the ministry. WARREN, Mrs. HARRIET (MERRICK), born in Wilbraham, Mass., September 15, 1843;

died in Cambridge, Mass., January 7; was eminent in scholarship and in effort for woman's education, especially her religious enlightenment, throughout the

world, as writer, organizer, and officer of societies aiming at this end. WALSII, Rev. Thomas EDWARD, Ph. D., born at Montreal, Canada; died at Mil

waukee, Wis., July 17, aged 40 years; studied in the College of the Holy Cross at St. Laurent, near Montreal; in 1873 ho went to Paris, where he entered Notre Dame de St. Croix, at Neuilly; in 1875 Very Rev. Father Sorin called him to Notre Dame; he made a profession of faith February 2, 1876, having entered the novitiato at St. Laurent, August 28, 1877; he was ordained by the late Bishop Dwenger, of Fort Wayne; before the end of the year he was made vice-president of the university, Very Rev. Father Corby being president; in 1881 Father Walsh was called to the presidency; in 1886 he was made second assistant to

Father Sorin, superior general of the Order of the Holy Cross. WHITE, Prof. JAVES J., born in Nottoway County, Va., November, 1828; died April

23; educated at the University of Virginia; professor of Greek language in

Washington and Lee University since 1852. WHITE, GEORGE HOLBROOK, born in Lawrence, Mass., May 2, 1818, died July 7; gradu

ate of Amherst, principal of Hopkius Academy, Hadley, 1870-1873, and instructor in Latin and Greek at Amherst College, 1873-1876; in 1876 was made principal of preparatory department and professor of ancient languages in Oberlin College; under his administration the standard of scholarship was made equal to that of

Eastern academies. WILITNEY, JOSEPII ERNEST, born in Cornwall, Conn. ;, died at Colorado Springs

February 23, aged 35; graduated at Yale in 1882; had charge of private school for boys in Elmira, N. Y., until January, 1884, when he went to the Albany Academy as instructor in English and rhetoric; in the summer of 1881 he was called to

Yale College as instructor of English, and remained there until December, 1888. Wiley, Bishop Isaac W., sometime president of Pennington Seminary and Female

Collegiate Institute, New Jersey, and missionary to China. WIXSLOW, H. G., died in September at Racine, Wis.; was superintendent of schools

of that city; schools were closed and great respect was shown at bis funeral. WOLLE, FRANCIS, born at Jacobsburg, Pa.; died at Bethlehem, Pa., February 10, in

his seventy-sixth year; educated in Bethlehem (Moravian Seminary), taught there and at Nazareth and was vice-principal of the school for young ladies,

1857–1861, and principal, 1861-1881; was eminent as a botanist. Woon, GLEN, born in Greenbush, Rensselaer County, N. Y.; died in Lake Forest, Ii.,

in his seventy-fifth year; graduated from Yale in 1812; taught music two years in Sullivan Connty, N. Y. ; became interested in the establishment of a children's

aid society in Chicago in 1886, of which he was secretary until his death. Wood, HIRAM DAYTON, born at Nashua, N. H.; died there January 15, aged 65;

graduated at Dartmouth, 1860; was principal for some years of Mount Pleasant

high school, and was assistant in Nashua Literary Institute. WORCESTER, Rev. JOHN HOPKINS, D. D., born in St. Johnsbury, Vt.; died in Lake

wood, N. J., February 5; graduate of University of Vermont; taught two years in his father's Young Ladies' School, Burlington, Vt.; studied at Theological Seminary, Andover, Union Seminary, New York, and at Leipsic; was pastor in Orange, N.J., 1872-1883, and of the Sixth Presbyterian Church, Chicago, 1883-1891, when

he became professor of systematic theology in Union Seminary. YEARGIN, Miss Mary E., born in Laurens County, S: C.; drowned in Cayuga Lake,

Now York, November 18; educated herself and taught in Methodist College at Columbia and at Leesville.

FOREIGN, 1893.

AUSTRIA.

AIGNER, CLEMESS, died January 28, in Linz; principal of burglier school.
HROVATII, BLASIUS, died February 23, in Laibach; school councilor.
HÜBNER, Franz, died April 12, in Prague; state school inspector of Bohemia.
MAIR, FRANZ, died December 3; school principai and district school inspector in

Austria; founder of an association called Volksschule."

MARKUS, JORDAN C., died July 23, in Vienna; rector of burgher school. PLAICHINGER, Alois, died April 14, in Vienna; rector of a city school; a noted

musician. REITZENBECK, HEINRICH, died in February, in Salzburg; teacher in Realschule; 81

years old.

RIEDEL, FRANZ X., died June 25, in Lichtenstadt; pastor and school inspector. UNTERKREUTER, ADALBERT, died May 3, in Villach; rector and district school

inspector. UNTERWANDLING, FERD., died October 19, in Klagenfurt; school inspector and

examiner. WUNDERLICH, MICHAEL, died September 16, in Vienna; rector of burgher school; a

noted promoter of drawing in the schools.

DENMARK.

ANDREA, C. C., born in Copenhagen in 1812, and died there February 3; professor in

a military school, and became prime minister. KRIEGER, Dr. ANDREAS F., born in Norway; died in Copenhagen September 27;

became professor of law in Denmark 1815; was legislator, and in 1870-1874 was minister of finance and minister of justice.

FRANCE.

CHARCOT, JEAN MARTIN, born in Paris November 25, 1825; died August 18; became

a professor in 1860, and was called to the Saltpetriere, 1862, and founded there the first clinic, 1880, for nervous diseases; noted for being a physician of the

highest scientific reputation, for valuable treatises and experiments in hypnotism. DARCOLL, ALFRED, born in Rouen, 1818; died in Paris May 28; became attached to

the Louvre; was appointed director of the Gobelins, 1872; in 1885 director Cluny Museum; was eminent authority on medieval antiquities, on which he wrote

several books, and also history of the national manufactures of tapestry. FERRY, JULES, born in St. Dié, Vosges, April 5, 1832; died in Paris March 17; studied

law; engaged in political journalism; was active in the changes which led to the Republic, and became member of Grevy's cabinet; as minister of educa

tion he brought about many improvements. FRANCK, ADOLPHE, French scholar and member of Legion of Honor; died April 11. GOUNOD, CHARLES FRANCOIS, born in Paris June 17, 1818; died at St. Cloud, October

18; an eminent composer of music. GUILLEMIN, AMÉDÉE, died January 4; French scientist and writer. LAVIGERIE, Cardinal, November 26; great French religious teacher and humanita

rian; primate of Africa. MACMAHON, M. E. P. M., Comte de, Duc de Magenta, ex-President, and marshal of

France; born in Sully June 13, 1808; died in Paris October 17. MAME, ALFREN, French publisher and philanthropist; died April 13. TAINE, HIPPOLYTE ADOLPHE, born at Vouziers April 21, 1828; died at Paris, France,

March 5; studied in the college at Bourbon and gained the prize of honor for rhetoric in the general competition of 1847; was first on the list of those aclmitted to the normal school; he was a journalist, writer, and critic; History of English Literature and The French Revolution are his two greatest works.

GERMANY

Aux, Dr., died July 24, in Lauterberg; school principal; a son of the author of Ger

man and French grammars. ANGERSTEIN, Dr. WILLIAM, died April 30, in Berlin; author and editor; authority in

systems and methods of gymnastics. ARMBRUSTER, AD., died December 13, in Karlsruhe; councilor and school superin

tondent in Baden. BACKHAUS, W., died September 12, in Bonn; ex-teacher; 95 years old. Baisch, F., died in March, in Fellbach, near Stuttgart; teacher of note.

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BEHM, G. died July 24, in Berlin; councilor in the department of commerce; formerly

teacher, and for some years member of the executive committee of the German

Teachers' Union. BOCK, EDUARD, died October 16, in Liegnitz; school councilor and inspector; became

well known through his educational works and readers. Danz, FR., died October 26, in Rudolstadt; rector of city school. DORPFELD, FRIEDRICH WILHELM, died October 27, in Barmen; one of the most

distinguished teachers of Germany; active in Fild near Mörs, Heidt Ronsdorf, and Barmen; was author of innumerable educational articles and pamphlets,

and in his later years considered an authority on all educational questions. EISMANN, died January 15; school councilor in Kreuzberg; formerly principal of nor

mal schools in Kyritz and Eckenförde; later inspector in Potsdam and Breslau. FROHSCHAMMER, Professor, died June 18, in Munich; formerly professor of theology,

afterwards of philosophy; he applied his system of philosophy to pedagogy. HEUBNER, O. L., died in April, in Dresden; member of school board; promoter of

public education. JENCKE, JOHANN FRIEDRICH, died August 4, in Dresden; royal councilor; active in

in behalf of education of deaf and dumb children. KNAUTH, FRANZ, died October 27, in Mühlhausen; rector of city school and noted

writer. KNOFE, died May 7, in Breslau; principal of a city school; promoter of teachers' asso

ciations in the province of Silesia. KOEHLER, FRIEDRICH, died April 25, in Hildburghausen; a noted teacher of music. KOLBE, Dr. ALEXANDER, died May 22, in Treptow; principal of gymnasium; editor of

Deutsche Erziehung in Schule und Haus; for many years president of the German

Evangelical School Congress. KRÜGER, FRIEDRICH, died in November, in Rosenow; had taught sixty-two years

in one school; died at the age of 92 years. KRÜTZFELD, WM., died in December, in Lütjenburg; ex-teacher, 96 years old. LAISTNER, A., died April 23, in Stuttgart; editor of Volksschule; president of teach

ers' association in Würtemberg; indefatigable champion of the teachers' profes

sional honor and dignity. LANG, F., died October 15; school inspector in Herischdorf, near Warm brunn; prin

cipal of a normal school in Bunzlau. LANGE, Professor, died August 12, in Berlin; cartographer and author of geographical

text-books. LÜBKE, WM., died April 7, in Karlsruhe; university professor and well-known art

historian. MARENHOLTZ-BÜLOW, Baroness von, died January 10, in Dresden; well known as pro

moter of Froebel's Kindergarten, and author of circular published by the Bureau. Masius, Dr. HERMANN, died January 10, in Leipzig; well-known educator and author;

since 1862 professor of pedagogy and director of the pedagogical seminary in

the university; some of his books are Readers, Nature Studies. MENDE, C., died March 31, in Erfurt; member executive committee of Saxon Teachers'

Association. MUELLER, C. F., died in November, in Neudorf; teacher, and president of Waldeck

Teachers' Associatiou. MÜHLPFORTH, A., died February 26, in Frankfort-on-the-Oder; for many years presi

dent of the teachers' association in the province of Brandenburg. RABE, ADAM, died October 12, in Cassel; president of the Hessian Teachers' Associa

tion and editor of an educational journal. RAMME, CHRIST., died February 25, in Berlin; principal of an educational institution

of note. Rostock, Mich., died in December, in Bautzen; teacher and famous scientist. RUDOLPH, E., died January 1, in Chennitz; rector of city school; a noted speaker in

conventions; promoter of education for laboring men.

RUGE, Dr. Max, died June 17, in Berlin; formerly teacher in the Graue Kloster; since

1890, Liberal deputy in the lower house of the Prussian legislature. RUNKWITZ, K., died November 21, in Altenburg; rector of normal school and school

councilor, SCHAEFER, died December 21, in Friedberg; rector of normal school. SCHARLACH, Chr. Fr., died December 18, in Halle; superintendent of public schools

in llalle for many years. SCIILOTTERBECK, B., died October 30; editor of the Mecklenburg Schulzeitung, and

author of educational writings. SCHOTTMÜLLER, Dr. CONRAD, died May 16, in Berlin; councilor in department of

education. SCHMITT, JOHANX, died August 6, in Darmstadt; founder of the Hessian Teachers'

Union, and editor of the Hessische Schulbote; since 1865 member of the permanent committee of the National Teachers' Association, and since 1871 member

of the executive committee of the National German Teachers' Union. SCHIOENER, Rector, died May 6, in Rybnik; at the time of his death the oldest active

teacher in Germany, 92 years old. SCHORNSTEIN, Dr. E., died August 17, in Elberfeld; rector of second school for

girls; a well-kuowu writer in belialf of higher education of women. Schulz, F. A., died April 24, in Wolfenbüttel; musical composer and publisher of song

books. SEIDEL, FRIEDRICII, died January 13, in Weimar; author of many educational works;

for many years president of the German Froebel Association, and active promoter

of kindergarteus. SELKE, died in July, in Königsberg; mayor of the city and warm friend of public

schools. STAFFELD, B., died March 21, in Strelitz; founder and president of Provincial Teach

ers' Association and Aid Society, VÖLCKER, Dr., died in June, in Danzig; provincial school councilor. WALDBACII, W., died November 21, in Eylau; principal of a normal school, and

musical director and composer. WÄTZOLDT, Gust. An., died August 10, in Berlin; privy councilor, formerly principal

of a normal school; later councilor in the department of public education and

director of the Royal normal school for gymnastics. WILLE, RECTOR, died in December, in Dresden; member of Pestalozzi Association,

GREAT BRITAIN.

BALLANCE, Joux, born in Antrim, Ireland, March, 1839; died in Auckland April 27;

emigrated to New Zealand in 1866; in 1878 became minister of education; at

the time of his death was premier. BIRCII, CHARLES BELL, born 1832; died in October; was sculptor in London. CLARK, Sir ANDREW, noted English physician; born 1826; died in London Novem

ber 30. COLE, VICT, born in Portsmouth, 1833; died in London April 6; English painter;

son and pupil of George Cole. COWPER, ED. ALFRED, English inventor; born in London December 10, 1819; died

there in May; invented the fog signals, and among other things invented an

electrical writing telegraph. Cox, SAMUEL, born near London, 1826; died March 30; was educated for the Baptist

ministry, author of Salvator Mundi, Private Letters of St. Paul and St. John;

founded in 1875 the Expositor, and retired from its editorship in 1885. DERBY, EARL OF, born in Knowsley, July, 1826; died there April 21; educated at

Rugby and Trinity College; traveled extensively; entered Parliament, took service under different administrations; was a hard worker in important com

missions, and was influential as chancellor of the University of London. JOWETT, BENJAMIN, born in London, 1817; died at Oxford in October; graduated at

Balliol College, Oxford; became tutor of Greek; 1855 was professor of Greek at Oxford, and in 1870 was elected master of Balliol; was translator of classics and author of ecclesiastical treatises.

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