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For have been told that after the battle, deemed innocent until he is proved guilty. I boasted of my iphumanity to a yanquished, Judge of my case, gentlemen, with mature yielding, woanded enemy--that I made a consideration, and remember that my existFanton sacrifice of my bleeding and suppli- ence depends upon your breath. If you cating foe, by striking him to the earth with bring in a verdict of guilty, the law aftermy cowardly steel; and that, after this deed wards allows no mercy. If upon a due conof blood, I coldly sat down to plunder my sideration of all the circumstances you shall unhappy victim. Nay, more---that with fol. have a doubt, the law orders, and your own ly indescribable and incredible, I boasted of consciences will teach you to give me the my barbarity as of a victory. Is there an benefit of it. Cut me not off in the summer Eoglish officer, is there an English soldier, of my life! I implore you, gentlemen, to or an English man, whose heart would not give my case your utmost attention. I ask have revolted with hatred against such base- not so much for myself as for those respectaness aod folly. Far better, gentlemen, ble parents whose name I bear, and who would it have been for me, rather than bare must suffer in my fate. I ask it for the sake seen this day, to have fallen with my honour of that home which will be rendered cheerable companioas, stemming and opposing less and desolate by my death. Gentlemen, the tide of battle upon the field of my coun- I am incapable of any dishonourable action. try's glory. Then my father and my family, Those who know me best know that I am utthough they would have mourned my loss, terly incapable of an unjust and dishonourwould bare blessed my name, and shame able action, much less of the horrid crime
pot have rolled its barging fires over with which I am now charged. There is not, my memory -----Before I recur to the evi. I think, one in this court who does not think dence brought against my life, I wish to re- me innocent of the charge. If there be---to torn my most sincere thanks to the High him or them, I say in the language of the Sheriff and the Magistrates for their kind- Apostle, “ Would to God ye were altogether ness shown to me. I cannot but express my such as I am, save these bonds.” Gentleupfeigned regret at a slight misunderstanding men, I have now done. I look with confiwhich has occurred between the Rev. Mr. dence to your decision. I repose in your Lloyd, the visiting magistrate, and my solic. hands all that is dear to the gentleman and itor. As it was nothing more than a misun- the man! I have poured my heart before derstanding, I trust the bonds of friendship you as to my God!I hope your verdict this are again ratified between us all. My most day will be such as you ma particular gratitude is due to the Rev. Mr, able to think upon with a composed conFranklin, whose kind visits and pious conso- science: and that you will also reflect upon lations have inspired me with a deeper sense the solemn declaration which I now make--I of the awful truths of religion, and have ---Am---innocent !---SO---help---me---God!" trebly armed my breast with fortitude to serve me on this day. Though last, not least The solid, slow, and appalling tone in
let ne not forget Mr. Wilson, the gover- which he wrong out these last words can por of the prison, and the fatherly treatment never be imagined by those who were not which he has shown me throughout. My
auditors of it: he had worked himself up inmemory must perish ere I can forget his kind to a great actor---and his eye for the first ness. My heart must be cold ere it can cease
time during the trial became alive and eloto beat with gratitude to him, and wishes for
quent; his attitude was impressive in the the prosperity of bis family.”
extreme. He clung to every separate word
with an earnestness, which we cannot des Here the prisoner read a long writteo cribe, as though every syllable had the powcomment on the weaker parts of the evi- er to buoy up his sinking life,---and that dence ;---thestronger and indeed the decisive these were the last sounds that were ever to parts be left untouched. This paper was be sent into the ears of those who were to either so ill-written, or Thurtell was so im- decree his doom! The final word, Gop! perfect a reader, that the effect was quite fa- was thrown up with an almost gigantic enertal to the previous flowery appeal to the Ju- gy,---and he stood after its utterance with ry. He stammered, blundered, and seemed his arms extended, his face protruded, and confused throughout; until he came to the his chest dilated, as if the spell of the sound Percy Anecdotes, from which he preached were yet upon him, and as though he dared some very tedious instances of the fallibility not move lest he should disturb the still echof circonstantial evidence.--- When he finish- oing appeal! He then drew his hands slowly ed bis books and laid aside the paper, be back,--pressed them firmly to bis breast, seemed to return with joy and strength to his and sat down half exhausted in the dock. memory, and to muster up all his might When he first commenced his defence, he for the peroration.--
spoke in a steady artificial manner, after the
style of Forum orators ---but as he warmed * And now, gentlemen, having read those in the subject and felt his ground with the cases to you, am not justified in saying, jury, he became more unaffectedly earnest that unless you are thoroughly convinced and naturally solemn---and his mention of that the circumstances before you are abso- his mother's love and his father's piety drew lutely inconsistent with my innocence, I the tear up to his eyes almost to falling. He have a claim to your verdict of acquittal : paused---and, though pressed by the Judge. Am I opt justified in saying, that you might to rest, to sit down, to desist, he stood up come to the conclusion that all the circum- resolute against his feelings, and finally, stances stated might be true, and yet I be in- with one vast gulp, swallowed down his uocent ? I am sure, gentlemen, you will ban- tears! He wrestled with grief, and threw it! ish from your minds any prejudice which When speaking of Barber Beaumont, the may have been excited against me, and act tiger indeed came over him, and his very upon the principle that every man is to be voice seemed to escape out of his keeping:
There was such a savage vehemence in his ed to say, “we have felt the defence---we whole look and manner, as quite to awe his have tried to find him innocent---but the evihearers. With an unfortunate quotation dence is too true!"---respecting Thurtell, he from a play, in which he long bad acted too uttered with a subdued sigb “ He is guilty!" bitterly,---the Revenge! he soothed his A legal objection was taken to the day of
sumed his defence, and for a few minutes in Thurtell shook not to the last : Hont was a, doubly artificial serenity. The tone in broken down,-- gone! when asked why senwhich he wished that he had died in battle, tence of death should not be passed; the latreminded me of Kean's farewell to the pompter said nothing, so sunk was he in grief; but of war in Othello---and the following copse- Thurtell stood respectfully up, inclining quence of such a death, was as grandly de- over the dock towards the judge, requesting livered by Thurtell as it was possible to be! his merciful postponement of his death from “ Then my father and my family, though the Friday to Monday; not for himself, but they would have mourned my loss, would for his friends! Having pressed this on the have blessed my name : and shame would not judge in a calm yet impressive tone,---he have rolled its burning fires over my memory!" stood silently waiting his doom. The judge Such a performance, for a studied perform had put on his black hat---the hat of death, ance it assuredly was, has seldom been seen before this appeal; he heard it-- and then on the stage, and certainly never off. Thus gave the signal to the crier; who spoke out
nerve, which not one man in a thousand ever ful words: “ Be silent in the court, while senpossesses.
When Hunt was now called upon for his His own voice being the only sound that defeuce (Thurtell's poor group of five wit broke the silence. nesses having been examined) his feeble The sentence was passed. The prisoners voice and shrinking manner were doubly ap- were doomed. The world was no longer for parent, from the overwrought energy which them!
his companion had manifested. lle com- Hunt sobbed aloud in the wildness of his • plained of his agitation and fatigue, and re- distress; his faculties seemed thrown down.
quested that a paper which he held in his Thurtell, whose hours were pumbered, bore hand might be read for him: and the clerk his fate with an unbroken spirit. While the of the arraigos read it according to his re- very directions for his body's dissection were quest in a very feeling manner. It was pru. being uttered, he consumed the pinch of dently and advisedly composed; hut Mr. snuff which had to that moment been pausing Harmer is no novice at murderers' defences. in his fingers! He then shook hands with a Reliance was placed on the magistrates' friend under the dock, and desired to be repromisc, and certainly Mr. Noel did not membered to others! Almost immediately come brightly out of Huat's statement. the sentence was passed. Wilson handcuffed Wher
hen the paper was concluded, Hunt read both the prisoners: and in a few minutes a few words on a part of Probert's evidence, they were removed. jo a poor dejected voice, and then leant his I confess I myself was shaken. I was wretched head upon his hand. He was evi- cold and sick. I looked with tumultuous depily wasting away minute by minute. His feelings at that desperate man, thus meeting neckcloth had got quite loose, and his peck death, as though it were an ordinary circumBooked gaunt and wretched.
stance of his life; and when he went through Mr. Justice Park summed up at great the dark door, he seemed to me gone to his length, and Thurtell with an untired Spirit fate. It struck me that death then took superintended the whole explanation of the bim! I never saw him more, evidence; interrupting the Judge, respect. There is the trial, as I saw it. You know fully but firmly, when he apprebended any that Thurtell on the drop met his death as be omission, or conceived any amendment capa- met his trial, without a tremor.* His life had ble of being made. The charge to the Jury been one long vice, but he had iron nerves occupied several hours.--and the Jury then and a sulien Jow love of fame,---even black requested leave to withdraw. Hunt at this fame, ---which stimulated him to be a hero, period became much agitated, and as he saw though but of the gallows. He had learned
n about to quit the box. he intreated his defence by heart, t and often boasted of leave to address thein,---but on his counsel the effect it would have: To Pierce Egan, Icaruing and cominunicating to the Judge indeed, he rehearsed it a month before he what the prisoner had to say, the Jury were played his part in public, and he thought directed io proceed to the consideration of ihai, with a gentlemanly dress and a pathettbeir verdict.
ic manner, it wonld bring him through, or, at During their absence, Thurtell conversed Jeast, insure him a gloomy immortality. unalaried with persons bencath and around His ordinary discourse was slang and blashim: Hunt stood up in the deepest misery phemy; but he chained up his oaths in court. and weakness. Twenty minutes elapsed; The result of all this masquerading, for a and the return of the Jury was announced ! short time, has been public sorrow for his
Whilst way was inaking through the throng, fate, and particularly among women! The Hunt leant over the dock, and searched with re-action is, however, again coming round, an agonized eye for the faces of his doomsmen ! As they, one by one, passed beneath * I know it to be a fact that Thurtell said about him, he looked at their countenances with
seven hours only before his execution: “It is perthe most hungry agony: he would have de baps wrong in my situation, but I own I should like voured their verdict from their very eyes! to read Pierce Egan's account on the Thurtell maintained his steadiness.
yesterday,” (meaning that between Spring and LanThe foreman delivered the verdict off
gan.) He had just inquired how it terminated.
I have no doubt this defence was written by Mr. " guilty” in tears, and in a tone which seem- C. Pearson.
and although it is impossible not to admire at the clock as though to mark the time: at this man's courage and bis intellect; it is this period Clarke is sure that it was not also as impossible not to rejoice in the death later than a quarter past seven. The White of so much revenge, cruelty, and bloody Lion is three miles only from the Artichoke power! Hunt may yet be punished with a at Elstree. And it was nearly twenty minutes pardon: Row must he envy Thurtell now, after eight when Probert and Hunt arrived whose death is over!
there--- Probert's fine horse very much distresThe trial, after all, I believe, has left the sed and bathed in sweat. Thus one hour is public mind much dissatisfied, and in doubt; consumed in going the three miles! And the and certainly the general opinion is, that horse experiences such distress in travelling Probert, the worst and the most dastardly of them! How is this to be accounted for? Let the gang, has improperly escaped. Tbat he me try to explain it:--- And now I must come merited death, who can deny? That he knew to the place of murder. all at Tetsall's, who disbelieves? I have al- About five minutes before the report of the ready carried this letter to an unexampled pistol in the lane, a gig was heard by some leogth, but I connot close it, without putting cottagers, of the name of flunt, passing rapdown the result of a very careful considera- idly by their house towards Gill's-bill-lane. tion of, and inquiry into, the matter. And Other cottagers, named Clarke and Brouge seeing how unsatista
counts and hall, who live on the straight road, bevond confessions before and at the trial dovetail the turning into Gill's-bill-lane, heard po gig with each other, I cannot resist hazarding a pass, so it must have gone into the lane. supposition that the following may be nearer About five minutes after this gig was heard the truth of the particulars of this horrible to go by, Mr. Smith, the farmer, bis wife and transaction.
narse, wbo were about three hundred yards Thurtell, with a person resembling Weare, from the spot in another lane, heard the pisin a gig drawn by a roan horse, is seen by tol; and Smith himself had indeed heard Wilson, the horse patrol, driving fast on the the wheels of a gig coming in the direction wrong side of the road, between the fifth from Hunt's Cottage. They all listened and and sixth mile-stone, about twenty minutes heard groans, but no shrieking or singing out. before seven. Ata very little before seven, Mr. Smith indeed heard yo
voices as in contenRicbard Bingham, the osiler of the White tion before the groaps, The nurse also now Lion, at Edgeware, sees him and his victim. heard voices distinctly of two or three persons, Then about a mile further on, (oine miles though the groaps had ceased! All then befrom town) Clarke, the landlord of the inn, came still--- And a gig was afterwards heard sees Thertell pass with another in a gig, in rattling off. which was also a parcel or bag. The last The supposed track of the wheels, as destitre the murderer and Weare are seen, is in cribed by Mrs. Smith, ran into the high road Gul's-hill-lane, Dear Probert's cottage, by between Radlett and Elstree. It is not imJames Freeman. They were then waiting, possible for a gig to have gone a considerable probably for the arrival of Probert and Hunt, way towards Elstree, then to have turned but the sight of Freeman disturbed Thurtell, and taken a circuit by Aldepham Common, and he drove down the lane to the place and so tarping again to the left round the where the crime was perpetrated.---This Red Lion at Elstree, to have reached the was a little before eight o'clock.
Artichoke with the appearance of coming It should see that the hour appointed for from London. the murder, was right o'clock; all the cir- Of course the party would only be seen at cadistances conspire to prove it. This ac. Elstree once,---it was possible therefore for coents for the rapid pace of Thurtell dowo a gig to have gone to Gull's-hill-lane through the Edgeware road, he supposing himself Stanmore, over Stanmore Common, Calldelate ; and the waiting about of Probert, cott Hill, by Hill Field Lodge, and so on to who thought himself beforehand. Thurtell Battler's Green. Probert was not seen at passed Probert unawares in Edgeware. Elstree until nearly twenty minutes afler
The first time Probert and Hunt are seen, eight. The return must have been rapid, and after leasing London, is at the Red Lion at the appearance of the horse, who was cool at the Hyde about six o'clock, and Probert Edgeware and could trot ten or eleven miles scens to bave wished to impress on the land- an hour easily, bears it out. In confirmaJord's (Hardings) mind who he was, for he tion of the supposed route by Aldenham said, "You forget me, my name is Probert." Common back to Elstree, a poor woman of Hnnt de xt got down before Probert reached the name of Mary Hale, says she heard a giga the Bald Faced Stag, where the latter was “tearing by," in front of her cottage, the familiarly known; bere Probert told the horse apparently galloping. This she says bostler to make haste as he bad to take up a was between eight and nine. lady. They are next recognised at the From this statement I should say all three White Lion at Edgeware about seven o'clock. were at Gill's-hill-lane on the fatal night to which place Clarke had just returned, and at the fatal hour cf eight o'clock. The baring seen Thurtell. The horse of Probert, confessions rendered all attempts at proving which is a very fige one, and capable of go- an alibi needless; although this seems to have ing eleven or twelve iniles an hour with been the object in view. ease, was gaite cool and fresh. This both You must by this time be as tired of the Clarke and Bingham well remember. Pro- Murderers as I am, and I therefore abraptly bert aad Hant drank brandy and water here close here, praying that it may be long bein the gix, and Hunt then jumped out and fore the English character is again cursed proposed a second glass each, to which Pro- with such blights upon it as Thurtell, Probert bere consented, saying “I don't care, but and Hunt! Yours truly, dosan it, make haste!" Hunt here looked up
ORIGINAL ANECDOTES OF DR. JOHNSON.
. (Gent. Mag.) Mr. Urban,
Nov. 4, 1823. Upon the margin stood the Venus VOU have in some of your former De Medicis.
publications treated your readers with Memoirs, Anecdotes, and Obser
“So stands the statue that enchants the world.” vations upon the Poets, the Philoso- « Throw her,” says he, “into the pond phers, and other distiguished characters to hide her nakedness, and to cool her among the ancients; and it must be lasciviousness." He then, with some confessed that the actions, the senti- difficulty, squeezed himself into a rootments, and the wise sayings of great and house, when his eye caught the followeminent men of every age and nation are ing lines from Parnell : peculiarly interesting.
“ Go search among your idle dreams, As such, I presume that some charac
Your busy or your vain extremes, teristic traits of your early Correspon And find a life of equal bliss, dent, Doctor Johnson, may be gratisy Or own the next began in this." ing to you, and somewhat entertaining
The Doctor, however, not possessto such of your readers who have heard
ing any Silvan ideas, seemed not to of him, and more especially to those
admit that Heaven could be an Arcawho personally knew him, and who can
a dia. I then observed him with Herenter into a delineation of character, and appreciate the merit of that wonderful
culean strength tugging at a nail which
he was endeavouring to extract from man—that profound moral Philosopher,
pher, the bark of a plum tree, and having whom they will see could moralize upon
accomplished it, he exclaimed, “ There, every, the most trivial circumstance.
Sir, I have done some good to day, the Walking one day with him in my tree might have festered. I make a garden at Litchfield, we entered a small rule, Sir, to do some good every day meandering shrubbery, whose “ Vista of my life.” not lengthened to the sight," gave Returning through the house, he promise of a larger extent. I observed
u stepped into a small study or bookthat he might perhaps conceive that he
room. The first book he laid his was entering an extensive labyrinth, but
hands upon was Harwood's “Liberal that it would prove a deception, though
Translation of the New Testament.” I hoped not an unpardonable one.-
The passage wbich first caught his eye “Sir," says he," don't tell me of de
was from that sublime apostrophe in ception, a lie, Sir, is a lie, whether it be
de St. John upon the raising of Lazarus, a lie to the eye or a lie tv the ear.”
« Jesus wept,” which Harwood had Passing on we came to an urn which conceitedly rendered, 66 and Jesus, the I had erected to the memory of a de- Saviour of the World, burst into a flood ceased friend. I asked him how he of tears." He contemptuously threw liked that urn, it was of the true Tuscan the book aside, exclaiminga" Puppy!” order.—“Sir," says he, “ I hate them, I then showed him Sterne's Sermons. they are nothing, they mean nothing, “Sir," says he, “ do you ever read convey no ideas but ideas of horror any others?" "Yes, Doctor, I would they were beaten to pieces to read Sherlock, Tillotson, Beveridge, pave our streets !"
and others ?” “ Aye, Sir, there you We then came to a cold bath. I ex
drink the cup of Salvation to the botpatiated upon its salubrity. "Sir tom: here you have merely the froth says he, “how do you do?" 6 Very from the surface.” well, I thank yoll, Doctor.” “ Then, Within this room stood the ShaksSir, let well enough alone, and be con- perean Mulberry vase, a pedestal given tent-I hate immersion ?"--Truly, as by me to Mr. Garrick, and which was Falstaff says, the Doctor “ would have recently sold with Mr. Garrick's gems a sort of alacrity at sinking."
at Mrs. Garrick's sale at Hampton. “Aye, Sir, Davy, Davy loves flatteThe Doctor read the inscription : ry, but here indeed you have flattered
him as he deserves, paying a just tribSacred to Shakspeare, and in honour of David Garrick, Esq. the Ornament-the Reformer of the ute to his merit.” British Stage."
THE PHYSICIAN--ON CORPULENCE.
T HAVE somewhere met with the spire by innumerable, and almost in
observation, that there are persons visible pores, through the arteries and in imaginary health who are not so veins, and collect in the cellular subdeserving of ridicule as the Malades stance, which covers nearly the whole imaginaires, at whose expense the sa- body. Here they form vesicles, or tirist of physicians, Moliére, made him- small bags of fat, which become fuller self so merry; but for which the ven- and larger the more of this superabungeance of Hygæa overtook him, since dant nutritious matter is conducted to he was seized, during the representation them. In this manner the otherwise
ness which afterwards carried him off. up, and it acquires rotundity and corThese healthy persons in their own pulence. The fat deposited in these imagination are the plethoric and cor- interstices has all the properties of an pulent, who take weight for the stan- oil, when it appears in a fluid form. dard of health, and look with pity on In this state fat exists in some fishes; the spare and mezgre. It is to such and Pocock relates of the ostrich, that great folks that I address this paper, when it is dead, the Arabs shake it till and I claim no thanks from them if I its fat dissolves and is changed into an should be so fortunate as to convince oil, which they apply externally in conthem of their error. I am well aware tractions and pains of the limbs, and how gratifying it is to retain errors also administer internally. which persuade us that we are happy; A person may grow fat from various for this very potion confers happiness. causes, the principal of which consists I know what pleasure is felt by one in the use of soft, fluid and nutritious who is congratulated on the portliness food; such as gravy-broth, juicy flesh, of his corporation, and the goodly rų- a milk and farinaceous diet and strong bicundity of his visage. It is this plea- beer. Upon the whole, all alimentary sure of the corpulent that I intend to substances which convey many fatty spoil. I shall prove to them that they particles into the blood, should be are diseased; and, instead of confirm- avoided by people in good health. ing them in the idea that they are pic- Another cause of corpulence is want tures of health, I will strike a terror of exercise. “A man who lives well,” into them that shall penetrate to the says Hippocrates, “ cannot be healthy very centre of their sub-pectoral pro- unless he takes exercise, and attention tuberances. I can easily foresee how should always be paid to keep the exthey will reward me for my pains, and ercise and food in equilibrium." It is I shall, therefore, reply to them in the the violation of this rule that produces words of the culprit, who, when the corpulence, and hence corpulence has judge had commented on the heinous- justly been described as a mark affixed ness of his crime, and concluded with by Nature upon those who transgress asking him, what he thought he deser- her precepts. In fact, we know from ved for it-coolly answered, “Oh! 'tis experience, that nothing fattens so not worth mentioning--I desire nothing rapidly as good eating and drinking, for it!"
combined with bodily inactivity and When the blood contains too many love of ease. We see how soon horses sutritious and oily particles, these tran- grow fat when they are well fed and
4 ATHESEUM VOL. 1. 2d series.