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should he be elected, will be chiefly American citizen, justly exasperated felt in the domestic administration of at the indignity with which the genius, the government: that of Mr. Calhoun, and literature, and hospitality of his on the contrary, would be most opera- countrymen had been treated here, and tive upon the foreign relations of the fully justified in expressing his indig. American people.

nation--he forgot that he was no longer, Mr. John QUINCY ADAMS, the pre- a private citizen, in whom such a thing sent Secretary of State (premier,) son would be justifiable

would be justifiable-and did not reof the former President" Adams, and collect that he was the Secretary of the third candidate, is one of the ablest State for the United States--the chief statesmen, and most profound scholars organ of the government, in whose of the age. The chief objections to language on such an occasion, all him are, that he is the son of a distin- philippic, reproach, and recrimination, guished federalist,—that he is an apos. would be undignified and mischievous; tate from the federal party,—that his a perpetual precedent for other and father was a President before him, humbler men. I could applaud the which, in a country so very republican spirit of the man-but cannot help as that of the United States, in its hor. pitying that of the politician and statesror of any thing hereditary, is, or man, while so employed. As the ora

tion to the son, although three other polite scholar and accomplished genPresidents, and a whole generation. tleman, it was pleasant to read; but as have already intervened between the the work of a statesman,—the deliberreign of the father, and the pretension ate manifestation of sentiment, by the of the son; and that be is the present Secretary of State for the United States, Secretary of State, occupying an office it was undignified and indiscreet. from which the President has been In a time of peace, Mr. Adams would taken so frequently, that it is come to be better calculated to advance the rebe considered as a certain stepping. putation of his country abroad, than stone, and the very next one to the any other of the five candidates. Lite. Presidential chair. These are formi. rature, and literary men, would be dable objections to a jealous people, more respectable under his adminis. whose theory of government is about tration than they ever have been; and the finest that the world ever saw: the political negotiation of the country and it is quite possible that they will would continue to be, what it has been, outweigh all other circumstances during his occupation of the office practical virtue—and great talent-in which he now holds in the cabinet, the day of trial.

profound, clear, and comprehensive. Mr. Adams has represented his Let any one imagine the effect of country at several European courts; his presence and manner upon some and it is known that his influence has foreign ambassador, (no matter from been felt and acknowledged in the most what country of Europe he may come,) unequivocal manner by that of Russia. who should see him for the first time

He is a fine belles-lettres scholar ; as I have often seen him-The genwas a lecturer on judicial and popu- tleman from abroad, familiar with the

(New England ;) and has published a home, and through all the courts of very valuable work, on the subject of Europe, it may be, and full of strange Rhetoric and Elocution. The most misapprehension of republican simpliunlucky and most unworthy thing that city-imagining it to be what it genehe has ever done, to my knowledge, is rally is, either rude and affected, one that he can never be justified for worn for the gratification of the mob having done. He consented, some or the natural manner of uneducated years ago, to deliver the fourth of July people, who are not so much superior oration at the Capitol in Washington ; to, as they are ignorant of, courtly paand in delivering it, forgot that he was rade, yet prone to imitation nevertheno longer John Quincy Adams, an less, bas prepared we will suppose, for an introduction to the President of GENERAL JACKSON is the next canthe United States :—a single attendant didate. He is a man of a very resolute announces him. He is ushered into and despotic temper: so determined the presence-chamber, without any ce- and persevering, that, having once unremony, into a very plain room, fur- dertaken a measure, he will carry it nished not so handsomely as it is com- through, right or wrong ; so absolute, mon to see that of a respectable trades. that he will endure neither opposition man in England.

nor remonstrance. He has a power-, He sees a little man writing at a ful party in his favour; but his enetable-nearly bald, with a face quite mięs are also very powerful, and ready formal and destitute of expression : to go all lengths in preventing his his eyes running with water; his slip. election. He has gone through every pers down at heel fingers stained stage of political and active service. with ink: in warm weather wearing a He has been successively a judge, a striped seersucker coat, and white general, a governor, and a senator. He trowsers, and dirty waistcoat, spot. is a man of singular energy, decision, ted with ink: his whole dress, altoge, and promptitude--a good soldier, and ther, not worth a couple of pounds; would have been a great captain, had or. in a colder season. habited in á he been educated in the wars of Euplain blue coat, much the worse for rope. His countrymen hold him to be wear, and other garments in propor- the greatest general in the tion ; not so respectable as they inay he has never had an opportunity to find in the old-clothes bag of almost show his generalship. His warfare any Jew in the street. This man, with the Indians; and his victory at wbom the Ambassador mistakes for a New Orleans, though carried on with

wonders, in looking at him, that the a nature rather to develope his talent as President should permit a man to a brave man, than as a great general. appear before him in such dress, His countrymen give a bad reason proves to be the President of the Uni- for desiring to promote him to the Preted States himself. The stranger is sidency. They admit the great abiliperplexed and confounded; he hardly ty of Mr. Adams and Mr. Člay in the knows how to behave toward such a cabinet; but then they contend that personage. But others arrive, one Gen. Jackson has no rival in the field. after the other-natives of different Granted, if they please but what countries, speaking different langua- does that prove? In case of war, Genges. -Conversation begins. The lit- eral Jackson's services would be wanttle man awakes. His countenance ed in the field, not in the Presidential is gradually illuminated his voice chair. And in a time of peace, his tachanges. His eyes are lighted up lents as a general would be useless. with an expression of intense sagacity, It would have been a better reason to earnestness, and pleasantry. Every give for his election to the war office; sobject is handled in succession and and yet it would have been a bad one every one in the language of the there. In a time of peace, the manstranger with whom he happens to be ner of General Jackson, who is a very conversing, if that stranger should be- erect, stiff, tall, military man, about six tray any want of familiarity with the feet high, would be less likely than English language.- What are the opic that of any other of the five candidates, nions of this Ambassador here? what to make a favourable impression upon does he know of the address and ap- foreigners. It is dignified to be sure, pearance of Mr. Adams ? Nothing. He and conciliatory; but then, it does not has forgotten the first impressions ; appear natural, and is far from being and when be has returned to his house, easy or graceful. it would be difficult to persuade him Ir General Jackson should be electthat the President of the United States ed, there would be a thorough revolus is either dirty in his dress, little, or tion in the present system of things. poorly clad.

He would, probably, do a great deal of good—but might do a great deal of politician ; with friends a thousand harm, in his thorough-going, revolu- times more enthusiastic than are those of tionary, and absolute spirit. His of- Mr. Adams; but they are neither so nuficers would all resemble himself: his merous,so thoughtful,nor so respectable. influence would assemble all the rash His manner is very unpretending, and adventurous material of the nation and very awkward : he has a good about him and honest as he undoubt- deal of electioneering expedient--but edly is, lead the country into many a it is easily seen through. I remember situation of peril. A man who, after having seen him enter the city of Washhaving received the fire of his adver- ington, alone, and unattended by a sersary, where the parties were permitted vant, on horseback, with his portmanto fire when they pleased, walked de- teau or valise, stuffed behind the sadliberately up to him, and shot himn dle, two or three days before the electhrough the head (a story that is ge- tion of Speaker. He had been reportnerally told, and generally believed ed sick and dying for several succesin America :)—a man who ventured sive weeksand was, finally, said to to reform the judgment of a court- be actually a dead man. And when martial, and order two men to exe- he appeared, it was in the manner cution, because he thought them wor- which I have described, although the thy of death ; a man who suspended issue of his election as Speaker, was the Habeas Corpus act, of his own generally believed to be, in one alterfree will, at New Orleans, and, I be- native, conclusive upon his chance for lieve, actually imprisoned, or threaten- the Presidency; that is—if he were ed to imprison, the judge for issuing a not elected Speaker, it was believed writ; a man who imprisoned, or ar- that he had no chance for the Presirested, the governor of Florida-inva- dency, although, if he were elected ded a neighbouring territory, of his Speaker, his election to the Presidenown head, with an army at his back- cy was not by any means, certain to and publicly threatened to cut off the follow. These reports, and the repubears of sundry senators of the United lican entry, were, probably electioneerStates, for having ventured to expos- ing tricks : the first (for Mr. Clay had tulate with the government, on account never been sick at all) was got up by of his high-banded measures, however his friends to try the pulse of the peohe may be fitted for a time of war, is gle; and the latter was his own.not very well calculated, I should I have now described the five Presithink, to advance the political reputa- dents and five candidates; but I fortion, or interests of his country, in got to mention, that nine out of the time of peace.

whole ten, were either educated for the The last of the candidates, Mr. bar, or actual practitioners of the law, Clay, one of the American Commis- at some period or other of their lives. sioners at Ghent, and for many years In fact, I believe, that all but WashSpeaker of the House of Representa. ington were originally destined for that tives, a situation of great influence and profession, although I am not certain authority, is better known in Europe, about Mr. Munroe, Mr. Calhoun, and than any of the others, except Mr. Mr. Crawford. The law is seldom or Adams. He is a plain-looking man, never studied in America, as an acwith a common face; light hair; about complishment ; and until lately, has five feet ten ; talks with great anima- never entered into their plan of colletion, and declaims with surprising giate education. But, for nearly half fluency and boldness. He exercises a a century, it has been the favourite very commanding influence over a profession of ambitious fathers, and a powerful party in his country; and if needy young men of talent, as the only elected, will contribute greatly to ex- highway to political distinction, and as tend the reputation of the government. the most respectable and certain means He is neither so profound, nor so com. of obtaining a livelihood without capiprehensive, as Mr. Adams in his politi. tal or mechanical labour. A. B. cal views; but he is an able and honest

Briginal Anecdotes, Literary News, Chit Chat, Incidents, &c.

PAUL JONES.

To the Editor of the London Magazine. I CAN add some little to your infor- ican navy, but as Lieutenant Duncan

mation on the subject of Paul of the British navy, I cannot call upon Jones. That little is authentic; and a gentleman who served under the pic Moreover I am enabled to give you an rate Paul Jones.” original account (from his first, and in- This awoke my curiosity, and the deed only lieutenant), of the action with next time I was in company with Comthe Serapis, the Gazette account of modore Dale, he, perceiving that my which appeared in your last number. conversation led that way, readily met

In the year 1&1, two of the largest me in it. He had been with Jones in frigates in the world lay near each the Ranger, as well as in the Bon other in the Bay of Gibraltar. It was Homme Richard. What follows is i question which was the largest. Some from his recital. gave it that the American President Paul Jones wanted (as the Bow(Commodore Dale) bad it in length, street runners say) Lord Selkirk, to try and the Portuguese Carlotta (Commo- upon him the experiment practising on dore Duncan) in breadth. Each com- President Laurens in the Tower; and

sel of the other, and yet these gentle- or any other great man they could get men could never be brought together. hold of, would have been put to death. There was a shyness as to who should Lord Selkirk was only preferred as bepay the first visit. There is no more ing considered by his supposed resipunctilious observer of etiquette than a dence to be the readiest for capture.naval commander, jealous of tbe hon. Jones was surprised and displeased our of his flag, on a foreign station. A at the family plate being brought on master of ceremonies, or a king at arms, board, but the returning it would have is nothing to him at a match of prece been too serious a displeasure to his dency. The wings of a ship are the crew. It was sold by public auction college in which he obtains this polite at Cadiz, bought in by Jones, and sent acquirement, and when he comes to back, as we have known. run up his pennant we may be sure Commodore Dale thus related the

baunts upon the quarter deck. Dale Homme Richard” was an old East Inwas a good humoured fellow, a square diaman, bought and fitted out at a strong set man, rather inclined to cor. French port, and so christened out of pulence, jolly and hospitable. His compliment to Franklin, then in Papride in the command and discipline of ris, one of whose instructive tales is his squadron, and the dignity of his conveyed under such a title. Having diplomatic function, as the paramount originally no ports in her lower deck, of his nation in the Mediterranean, for- six were broken out (three on a side) med a very gentle bridle on his easy and fitted with six French elevenintercourse and open-heartedness. Now pounder guns. On the upper deck she he thought that the Portuguese Con- had twenty-four or twenty-six of smalmodore should " cale vurst(Parson ler calibre. She had a numerous crew, Trulliber has it so), as having been to which were added some recruits of earliest at the station. This was men. the Irish Brigade commanded by a tioned to Duncan (a fine hard bitten lieutenant-now a general officer in little old seaman by the way), and he the British service.' Fontenoy was one forth with laid down bis punctilio in a instance, and this action was another, manner that put an end to all hopes of of the gallantry of these unfortunate as intiinacy, or of a friendly measure. gentlemen, whom an invincible berediment of the two ships.--"Sir," said he, tary feeling had driven into the service "as Commodore Duncan of the Por of the French monarch. When the tuguese navy, I would readily call first last of their protectors was dethroned, apon Commodore Dale of the Amer- honour brought them gladly over to

41 ATHENEUM VOL. 1. nero series.

the standard of their country. In that gun was knocked over also. He this vessel with the Alliance Ame- returned slightly wounded and much rican frigate of 36 guns (a fine regular fatigued to the upper deck, and was sbip of war), and the Pallas French seated on the windlass, when the exfrigate of 32, Paul Jones started on a plosion which blew up the upper deck marauding expedition, only differing of the Serapis all aft from the main from that of Whitehaven, as being on hatchway, gave the victory to the Bon a larger scale. It was his intention to Homme. For this success they were amerce our north eastern ports in hea. indebted to the officers and party of vy pecuniary ransoms, or to destroy the their marines. Seated out on the yard, shipping and buildings as far as could grenades were handed along, dropped be affected. He had intelligence, or by the officer into the hatch way of the believed so, of the exact number of Serapis, and at last caught to some amtroops stationed in these different pla- munition. ces. Leith was the first great object. Paul Jones, crippled and afflicted Entering the Firth they seized upon a with the gout, was seated during the Scotch fishing boat. The owner was affair in a chair on the quarter deck. refractory, but they terrified him into Dale boarded the Serapis with a few the office of Pilot. The wind became men. As he made his way aft he saw adverse ; they reached Inchkeith, but a solitary person leaning on the taffercould not weather it, and had to stand il in a melancholy posture, his face out again. Making the land next to resting on his hands. It was Capt. visit Whitby and Hull, they fell in with Pearson. He said to Dale, “ The a large convoy, which dispersed while ship has struck.” While hurrying him the ships of war (Serapis 44, Capt. on, an officer came from below and obPearson, and Percy 20 guns, Capt. served to Capt. Pearson, that the ship Piercy) which protected it, stood right alongside was going down. “We out to engage them. The determina- have got three guns clear, Sir, and tion was mutual; there was a deal of they will soon send her to the devil.” hailing from the Serapis to the really The Captain replied, “ It's too late, strange ship which approached her. Sir, call the men off, the ship has They closed, and the Bon Homme, by struck." 6 P'll go belowo, Sir, and call Jones's order, was made fast to the Se- them off immediately;" and he was rapis. While these were thus closely about to descend, when Dale interferengaged, the Alliance worked round ing said, “ No, Sir, if you please, you'll the two ships, pouring in raking broad. come on board with me." Dale told sides, which Paul Jones finding equal me, that if he had let that officer go ly injurious to his own ship, as intend. below, he feared that he would bave ed for the Serapis, put an end to by or- sunk them, as the Bon Homme was dering the Alliance off, and she lay by old, settling in the water, and in fact during the rest of the action, while the went to the bottom that night. Pallas was engaged with the British Paul Jones was, in Commodore sloop of war. The cannonade was to Dale's opinion, a very skilful enterprithe advantage of the Serapis, and grado zing officer, but harsh and overbearing ually silenced the fire of the Bon Hom- in disposition. me. The latter wished and expected He was afterwards, as your corresonce to be boarded, the British board- pondent in the last number has related, ers were about to enter, but returned taken into the service of the Empress deterred at the superior number lying of Russia, and was to have had an imwaiting for them, and purposely con- portant command against the Turks. cealed as far as might be under the Greig, however, and the other British gangway. Lieutenant Dale, on going officers in her service, memorialized below, found two of the three guns on against it. They would neither assothe fighting side silenced, and the crew ciate nor serve with him, and, if she of the other vying with the crew of a had not got rid of him, would have British gun opposite which should fire left her fleets. first. The British were quickest, and Wherever Paul Jones was born, I

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