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DANISH TRADITIONS AND SUPERSTITIONS.

(Mon. Mag.)

Balder's Hill.

chanced once that a man passed by N OT far from the village of Tune, while this was taking place, and when

in the district of Roskilde, is the he saw the skin, he took it up, and hid mountain in which Balder is reported it. When the seal, who was a feto have been buried. Saxo asserts, male, could not find her skin to creep that once when several countrymen, into, she was obliged to continue in under the guidance of a professor of her human shape ; and, as she was the black art, went to this hill for the comely to look at, the same man purpose of digging up a treasure, it made her his wife, had several chilseemed to them, when most busied at dren by her, and lived with her very the work, that a foaming flood, with comfortably. But, after the lapse of much noise, was precipitating itself a long time, the woman found her down from the top of the hill; where. concealed skin, and could do then upon, in the greatest terror, they cast nothing less than creep into it, and away their spades, and each sought become a seal again. for safety in flight.

Holy-cross Church.
Hanebierg.

Directly over against the pulpit of In the parish of East Lygum, in Onsbergh Church, in Samsoe, is a ta. Slesvig, is a height called Hanebierg, ble, on which is fastened a crucifix, and not far from it is a fairy-moss. A with the following inscription :young peasant once lay down upon « This gilded crucifix was found tied this moss, and slept so long, that he round the neck of a drowned man, awoke very late at night, when he who came floating to the shore near heard around him the most enchantIsle Mode, in the parish of Traning music, and, looking up, he per- biorn. When the people wished to ceived two fairy maidens, who skipped convey the body to the church-yard, and danced about, and asked him, in four horses could not stir the cart in the mean time, several questions, in which it was placed, nor could they order to make him speak ; but he draw the same body to Kolbye knew well that there would be danger Church. But, when they turned toin doing so, and was silent. Then, wards Onsbergh Church, two horses suddenly changing their manner, they easily dragged it there. It was buried sung in menacing tones :-

on the eastern side of this church, This instant rise, and speak to us,

which takes its name from the said Thou young and handsome swain,

gilded cross, being called at this time Or we with knives thy breast will rip,

Hellig-kors Kirke(Holy-crossChurch), And cut thy beart in twain.

1596." He was much terrified when he heard The Shopkceper of Aalborg. this, and was just going to speak; but. Once when a raging fire broke out a cock at that moment crowed from in the town of Aalborg, and the flames the top of the neighbouring hill, and had just seized the warehouse of a the fairies immediately vanished; sh

hed; shopkeeper, so that his whole properfrom which circumstance the hill is

ty was on the point of being consumcalled Flanebierg (Cock's hill). ed, he snatched his weights and mea. The Seals.

. sures from the counter, and, with It is a common belief in Ferroe, these in his hand, he hurried into the that the seal every ninth night casts middle of the street, crying, “ In case, off its skin, assumes a human shape, O God! I have ever with weight and and dances and amuses itself after the measure robbed and cheated any one, human fashion, until it resumes its then let the fire consume my house skin, and becomes a seal again. It but, if I have always acted with pro

bity and integrity, preserve then my in this manner at length to the blazing goods and dwelling.” And no sooner pile. The man immediately leapt his had he said this than the fire died horse over the pile, and the dragon

caused this inscription to be placed flames. He made the leap a second over the door, “I was on the brink of time; and a second time the dragon a precipice, but I did not fall down. crawled after him: and when he had Anno 1663, d. 11 Augusti.”

rode seven times, unscorched and unTordenskiold's Grave.

hurt, over the pile, the dragon, in at

tempting to creep through it the seventh In that part of the church-wall of time, was entirely consumed. Holm which looks towards the sea, close by the grave of Tordenskiold,

The Mountain Imps. is a stone that will not keep fast in the In Kund-hill, near the plain of Thyrwall, but is every now and then falling sting, lives an elf, who has several out. “ That is Tordenskiold,” says children. When the sun is gone down, the peasant; " who is coming again they are frequently seen, with much to thresh the Swedes.”

noise and laughter, to creep up to the

summit, and then let themselves roll Norvig Church.

down one after another. They cons A boor of Norvig, in Oddsberred, tinue their sport late at night. had a great desire to see what was

King Waldemar': Chase. passing in the church at midnight. He therefore crept slyly in, and seated

King Waldemar loved Tovelill, a himself in one of the pews. He re

ve Here lady of Ryggen ; and he was so strongmained there till it was deep night. ly afflicted when she died, that he would when the church was suddenly illumi

not forsake her body, bút caused it to nated; he then heard the doors open,

be carried along with him wherever and, immediately after, he saw four

he went. This became very disagreetall, steel-clad men walk in, bearing

able to all those who were about the on their shoulders a coffin. They

king, and on that account a courtier,

profiting by a favourable opportunity, ed the flag-stones, and deposited the

the examined the body, in order to discocoffin beneath. After all this was

ver what it was that bound the king to done, they went away.

it with so powerful an attachment. He There is no doubt that the famous

at last perceived on her finger a magic Mark Stig was secretly buried by his ring,

ring, which her mother had given her followers somewhere in North Zea

in order to secure the king's love. The land: and Pontoppidan remarks, in

courtier took the ring, and immediately his “ Marmora Danica," that many

the king's infatuation towards the body think he was buried in this church.

disappeared, and he allowed it to be

interred. But mark the consequence : The Dragon of Aalborg. all the king's love was transferred to Two miles from Aalborg lie seve- the courtier, who was now in possession ral hillocks, which are called Osthierg of the ring ; so that he granted him Bakker. Among these, very many every thing that he asked for, and years ago, a dragon had his nest, and would scarcely trust him from his by his rapacity caused a great dearth sight ; which constraint at last became in the neighbourhood. Thither came irksome to the youth, and, as he knew a man who knew how to deal with what was the cause of it, he dropped such reptiles, and he promised to de- the ring into a pond, as he one day stroy the dragon. He first caused a rode through the grove of Gurra. great wood pile to be raised, and, From that moment the king began to when this was set fire to, he mounted find himself better in this particular a powerful horse, and rode past the grove than in any other place; he dragon's nest. The dragon followed caused the Castle of Gurra to be built, him wherever he went, and they came and hunted night and day in the wood.

16 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series.

He was frequently heard to say, that black monks, mumbling psalms, pass God might keep heaven to himself, if he slowly every midnight across the islwere only permitted to hunt in Gurra ; and. Between Sollerood and Nærum, and, after his death, God punished him he hunts with his hounds and horses by fulfilling his wish.

along a road which takes its name He now rides every night from from him. Burra to Gurra, and is through the When he has thus made a circuit, whole district known by the name of he reposes himself by turns in all the the Flying Huntsman. When he ap- princely residences scattered through proaches, one hears, first a horrid howl the country. He takes particular ing, bellowing, and whip-cracking, in pleasure in stopping at Valloe-burgh, the air, and then every person ought to where there is a chamber appropriated turn out of the path, and conceal him- to him, in which stand two beds; in self behind the trees. Then comes the the same apartment are likewise two whole route. Foremost of all run the strong chests, which, being once opencoal-black dogs, snuffing the ground, ed, were found to be filled with strong and with long glowing tongues lolling round pieces of leather, “for better from their throats. Then appears money there was not in King Walde 6 Wolmar," seated upon his white mar's days.” A subterranean passage horse, and generally carrying his head connects Valloe-burgh with Talloseunder his left arm.' When he meets gaard, in the bailiwick of Holbeck : any body, especially if it happens to here he likewise has a sleeping-room, be an old man, he commands him to and maidens and people, dressed in the hold his dogs, and sometimes leaves fashion of the times when he lived, bim standing with the hounds for many are frequently seen making the beds. hours, or, at other times, he will pre- A countryman, who would not believe sently afterwards fire a shot, and, when that the king came by night to this the hounds hear that, they burst their place, had the audacity to keep watch bands, and scamper off. When he there ; but, about midnight the spectregoes away in this manner, the gates are monarch entered, saluted him in a heard slamming-too after him; and in friendly manner, and said, “I will remany places, where there is a straight ward you for this kind visit," and at passage through a house, he gallops in the same time chucked him a gold at the one and out of the other door, coin ; but, when the fellow caught at and no bolts are so heavy that they do it, it burnt a round hold through his not spring back at his approach. "He hand, and fell to the ground a fiery frequently rides through Ibsgaard, in coal. We may easily judge what he Oddsberred; and there is in Roskilde suffered from this fiendish gift. But it a house where the doors are now al- frequently happens, that when old men ways left standing open during the or women have for many hours held night ; for, previously to that, he fre. the phantom's hounds, he casts somequently broke the locks to pieces. In thing to them which looks like a coal, certain places, it frequently happens and is therefore generally disregardthat he takes his course over the house, ed; but, if it be picked up and examand in the neighbourhood of Herluf ined, it is found to consist of the purest sholm there is a cottage whose roof is gold. in the middle considerably sunk, be The following is one of this remarkcause he has passed over it. In North able personages adventures : Zealand he has another Gurra, in which stand some ruins, which are Late at eve they were toiling on Harribee bank, called Waldemar's Castle. It is here For in barvest men ne'er should be idle, customary for the old women, on the Towards them rode Waldemar, meagre and lans, eve of St. John's day, to station them. And be linger'd, and drew up his bridle. selves in the paths, and to open the « Success to your labour, and bare ye to-night gates for him, Half a mile from Gurra seen any thing pass ye în reaping?" lies Woldemar's height, surrounded by "Yes, yes," said a peasant." I saw sometbing white: water. According to tradition, six Just now through the corn-stubble creeping."

* Which way did it go "_"Why, methought to stir from the spot; and, as he stood the beach.”

gazing, a little stool came floating to Then of went Waldemar bounding ;

the top of the water, and upon it lay A few moments after they heard a faint screetch, And the horn of the hunter resounding,

the book which he had forgot to bring

out of the castle. Then back came he, laughing in horrible tone, And the blood in their veins ran the colder,

The Man and his Shadow. When they saw that a fresh-slaughter'd mermaid * was thrown

One evening, when the moon şhone Athwart his proud barb's dappled shoulder. bright in the heavens, a man weii out Said he, “I have chas'd her for seven-score years,

into the fields ; and, as he walked As she landed to drink at the fountains."

along, his eyes fell by chance on the No more did he deign to their terrified ears, long handsome shadow which he cast But gallop'd away to the mountains.

behind him in the moonshine; and, as

he plumed himself upon it, a little The Sunken Castle.

dwarfish man advanced to him, and In the neighbourhood of London

said, “ That is a noble shadow of borg is a lake, the bottom of which

of which yours; will you sell it to me.” Thereno one living has ever yet been able to upon the man burst into loud laugh; find, and concerning this same lake but when the dwarf repeated his regoes a very strange story. Many cen- quest, and showed him several lovely turies ago there stood, in the same white ducats, he began to think him in place where the lake now is, a large earnest, and the bargain was soon old castle. There is no other trace struck. Then the little man took the remaining of it now than a carriage- shadow, rolled it carefully up, put it way, which formerly led to the castle in his pocket, and went his way. The gate, but which loses itself now be man went likewise home, and was at neath the waters of the lake. This is first rather melancholy at his loss; the story :-It happened one Sunday but the lovely white ducats soon conevening, when the master was from soled him. A short time after this, come, that the servants of the castle he went out with his wife into the were drinking and amusing them- fields, and saw how finely the corn selves; and they carried their pastime looked waving in the clear moonso far, that they took a swine from shine ; and, as they now walked along the sty, dexterously dressed it up, put the fields, the wife suddenly exclaima hat upon its head, and laid it in thcir ed, “ See what a shadow I have,-obmaster's bed. When this was done, serve its length and breadth ; but you, they despatched a hasty messenger to man, have no shadow : what is the the nearest priest, entreating him to reason of that ?” The man endeahome and give the sacrament to their voured to evade this question, but the master, who, they said, was lying at wife was continually harping upon it. his last gasp. The priest came im- Time after time, the neighbours and mediately to the castle, and, as he the children came to see whether he dreamt of no trick, he read prayers had any shadow, and then they all over the swine; and as he presented avoided him ; so that, unable at last to the sacrament all present began to bear the universal scorn and contempt, laugh, and the swine snapped it out of he made away with himself. his hands. Whereupon he, in the utmost horror, hurried away, but for

Mermen. got to take his book along with him; In the year 1619, King Christian and, as he rushed out of the last gate, the Fourth, sent two state-counsellors the castle-clock struck twelve, and im- (Sir Oluf Rosenspar and Sir Niels mediately the building shook and Holo,) to Norway, for the purpose of trembled in all its gables, and when he holding a court-day; and it chanced, turned round it was already sunk, on their return, that the crew of the and the lake came foaming and bel- vessel caught, and drew on-board, a lowing up from the abyss. Stupified merman, in shape and features just with fear and wonder, he could not like any other man; he staggered

about for a long time upon the deck, in the boat, out of which he sprang but at last he lay down as if he had himself. been dead; and when one of the by- The year after, when the state standers exclaimed, “ What a won- counsellor, Christopher Ulfeld, was derful God that must be who has hu- sent with a ship to Gulland, a merman creatures even in the water ;" man, having black hair and a long the merman answered, “ Yes; and if beard, approached them on their way; you knew all I do, you would say so he seemed to have great curiosity, indeed; but, if you do not let me this and observed the ship and those that moment return to the water, neither were in it very closely; but when one ye nor your ship shall ever reach the of the sailors flung him out a shirt in land." Thereupon he would not sport, he ducked under, and was no speak another word; but was placed more seen.

THE FATA MORGANA.

(Mon. Mag.)

THE CONCHOLOGIST'S COMPANION ; COMPRISING THE INSTINCTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS OF

TESTACEOUS ANIMALS, &c. &c. BY THE AUTHOR OF THE WONDERS OF THE VEGETABLE KINGDOM, &c. THIS unpretending volume will be It was summer, early in July, the morn

I received with much pleasure by those ing calm and delightful; the winds whose taste leads them to the study of were hushed, the surface of the bay renatural history: especially by the more markably smooth-the tide at its full juvenile students, for whose use it is height, and the waters elevated in the principally designed. It is a judicious middle of the channel. The sun bad and entertaining compilation from larger just surmounted the hills behind Reg. and more scientific works on the same gio, and formed an angle of forty-five subjects, interspersed with descriptions degrees on the noble expanse of water of natural scenery from the pen of the which extends before the city. Sudcompiler, who appears to be an ardent denly the sea that washes the Sicilian lover of nature. The following extract shores presented the aspect of a range from the description of the coral, which of dark mountains ; while that on the contains also an account of that singu- Calabrian coast appeared like a clear lar phenomenon the fata morgana, polished mirror, which reflected and will give a good idea of the style in multiplied every object existing or which the work is written.

moving at Reggio, with the addition of

a range of more than a thousand giant “This elegant production is common pilasters, equal in altitude, distance, to the shores of Great Britain ; but the and degree of light and shade. In a finest specimens are brought from the moment they lost half their height, and Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Africa, Bastions bent into arcades, like those of a Roof France, islands of Majorca and Cor- man aqueduct. A long cornice was sica, and from the coasts of Provence then formed on the top, and above it and Catalonia. A large fishery also rose innumerable castles, which pre subsists in the Straits of Messina, where sently divided into towers, and shortly the shell collector had lately an oppor- afterwards into magnificent colonnades tunity of not only seeing the method To these succeeded a sweep of wille employed by the Sicilian fishermen dows; then came pines and cypresses, in bringing up the coral, but also La and innumerable shrubs and trees; in Fata Morgana, that beautiful aerial shadier scenes phenomenon, which the credulous na "Pan or Sylvanus never slept, por nymph tives imagine to be produced by fairies Nor Faunus haunted.' or invisible beings,

6. This glorious vision continued in "That in the colours of the rainbow live,

full beauty till the sun was considerably Or play ithe plighted cloudy.'

advanced in the heavens ; it then vaste

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