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English naval fights. As I observed before, hastily built up with soft wood and light one can see from the preface to your book, frames ; and then, manned with an impressed that it is going to contain a stridg of misera- creto, chiefly of raw hands and small boys, ble apologics. Your whole book contains sent forth to assert the rights, and maintain 528 pages of your own writing, 101 pages of the character, of Britons, upon the ocean. wbich are occupied with preparing the rea- In June, 1812, when the war with America der for the defeats which are to follow. commenced, the British navy consisted of What, employ a bundred pages in order to 746 ships in comunission. Had these have show that the English ships could not be ex- been cleared of all the foreigners and ineffecpected to be a match for the American ships! tive hands, how many ships would the reThe sight of these hundred pages is quite mainder have properly manned? enough for any moderate map. However, “ To the long duration of war, and the my readers shall have a little specimen of rapid increase of the navy, may be added a your preparatory motions. They shall see third cause of the scarcity of seamen; the your ingenious string of reasons why the enormous increase of the army. la DeceinAmerican frigate Constitution ought to beat ber, 1812, we had, in regulars alone, 229,149 and capture the Guerriere!
men. How many frigates could have been What would, at any former time, have manned, and well manned, too, by draughts been said of such an attempt? An attempt from the light dragoons and the light infantry to prove that ao Eog‘ish ship ought to be regiments ? Nor is there a question---so inbeaten by an American frigate. However, vitiog were the bounties--that prime seamen let us first quote the passage, and remark would have enlisted in both. upon it afterwards. It is the beginning of a “The crews of our ships experienced a Chapter. You plead as if it were for your fourth reduction iu strength by the establishlife. Had you been the Captain of the ment, about six years ago, of the battalionGuerriere you yourself could not have plead- marines; a corps embodied for the purpose ed with more zeal. I am sure that the rea of acting on shore in conjunction with the der will say that this extract itself ought to seamen and marines of the ships. The bathave saved your back from the wrath of Sir talion-marines, about 2000 in number, conJohn Phillimore.
sisted of the pick of the Royal marines, “ From the battle of Trafalgar to the which, accordingly, became reduced to peace of 1815, (you begin far off, indeed!] weak, andersized men, and very young rechree-fourths of the British navy, at sea, cruits. Marines ought to be among the stoutwere constantly employed in blockading the est men in the ship, because until engaged in fleets of their enemies. Of the remainder, close action, their station is at the guns, such as escaped the dull business of convoy- where great physical strength is required. ing, cruised about; but the only hostile ships Except on a few occasions in Canada and that, in general, crossed their tracks, were the Chesapeake, the battalion marines, aldisguised neatrals from whom no bard knocke tho' as fine a body of inep as any in the two could be expected. Once a year or so, the services, have remained comparatively idle. capture of a French frigate by a British one " The canker teorm that, in the shape of gave a momentary fillip to the service.
neglect, had so long been preying upon the "A succession of insipid cruises necessari- vita
vitals of the British navy, could not exist ly begat, among both officers and men, habits among the few ships composing the navy of of inattention. The situation of gunner on the United States. America's half a dozen board our ships became almost a sinecure, frigates claimed the whole of her attention, A twenty years' war of itself, was sufficient "These she had constructed upon the most imto wear out the strength of our seainen; but
! proved principles, both for sailing and for a laxity of discipline, in all the essentials of
war. Considering that the ramparts of a a man of war's man, produced a much more battery should have, for one obiect, the sepsible effect.
shelter of the men stationed at it, she bad " Tristead of the sturdy occupation of
built up the sides of her ships in the most handling the ships' guos, now seldom used
compact manner; and the utmost ingenuity but on salutes, the men were taught to pol
had been exerted, and expense bestowed, in ish the traversing-bars, elevating screws,
their final equipment. copper on the bits, &c. by way of ornament
“ With respect to seamen, America had, to the quarter-deck. Such of the crew as
for many years previous to the war, been escaped this menial office, (from the unne.
decoying the men from our ships by every cessary wear it occasions, lately forbidden
ariful stratagem. The best of these were by an order from the Board of Admiralty) rated as petty officers. Dany British sea. were set to rec fing and unreefing the top
men had entered on board American merchant sails, against time, preparatory to a match
vessels ; and the numerous non-intercourse with any other of His Majesty's ships that
and embargo bills, in existence at different might bappen to fall in company.
periods during the four years preceding the * Many were the noble exceptions to this,
war, threw inany merchant sailors out of and many were the commanders, who, de
employment. So that the U. S. ships of war, spising what was either finical or useless,
in their preparations for active warfare, had and still hoping to signalize themselves by to pick their compliments from a numerous some gallant exploit, spared no pains, con
body of seamen. sistent with their limited means and the re- Highly to the credit of the naval adminstraints of the service,to have their ships at all
istration of the United States, the men were times,as men of war should be in boxing trim.
taught the practical rules of gunnery ; and a As Napoleon extended his sway over ten shot, with the pecessary powder, were che European continent, the British navy, allowed to be expended in play, to make one that perpetual blight upon bis hopes, requir- hit in earnest." ed to be extended also. British oak and Bri- Very distinct from the American seatish seameo, alike scarce, contract-ships were med, so called, are the American marines.
They are chiefly made up of natives of the count, appear to have been in a more miser country; and a deserter from the British able, destitute, forlorn, disordered, rascally, would be here no acquisition. In the Unit- and rotten state, than that which yon give us ed States, every man may hunt or shoot as the state of the British Navy. But, impuamong the wild animals of ihe forest. The dent liar; foul toad-eater; why did you foryoung peasant or back-woodsman carries a get to state, that this rascally, rotten thing, a rified-barrel gon the moment he can lift cost, at the very time you speak of, upwards one to his shoulder, and woe to the duck or of twepty millions a year! Verily, an histodeer that attempts to pass him within fair rian worthy of Blue and Buff! range of piece. To collect these expert Then, from this poor old rotten thing; marksmen, when of a proper age, officers this worn-out, this battered, this dejected are reutinto the western parts of the Union; thing, you turn our attention to the half dozea and to embody and finish drilling them, a nice American frigates, “constructe marine barrack is established near the city the most approved principles both for sailing of Washiogton, from which depot the ships and for war!” These were, surely, not are regularly supplied.
those "half dozen of fir frigates with bits of “No one act of the little navy of the Unit- striped buoting flying at their mast-heads," ed States had been at all calculated to gain of which Mr. CANNING talked in that very the respect of the British. First was seen year, 1812! the Chesapeake allowing herself to be beat. We had seven hundred and forty-six ships en with impunity by a British ship, only in commission ; but what were these to the nominally superior to her. Then the huge six frigates of the Americans! Constructed frigate President attacks, and fights for as they were upon the most approved princinearly three quarters of an hour, the British ples! 'Bless us! Six dreadful frigates! We sloop Little Belt. And, even since the war, had seven hundred and forty more than they the same President at the head of a squadron, to be sure. But, then, we had no backmakes a bungling business of chasing the woodsmen to place in the round tops. Oh! Belvidere.
backwoodsmen are the devil! and the worst " While, therefore, a feeling towards of it is, that we shall never be able to get America, bordering on contempt, had unhap- any backwoodsmed; so that, as far as this pily possessed the inind of the British naval goes, we are sure to be beaten. officer, rendering him more than usually Such was your preface to the defeat of the careless and opinionative, the American na. Guerriere. As to the defeat itself ; it proval officer, having been taught to regard his duced a still more melancholy description. new foe with a portion of dread, sailed forth The Guerriere's powder was damp; her to meet him with the whole of bis energies mainmast had been struck by lightning some roused. A moment's reflection assured him months previous to the action ; she sailed that his country's honour was now in his very much by the head; but, the great thing hands; and what, in the breast of man could of all appears to have been, that “ HER be a stronger incitement to extraordinary BREECHINGS WERE ROTTEN," and exertions ?
she had no ropes left to repair her breech“ Thus situated were the navies of the two ings! Shocking state to fight in! The strings countries, when H. M. ship Guerriere, with of the waistband broken, and no tape to damaged masts, a reduced compliment, and in make new ones with! Look, then, compas
colute need of that thorough refit, for which sionate reader, look at the poor GUERRIERE she was then, after a very long cruise, speed with her breeches about her heels, and the ing to Halifax, encountered the U.S. ship CONSTITUTION laying on upon ber bip and Constitution, seventeen days only from port, tbigh ! manned with a full compliment, and in all it is impossible to be serious upon such a respects fitted for war" .
subject. Such pitiful, such mirerable excuBravo! and yet cruel Blue and Boff gives ses never were offered before. you the bastinado! Was ever such a story Amongst these excuses, there is, however, as this told before! The Americans bad de- one worthy of particular notice. You say, coyed our seamen away ; they had got back or rather you ask : “ Were it possible that woodsmen put up into their tops; the cankere the Constitution sbip's company could have worm of neglect had been preying upon our been inspected by the officers of the British poor navy; British oak had become scarce ; navy, how many, besides the commissioned ours were contract ships; they had been officers, and the riflemen, who would hare built in haste; with soft wood and light proved to be native Americans ?" You frames. We had seven huudred and forty- mean to insinuate that a large part of the six ships in commission, but manned chietly crew were British seamep; but, Mr. James, with inpressed med, raw hands and small suppose this to have been the case, yours boys, a great number of both of whom were were all British seamen; and what then is foreigners! Shocking state of things! the the conclusion? Why, that the victory was long war had made us forget how to fight; gained in consequence of the Constitution our officers as well as men had contracted having American officers. You insinuate a the habit of inattention. We had lost our falsehood, Mr. James; but, if it were a skill, our discipline, our strength of body, truth, it would only bring additional dishonand our every thing that was good. Accord- our upon Blue and Buff. This, therefore, is ing to you, Mr. James, “ Coriona, pride of a very bad excuse; not quite so ridicologs, Drury Lane, for whom no shepherd sighs in but certainly much more suspicious, than vain," was not in a worse plight when she the breaking loose of the guns, owing to the waked in the morning :
rottenness of the breechings. “A pigeon pick'd her issue peas,
I must notice here a circumstance well
worthy of the reader's attention. It discor" And flock ber tresses fill'd with fleas.”
ers to us a species of meanness which I be I will quote no further; but this strolling lieve to be without parallel previous to this strumpet does not, according the poet's ac disgracefui war. Captain Dacres, while 3
prisoner at Boston, said in his official letter to too, in human blood! Such things ought to Admiral Sawyer, “I feel it my duty to be remembered. It argues a want of justice state, that the conduct of Captain Hull and to forget them, and not to resent them. How bis officers to our men, has been that of a did the Americans treat their prisoners of brave enemy, the greatest care being taken war, lawfully inade prisoners ? I believe to prevent our men from losing the smallest that they never put any of them into prison trifle, and the greatest attention being paid at all. I believe that it was mere nominal to the wounded." This is what Captain Da imprisonment. Barracks, jails, dungeons, cres said at Boston. When, however, he make no part of their system. They went came before the court-martial at Halifax, he no further, I believe, than what is called accused these same American vfficers of parole of honour. Poor Lord Liverpool, in breach of promise; and you, Mr. James, are a speech in the House of Lords, during the pleased to add, that the English sailors were war, told the House that the Americans robbed by the Americans of the contents of treated our people whom they had prisoners their bags! You produce po proof of this; of war, more like friends and brethren than it is your bare assertion; and, I dare say, like enemies, whence that sagacious noblethat one more false never was made..
man concluded, that the American people The like of this meanness, however, hap- disapproved of their own Government for pened in several instances. While prisoners going to war with us, and that they were with the Americans, great gratitude was fre. desirous “ of placing themselves under the quently expressed for the kind and generous protection of his Majesty's government !" treatment which those prisoners received ; And it really required the beating which but, at subsequent periods, these acknow our people got at Lake Champlain and ledgments were retracted ; and, in most ca. Piattsburg, to convince the profound preses, with very ungrateful accusations. And, mier of his great mistake. The Americans here, (having omitted it before,) let me say do not wreak their vengeance on prisoners, a word or two on the manner of conducting of war. They inflict vengeance on haughty the war. You decline to do this; and welí foes that are in arms. And now I think of you may; for the contrast is not such as it, Mr. James, what sort of prisoner were you would have suited your purpose.
in America? The first sentence of your book When the war broke out, we had on board tells us that you were a prisoner there, and of our ships a great number of Americans, the third sentence tells us that you effected whom we had pressed in the manner in your escape. In a hundred parts of your which James Tompkins and his three brave book you accuse the Americans of falsehood associates were impressed. We had, by the and of foul dealing : it would not have been usual well-known means, compelled the amiss, therefore, if you had explained to us poor fellows to serve us. We have recently in what kind of imprisonment you were in the seen an instance, in which it was sworn that United States. This explanation was fully one of them had a pistol placed to bis tem due to a public, before whom you were placple, to compel him to fight against his own ing yourself as an accuser-general of the countrymen. But what did we do with them American naval historians, and as a vouchergeoerally? Why, WE MADE THEM general for facts which directly contradicted PRISONERS OF WAR! Answer that, the official statements of the American comMr. James. We took them off the decks of manders. To many of the cases, you tell us our own ships, where many of them had that there is no British official account of the been compelled to serve ns for years, where batlle. This is particularly the case with re. many of them had been wounded several gard to the memorable victory (so painful times; we took them from those decks and for an Englishman to think on) gained by SHUT THEM UP IN OUR PRISONS, the single frigate CONSTITUTION over the and kept then there to be exchanged against LEVANT and CYANE. You, with all the asour people that the Americans might take surface imaginable, contradict the American in war. The world never saw the like of commander, upon wbat you call the authori. this before. I, who am an Englishman, de- ty of “ Brilish officers engaged," but you spise and detest an American wbo pretends take special care not to name any of those that he can forgive this; and, were I an officers! This you do in many of those inAmerican, I would destroy such a wretch staoces, and particularly in the case of the as soon as I would destroy a toad or an British defeats. In the instance of the St. adder. It is a thing that never will be for- Lawrence beaten by the American ship gotten or forgiven. The Americans are all CAASSEUR, you say, “no British official humanity and generosity towards prisoners account has been publishe
s account has been published : but unofficial that fall into their power; but they never accounts state;" and then you go on with can forgive this; they never can pardon your own story. It is you, therefore, whose England for this unpardonable offence accounts we receive; it is upon your auagainst them.
thority that the contradiction is given to the Many of the American prisoners, who had American official accounts. It became you, een taken from serving us on the decks of then, sir, before you attempted to pass your our ships of war, were imprisoned at DART. word for so much, to tell us what kind of priMOOR. They endeavogred to make their son that was, from which in the United escape; and MANY OF THEM WERE States, you “efected your escape,"...Whether SHOT BY OUR SOLDIERS! And, do it was a prison made of bricks, mortar, and you believe, Mr. James, that this is forgot bars, or a prison formed only by your pa. ieo in America? Foolish map are you, and role, or word; and if the latter, how you foolish men are your patrons, if they believe contrived to effect your escape from it willithis. In thousands of houses in America, the out doing that wbich is commonly called names of the men shot at DARTMOOR are breach of parole. If this was the way you written and put upon the walls, and wrillen effected your escape, you ought when you
28 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series.
come forward to vouch for facts in opposi. their long absent friends, all the ties of their tion to the American official statements, to homes and families !” Shocking! Despicabring somebody to vouch for yourself. ble! A navy has come to a pretty pass in
But, besides the treatment of their prison- deed, when such apologies can be offered for ers of war, how great was the difference in its defeats, and fast falling is the nation that the manner of the two countries in conduct can accept of such an apology. he war! It will be very
ry long before the I shall give one more instance of your conduct of the English at Hampton will be miserable apologies. The CONSTITUTION forgotten. The visit to the old man upon his American frigate was attacked by two Brideath bed, will long be remembered in the tish ships, the Levant and the Cyane, the United States. You complain bitterly of former carrying 34 guns, and the latter 21. the publication of private letters by authori. The American frigate aprears to have ty of the Captain of the Chasseur. I well mounted 56 gups, but then, as every one most remember the publication of those private sce, the two ships had greatly the advantage. letters, and that they discovered scenes and Indeed, they were aware that they should motives of meappess, selfishness, low cun- have the advantage! for you yourself say, ning, base greediness, such as I do trust in that they resolved to attack ber, and she God no man with one drop of English blood beat and captured them both! And let us bear in him is capable of being guiliy of. The your crying account of this affair.. Captain of the Chasseur performed a duty to “On the 20th of February, 1815, H. M. his country, to our country, and to the world. ships Levant and Cyane, were proceeding is Those letters would have become shop-lifter's company, a few days out from Gibraltar, in London. Such people can never uphold bound to the Western Islands. About 1 the glory of a country. A country must o'clock in the afternoon a strange sail was sink if they have any ihing to do with her seen by the Cyane, upoo her weather bow; affairs.
her consort, the Levant, Captaio Douglass, You give us an account of the military then bull down to leeward. The Crane operations at Washington, and of those at stood on until about 4 o'clock; when, having Alexandria. Your pretext is, that the fleet ascertained the character of the stranger, had something to do with those operations. Captain Gordon Falcon bore up to speak the But, had not the fleet also something to do Commodore. At about quarter past 5, ibe with the affair at New Orleans? Did not two ships passed within hail of each other, the teet assist in achieving that inextinguish- Captain Douglass, the senior officer, resolved able defeat and disgrace? Did not the to engage the enemy's frigate, in hopes, by COCHRANES and COCKBURNS assist to gain disabling her, to prevent her interceput for us that which Paddy would call “ father two valuuble convoys, that sailed from GiB of a beating ?" Yet not a word do you say raltar about the same time as the Levant and about the affair of New-Orleans. You sup. Cyane. Both Commanders, at this time, press it altogether; and those who read your fully believed that she was the American history, without having heard of the thump- frigate Constitution : baving received iptel ing at New-Orleans, must be unable to be. ' ligence, before leaving port, of ber being to lieve it possible that such a thing ever took their intended track. place. This is your way of writing impartial " The two ships now tried for the weatbel. history!
gage, but, finding they could not obtain il, There was one thing, however, which, they bore mp, in hopes to prolong the enone would suppose, you could pot have gagement until nigbt, wben, by manæuffins omitted. Your gallant countrymen (of in the dark, they might effect their objecte whom more another time) took away a parcel The superior sailing of the Constitutions of negroes from Virginia Strange that you however, defeated that plan
eated that plan also ; aed, at
dwelt with great minuteness on their ex- hauled to the wind on the starboard-tark. ploits at Washington ; but say not a word No British official accouot of this actions about this negro expedition ; which expedi- been published; therefore, the details at tion, by-the-bye, WE HAVE YET* To taken, partly from the American accoun PAY FOR. Whether the sum will be hun- and partly from the information of the dreds of thousands of pounds, is more than I tish officers engaged. can say ; but, in a short time, we shall bave “The Constitution had previously trees the comfort of knowing what it is. Yet, not bow-chasers at the Cyane, without en a word do you tell us about this part of the her shot falling short; and, now, basins achievements of the pavy. Io short, you two British ships under the cominando suppress every thing calculated to give us a main-deck battery (they being at a dista true impression of the naval occurrences of from her of full three-quarters of a mil which you profess to be the historian.
commenced firing her broadsides. Do Before I dismiss these remarks, I will give ships returned her fire ; but having only the public a specimen or two of your manner ronades, their shot fell short, wbile the of apologizing for Blue and Buff. When stitution's 24 pound shot were cutting to ibe schooner St. Lawrence was beaten by ces their sails and rigging. As the the Chasseur brig, which were, as nearly as became gradually disabled, the Coosti possible, of equal force, the former was shortened her distance; and, by her supp carrying despatches from Cockburn, or ority in sailing, and working, frequency Cochrane. to some other cominander, about rakell both her opponents. the peace; the American attacked her, and " It is stared in the American." took her in about fifteen minutes. Now let of the Action,' that, when the firing. us hear the apology. “Men are not in the menced, the contending ships mere. best trim for lighting, juust upon hearing the 300 yards distant.' According to the nexos of pence; sailors are then dwelling upon tive testimony of the British oficers, ey their discharge from servitude, the sighi of ed at the court-martial, the distance
hing to the pasi
stated before, nearly three quarters of a and ten minutes apart; yet, says the former, wile. The object in framing this assertion, both of which, after a spirited action of is evident. It is to show that the British had FORTY MINUTES, surrendered to the the use of their carronades from the first; ship under my command !' After this a come and that the Constitution did not keep pliment to British gallantry could not be exout of range, until she had crippled both pected; yet the advance of the Levant, at ships.
half past eight, and her ranging close up, . * At about 35 minutes past six, was with- and exchanging broadsides, with such an adout a brace or a bow-line, except the lar- versary would have elicited admiration from board fore-brace. Yet, seeing her consort the breast of a Turk ! exposed to a heavy raking fire, owing to the “ The Levant lost 6 seamen and marines, Constitution baving fired across her, she gal
killed, and an officer, and 14 seamen and laotly stood in between them, and received
marines wounded. The Cyane had 6 killed, the broadside. The firing continued at in
and 13 wounded; total, 19 killed and 39 tervals for a few minutes Tonger, when the
wounded. Captain Stewart, to make the Cyaoe turned the bands up to refit the rig
complements of the ship appear greater than ging. Before that could be accomplished, they were, etales 23 as the killed, of the forthe Constitution had taken a position on mer ship, and 12, the latter. This is now her larboard quarter, within hail. Being become a stale trick, and scarcely deserves Dow totally unmanageable; with most of ber notice. The smallness of the Bsitish loss in standing and running rigging gone; main and this action show's clearly, that the Americans and mizzen-masts tottering, and other princi- had already began to relax in their discipal spars wounded; several shot in the hull, pline. The Constitution's fire, considering Dine or ten of which were between wind and the disparity of force falls far beneath the water; five carronades disabled, chiefly by the drawing of the bolts and starting of the
very worst of ours. cheeks ; and the Levant having bore up to
“Old Ironsides, as, from her strength and repair damages, since 6 40, and being now
compactness she is very properly called in two miles to leeward, still bearing away ;
the United States, was too successful in keepthe Cyane fired a lee-gun, and hoisted a
ing out of carronade-raoge, to allow many light as a signal of submission (see p. 433 ;)
shot to reach her. Some, however, lodged and, soon after seven, was taken possession
in her sides; and a few others, it may be of by the Constitution.
presumed, found their way through; or we " At 8 15, which was as soon as the Levant
should not hear of 6 men killed and mortalhad rove new braces, the gallant little ship
ly wounded, and 6 others wounded, severely again hauled her wind, to ascertain the fate
and slightly. That both British comman. of her companion, as well as to renew the
ders had drilled their men at the guns, is desperate contest. On approaching the two
proved by the precision of their fire, during ships, Captain Douglas, with a boldness bor
ihe short period that their carronades could dering op rashness, ranged close alongside
reach. the Constitution, to leeward, being unable
“The Levant mounted 21 guns; eighto weather her, and the two ships, on oppo
teen carrogades, 32-pounders, two long 9. site tack, exchanged broadsides. This, by pounders, and a 12-pound lanch carronade. the American account, was at half past 8. Her established complement was 135 men The Constitution immediately wore under and boys; but she had in the action 115 the Levant's stern, and raked her with a men and 16 boys ; total, 131. Her marines second broadside. At 9 30, Captain Doug- were young raw recruits, that scarcely Jas, finding that the Cyane had undoubtedly knew how to handle their muskets; and, struck her colours, put again before the wind: although considered as men, would all have in doing which, the Levant received several been rated as boys in the American serraking broadsides, bad her wheel shot away, and her lower masts badly wounded. To
i vice. fire ber stern-chase guns, and to steer at the
“ The Cyane was a deep-waisted or a same time, was impossible, owing to a sad frigate-built ship, and mounted 33 guns , mistake in the construction of this new class twenty-two carronades, 35-pounders, upon of vessels! Seeing the Constitution ranging the main-deck, eight carronades, 18-pourapon the larboard quarter, the Levant, at 16 ders, an 18-pound lanch carronade, and P. . by the American, and 10 40 by the Bri. two long 9-pounders, upon the quartertish account, struck her colours to the . gigan deck and forecastle. Not another gun did tic enemy.'
she mount ; yet Captain Stewart has given " One could almost cry out, shame! shame! at the Constitution firing successive broad
her an additional 18-pound carronade, and sides into such a ship as the Levant. It is
two long 12's in lieu of 9's; and, in the surprising that she did not sink her. Had
“ Sketches of the War," all her thirtythe Levant, on first bearing away, continu four guns' are described as 32-pound cared her course, she might have escaped; but ronades! that would have appeared like deserting her “ The established complement of the Cy. Consort ; and personal consideration in ane was 191 men, and 24 (including 12 subattle was never the characteristic of a pernumerary) boys: total 185. But on DOUGLAS. * The reader has, no doubt, already dis
the morning of the action, she was defi.
cient, in petty-officers and able seamen, 16, covered the important variation between Captain Stewart's official letter (App. No.
and had a surplus of two boys; making her 108,) and the “ Minutes of the Action,".
complement, in this action, 145 men, and (No. 109,) by some unaccountable blunder of 26 boys ; total, 171. Of this nuinber, 4 the Americans, published along with it. men were si!
men were sick and not at quarters. In According to the latter, the two ships were computing his prisoners Captain Stewart captared at successive periods, three hours has committed a mistake ; which, added to