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Being determined to submit no long. bricate the capsular ligaments, I reer to such egregious foolery; feeling mounted my donkey, made the best of moreover considerable craving in the my way home, and have devoted the digestive ventricle ; and a stiffness in afternoon to the present narrative of my knees from want of synovia to lu- my scientific achievements.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

BALLAD.

“ AWAY! away to Normandy!

Up, up, my son, and ride!
And bring with thee, from that famed countree,

A ladye for thy bride.
The maidens there are gay and fair

As the blossoms on the tree ;
Away ! away ! ere break of day

To merry Normandy,

But I will don my best attire,

And seek my lovely girl,
Whose eyes are bright as the clear starlight,

And whose teeth are white as pearl.
And thou wilt own that the rose just blown

Is not more fair than she;
And that she may claim as pure a name
As the best of Normandy.

6.
In the day of age she'll cherish thee

With all a daughter's care,
And walk with thee, and talk with thee,

And bind thy silvery hair.
She will bring to thee Spring's earliest flowers,

And fruits from the choicest tree;
And thou wilt forget, and ne'er regret,

The maids of Normandy.

Array thyself in thy best attire,

And with words of honey speak,
And thou'lt call the smile to many an eye,

And the blood to many a cheek :
Be kind to the meanest thou may'st meet,

And to the lofty-free:
Not in vain thou'lt ride, for a ladye-bride
Shall be thine in Normandy.

3.
Seek out the noblest dame of all,

And wbisper in her ear,
That thou lov'st her more than ever before

Lov'd knight and cavalier.
Say she is fairer than summer rose,

(As thy father said to me.)
And thou'lt bring at thy side a wealthy bride

From merry Normandy."

She will guide thee when thy limbs are weak,

And thy sight begins to fail ;
Or breathe a song, and when nights are long

Beguile them with a tale.
And when thou’rt gone to the sleep of death,

(Oh ! distant may that be !)
She will wet thy bier with many a tear,
Though not of Normandy."

8.
“ My son, put on thy best attire,

And seek thy lovely girl,
Whose eyes are bright as the clear star-light,

And whose teeth are white as pearl.
And may she prove a source of love

When I bave pass'd from thee,
And ever claim as pure a name

As the best of Normandy."

No ! mother, nu ! I cannot part

With the maiden of my bome :
A bride more kind I shall never find,

Though the whole world through I roam.
No! mother, no ! I cannot leave

My own beloved countree ;
Though 'tis bleak and wild, I still am its child,

And want not Normandy.

MEMENTO MORI. INSCRIBED ON A TOMBSTONE. WHEN you look on my grave,

Let a few moments slide,
And bebold how they wave-

We shall lie side by side,
The cypress, the yew, and the willow-

And crumble to dust, bone for bone !
You think 'tis the breeze

Go weep thine own doom! That gives motion to these, 'Tis the laughter that's shaking my pillow!

Thou wert born for the tomb,

Thou bast lived, like myself, but to die ; I must laugh when I see

Whilst thou pity'st my lot,
A poor insect like thee

Secure fool! thou'st forgot
Dare to pity the fate thou must own:

Thou art no more immortal than I !

ON THE DEATH OF A YOUNG GIRL. BEAUTY and Virtue crown'd thee!

The sun salutes thee early,
Death in thy youth hath found thee !

The stars begem thee rarely,
Thou'rt gone to thy grave

Then why should we weep
By the soft willow-wave,

When we see thee asleep
And dowrets are weeping around thee !

Wid a world that loves thee so dearly?: 29 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series,

AMERICAN WRITERS. ONE is continually hearing more that we owe to ourselves. Deal justly

or less, about American litera- with all who venture upon the perilture, of late, as if there were any such ous life of authorship-a life that ends thing in the world as American litera- oftener than any other in a broken ture; or any such thing in the Unit- heart, or a disordered mind-thai we ed States of North America, as a body owe to humanity. of native literature—the production B ut if we would not over-cuddle of native writers-bearing any sort of the young American writers; kill national character, either of wisdom them with kindness ; turn their heads or beauty--heavy or light-or having with our trumpeting, or produce a faany established authority, even among tal revulsion in the popular mind, let the people of the United States. And us never make a prodigious fuss about go where one will, since the appari- any American book, which, if it were tion of one American writer among English, would produce little or no us, (of whom a word or two more by sensation. It is the sure way to deand by, some half-a-dozen stories and feat our own plans in the long run, story-books; a little good poetry, however profound our calculations (with some very bad poems ;) four or may be. Honesty is the best policy five respectable, and as many more after all,—even for booksellers. trumpery novels, with a book or two It is only insulting the Americans, about theɔlogy-one is pretty sure to whom we desire to conciliate by our hear the most ridiculous and exagger- gentlemanly candour, if we so cry up ated misrepresentations, one way or any tolerable book of theirs, as if it the other, for or against American au- .were a wonder to meet with anything thorship, as if American authorship tolerable from an American writer. (so far as it goes) were anything These noisy rushes of popularity different from English, or Scotch, or never do any good. They are alike Irish authorship ; as if there were affronting to our countrymen and to any decided nationality in the style or the Americans; injurious to our litemanner of a book-maker in America rary men, and ruinous to theirs. They who writes English, or endeavours to discourage ours, and spoil theirs ; or, write English-to set him apart, or what is quite sure to be fatal, they

istinguish him from a book-maker in provoke a calm, severe investigation he United kingdom, who is engaged of the grounds upon which judgment n the same business.

has been rendered With two exceptions, or at the most The truth is, that there are more three, there is no American writer American writers in every branch of who would not pass just as readily for literature, and they are more respectaan English writer, as for an American, ble, ten times over, than our countrywhatever were the subject upon men would readily believe: but then, which he was writing; and these there is no one of them whose works three are PAULDING, NEAL, and would abide a temperate, firm, unCHARLES BROCKDEN Brown, of whom sparing examination, as a standard in we shall speak separately in due time. its way, much less a conspiracy to

We have hitherto underrated, or, write it down. We happen to know more properly speaking, overlooked something of the matter, and without the American writers. But we are any professions of impartiality, (leafnow running into a contrary extreme; ing our behaviour to speak for us on abundantly overrating some, and in a that score,) shall proceed in arranging fair way, if a decided stand be not it systematically, after a few observataken against the popular infatuation, tions. of neglecting our own for the encour. Our arrangement will be alphabetiagement of American talent.

cal, so that those who happen to know Give the Americans fair play- the name of any American author, may be able to tell, at a glance, what are centuries in dropping away; he has written; while others who trees, that are a hundred years in know only the work, by referring to coming to maturity, abide for another the title of the class, may learn the hundred years, without shaking to the name of the author.

blast, and sink away into dust and Some of these American writers ruin again, like the very pyramids. have been very popular of late, and Yet-yet-cities have sprung up in a all are aiming to become so—as who, season, and flowers in a night. But indeed, is not, even among our own for what?-only for the one to be countrymen! But let them be wary. abandoned, and the other blighted, in Nothing is more short-lived than vio- the next revolution of the season or lent popularity. It is the tempestuous the sun. brightness of a moment-a single mo- Let no man be in a hurry about ment only—the sound of passing mu- getting a reputation. That reputasic—the brief blossoming of summer tion is not worth having, which can flowers.

be had easily, or in a little time.

one law of nature, which governs the first efforts of the unknown ? It is alike through all creation. It is one for that very reason-it is because to which all things, animate and inani- they are unknown. They have grown mate, are subject; and which, if it up in “brave neglect,” in wind and were thought of, would make men storm ; disclosed their powers unextremble at sudden popularity. It is pectedly, without being intimidated or this—That which is a given time in abashed by observation, or worried coming to maturity, shall abide a like and fretted with public guardianship. time without beginning to decay; and It were better for the very giants to be a like time again in returning to be unknown; and better for all, who the earth.

would have their progeny either It is a law alike of the animal, the grand or beautiful, to bring forth all vegetable, and the mineral kingdom, their young in the solitude, or the applicable alike to the productions of mountain. The world, and the tempnature and of art.

tations of the world, only enfeeble The longest-lived animals are the and enervate them. A sickly off: longest in coming to maturity. Dia- spring is produced with more hardship monds, it is thought, since the disco- in the crowded atmosphere of a veries of Professor Silliman, may re. city, than young lions in the wilderquire ages to consummate their vir- ness. tues; other crystals are formed in- Why is it that the sons of extraor. stantaneously. But the diamond is dinary men do not more frequently indestructible, and the latter dissolve grow to the stature of their fathers ? in your breath.

It is because they are intimidated and Some islands are formed by accre- discouraged by continual comparison tion, and others are thrown up all at with their fathers : It is because they once from the bottom of the ocean. are awed and pestered out of their Ages and ages will pass away, without natural way, by the perpetual guarobliterating the vestiges of the former, dianship of that public, who never fail while the others will disappear as to spoil whatever they take a liking they came, in a single night, leaving to : It is because they are overshadowno record of their having been, but in ed by the giants of whom they are the sea-legend of the mariner, or in born, and compared every hour, from the conflicting testimony of men upon their childhood up, with great fullthe same voyage, who had hardly grown men, who, if they had been ever lost sight of one another, as their watched over in the same way, would great ships went over the place of never have been full-grown men.. contention.

Few things under heaven will endure Cities, that are whole centuries in the guardianship of a multitude, and building, flourish for centurics, and fewer still, their tyranny and caprice. The plants of genius, like children popular favour, in awkward imitation or costly flower-trees, may require of established favourites, who do what continual attention, but then it is not they please, and are liked the better the attention of the world—that only for it; then, without any sort of nospoils them—it is the attention of the tice or preparation, he will be seized few, the sincere, and the delicate with a sudden paroxysm of originali

Why is it, that we are continually ty. He springs into his saddle-up amazed at the first efforts—and with goes the whip, and he precipitates only the first efforts-of a thousand himself, head foremost, at some obwonderful young men ? It is because ject, which other people dare not vene they were not popular. It is because ture upon. But, just at the critical we expected nothing from them, and moment, just when nothing but des they knew it. After their first essay, peration can carry him through, his no matter in what department of art heart fails him, he pulls up, (like the or science, they were known-and of inexperienced rider, who gives whip course popular. Our expectations be- and spur over the field, and check at came unreasonable; we worked them a five-bar gate ;) and finishes the adbeyond all decency,—all humanity. venture either by shutting his eyes We called upon them to produce, in and breaking his neck, or by turning a few years, or perhaps a few months, aside with a laugh that is anything but amid the bustle, strangeness, and con- natural or hearty, or with some unfusion of a great city, that which profitable appeal to the indulgence of would be more wonderful than their a jaded and disappointed public, as first effort, though that had been the if any public ever cared a farthing production of many years, in the for one of their pets, after a tumble spring-time of their heart's valour+ or a balk. in solitude--and had appeared even The unknown do well at first, beto ourselves miraculous.

; cause they are unknown ; because So with all mankind. They never nothing was expected of them; bepermit the same person to astonish cause they had everything to gain, them a second time, if they know it. and nothing to lose. That made To be astonished, indeed !-what is them fearless of heart. And they do it but an imputation upon their breed- badly, in a second effort, because ing,foresight, wisdom, and experience ? their whole situation is reversed; beSo they set their faces against it.- cause they are known - because too They seek, as it were, to avenge much is expected of them; and bethemselves for having been surprised cause, in one word, they have everyinto anything so ungenteel as a stare, thing to lose, and nothing to gain. (of astonishment, I mean,) by resolv- That very reputation, in the pursuit ing never to be caught again--by him of which they have accomplished in-whatever he may do.

credible things when overtaken, is a Let him do better a second time, crushing load-a destroying power, and he will appear to do worse. Do upon all their finer and more sensible what he will, they are, and always faculties. Hence it is, that some diswill be, disappointed. But it is a tinguished men (like Scott and Byron) thousand to one that he does worse. so often. venture anonymously, or unHe becomes, on a second appearance, der fictitious names, into the field, neither one thing nor another. One whenever they begin to distrust the minute he will repeat himself; the partiality of the public, or to suspect next he will imitate himself, with va- the mischievous influence of that parriations, in those passages, attitudes, tiality, upon themselves, or their weaand peculiarities, which have taken pons. There is no other way to rewell; then he will be caught with a assure their own hearts, when they sudden whim, (like an only child,) begin to doubt a diminution of edge trusting to the partiality of his friends, or power--they must on with their or to his reputation for genius or ec- ponderous armour once more-away centricity--coquetting timidly with from the banquetting place and scour

the world anew, under a blank pen- neglect of the public we may as well non, or a blank shield : and hence is add a word or two of encouragement it, that the course of others like for all, by assuring them that the mulMoore and Southey) is one eternal titude are never long insensible to exzig-zag-through every kind of prose, traordinary power; that sooner or and every kind of poetry—on every later, opportunity will arrive to the subject- now on one side of the ques. watchful and brave; that those who tion—now on the other.

deserve to succeed, will, one day or All are striving by these expedients other, succeed ; and that good sense, to avoid the inevitable catastrophe of enthusiasm, perseverance, and origipopular favour: to prolong their do- nality, combined, are never unsuccessminion ; to keep off the evil day; ful, or out of fashion for a long time when, whatever may have been their together. merit, their thrones will be demolish- Now, then, for the American Wried; their crowns trampled on, and ters, whom we shall introduce as we their sceptres quenched, by that very have said before, in alphabetical ormultitude who have built pyramids, der. and burnt incense to them.

ADAMS JOHN QUINCY-Son of JOHN The world are unreasonable ; and Adams, late President of the United always unmerciful to the second essay States America-is himself one of the of every man-(that is, to his next ef candidates (of whom we gave some fort after that which has made him account in a late Number) for known) but they always appear to the the next Presidency.- There is litcandidate himself, of course, far more tle or no doubt of his election, at this unreasonable and unmerciful than they time. are. And hence is it, that ninety. Mr. Adams was born in New-Engnine tinies out of one hundred, noth- land ; educated at Harvard Universiing more is ever heard of him. He ty; made no great figure there ; stugenerally perishes in obscurity, sore died law; wrote some common-place and sick at heart, or dies cursing the poetry; (which has been recently recaprice of the world.-Indeed-indeed produced by certain of his political --that reputation is not worth having partizans, in aid of his pretensions to which can be easily obtained.

the chair; (as if the writing of toleraThe truth is, that we dread this ble poetry were a serious qualification kind of popularity, not only for others,

for the office of a chief magistrate over but, strange as it may seem, for our

ten millions of people:) and went forthselves; and we would seriously ad

with into political training, under the monish all young writers to be on eyes of some American minister, to their guard against it-never to relax some European court.

-never to lie upon their oars. Be- Mr. Adams is a fine scholar ; a caside, there is a kind of reputation that pital politician ; an admirable writer; rises about one, like the sea, while, to and a profound statesman. He has the common observer who looks only lived nearly all his life in the courts of at the surface, it may appear to be re- Europe; and is familiar with all the ceding : and there is another, which trick and accomplishment of diplomagoes on slowly, accumulating against cy, without having been corrupted the barriers and obstacles which op- by it. pose it, until they give way on every H e has written only one book ; but side at last, and only serve to augment that comes nearer to the character the power and impetus of that which of a standard in its way, than any has overborne them.

other American work, except the FedBut, while we put those who are eralist, which is, and very deservedly popular upon their guard against popu- too, a sort of national boast in Amelarity ; and apprise others, who are rica. slowly and silently making their way This book, by Mr. Adams, is a seinto popular favour, of how much ries of lectures upon judicial and poputhey have to be thankful for, in the lar eloquence, delivered by himself at

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