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wealth, and are regarded by every fear few are capable of arriving at such one as people of consequence ; yet I an enviable state of refinement. will venture to say that they spend Though — had realized a million within two-thirds of an income which long before he died, he was often is not more ample than Frank Cler- heard to say that he should not conmont's, who finds the whole of his to sider himself to be a rich man till he be insufficieent to procure him the had doubled his capital; but yet, common necessaries of life.

where his own interest was not conWhat constitutes wealth ? is not an cerned, his ideas of “ What constiunamusing speculation-perhaps no tutes wealth" were narrow enough: two people have ideas alike on the —he thought, for instance, that he subject. A poor man, who is obliged amply provided for his four maiden to support a wife and a large family on sisters by leaving them five hundred a pound a week, imagines that a hun- pounds each; and even inserted in his dred a year would procure every lux- will, that if they were not able to live ury that his heart could desire ; while on this sum, they were not fit to live a hundred a year with gentility attach- at all, and that more would only leave ed to it, is considered to be a most them a prey to fortune hunters. miserable pittance.

Many a rich man deems a guinea, Yet there are those who can be dealt from “ his pockets avaricious 6 Passing rich with forty pounds a nook," to be an inexhaustible suin. year,” or even less ; but then they - who can command many possess that “ wealth of the mind," thousands a year, lately visited an old that true independence, which makes school-fellow on the brink of ruin, riches or poverty alike a matter of in- from recent extensive losses in trade. difference to them. Mr. — , a man All his latent feelings of sympathy of profound erudition, was lately em- were roused by witnessing the sufferployed by some literary friend to ings of his old friend, (who till within write a work of great research, which the last month had been a rich man ;) was likely to occupy him at least for a and in the most soothing tone he ofyear. As he was completely without fered assistance. Poor B.'s counteresources of his own, they asked him nance beamed with gratitude. He what remuneration he would require saw himself at once saved from bankfor so much time and labour. He re- ruptcy, and again established with plied, that half a guinea a week would credit, by a prospect of such seasonaamply supply all his wants! And I ble help. But what was his astonishhave somewhere read of another man ment, when he beheld a purse drawn of learning, though I cannot vouch for forth, and a guinea, one guinea, ter the fact, who supported himself com- dered to his acceptance ! fortably on a halfpenny a day! But I


Let him who deems that woman's lovely form

Is void of soul, come, gaze upon her bere;

While down her cheek there steals the tender ter
As music sheds its wild resistless charm,
And the deep passions of her bosom warm,

And the soft soul beams melting iu her eye,

And ber heart sends responsive barınony
As the glad flute is heard, or trumpet's wild alarm.
What recks the graceless Moslem's boasted creed me

Out on their maids, in paradise that dwell.
Their dream-born Houris on ambrosia feed ;

'Tis better here to mark each bosom swell
With those soft thoughts, which music bids arise,
Than taste the thousand joys of Paynim paradise.

* It is a part of the Moslem's creed, thạt women are destitute of souls.


O F all the banquets on record or by comparison, depreciating? It shall

not on record, Reuben,- from go hard but, in reply, I will furnish those of the heroes in Homer down- you with worthy pendants for them all, wards, --commend me to the banquet and more, from among the company of the beasts at Exeter 'Change! The that grace our banquet. What royal Lord Mayor's feast is a fool to it; epicure, though he were descended and the coronation banquet itself from Heliogabalus himself, would dare (seeing that there was no Queen pre- to dine on a liege subject of England, sent at it) was but a half-crown ordi- and he a captain of grenadiers, -as

did the cousin-german of the royal I disclaim all insidious or invidious tiger that is liere ? And as for the allusions ; but let me ask, what alder- champion, who had the courage to man of the whole corporation can ride into the hall on horseback in the preside in so portly a manner, feed so presence of his lawful sovereign-I cleanly, or consume so much at a fancy he would not have waited to meal, (and this latter qualification I ride out again backwards, if his royal take to be the measure of merit in the master had insisted on his putting his matter of eating, and the point to head into a lion's mouth-as the man which the palm must be conceded,) – does here ! which of them all, I say, can in these And now, Reuben, since I can perparticulars pretend to compare with ceive, by the significant looks of all the alderman Elephant, who takes off a circle, that they are somewhat scandacart-load of carrots by way of dessert lized by these profane parallels of

-washes them down with a washing- mine, and are moreover not prepared tub of water-and then wipes his properly to appreciate the merits of trunk on a truss of hay by way of a the feast that I would introduce them towel, and eats it afterwards ? And to--that good Aunt Silence would be as for the late banquet at Westminster horrified at seeing the great serpent Hall,-it would, to be sure, not be le- swallow a live chicken, though she algitimate to look upon that merely as lows the cat an extra cup of milk for an affair of eating ; but I should be every mouse he catches--that Rose glad to know how it can be compared, would be petrified at the roar of the even in other respects, with the one I lion, and Phæbe actually faint at the am about to describe to you? Which idea of the no-better-than cannibals of the peeresses, in the plenitude of (as she would call them) eating their her plumes, (borrowed from the os- meat so underdone and that, as for trich upstairs) could compete in beau- Frank, he had rather be present at the ty with the panther, who sits down to petit souper of a pack of hounds than dinner in puris naturalibus ? The a whole wilderness of wild beasts ;lords may boast of their furred robes, all this, I say, being evident, let you for each of which they are indebted and I go by ourselves : so on with to whole hecatombs of innocent little your wishing cap-that is to say, fanermines; but the leopard may laugh cy yourself here in the Middle Temat them all,- for his furred robe is ple with me—and as the Temple clock furnished him by Nature herself, and is now striking hall-past seven, we'll would put to shame the workmanship sally forth, and shall just reach the

tendom; and he can afford to wear it look about us before the elephant rings every day, because he gets a new one for his cloth to be laid for supper. from the same source every year, Having received the awkward obeiwithout paying any thing for it. sance of the mock beef-eater at the

But do you twit me with the lions- bottom of the stairs, and followed the kings at arms, the champions, and the direction of the be-written walls, which royal epicures themselves, who graced tell us at every turn that “this is the and glorified the banquet that I am, way to the wild beasts,” we reach the

pay-place, and deposit our three and that here is another cogent reason sixpences, nothing loth, in the hands for the said repeal—" for which, as in of a pretty demure-looking maiden duty bound, your petitioners will never who sits confined there like a bird in pray," &c. a cage ; remarking, by the by, that This room contains a great variety but for her pleasant looks, we should of other birds; among which are sonie somewhat object to the high price of beautiful Belearic cranes, with crests admission.

on their heads in the form of crowns; As we are to see the whole of this two extremely curious eagles of a de extraordinary exhibition, we will com- scription not to be found in books of ply with the pretty money-taker's de- natural history ; and some birds that sire, and "please to walk up stairs you will remember to have heard of first”-reserving the great banquet. at school, Reuben. “Rara avis in ting-room for the bonne bouche. The terris, migroque simillima Cygno." first room we enter is long and low, Night, however, is not the time to see and lighted (or rather not lighted) by this part of the show; so we will just one dismal lamp; and its inhabitants glance at a few of the other objects in are chiefly birds. We will therefore this room, and then pay our respects not give much time to it; for of all to Bob, and the great boa constrictor, caged creatures, one would suppose in the next. Here is the bison, a relathat the bird is the least able to bear its tive of whom, under the feigned name lot patiently—and of all birds, an of the bonassus, lately enlivened every eagle-of which there are several dead wall in the metropolis and its enhere. Not that we come here to la- virons, and the whole fraternity of ment over the condition of the objects whom we consequently abhor almost we meet with ;-and for my own as much as we do 6 Warren's Blackpart, I doubt whether any of them ing" for the same reason. Next door were ever better off than they are at neighbour to the above is a pretty anipresent. At all events, we will leave mal that they dignify with the name of our friend P- to institute a compa- a wild horse ; but which you, Reuben, rative inquiry of this kind, and to con- would desire nothing better than to coct an eloquent and pathetic paper on mount, on an open common, without the subject, for the New Monthly saddle or bridle; and I'd back you to Magazine, in which he will doubtless keep on him at least as well as Mazepdetermine the exact effects producible pa did by the aid of all his cords. It on the animal mind by a transfer of has the head and neck of a zebra, but the body to which it is appended, in other respects « would make a from “ native forests, boundless de- clever hackney for any timid elderly serts, and trackless skies," to a wood- gentleman in want of such a horse." en cage three feet square. In the The only other animals we will stay mean time, we will proceed to our to notice in this room are two beauti examination, admitting, however, by ful little creatures of the antelope tribe, the way, that there is something bor- with spiral horns, and eyes like Madering on the melancholy in the ap- homet's houris; and another of the pearance of an eagle under the condi- same species, called the lama, used in tion in which we find him here—that, the Peruvian mines. as some one has compared a poet un- But hark! the clock strikes eigtit, der certain circumstances (I forget and the elephant hears and replies to what) to “ a sick eagle gazing at the it; so that we shall but just have time sky," so we can scarcely refrain from to take a look at the next room, and returning the compliment, and com- then repair to the more noisy attrac. paring the great eagle that sits moping tions of the banquet below. This room here, to a poet confined in the King's contains a vast variety of the smaller Bench, without either pens, ink, or species of foreign birds, and a fer paper! This comparison, however, small animals—such as monkies, de will be applicable only when the pre- But what we have come to see is seu sent Insolvent Act is repealed ; so up in that great deal press, the frog


which lets down with hinges, and which affects the spectator in the most
leaves the whole interior, with its con- extraordinary manner, is the tongue;
tents, exposed to the view and even which, at the approach or touch of any
the touch of the spectators—for it is person, it puts out of its mouth (with-
not found necessary to interpose any out appearing to open the latter and
safeguard before this most terrific moves about with a quick flickering
looking of all the animal tribe. And motion, accompanied by a low hissing
it is lucky that this is the case; for noise. The part that it puts out of the
Bob, who has the care of this animal, mouth is about an inch and a half
has made such good use of the buona- long, and divided into two about half
mano's he has received in the course way down from the extremity-each
of the day, that he is not in the best portion being about the thickness of a
condition to protect us in case of dan- small quill. Bob (whose word, by
ger. But Bob has too strong a sense the by, I would not take for so much
of natural justice to forego what has, as Hamlet offered to take the Ghost's)
time out of mind, been “his custom told me, the last time I saw this crea-
always of an afternoon," — merely to ture, that it had the day before eaten
accommodate the idle habits of other three live fowls, “ feathers and all,”
people. If you visit him and his and ten pounds of beef. Though I don't
charge at a proper hour, you'll find know why I should suspect him of ex-
him in the proper condition to do the aggeration in this, when he adds that
honours of the visit; and this is all it never eats more than once in a fort-
that can in reason be required of him. night, and sometimes not for months
But I believe I need not have made together. It is perfectly harmless and
this apology for him. I've heard it quiet-never attempting to move out
whispered in your village, Reuben, of the case or cupboard in which it
that the Vicar's steed knows as well, lies; and the only indication it ever
if not better, when his reverend burs gives of the kind and degree of power
then is tipsy, than the said burthen that it possesses is when you place
does itself; and I rather think it is your hand between the side of its box
the same with Bob and the Boa. You and any part of it that happens to be
see he has by this time let down the lying there-in which case it presses
side of the serpent's house, and taken against your hand, and if you were not
off the blankets which covered him ; prepared to slip it away immediately,
and there the monster lies, black, would crush it. But we are spend-
twisted, and self-involved, like one of ing more of our time here than we in-
yoor late writing-master's flourishes. tended, or can afford; so taking leave
I question whether any one ever look- of Bob and his charge, without waiting
ed at this extraordinary creature for for his “ true and particular account"
the first time, without feeling a cold of its “ life, character, and behaviour,"
shudder creep through every part. we will at once descend to the great
It is a sort of object that (for what room which we came principally to
reason I know not) we never form an see.
adequate conception of beforehand. This room does really contain a
The one before us is fourteen feet magnificent collection of objects-
long, and is entirely covered with a such a one as was probably never be-
brilliant coating of black, picked out fore collected together in modern
with a sort of whitish yellow; the times. The whole of the hither end is
whole varnished like the face of a pic- occupied by the huge bulk of the ele-
ture. The head and neck are much phant, which reaches from side to
smaller, and of lighter colour, than the side, and from the floor to the ceiling,
rest of the body--the largest part of and is divided from the rest of the
which is perhaps a foot and a half in room by solid beams of wood banded
circumference ;-and the tail dimin- with iron, which cross each other in
ishes in size almost to a point. But the form of a grating. At the opposite
perhaps the most striking part of this side is the great lion, gazing around him
singular creature, and the sight of with the air of an imprisoned empe-

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ror, and swinging his tail about “ as a lighted safety-lamp, is a still stronger gentleman swishes his cane." All example of the presence of danger along the right-hand side of the room and safety together, or rather of the are dens containing seven or eight actual contact of them ; for there is other lions, male and female, of differ- actually nothing intervening between

leopards, panthers, hyenas, porcu- which it is to act upon-nothing but pines, &c. And on the left side is a a stratum of that matter itself, which fine Arabian camel. They are all at is not sufficiently heated to permit this time on the qui vive ; but there is the communication of the flame. But an air of doubt and uncertainty about in both these instances, though the them all, as they have not yet heard danger is there, we do not see it, and the signal (or a blow on the gong), therefore do not feel it-we only, or which immediately precedes their chiefly feel the safety. But here, the feeding. At length that signal is giv- danger is visible to our eyes—it rings en, outside the room, and unexpected. and rattles in our ears—it actually ly by the visitors; and then the scene moves our whole frames ;-for the which instantly takes place has in it roarings and rampings of the beasts a most extraordinary mixture of the shake the very building in which we terrific and the agreeable. A huge stand. And yet here we stand, as if discordant roar bursts from almost it were a mere performance that we every den at the same moment; and were witnessing-an imitation, and the inhabitants of each rush against not the real thing. But that it is the the bars, rampant, and with their eyes real thing, is the secret of the plea. flashing fire, and seem on the point of sure, or whatever else it is to be calltearing their way into the open space ed, that we derive from it. In fact, it is where the spectators are standing. sought after on the same principle And yet in the midst of all, we feel that we go to see a public execution; that pleasantest of all securities, which and if I might venture to say so much

in contact with, danger and death. that the measure of the satisfaction to We are here surrounded, and as it be derived from exhibitions of this nawere, looked upon, by death under its ture is, the degree of healthful strength most frightful form ; and yet we hold of nerve in the deriver of it. If the

ed by our own hearths. I know of away the nerves of our nobility and no other situation of the kind that can gentry to mere gossamers, and thus be compared with this. In other rendered nervousness an indispensacases, if we would feel the sense of ble qualification for a fine lads, danger we must encounter danger ; changing “ disease for a commodity, we cannot feel it without fearing it; -we should have combats of gladia. but here we can enjoy all the stimulus tors and athletæ, and battles of wild of the one, without suffering the de- beasts, as they had in days of old; basing and counteracting effects of and the ladies would distribute the the other. To have experienced a prizes at them! But the looks of storm at sea, or been present in a some of the said ladies warn me that great battle, and escaped from them, am treading on tender ground ! $0 1 are fine things doubtless ; but who return to my descriptions. who would risk the danger for the The gong sounds—the beasts (los after pleasure ? The situation near- ing all sense of courtly decorum) seem est to the one before us is that of sail- ready to burst from their dens—and a ing on a calm ocean, and feeling that man with an iron hand, who acts as there is nothing between us and the carver to the royal banquet, apportio fathomless abyss below, but a deal out the different meats on the stoc plank. Or perhaps the standing in a board, and proceeds to deliver then coal-mine in the midst of the fire- in the order of precedence wh damp, and holding in one's hand a guests seem naturally to claim

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