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Original Anecdotes, Literary News, Chit Chat, Incidents, &c.

DAVID BARCLAY THE QUAKER. 15350 pheasants, 1121 rabbits, 16354

David Barclay, of Mathers, in Scot- hares, 1625 she-goats, 1625 roe bucks, land, and father of the famous Robert and 12435 partridges. Barclay, served as a colonel under Francis made one, in 1755. There Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden, were twenty-three persons in the parand when the troubles broke out in ty, three of whom were ladies; the Charles the First's time, he did not Princess Charlotte of Lorraine was remain neuter. In that fluctuating one of them. The chase lasted eighperiod he became Quaker ; and when teen days, and during that time they he retired to live upon his estate, killed 47,950 head of game, and wild wished to improve his personal farm. deer ; of which 19 were stags, 77 roeBut as he knew nothing of agriculture, bucks, 10 foxes, 18,242 hares, 19,545 he was obliged to trust all to his ser- partridges, 9499 pheasants, 114 larks, vants. Having discovered that he 353 quails, 454 other birds. The had an unskilful ploughman, he was Emperor fired 9798 shots, and the at much pains to recommend better Princess Charlotte 9010; in all, there methods of ploughing, from what he were 116,209 shots fired. had observed among his neighbours; But all that we have stated comes but the fellow was obstinate, and short of the game establishment at would go on his own way, Thou Chantilli, the most extraordinary one knowest, friend,' said Mr. Barclay, in Europe, once belonging to the house that I feed and pay thee to do my of Condé. It included 21 miles of work in a proper manner; but thou park, and 48 miles of forest. The art wise in thine own eyes, and re- horses, when the family were at that gardest not the admonition of thy em- place, were above 500. The dogs

thee in a style thou understandest not, The stables the finest and best in Eufor, verily, thou art of a perverse spi- rope. We shall now present to the rit: I wish to correct thy errors for sporting and unsporting reader, for my own sake, and for thine, and there. both will lift up their eyes, a list of fore thus tell thee (coming over his game killed, year by year, through a head at the same time with a blow series of thirty-two years—beginning

I am thy master, and will be obeyed.' year 1779 :
Though the weapon was carnal, this

List of the Game. was the demonstration of power, and 54872

26371 had the desired effect: the plough 37160 50812 19774 man became tractable and quiet as a 58712 40234 19932 lamb.

39892 26267 27164 • SPORTING.

32470 25953: 30429 Charles III. of Spain, a little be

39893 37209 30859 fore his death, boasted to a foreign

32470 42902 25813 ambassador that he had killed with

16186 31620 :

50666 his own hand 539 wolves, and 5323

24029 25994 13304 foxes! and this he was enabled to

27013 1847917466 tell accurately, as he kept a diary of

26405 18550 this important matter.

Now let us give (of birds and beasts) When the King of Naples (the their bill of mortality ; that is, the greatest sportsman in Europe) was in numbers, in detail, of each specific Germany, about the year 1792, it was description, registered as below, and said in the German papers, that in the detailed to have been killed at Chandifferent times he had been shooting tilli, in the above-mentioned series of in Austria, Bohemia, and Moravia, he years. Hares 77750, rabbits 578470, had killed 5 bears, 1820 wild boars, partridges 117574, red ditto 12426, 1968 stags, 13 wolves, 354 foxes, pheasants 86193, quails 19696, rat

tles (the mail quail) 449, woodcocks greatest hunter, sporter, and fisher, of 2164, snipes 2856, ducks 1553, wood- her time. She kept a dozen at least piquers 317, lapwings 720, becfique of dogs, terriers, greyhounds, and (small birds like our wheatear) 67, spaniels ; she killed more foxes in one curlews 32, oyes d'Egypte 3, oyes year than all the confederate hunts do sauvage 14, bustards 2, larks 106, in ten : rowed stoutly, and was queen tudells 2, fox 1, crapeaux 8, thrushes of the lake : fiddled excellently, and 1313, guynard 4, stags 1712, hinds knew all our old music : did not nec. 1682, facons 519, does 1921, young lect the mechanic arts, for she was a does 135, roe-bucks 4669, young ditto very good joiner; and at the age of 810, wild boars 1942, marcassins 73 was the best wrestler in the coun(young boars) 818. A magnificent try, and few young men dared to try list of animal slaughter carefully and a fall with her. Margaret was also systematically recorded as achieve a blacksmith, shoemaker, boat-builder, ments. In these archives it is stated, and maker of harps. She shod her with more than senatorial gravity, that own horses, made her own shoes, and

the pieces of game killed by S. A. R. built her own boats, while she was unMonseigneur Le Prince de Condé, der contract to convey the copperwere in number 65,524. That the ore down the lakes. All the neighnine pieces killed by the late Prince's bouring bards paid their addresses 10 grandson, the Duc D’Enghein, were Margaret, and celebrated her exploits rabbits. That the pieces killed by in pure British verse. At length she the Duc de Bourbon were these ; gave her hand to the most effeminate pheasants 1451, hares 1207, partridg- of her admirers, as if pre-determined es 1254, red ditto 143;' and by C. to maintain the superiority which naD'Artois, these ; pheasants 978, ture had bestowed on her! hares 870, partridges 1105, red ditto 115.

THE NEW STOMACH POMP. The ruling passion is the same It is gratifying to witness the success everywhere. The following curious of any new invention for the preserva- observation occurs in a treatise on tion of human life. A surgeon of hunting. “I once had the pleasure Shrewsbury has employed the new of a long conversation with a very stomach pump in extracting some oxingenious gentleman then seventy alic acid from the stomach of a young years old. Having himself hunted woman, who, in a fit of insanity, had with all sorts of dogs, and in most taken a dose of this violent poison. counties of England, he entertained Why is oxalic acid allowed to be comme with a most delightful discourse monly sold by druggists? It is of no on that subject; and on my making utility in medicine, and is so very easihim a compliment on his perfectly mistaken for Epsom salts. Ap or. knowledge of the art; 'Oh! Sir, der from the Apothecaries' Company (says he the life of man is too short.' would probably be sufficient to prevent And yet how many of our first-rate these fatal results. sportsmen may be compared to Actæon, who was devoured by his dogs; FEMALE PROTECTION SOCIETY. so they, ruined by their hounds and The benevolent Mrs. Fry, and a hunters. Sir Isaac Newton wished to few other ladies, have formed a society

ywny sportsmen should not be to afford temporary relief to females excluded from Juries, like butchers ?” of good character, who may be desti

Let us now present the reader with tute of employment. It more especial. the portrait of a sporting female, de ly offers protection to young women scribed by Mr. Pennant, Margaret in the following situations of life, who Uch Evan, of Penllyn, in the neigh- are capable of maintaining themselves, bourhood of Snowdon, in Wales. if employed :-Shop-women, teachers “ She is at this time (says Mr. Pen- in schools, house-keepers, ladies' maids, nant, 1786) about 90 years of age. and servants generally of unimpeachaThis extraordinary female was the ble character, if out of place. When



The rest jt is considered that the first step to establiished at Thornbury, where gen

wards depravity, in the majority of tlemen of that profession met each the unfortunate females who frequent other, and communicated any fact or our streets, is usually the want of em- observation that had occurred in the ployment, and its concomitant, pecuni- course of their practice ;-at one of ary distress, the value of such an insti- these meetings, Mr. Fewster mentiontution as this must be obvious. It is ed to the members present, that the indeed greatly to be regretted, that, in hands of those persons who were emthe metropolis especially, so many ployed in milking the cows in that thousands of females should be displac- great dairy neighbourhood contracted ed from their proper stations by a class a complaint from the animal, appear

of effeminale young men, serving in ing in the form of pustules; and that 1 hele shops of various descriptions.

persons so affected were not liable to

the contagion of the small pox. Mr. RED CABBAGE.

Jenner, of Berkley, a brother ÆsculaThe red cabbage stewed in veal pius, being struck with the relation,

broth is accounted upon the continent requested Mr. F. to investigate this cuTrat

a specific cure against pulmonary com- rious fact more narrowly by a course of pta.

plaints, and what is bere called con- experiments; this Mr. F. declined on
sumption. For this purpose red cab- account of professional occupations,
bage is especially cultivated in French but pressed Mr. Jenner to do so. For-
kitchen gardens; to which, in the tunately for mankind, the advice was
cooking, pistachios and calf's lights not neglected; and, from the skill and
are added. This reminds us of an perseverance of this gentleman (after-
anecdote which passed current at the wards Dr. Jenner) the blessings of the
time we heard it. A young Roman vaccine virus were distributed through
Catholic clergyman, rector of a coun- the earth.
try parish, was called upon to preach a

sermon upon a grand solemnity, at Dr. Willis mentions an idiot, who
which the bishop of the diocese, a car- was accustomed to repeat the strokes

dinal, appeared in the Roman purple, of a clock near which he lived, with banes de surrounded by the clergy in their white a loud voice. Afterwards having been ons be surplices. The preacher performed removed into a parish where there MEDIO his task to the approbation of every was no church clock, he continued as

one. After the ceremony, his emi. before to call the hours successively ; nence, meeting him, seemed to wonder and this with so great accuracy, both at his not having been abashed when as to the number of tolls, which he in the presence of a cardinal in the pretended to count, and as to the full blaze of his red paraphernalia. length of the intervening hours, that

The simple and honest clergyman re- the family where he boarded conductelsplied : Your eminence will cease to ed all their business by his proclama-,

wonder, when you know that I learot tion of time. to my discourse by heart in my garden, INVENTIONS.—THE TELESCOPE.

and used to practise declamation be- In or about the year 1590, was the fore a plot of white cabbages, in the invention of the telescope, or spying. center of which was a red one.'-A glass, discovered, being justly esteem

preferment was the reward of this ed one of the most useful and excelset witty answer.

lent discoveries of modern times ;

though it was, it seems, produced by JOHN FEWSTER.

mere chance. The common account April 1824. John Fewster died, a is, that two children of one Janseen, very respectable surgeon and apothe- a spectacle-maker of Middleburg, in cary at Thornbury. This gentleman Zealand, being at play in their father's is universally considered, in that neigh- shop, and looking through two pieces bourhood, as the first person who no- of glass between their fingers, which ticed the effects of the vaccine virus. were at some small distance from Many years past, a medical club was each other, the weather-cock of the

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church steeple appeared to them un- was at this period that Janvier, one usually large, and much nearer. Of day entering the cabinet, and perceir. this they instantly told their father, ing the second-hand of one of his astrowho, surprised also at first, made the nomical timepieces on the ground, rebrazen circles or cylinders, so as they placed it without any observation : the might be placed nearer or farther, at next day he again found the hand on pleasure. Janssen very soon improv- the ground, replaced it with care and ed this discovery so much, that he in silence, the King not appearing to presented a telescope, twelve inches pay any attention to what he was do long, to Prince Maurice, and another ing: a third time he found the hand to the Archduke Albert Prince displaced, when, unable to contain Maurice, it is also said, conjecturing himself, be said, “ Sire, I have some the discovery night be of great use in secret enemy who wishes to ruin me in war, desired the secret might be con- the opinion of your Majesty: thrice cealed; and had nearly deprived have I found the second-hand of this Janssen of the honour of inventing time-piece on the floor, which was im.

which "

the invention to one Metius, of Alc. of an enemy." "My poor Janvier, maer.

(said the King, laying his hand on tbe None of the first telescopes, how- artist's arm,) be not alarmed, you have ever, appear to have been properly no enemy here; it was I who did it ; framed for astronomical observations, the moments fly so quick, and so few until Galileo, astronomer to the Grand- of them must be mine, that I could oot duke of Tuscany,hearing of this discove bear to see them marked so rapidlyery for bringing objects nearer, made I took off the hand, do not replace such great improvements therein as it." gained him, in the opinion of many,

FOSSIL MONSTER. the honour of the invention itself, by Mr. Mantell, of Castle-place, Lewes, giving the invention the appellation of has discovered in the sand-stone of Galileo's tube.

Susses the teeth or an herbivorous repSir Isaac Newton was the inventor tile, of evormous magnitude. These of the reflecting telescope: which is teeth agree, more closely, with those of considered as much more exact and the Iguana of Barbadoes, and the West useful than the common or refracting Indies, than with those of any of the ones. He completed two small ones other recent lacertæ; a circumstance in the year 1672.

which has induced Mr. M. to propose The achromatic telescope, which distinguishing this fossil monster by destroys the colours and gives a more the name of Iguano-saurus. Vertebræ, perfect image, was the invention of ribs, thigh-bones, and other detached Mr. Peter Dolland.

parts of the skeletons of gigantic

lacertæ, have also been discovered in ANECDOTE.

the same strata; some of which beLouis XVI. like Louis XV. was long to the Megalo-saurus of Stonesfond of the mechanical arts, and par- field, described by Professor Buckland; ticularly the higher branches of prac. and others, in all probability, to the tical mechanics. Janvier, mechani- Iguano-saurus. A portion of a thighcian and astronomical watch-maker, bone, in Mr. M.'s collection, must, was a great favourite with his Majesty, upon a moderate computation, bare and was admitted to his private cabinet belonged to an individual nearly sixty certain days in the week. The King feet long, and as high as an elephant! used to remain several hours, shut up In Mr. Mantell's expected work on the with the artist, occupied with these fossils of Tilgate Forest (which will inamusements, and in the latter years of clude the history of the fossils of the his life they served to momentarily sandstone from Hastings to Horsham, banish the melancholy ideas which the these interesting relics of a former tide of events poured into his mind. It world will be figured and described.

SHIP-BUILDING WITHOUT RIBS. little inhabitant; in a farther compartment The City of Rochester East Indiaman,

was found a portion of honey, and at the

remote end of the shell two eggs. M. Hu. of about 600 tons burthen, lately launched

ber intends publishing an account of his refrom the yard of Messrs. Brindley and Co. at Rochester, but built by Messrs. Macqueen

searches on these interesting and industriand Palmer, has her bottom and sides con

ous little animals. sisting wholly of planks, in separate thick

KING OF THE GIPSIES. nesses, worked fore and aft; the planks of one thickpess covering the joints or seams An interesting funeral lately took place of the other, alternately. Under the last at Wittering, a village three miles south of coating or outside planking, hoop-ribs of Stamford. The individual whose remains iron are let in, at proper distances, crossing were consigned to the earth was in life no at right angles the planking of the bottom, less a personage than Henry Boswell, well sides, and deck; and these hoops, being known as the father or king of the gipsies firmly secured inside the ship by screw. resorting to that part of the country. The puts, the whole is combined in the strong. old man was encamped on Southorpe est manner possible.

• Heath, with several of his family and subA REMEDY FOR THE BARRENNESS OF

jects, on the Sunday preceding, when death

put an end to his reign and earthly wanPEAR-TREES

derings. He had been ill for a few days; bas been discovered by the Rev G. Swaine : but his complaint was really a decay of naas has long been known with early beans ture, for the patriarch was nearly a hunhautbois, strawberries, cucumbers, and mel dred years of age. The corpse continued ons, the bunches of flowers, or corymbus of in the camp on the heath for five days,-the pear, usually contains a greater number those who had been with him in his last of fiorets than the plant has strength prop- inoments expecting that many others of erly to mature; and the remedy in each his family and dependents would, on infor. case is to extirpate several of the upper- ination of his death, come to offer their most florets as soon as they appear. A homage at his funeral ; but something prebeurre pear-tree, which previously had vented this, and it was deemed necessary been barren, upon which Mr. S. who left to inter the corpse on the sixth day. A only the three lower florets of each bunch, decent coffin had been provided, and the ripened fruit from almost every one of obsequies were conducted with great decothese reserved forets. The process failed, rum.' The body was deposited in Wittering however, with a gansell's bergamot, whose church-yard, where the service was read barrenness appeared, on investigation, to by the Rev. William Wing. On Wednes. arise from the pollen being shed before the day the gipsey camp broke up from anthers were ready for impregnation. The Southorpe ; on which occasion those who patronage of our Horticultural Societies, composed it went to the church-yard to pay has already done wonders towards improv. the last tribute of affection at the grave of ing useful vegetables and fruits, and more Boswell, and a very impressive scene of may be expected from their laudable en- silent unaffected grief was witnessed. The deavours.

old man is said to have died in very affluNATURAL HISTORY.

ent circumstances, and to have possessed Mons. P. Huber (son of M. Huber, alestates in several parts of England. ready well known for his profound re

MAGNETIC CURIOSITY. searches on the habits and economy of

A singular fact in Geology has been late

A singular fact in Gon ants) has recently made some interesting ly disclosed, while boring for soft water, at observations on the wild or solitary bee,

the foundry of Messrs. Cawood, Leeds. For apis aurulenta wbich is much smaller

the first thirty yards, the boring irous were than the ordinary hive bees, and found

not affected in any manner out of the usual principally in low or moist meadows. M.

way ; beyond that point they became pose Huber having noticed one of these little animals carrying a slip of straw which ap

sessed of a highly magnetic power, which

continued till the irons had penetrated peared too heavy for it, had the curiosity to watch its progress, till it deposited its load

to the depth of sixty yards; afterwards the

attraction ceased and the boring is now on a small heap of similar materials. Some

proceeding without any effect being pro. others followed, laden with grains of black

duced upon the iron out of the ordinary sand, and others succeeded, bringing por

way. tions of the flowers and leaves of the potential rampante. M. Huber discovered the

CAVERN. nest of one of these little animals to be a A cavern, which promises to be of much snail-shell, the apertore of which was geological interest, has been lately discovcarefully concealed by layers of straw, ered on the Mendip Hills, near Banwell, leaves, and cement. In the interior of this 120 feet below the surface of the earth. was found a series of partitions, built with The soil which covers its floor is replete mud and small particles of stope, one be- with the bones of quadrupeds ! the remains hind the other. In some of these chambers which have yet been found consist princia green substance was observed, which, pally of the ox and deer, but some imperprobably, formed the recent food of the fect canine teeth, apparently of the hyæna,

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