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August Class List.

First Class.
Vorwärts . . . . . 40 Clotho.
Grasshopper . . . . .

Wylmecote . . Speranza

Repullulat . .

. . Bluebell

Chrysé Atropos

Charissa) . . Moonraker). . . . .

Ignavus) Water-wagtail


Claudia) .
. . . . . . . 35

Second Cla88.
Emu . . . . . . . 29

Tortoise Midge

Elpis Carlotta

. Countess . . . . .

Budgerigar . 26 |

Edelweiss) Rags

Portia . . . White Cat . . . . . . 25 Horatius . .

Carlo . .

Third Class.
Mollusk . . . . . 18

Portia (Ealing)

Romola . . . . . . . 16 | Lily . . .
Deryn . . . . . . 14 |


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Robin . .
Tortoise . .
Atropos} .
White Cati
Lachesis i
Repullulat }

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September Class List.

First Class.
. . . . 40 Emu ,

Stanzerl} . .
. . . . 37 Vorwärts . .
. . . . 36


Wylmecote) : . . . . 35

Clotho . . 34


Second Class.

. . . . 29 Midge ). . .

Carlo . . .
. . . . 28 Romola) . .

Countess · · . . . .

Budgerigar 27

Carlotta ] ·

Third Class.
. . . . 18 | Mabel . . .
. . . . 17 | Portia . . .

Disqualified. One unsigned.

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29. Mollusk : Perseus did not die at Pella, which was the capital of his own kingdom, but at Alba Fucensis, a strong place on the shore of Lake Fucinus, in the country of the Marsi. Midge : the captive king of Macedon did not ride in his royal chariot at the Triumph of Æmilius Paullus; he walked behind it. Marius, Edelweiss, Budgerigar, Repullulat : the number of bulls sacrificed on that occasion was not twenty, but a hundred and twenty. Portia : Paullus could not have sailed “up the Oricum,' because it was not a river, but a town in Epirus. A timely reference to the map would save many blunders.

30. In 132 B.C. the Roman Provinces were nine in number: Sicilia (B.C. 241), Sardinia and Corsica (B.C. 235), Gallia Cisalpina, called the Province of Ariminum (B.C. 220), Hispania Citerior, and Hispania Ulterior (B.C. 197), Illyricum, Macedonia, Achaia, Africa (B.C. 146). Atropos remarks, that though Attalus III., King of Pergamus, had bequeathed his dominions to Rome in 133 B.C., yet they were not formed into the Province of · Asia' until after the defeat of the usurper Aristonicus, son of Eumenes, about B.C. 126. Elpis omits Gallia Cisalpina; Horatius omits Illyricum, Achaia, and Africa; Charis omits Macedonia ; Clotho, Africa ; Marius omits Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica, Gallia Cisalpina, and Illyricum.

31. Water-wagtail alone mentions the distinction between public and private slaves; the former (servi publici) being employed in the care of the temples, and enjoying more independence and better treatment than those belonging to private individuals.

32. Novus Homo, “a new man,' was a term denoting the first member of a plebeian family who obtained a curule magistracy. His descendants were nobiles, or ‘men known,' and possessed the right of keeping and displaying a waxen bust of their deceased ancestor, whose forefathers were ignobiles, men not known. He himself, the founder of an honourable house belonging to the official nobility of Rome, was neither ignobilis nor nobilis, but novus homo; and his social status was termed novitas. The explanations of these terms given by Emu, Fieldfare, Midge, Repullulat, Carlo, Tortoise, White Cat, Neæra, are all more or less incorrect.

33. Deryn : the three political parties in Rome (B.C. 133–129) were the aristocratic, the democratic, and the moderate ; headed, respectively, by Scipio Nasica, Tiberius Gracchus, and Scipio Æmilianus. Stanzerl omits Gracchus. Budgerigar thinks Nasica was a democrat. Clotho : Scipio Æmilianus is supposed to have been murdered, not by one of the aristocratic party, but by the demagogue Carbo, out of revenge for his Conservative speech in the Senate.

34. Carlotta mistakes the Calpurnian Law (B.C. 149), which decreed

that all Provincial Magistrates should be tried by a Jury of Senators for the Sempronian Law of Caius Gracchus, which transferred the judicial power from the hands of the Senate, to a body of three hundred persons of the Equestrian order. Portia : Drusus did not propose to found 3000 colonies in Italy, but 12 colonies, each composed of 3000 Roman families.

35. Charissa : Jugurtha was not the brother, but the cousin of Hiem psal and Adherbal, whose kingdom he usurped. Horatius mistakes Metellus for Marcellus. Mabel : it was not Gulussa, but Massiva, the son of Gulussa, whom Jugurtha caused to be assassinated at Rome.

36. Portia : it was the Teutons (not the Cimbrians) whom Marius defeated at Aquæ Sextiæ (Aix in Provence), and the Cimbrians (not the Teutons) whom he defeated at Vercellæ (Vercelli in Piedmont).

Note.--All students are requested to send their names and addresses, with their noms de plume attached, by December 8th, to 'Clio,' under cover to Miss Edith Coleridge, Eldon Lodge, Torquay.



Bog Oak' kindly undertakes to continue the Historical Society for Church History. From the month of January, answers should be addressed accordingly.

I. CHURCH OF THE APOSTLES. January.To the end of the Acts of the Apostles.

February.Close of the Apostolic Age, including Persecutions of Nero and Domitian.

March.-From Trajan to the end of the Antonines.
April.-Severus to the death of Decius.
May.—Under Valerian and Aurelian.
June.—The last Great Persecution and Victory of the Church.

July.Gnostics, Sabellians, Samosatenes.
August.—Manichæans, Montanists, Donatists, Novatians.
VOL. 14.


PART 84. IV. EARLY WRITINGS. September.—The Apostolic Fathers-St. Irenæus.

October.—The Apologists, and writers of the Alexandrian and African Schools. November.- Early Liturgies, and Constitution of the Church. Deceinber.--The Church in Britain during this period.

Books recommended, not necessarily all, but one or other: History of the Church under the Roman Empire, by the Rev. A. D. Crake (Rivington), 78. 6d.; The Beginnings of the Christian Church, by W. H. Simcox, M.A. (Rivington), 78. 6d.; Smith's Student's Ecclesiastical History (Murray), 78. 6d. ; Church History, by the late Bishop of Lincoln. Vol. I. 48. 6d. a volume; Dr. Plummer's Church of the Early Fathers, 28. 6d.; C. M. Yonge's Eighteen Centuries of Church History (Walter Smith), 58. Other books of reference will be mentioned from time to time.

• Bog Oak' warns the members that a question may sometimes be asked on the subject of a former month.

The Rules will be the same as for the Monthly Packet' Historical Society, which are here recapitulated.

Answers to the questions are to be written from memory, after careful study of the subject. Passages transcribed from books are not admissible.

The answers must be written on foolscap paper (one side only), and must not exceed five pages of such paper. They must be signed with a nom de plume, and sent on the 1st of the month to · Bog Oak," under cover to the Publisher of the Monthly Packet.'

N.B.—Papers not conforming to these regulations are liable to be disqualified.

Subscription to the Church History Society, 18. per annum.

Prizes (in books) will be given in proportion to the numbers who join the Society.

Bog Oak' cannot undertake to return any of the answers.

Notices to Correspondents.

Can any one tell me who St. Spitlbin was? He and St. Manghold seem to be peculiarly Manx Saints. St. Spitlhin has two days in each year kept in his honour: a summer and a winter Feast Day. He shares May 1st with St. Philip and St. James, and November 18th is also dedicated to him. The Manx Calendar for this year can tell nothing more about him.

THE MUFFIN MAN. A. P. C.—There is no connecting link between Scenes and Characters' and Two Sides of the Shield.'

W.–The best chance would be to ask a secondhand bookseller to look out.

Ono asks, where to find a little poem called, Little Daisy's Faith,' beginning

Down in de bright, deen meadow,

De pittie daises home.' It was published many years ago in a magazine, The British Juvenile,' but I cannot refer to the date.


It is not often that any mention of the Scottish Church, its work, and its needs, appears in your pages; sometimes it seems to be a little ignored by its larger and more prosperous sister in the south. Struggle is still the keynote of our existence, but we are at least no longer that shadow of a shade' which, some half a century ago, the Scottish Episcopal Church might too justly have been called ; its growth, though slow, is sure and stedfast, all the more for difficulties encountered, and often overcome. One unmistakable sign of progress which later years have brought is the largely increased number of spiritual and charitable agencies in the Church; Sisterhoods, Guilds, Confraternities, and Societies, each with its own special objects and rules. Then, too, there are Homes for Penitents, and Orphans; for those who have fallen, or are in danger of falling, as well as others for the Aged and Incurable. It is for one of the latter that I ask your permission to plead in the Monthly Packet,' not for aid in money, but to make known its existence, and if possible, to awaken some interest and sympathy on its behalf, for it has needs, although we do not beg. Perhaps some of your readers who are endowed with pensioners, proverbially a long-lived race, might be glad to hear of a Home, where they could be comfortably cared for at a moderate cost. The Hospital for Aged and Incurable Women, of which I write, is in connection with All Saints' Church in Edinburgh, and under the charge of All Saints' Sisters, a branch of the Community from Margaret Street. It is intended for ten patients, answering to the description of aged or incurable, very often they are both. The class from which they chiefly come is that of respectable servants, who are paid for by their former employers; but during the ten years the Home has been open, many others have

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