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8 ver. 5.
ii. 43: xix. 17.
all them that heard n these things. 6 And the young men e John xix. 40. arose, wound him up, and carried him out, and buried
him. 7 And it was about the space of three hours after, when his wife, not knowing what was done, came in. 8 And Peter answered unto her, Tell me whether ye sold the land for so much? And she said, Yea, for so much.
9 Then Peter said unto her, How is it that ye have agreed I ver. 9. Matt. together ito tempt the Spirit of the Lord ? behold, the
feet of them which have buried thy husband are at the door, and shall carry thee out. 108 Then fell she down straightway at his feet, and yielded up the ghost : and the
young men o came in, and found her dead, and, carrying b vers 5: ch. her forth, buried her by her husband. 11 h And great fear
came upon all the church, and upon as many as heard
these things. 1 read, it.
Orender, when they came in, found. on them in the body, might perhaps have her, perhaps to her salutation : but more been spared their souls." and great probably to that which he knew to be her fear came ....]“ They that heard these intent in entering in before him. things" can hardly be those present, who 80 much, naming the sum: or perhaps not only heard, but saw : the remark is pointing to the money lying at his feet. anticipatory, and is in fact equivalent to
9.] To try the omniscience of the that in ver 11. 6.] Were these young Spirit then visibly dwelling in the Apostles men a class in the congregation accustomed and the church, was, in the highest sense, to perform such services,—or merely the to tempt the Spirit of God. It was a saying younger men, from whom they would na- in their hearts .There is no Holy Spirit.' turally be expected ? Some maintain the and certainly approached very closely to a former : some the latter. We can hardly sin against the Holy Ghost. Peter characassume, as yet, any such official distinctions terizes the sin more solemnly this second in the congregation as would mark off time, because by the wife's answer it was younger men from the elders, which latter now proved to be no individual lie of a are first officially mentioned ch. xi. 30. bad and covetous man, but a preconcerted Besides which, we have no such eccle- scheme to deceive God. the feet of siastical class as these younger men. And them .....] Not that Peter heard the the use of a different word in the original, tread of the young men outside (they were “the youths,” in ver. 10, as applying to probably barefooted), but it is an expression these same persons, seems to decide that common in the poetical or lively description they were merely the younger members of of the Hebrews, and indeed of all nations the church, acting perhaps in accordance (see Isa. lii. 7; Nah. i. 15; Rom. x. 15); with Jewish custom,- perhaps also on some making the member whereby the person hint given by Peter. wound him up] acts, the actor. I take the words to mean, So Ezek. xxix. 5; Tobit xii. 13; Ecclus. that the time was just at hand for their xxxviii. 16, wrapped the body up,-pro- return : see James v.9. The space of three bably in their own mantles, taken off in hours was not too long : they wonld have to preparing to carry him out. The context carry the corpse to the burying-ground at a will not permit any more careful enfolding considerable distance from the city, and of the body to be understood.—The speedy when there, to dig a grave, and bury it. burial of the dead, practised among the shall carry thee out] This word, later Jews, was unknown in earlier times, spoken before her death, decisively proves see Gen. xxiii. It was grounded on Num. that death to have been not a result inerely xix. 11 ff. The practice was to bury before of her detection, but a judicial infliction. sunset of the same day. The immediate
10.] when they came in: not imburial in this case adds to the probability plying that they immediately entered, but that the young men obeyed an intimation leaving room for some interval of time : from the Apostle. 8.] answered unto see above.
11. Rom. xv.
k ch. iii. 11:
xii. 42: xix.
12 And i by the hands of the apostles were many signs 1 ch. 11, 43 :. and wonders wrought among the people ; * and they were lo peor. all with one accord in Solomon's porch. 13 And ' of the 1.... rest durst no man join himself to them : m but the people jis magnified them. 14 And believers were the more added to $** the Lord, multitudes both of men and women. 15 Inso- iv. 21. much that they brought forth the sick into the streets, and laid them on beds and couches, " that at the least the n Watteix. 21: shadow of Peter passing by might overshadow some of sia them. 16 There P came also ? a multitude [r out] of the cities round about unto Jerusalem, bringing "sick folks, and Marika them which were vexed with unclean spirits : and they were healed every one. 17 ps Then the high priest rose up, and all they that pch. iv. 1, 2, 6. P render, were coming.
q render, the. romit.
8 render, But.
n Matt ix. 21 :
xiv. 36. ch.
o Mark xvi. 17
18. John xiv. 19.
12-16.7 PROGRESS OF THE FAITH; to him the promise of Matt. xvi. 18 (see MIRACULOUS POWER, AND DIGNITY, OF note there) :- and even the shadow of the THE APOSTLES. 12.] they were all, Rock (Isa. xxxii. 2, Heb., and E. V., spoken i. e. the Apostles only, not all the Chris. primarily of His divine Master) was sought tians. It does not follow from the word for. We need find no stumbling-block in all referring to all the believers in ch. ii. 1 the fact of Peter's shadow having been (see note there), that it necessarily refers to believed to be the medium (or, as is surely the same here also. The Apostles are the implied, having been the medium) of worksubject of the paragraph : and it is to set ing miracles. Cannot the ‘Creator Spirit' forth their unaniinity and dignity that the work with any instruments, or with none, description is given. They are represented as pleases Him? And what is a hand or a as distinct from all others, believers and voice, more than a shadow, except that the unbelievers (both which I take to be in analogy of the ordinary instrument is a cluded under the term “ the rest”): and greater help to faith in the recipient ? the Jewish people itself magnified them. Where faith, as apparently here, did not The further connexion see on ver. 14. need this help, the less likely medium was Solomon's porch] See ch. iii. 11; John x. adopted.- See, on the whole, ch. xix. 12, and 23, note. 13.) the rest: i. e. all else, note: and remark that only in the case of whether believers or not: none dared to our Lord (Luke viii. 46 and parallel places) join himself to, as being one of, or equal to, and His twogreat Apostles in the New Test., them: but (so far was this from being the -and of Elisha in the Old Test., have we case that) the very multitude magnified instances of this healing virtue in the mere them. 14.7 And (these clauses are not contact with or accessories of the person. parenthetical, but continue the description But what a fertile harvest of superstition of the dignity of the Apostles) the result and imposture has been made to spring of this was, that believers were the more out of these scanty examples! 16.) added to the Lord, multitudes of men and Observe, that the sense is, that 'the mul. women. 15.] This verse now takes titude, &c., was coming together to Jeruup afresh the main subject of vv. 12 salein, bringing, &c.,-and all such were and 13, the glorification of the apostolic healed :' viz. when the next incident, office, insomuch that ..... It is con- which forms a contrast to this waxing nected not only with the multitude mag. prosperity of the Church, happened. nifying them, but also with ver. 12.
17-42.] IMPRISONMENT, MIRACULOUS into the streets) literally, down [the] LIBERATION, EXAMINATION BEFORE THE streets, i. e. in the line of the streets. SANHEDRIM, AND SCOURGING OF THE the shadow of Peter] As the greatest, in APOSTLES. 17. the high priest] pre-eminence and spiritual energizing, of Annas,-ch. iv. 6, and note on Luke ji. 2. the Apostles. Now especially was fulfilled rose up is not redundant, but implies
s John vi. 68 :
ch. iv. 1.
were with him, which is the sect of the Sadducees, and q Luke xxi. 12. were filled with t indignation, 189 and laid their hands on
the apostles, and put them in a the common prison. rch wil?: 19 But rx the angel of the Lord by night opened the prison
doors, and brought them forth, and said, 20 Go, stand and 8 John xi. 68: speak in the temple to the people & all the words of this
life. 21 And when they heard that, they entered into the tch. iv. 5, 6. temple y early in the morning, and taught. But the high
priest came, and they that were with him, and called the council together, and all the senate of the children of Israel, and sent to the prison to have them brought. 22 But when the officers came, and found them not in the prison, they returned, and told, 23 saying, The prison truly found we shut z with all safety, and the keepers standing [a without] before the doors : but when we had
opened, we found no man within. 24 Now when pb the u Luke.anti.. C high priest and] u the captain of the temple and the chief u Luke xxii. t literally, zeal; or jealousy.
u literally, public custody. X render, an.
y render, at the break of day. z render, in all security.
a omit. b omitted by most of our oldest authorities. C render, priest. being excited by the popularity of the may import, that the religion of Jesus had Apostles, and on that account commencing its issue in life. A similar expression, a course of action hostile to them. “He “the word of this salvation,” occurs ch. thought he ought to be quiet no longer.” xiii. 26. See also Rom. vii. 24. The de. Bengel. “He was roused to action by liverance, here granted to all the Apostles, what had been done.” Chrysostom. To was again vouschafed to Peter in ch. xii., suppose that the High Priest rose up' and is there related more in detail. It is after a council held is far-fetched, and there a minute touch of truth, that he against the following words, which point to should mistake for a dream (ver. 9) what the kindling zeal of men first stirred up to he saw : having lain so long in prison, and . action. they that were with him: his mind naturally dwelling on this his for. (see ch. iv. 13; xix. 38; xxii. 9.)-Not the mer miraculous liberation. 21.) at the members of the Sanhedrim: but the friends break of day: see Luke xxiv. 1, margin. and kindred (ch. iv. 6) of the High Priest: The high priest came to the ordinary ses. see ver. 21. which is the sect of the sion-chamber in the Temple, on the south Sadducees] which is implies more than side of it, and therefore if the Apostles were who were : -- the movement extended teaching in Solomon's porch (ver. 12), not through the whole sect. On the sect of in their immediate vicinity. Perbaps the the Sadducees, see Matt. iii. 7, note. Jose words, which imply that the summons was phus also shews that the family of Annas, not issued till after the arrival of the High if not he himself, were connected with the Priest and his friends, may point to a sect of the Sadducees. They (see ch. iv. meeting of the Sanhedrim burriedly and 1, note) were the chief enemies of the insufficiently called, for the purpose of Apostles, for teaching the resurrection. 'packing' it against the Apostles.” If so,
20.7 all the words of this life, an they did not succeed, see ver. 40 : perhaps unusual expression, seems to refer to the on account of the arrival of some who had peculiar nature of the enmity shewn to. heen listeners to the Apostles' preaching. wards them by the Sadducees, for preaching
all the senate Probably the elders, the resurrection unto life: as if it were said, including perhaps some who were not
all the words of this life,' which they members of the Sanhedrim: the wellcall in question. Or perhaps the expression known foes of Jesus and his doctrine.
priests heard these things, they doubted d of them, whereunto this would grow. 25 e Then came one and told them, [f saying,] Behold, the men whom ye put in prison are standing in the temple, and teaching the people. 26 Then went the captain with the officers, and brought them without violence, * for they feared the people, lest they • Matt. xxi. 26. should have been stoned. 27 And when they had brought them, they set them before the council : and the high priest asked them, 28 saying, y 8 Did not we straitly com- 5 ch. iv. 18. mand you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, 2 and 2 ch. 11, 23, 38 : intend to bring this man's a blood upon us, 29 Then Peter a Matt. xxiii. and the [f other] apostles answered and said, • We ought to bch. iv.10.**. d render, concerning.
e render, And one came. fomit.
& Many of our oldest authorities read, We straitly commanded you that &c., without a question.
iii. 15: vii.
85: xxvii. 25.
The expression, the senate of the children ness of open allusion to the names or facts of Israel, common in the LXX, is perhaps connected with Jesus and the spread of translated from the form of words in which his doctrine may be traced in the words they were summoned. 24.] the priest, “this name,” and “this man's blood,” and if genuine (and the varieties of reading is a strong mark of truth and circumstanseem to have arisen from the difficulty it tiality.--" The High Priest will not name has occasioned), must designate the High Jesus: Peter names and celebrates Him." Priest ; not that the word itself can bear Bengel. to bring this man's blood the meaning (compare 1 Macc. xv. 1 and upon us] Not meaning that divine ven. 2), but that the context points out the geance would come on them for the murder priest thus designated to be the High of Jesus; but with a stress on us-that Priest. On the captain of the temple, the people would be incited to take vensee note ch. iv. 1. He appears to have geance on them, the Sanhedrim, for that been summoned to meet the Sanhedrim, murder. The preceding clause, “ ye have perhaps as the offence had taken place filled Jerusalem with your doctrine,” shews within his jurisdiction. But he was pro- this to be their thought. Compare the bably one of the chief priests. These pointed address of Peter to the Sanhedrim, latter were the titular High Priests, partly ch. iv. 8-12, and the distinction between those who had served the office, partly the them and the people in iv. 21.- This being presidents of the twenty-four courses, partly so, the resemblance between this expression the kindred of the High Priest (see Matt. and the imprecation of the people in Matt. ii. 4). concerning them] i. e. 'con xxvii. 25 must not be too closely pressed, cerning the spostles,' the persons men though the coincidence is too striking to tioned in ver. 22; not these words,' as escape notice. 29.] Peter, by word of would appear at first sight. where- mouth; the Apostles, as a body, by assent, unto this would grow, i. e. to what this implied in his own utterance and their would come, is the correct translation silence. There is no occasion to insert of the original : not, as some have main. “other," as done in the A. V.- This de. tained, how this had come about: nor, fence of Peter divides itself into the pro• what was the meaning of this. 26.] positions of an ordinary syllogism (1) The The clause, lest they should have been statement of the general truth that we stoned, depends upon “brought them with must obey God rather than men : (2) The out violence,"not upon “for they feared the reduction of the present circumstances people.” 28.] “They ought to have under that general truth, as being the enquired first, How did ye escape ? But work of the God of their Fathers-shewn as if nothing had happened, they ask them, in bis having raised and glorified Jesus, saying &c." Chrysostom. The same shy- for a definite purpose, to give, &c.—(3) The
iii. 13. 1 Pet.
ech. ii. 33, 86.
Phil. ii 9.
Matt. j. 21.
26: xiii. 38. Eph. i. 7.
c ch. ill. 13, 15 : obey God rather than men. 30 c The God of our fathers Chi Gat. raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and d hanged on a tree. 2 4. 31 e Him hath God exalted with his right hand (h to be] Pel i. So fa Prince and 8 a Saviour, h for to give repentance to
Heb. ii. 10: sch. ii. 15. I ch. iii. 15. Israel, and forgiveness of sins. 32 And i we are his witLukentiv nesses of these i things; and so is also the Holy Ghost, Eph. 1.;.$. k whom God hath given to them that obey him. 33 ? When Col. i. 14. i John xv. 26, 27. k ch. ii. 4: 1. 44.
1 ch. ii. 37: vii. 51.
i literally, words : see note. identification of themselves with the course offices, though inseparably connected in of action marked out by the duty of obey- fact, had each its separate meaning in ing God rather than men... in that they Peter's speech: a Prince - to whom you owe were bearing witness to God's work, under obedience - a Saviour, by whom you must the inspiration of the Holy Spirit given be saved from your sins. for to give, them as men obedient to God.- The whole in his Kingly prerogative; repentance and is a perfect model of concise and ready remission of sins, to lead to salvation by eloquence, and of unanswerable logical hiin as a Saviour.-The key to this part of coherence; and a notable fulfilment of the the speech is Luke xxiv. 47–49, where we promise “it shall be given you in that hour have, in our Lord's command to them, the what ye shall speak” (Matt. x. 19). same conjunction of repentance and reWe ought to obey] Much stronger than mission of sins, -and immediately follows, their former saying in ch. iv. 19, " whether as here, " ye are witnesses of these things,” it be right ... to hearken unto you more appointing them to that office which they than unto God, judge ye,”—as their con- were now discharging,--and, parallel with duct, in persisting after prohibition, had the mention of the Holy Ghost in our text, been more marked and determined. That there follows there, “and behold, I send was a mere ‘listening to' the proposition the promise of my Father upon you." By then made to them; this a course of de- conjoining the Holy Ghost, as a witness, liberate action, chosen and entered on. with thenıselves, - they claim and assert to obey God-opposed to the words your the promise of John xv. 26, 27: see also doctrine of the High Priest; and to his the apostolic letter of ch. xv. 28. When designation of our Lord as this man. In we remember how much of the apostolic the background, there would be the com- testimony was given in uriting, as well as mand of the angel, ver. 20: but it is not by word of mouth, this declaration of Peter alleged: the great duty of preaching the becomes an important element for judging Gospel of Christ is kept on its highest of the nature of that testimony also. See grounds. 30. The God of our fathers] a very similar conjunction, 1 John v.9.Thus binding on Christ and his work to They were God's witnesses, in the things the covenant whereof all present were par which they had seen and heard as men : takers. ye, emphatic: answering to the Holy Ghost in them was God's Wit. the emphatic “upon us” of the Highness, in purifying and enlarging by His Priest. on a tree (or, beam of wood)] inspiration that their testimony to facts, Compare the similar contrast in ch. iii. 14, and in unfolding, from (and as inseparable 15. The manner of death is described from) these witnessed facts,- the things thus barely and ignominiously, to waken which eye hath not seen nor ear heard. compunction in the hearers, to whom the And in the Scripture THESE SAME TESexpression was well known as entailing TIMONIES are conjoined; that of the Apos. curse and disgrace on the victim.
tles, holy men under the guidance and 31.7 with (not to his right hand, as in reminiscence of the Holy Spirit, faithfully ch. ii. 33, where see note. The great aim and honestly reporting those things which here, as there, is to set forth God as the fall under human observation : and that of DOER of all this. a Prince and a God the Spirit Himself, testifying, through Saviour, not, to be a Prince and a Saviour: them, those loftier things which no human but the words are the predicate of Him- experience can assure, nor human imaginaas a Prince and a Saviour. a Prince] tion compass. 32. things] literally, as in ch. ii. 15, which see. and a words: meaning, histories, things exSaviour] Jesus was to be King and Captain pressed in words: see note on Luke i. 4. of Israel, and also their Saviour. The two
to them that obey him] He does