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himself, taking the crown from the hands from his perilous situation, and he sucof the Pope when he was about to set it ceeded in reaching the fleet. on his head.
“Much disconcerted, he was proceed“His boyhood shewed symptoms of a ing to Bastia by land. On the way, vehement and passionate temperament. however, he learned that his life was and he was at perpetual variance with threatened, that Marius Peraldi bad inhis eldest brother Joseph. In these stigated the people to seize him, and put childish quarrels Joseph had always the him into the hands of Paoli, who meant worst of it, and was rudely handled; and to shoot him as soon as he had him in bis when he ran to complain, Napoleon was power. In Vivario he was concealed by declared to be in the right. Joseph be- ihe parish priest; in Bocognano his came at last quite submissive to his friends rescued bim with the greatest younger brother; and the family began difficulty from the fury of the people; very early to look upon Napoleon as during the night, he escaped through the taking the lead among his brothers and window from the chamber in which he sisters. The Archdeacon Lucian said to had hid himself, and at length reached Joseph on his deathbed : 'You are the Ajaccio in safety. Here again, however, oldest of the family, but there stands its menaced still more seriously, he fled from head-you must not forget that.' his house to a grotto near the chapel of
“ We are willing enough to believe the Greeks, where he remained concealed that the boy Napoleon shewed a quite for a night. His friends now conveyed indomitable passion for everything mili- him safely on board a vessel, and he tary, and that this born soldier liked reached Bastia by sea. The fury of the nothing so well as to run by the side of Paolists was meanwhile directed upon the soldiery of Ajaccio. The soldiers Napoleon's family. Madame Letitia, terhad a pleasure in seeing the boy go rified at the symptoms of approaching through the exercise beside them; and danger, fled with her children to Milelli, many a greyhaired veteran lifted him in accompanied by some trusty peasants of his arms and caressed him for imitating Bastelica and Bocognano. Louis, Eliza, the drill so valiantly. · He teased his Paulina, and the Abbé Fesch, were with father till he purchased him a cannon; her; Jerome and Caroline remained in and the toy was long shewn in the house concealment with the Ramolinos. Still of the Bonapartes with which he used to insecure in Milelli, the persecuted family make his mimic battle-thunder, and play fled during the night to the sbore in the the cloud-compelling Jove. He soon vicinity of the Tower of Capitello, to began to exercise empire over the youth await there the arrival of the French of Ajaccio; and, like Cyrus with the fleet, which had been announced as on shepherd-boys of the Medes, and Peter its way to reduce the citadel of Ajaccio. the Great with his play-fellows, he formed The flight through the rugged hill-country the children of Ajaccio into a regiment was difficult and fatiguing; for there are of soldiers, who bravely took the field no paths in that region but over the against the youngsters of the Borgo of rocks, through the macchia, and over the Ajaccio, and fought sanguinary engage- mountain torrente. Madame Letitia held ments with stones and wooden sabres.” little Paulina by the hand, Fesch pre
ceded with Eliza and Louis; a troop of NAPOLEON'S EARLY DANGER IN CORSICA.
adherents from Bastelica, the birthplace “ The three representatives now made of Sampiero, marched in advance, and Napoleon Inspector-general of Corsican behind them the men of Bocognano, artillery, and instructed him to reduce armed with daggers, muskets, and pistols. the citadel of Ajaccio. He attempted it, The family of Napoleon wandering thus but all his exertions to conquer the fort through the mountains, reached at length, ress of his native town were in vain. after great exertions--clambering over Destiny had planted no laurels for Napo- rocks, and wading through streams—the leon in Corsica. During the siege, his shore at Capitello, where they all conlife was on one occasion in extreme dan- cealed themselves in the woods. ger. He had occupied the Tower of "About this time Napoleon bad thrown Capitello witb about fifty men, in order himself on board a small vessel in Bastia, to operate from that point by land, while had out-sailed the French fleet, and the vessels of war carried on the bom- landed at Isola Rossa, where many of bardment from the sea. A storm blew the herdsmen of his family have their the fleet out of the gulf, and Napoleon pasturing-grounds. Here learning that remained cut off from it in the tower, his relatives were in flight, he sent shepwhere he had to defend himself for three herds out in all directions to seek for days, living on horse-flesh, till some them, and passed the night waiting in herdsmen from the mountains freed him the most painfu! suspense for news. Morning dawned; he was sitting under terior of the cathedral has a motley and a rock, anxiously pondering the fate of rustic appearance. Heavy pillars divide his friends. Suddenly a herdsman rushed it into three naves, (drei Schiffe); the up to him, crying, Save yourself!' A dome is small, like the gallery. band of men from Ajaccio, in quest of “Near the choir, to the right, a little Bonaparte and bis family, was hastening chapel, hung with black, has been put up. towards him. Napoleon sprang into the Two coffins, covered with black velvet, sea. His little vessel, a chebeque, kept bis stand therein, before an altar, coarsely pursuers off by its fire, and the boat it decorated in the style we find in village had immediately lowered took him safely churches. Clumsy wooden candlesticks on board.
have been placed at the head and foot of "On the same day Bonaparte sailed each coffin ; and above each hangs a perinto the gulf, and keeping close in shore, petual, but extinguished lamp. On the he saw people making signals to be taken coffin to the left lies a cardinal's hat and off. These were his mother Letitia and an amaranth-wreath; on the coffin to the her children.
right an imperial crown and an ama“The suffering family was conveyed ranth-wreath. with all speed to Calvi, where hospitable “ They are the coffins of Cardinal entertainers were found. But the house Fesch and Madame Letitia. They were of the Bonapartes, in Ajaccio, had been brought hither from their Italian tombs entered and plundered by the furious in the year 1851. Letitia died in her mob. The family owed its rescue entirely Roman palace, in the Place di Venezia, on to the prudence and foresight of the the 2d of February 1836, and her coffin Corsican Costa, to whom Napoleon in his had since stood in a church of the little will bequeathed the sum of 100,000 francs town of Corneto, near Rome. in acknowledgment of the service." “No marble, no sculpture, nothing of
the pomp of death, adorns the spot where TAE TWO COrfing.
a woman lies who gave birth to an em
peror, three kings, and three princesses. “Where is Napoleon? What is left of “I was astonished at the unconscious him?
irony, the deep tragic meaning that lay, “A name and a relic, which an easily as it seemed to me, in the almost rustic blinded nation now publicly worships. simplicity of Letitia's tomb. It was like What lately happened beyond the Rhine, a princely tomb in the scenes of a theatre. appears to me like the celebration of Na-1 Her coffin rests on a high wooden platpoleon's suppressed funeral of 1821. But form; the clumsy candlesticks are of the dead do not rise again. After the wood, the gold is tinsel. The canopy of gods have come their ghosts; and after the chapel would fain look like velvet, the hero-tragedy, the satyr-farce. The but it is of common taffeta, and the long breath of a charnel-house has spread | silver fringes are only silver paper. The through the world from beyond the Rhine golden imperial diadem on the coffin is of since they wakened a dead man there. gilded wood. The amaranthine wreath
"I went from the house of Letitia to of Letitia alone is genuine. the church where her coffin stands.
“Never, so long as the world has stood, “The street of the King of Rome leads has a mother's heart beat higher than the to the cathedral of Ajaccio. This church heart of the woman in this coffin, She is a heavy building, with a plain façade; saw her children, one after another, stand above its portal are some defaced armorial | at the loftiest zenith of human glory; and, bearings. They are, doubtless, those of one after another, saw the same children the extinct Republic of Genoa. The in- | fall."
GLASGOW MISSION TO THE HOSPITAL AT SCUTARI.
LETTERS FROM THE REV. MR. FERGUSSON TO THE SECRETARY.
1 I hope you have received my note “SCOTARI, Monday Morning, I from Malta. . . . . . :
“ 12th February, 1855. We sailed from Corfu on Saturday, and " When I arrived here on Wednesday , landed at Constantinople on Wednesday last, the 7th instant, I found your kind morning-a quick and pleasant passage. and most welcome letter awaiting me. I The number of sail' that were finding
their way along with us in the direction, termaster's offices, and invited me to dine of the Bosphorus, was so large that it at six P.M. He and Mrs. S. live along was with difficulty we could find our way with Mrs. Denny, wife of Colonel Denny, through them. We were told at Con- of 71st Highlanders. He could not give stantinople that 400 had arrived that me a bed, as a chaplain had just arrived morning, and there seemed to be nearly sick from the Crimea, to whom he had as many to come. They had been wind- given lodging. I was turned into my bound in the Archipelago; and when the room with no other furniture than my wind changed to south, they were all baggage ; and having unfortunately driven up the Dardanelles together. brought no bed with me, I had the pro
“Praised be the Lord that, in His most spect of spending the night upon the gracious providence, I am again at work; boards, wrapped in a plaid. 1 rather liked for during the past summer, to use the the idea of trying this sort of life. But I words of Charles Buxton, I have suf-thought it better to accept the kind offer fered much from the pain of inaction and of a mattrass and quilt from a brother the obscurity that hung upon the future.' chaplain next door. The officers get I feel grateful to your Committee for room; but no furniture. The consehaving sent me to this most important quence of not knowing this before leaving field. I wish I could give you some idea home, was a whole day spent at Pera, of the state of things here; but it is hope- purchasing, through the medium of less to attempt it, at least at the present signs, a few necessaries. I paid £2, 53. time. A little experience of the work for a bed, mattrass, and quilt; £1, 7s. will, I trust, leave me more leisure. So for two pairs of sheets; and £1, 10s. for a far as I have seen, the sick have every blanket. comfort. I find that even upon the spot, “I was very happy to find Mr. Drennan as well as at home, there are many opin- here, who was ordained as chaplain by ions. I have asked every man to whom the Presbytery of Edinburgh. The day I have spoken as to their comforts, and after my arrival, I took a walk through every one says we have everything we part of the hospitals. You ask, What require. Several have spoken strongly are my first impressions ?' It is diffiof the kindnesses shewn them by all cult to say-the vast magnitude of the parties. But I would not speak decidedly whole wellnigh confounded me. I walkas yet on any point. Things here are ed first round the lower corridor of the upon such a large scale, that it would re-Barrack hospital, a distance of about quire not a few days, but a few weeks, to three-quarters of a mile, in a narrow judge correctly of the general manage- passage lined on each side by my fellowment of matters; and, besides, that is not countrymen, as closely as is possible, to my business.
allow the necessary space between each "As this is the first of, I trust, many bed. The great majority are suffering letters, allow me to give you a brief ac- from diarrhea, some from dysentery, count of my first doings here. After a rheumatism, fever, &c. &c.; some have most tedious delay on board the ‘Bahiana,' been lying ever since the battle of Alma, in expectation of a small steamer which with little prospect of getting better ; was expected alongside to take off the some are dying, (the mortality is somepackages which were addressed to Scutari, what less of late, between fifty and sixty I took a caique across the Bosphorus, / are laid in one grave daily); some are and was thankful, after a frightful toss-convalescent, and are walking about on ing, as in a nut-shell, to find myself tottering and aching limbs, and many and all my baggage safe on the land-upon crutches; some expecting soon to ing-stage at Scutari. I loaded a pair of return to their hard labour in the Turks, and walked with them towards trenches, or on the heights; and some to the Barrack hospital. On the way, an return to their native land, to tell the old gentleman on horseback accosted me, soldier's tale, and to reap the rewards of from whom I learned that Mr. Fraser, of their honourable toils. Many are lying the Free Church, had just arrived, hav- on their beds in good health, but with ing come overland. He kindly guided me painful wounds; and some with frostto the main gateway, and told me where bitten feet-here, a toe or more-there, to find the senior chaplain and the com- nearly a whole of one, or of both, mandant, to both of whom I wished to lost. report myself. I afterwards learned that “But there is no end to the variety of my unknown friend is a Mr. Bracebridge, their sufferings. It is truly a sad, a who, with his lady, is living here with heart-sickening sight. And this corriMiss Nightingale. Mr. Sabin, senior dor is a mere fraction of the whole. chaplain, received me most kindly, went There are, I am told, from seven to eight with me to the commandant's and quar-I thousand at Scutari alone, and they
appear to be arriving from the Crimea | If you only heard how they thank me almost daily. They were carrying them when I promise to procure them a Bible. in on stretchers the whole day yester- I'll be very muckle obliged to you, sir.' day. I saw one poor fellow literally This case encouraged me to set to work 'skin and bone,' seated upon a bed, on the following day; so, handing it over getting his entire body cleared of several to my colleague, to whom it belonged, I months' accumulation of filth. The look went to my own division. of satisfaction, which shewed itself upon “Oh! when will these Testaments be his spare features and hollow eyes, at here? The desponding wish : 'I had a once more getting a sight of his skin in complete copy, psalms and paraphrases, its natural state, would have been a rich and all ; but it went with my knapsack, reward to me though I had performed and I fear I shall never see it again,' the disagreeable work of scrubbing him! almost rends my heart, when I cannot As I came from the hospital this after- meet it by the hearty words: “Here, noon, about five o'clock, I met a few my good fellow, is a new copy for you; artillerymen just come from the Crimea. regret not the one you have lost.' It One poor fellow was creeping along with would amuse, as well as melt you, to much difficulty. I asked him how he hear and see some men say: My Bible did, and what was going on at Sebastopol, is gone with all my traps.' The arms He seemed to know little about it. His are thrown out, and the hands opened reply was: “There is a deal of sickness wide, to shew how empty they are; and, in the camp.' His feet were swollen, so when able, held up to shew that he is that his shoes would not hold them. indebted to another for the very shirt he But when I suggested that he should wears; and with a becoming indifference get a carry, he smiled, and said: 'Oh! no; for an old knapsack, and an air, I think, I'll make it out.'
peculiar to a soldier, he exclaims : ‘I " It did seem to me a puzzling task have nothing here !'-apparently grateful to find out a few Presbyterians among that he is still here himself, although so many thousands; and the Episcopal all else is gone. chaplains all said they would not like to “Well, my plan was to go over the undertake it. Mr. D. and I agreed to whole hospital, talking a few minutes to divide the field-he taking the Barrack, each man; and beginning at corridor A, and I the General hospital. Everybody I walked up between the two first beds, here is overwrought, and things in ge- having learned, from the ticket attached neral are, of course, imperfectly attended to each, that I had two Protestants beto. I heard a medical man say yes. | side me. (The new tickets have English terday, that people at home know no- and Scotch Protestant upon them.) Both thing at all about the real state of mat- were so willing to listen, and I felt so ters here. Before he came out, which much inclined to prolong the conversawas lately, he had said, Where, in the tion, that I soon discovered my plan name of wonder, can all these medical would not do. One of my friends, with men who are already at Scutari, go to? honesty portrayed in his face, said: 'I Now, he sees it is physically impossible was thinking that may be this was a warnthat any man can do the work assigned ing to me.' A hopeful state; and though to him with any satisfaction. One hun- not Scotch, I must see him again. I dred-and-seventy patients, allowing only speak to all, even to Catholics, when five minutes to each, would require opportunity offers. One told me yesterfourteen hours a day to see them all day, he was a Catholic; but would be daily. No man can stand in these wards thankful for a good advice from any one. the half of that time. The orderlies are The hopeful lad of whom I have just constantly being laid up with fever. spoken, pointed me to a Scotchman near
“I began my labours in the General by. This one told me where I would hospital on Saturday last. On the pre- find another, and so on, till I found mycediog evening, a chaplain told me that self surrounded by Scots Greys, mostly he had seen that day a Presbyterian who from Edinburgh and Glasgow. In this wished much to see one of his own chap-way I saw and conversed with fifteen ; lains, as he had never seen one since he and with all I found no difficulty in leit home. I went immediately, and had entering upon the chief object of my a talk with him. He was able to move mission. I have now the addresses of about, and promised to attend a meeting on thirty-two; but I have not made the Sabbath, in the chaplain's room. He had acquaintance of all these, as I got a list no Bible. There are very many in this of names from the English chaplain. state, particularly in the General hospi. “Here I must close, or be too late for tal. It is quite distressing not to be able to-day's mail. I shall write again on to put the Word of Life into their hands, this day week. Today I have to take
writing material to the hospital, to write be re-examined. Government has paid, some letters to my friends by their bed and will continue to pay, for all the side.
| nurses. Miss N. asked me whether I “To the queries of your letter I shall thought trained nurses could be found in reply after. I have the necessary infor Scotland. She says, if this war continues, mation."
more may be required than the four named now. She has great confidence
in the moral character of the Scotch; and LETTER II.
the medical men here being mostly from
Scotland, she thinks the nurses and they “ Scutari, 25th February,
will draw well together. I said I thought "Sunday Evening.
that in the infirmaries in Scotland there “I beg you will excuse my not writing could be found, with ease, four well-trained by the mail of Monday last, according to nurses ; and that I thought the Commitpromise. I assure you nothing would tee of the Glasgow Scutari Mission would have prevented me but the pressure of be glad if they could find for her some work. I had many letters to write for suitable assistants. She replied, that she my people, which I could not let stand. should have much pleasure in receiving I find the correspondence part of my the services of the Scotch nurses. ... duty not a small part. The letters I have The kindness of many of the nurses to all written for the soldiers average more the men is highly spoken of by many of my than one a-day, which would not be much men. Many of the nurses seem to attend could they be thus distributed; but when the dressing of wounds; this, however, is, I three or four are crowded into one day, I think, not their proper work. Their work so as to give the latest news possible, the is to attend upon the weak, the helpless, case is altered. I began with the plan of and the dying-to attend to their little writing at the bedside of the men, which, wants, and minister to their comfort in when they were able to bear it, was a any way possible. Women who would pleasure to them, and I thought would feel for the souls of men as well as for gratify those receiving the letters. Now, I their bodies, ought to be selected. however, I have discontinued this, unless “I wish you saw the welcome we rein any case where the man wishes to dic-ceive from the Scotch soldiers. I have, fate himself. Much time was lost for. I think, seen the whole that are in the merly, and I was precluded sometimes from General, the Stable, and the Palace hosputting in a word or two for the benefit pitals. I have ministered to 115, of whom of the reader.
there are professedly, 11 Free Church ; “The books have not yet made their 4 United Presbyterian; 6 Irish Presappearance. Men are asking almost daily byterian; 4 English Presbyterian; 3 for the Scotch psalms and paraphrases, Wesleyan ; 1 Baptist ; and I Indeand some ask for the Shorter Catechism. pendent; and the remaining 85 EstabThe psalms are much wanted on Sabbath lished Church. Of the whole, so far as for public worship, as we can have no I have ascertained, only 16 have been singing witbout them. I called on Miss communicants-9 Éstablished; 1 Free; Nightingale to inquire about the nurses. 1 Irish Presbyterian; 1 English PresbyShe received me very kindly and politely terian ; 1 Baptist; 3 Wesleyan. Of the -said that it would be necessary to write 115, 19 bave left the hospital since the to the War Office about it. I said that 10th inst.–12 by death,and 7 by recovery. you had written to ask permission to send • What of the success of your misthem, and I only wished her to say sion!' Alas! that has, I fear, been small whether they were required. She de-as yet; but I trust some good has been clined giving any reply-said she was in done, and the field is hopeful. There is correspondence with the War Office on an unusual seriousness among the soldiers the subject. I left her, agreeing to call at this time, as might well be expectedagain. I did so yesterday, and have the they are open to impressions. I have not happiness to tell you that Miss Nightin- met with one who does not acknowledge gale has, in consequence of my application, that now especially is the time to be written to the War Office, recommending thoughtful--not one who does not profess that six more nurses be sent, two-thirds to look to the Lord for help and mercy. of whom are to be Presbyterians. They But it cannot be expected, that men must be trained purses—she cannot re- steeped in sin, as soldiers generally are, ceive any more ladies. She has recom- and in ignorance as well, should be mended that a board be formed in London, brought quickly to a better mind with. and a sub-board in Scotland, for the ex- out the leavening influence of the truth. amination of the nurses; and those from Hence, though there is a universal proScotland will require to go to London to fession, there is a fearful apathy, and, with