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Now I am here, what thou wilt do with me | which this beautiful idea undergoes, is None of my books will shew;
given in the Evangelist's vision of “that I read, and sigh, and wish I were a tree; For sure I then should grow,
great city, the Holy Jerusalem.” “And To fruit or shade: at least some bird would trust I saw no temple therein ; for the Lord Her household to me, and I should be just.
God Almighty and the Lamb are the Yet though thou troublest me, I must be meek; /
w temple of it.” Thus, the high and holy In weakness must be stout.
God is said to dwell with, and among, Well, I will change the service, and go seek and in, His people on earth; and they Some other master out!
are said to dwell with and in Him, in Ah! my dear God! though I am clean forgot,
heaven. Let me not love thee, if I love thee not.
While a good man may be called the It may seem as if the quaint familiarity temple of God, it is not at first so trueof Herbert shewed a want of reverence, at nor afterwards is it always true—that times; but there is a sincerity and truth the constant worship and pure service of about the poet all the wbile, that reminds God, or the joy of God's presence, have us of the sweet singer of Israel. And their permanent abiding-place in such a besides the plain speaking and quaint man; not, at least, until he has made style of illustration that mark his poetry, wondrous progress in the life of holiness. we must take into account that he re- Herbert marks this well in several parts garded the lyrics of which the Temple” of “The Temple:” is composed as records of the varying
“ Soul's joy, when thou art gone, moods of his religious life. No one can
And I alone understand the drift of the poem who
Which cannot be; fails to take that view of it. It was Because thou dost abide in me, only a few days before he died that
And I depend on thee; he made known the existence of the Yet when thou dost suppress work to a friend, in these words: “ Sir
Of thy abode, I pray you, deliver this little book to my
And in my powers not stir abroad, dear brother Ferrar, and tell him he shall
But leave me to my load ; find in it a picture of the many spiritual
Oh! what a damp and shade conflicts that have passed between God
Doth me invade! and my soul, before I could subject mine
No stormy night to the will of Jesus my master, in whose Can so afflict or so affright service I have now found perfect freedom.
As thy eclipsed light. Desire him to read it, and then, if he Ah! Lord, do not withdraw, think it may turn to the advantage of Lest want of awe
Make sin appear, any dejected poor soul, let it be made
And, when thou dost but shine less clear, public; if not, let him burn it; for I and
Say that thou art not here, it are less than the least of all God's mercies."
And then what life I have,
(While siu doth rave The idea of Howe's Living Temple, a
And falsely boast, work published about seventy years after That I may seek, but thou art lost!) Herbert's death, may have been suggested !
Thou, and alone Thou, know'st. or developed, to some extent, by means of
Oh I what a deadly cold Herbert's poem; but the true source of Doth me infold! the idea employed in both is to be found
I half believe
That sin says true ; but, while I griece, in the Holy Scriptures. Christ was, pe
Thou comest and dost relieve." culiarly, THE TEMPLE of God. “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise And, again, of the contention of worldit up." Christians, separately and col. I ly and transient thoughts, interests, and lectively, are called the temple of God. fears; their power to mar the pure service "Know ye not that ye are the temple of of God and the peace of His temple, and, God"_“Your body is the temple of the as it were, to prevent His constant preHoly Ghost.” The last and best change sence, we are told in "The Family:"
“What doth this noise of thoughts within my | Scatter or bind them all to bend to thee : heart,
Though elements change and heaven move : As if they had a part ?
Let not thy higher Court remove, What do these loud complaints and puling fears, But keep a standing Majesty in me." As if there were no rule or ears?
Under the title of “The Church Floor," But, Lord, the house and family are thive,
Herbert, in obedience to the same ruling Though some of them repine ; Turn out these wranglers which defile tby seat.
idea, describes a portion of architecture, For where thou dwellest, all is neat. far more spiritual and beauteous, and far
more enduring than the Venetian palaces, First Peace and Silence all disputes control, Then Order plays the soul;
or any human handiwork :And giving all things their set forms and hours, "Makes of wild woods sweet walks and “Mark you the floor? that square and speckled bowers.
Which looks so firm and strong, Humble Obedience near the door doth stand,
Is Patience. Expecting a command ; Than whom in waiting nothing seems more slow, And the other, black and grave, wherewith each Nothing more quick when she doth go.
Is chequered all along,
Leads to the choir above,
But the sweet cement which, in one sure band, Perhaps, thou comest sometimes, and for
Ties the whole frame, is Love
Hither sometimes Sin steals, and stains following verses :
The Marble's neat and curious veins : How should I praise thee, Lord, how should | But all is cleansed when the Marble weeps. my rhymes
Sometimes, Death, putting at the door, Gladly engrave thy love in steel
Blows all the dust about the floor; If what my soul doth feel sometimes,
But, while he thioks to spoil the room, lie My soul might ever feel !
sweeps. Although there were some forty heavens, or Blest be the Architect! whose art more,
Could build so strong in a weak heart." Sometimes I peer above them all : Sometimes I hardly reach a score ;
Herbert's ambition seems to have led Sometimes to hell I fall.
him to look forward to a statesman's life
at one period; at another, a desire to Oh! rack me not to such a vast extent: Those distances belong to thee;
go abroad and visit various countries The world's too little for thy tent,
was very strong within him. His mother A grave too big for me.
had influence to keep him from travel. Whether I fly with angels, fall with dust, ling; and she also had set her heart on Thy hands made both, and I am there ; *
his becoming a servant in the Church of Thy power and love, thy love and trust,
God. Her desires were complied with; Make one place everywhere.
and outward circumstances, as well as It cannot be. Where is that mighty joy secret tendencies, seem to have comWhich just now took up all my heart?
bined, with filial piety, to make him Lord, if thou needs must use thy dart, Save that and me; or sin for both destroy!
avoid the snares, which one so impress
ible, and as yet unattached to any par. The grosser world stands to thy Word and art;
ticular calling, would certainly have But thy diviner world of grace Thou suddenly dost raise and raze,
found in foreign travel at that time ; and And every day a new Creator art!
to have enticed his heart, with ever
increasing power, towards those green Oh! fix thy chair of grace, that all my powers May also fix their reverence;
pastures and quiet waters, by which it For, when thou dost depart from hence, is the joy and privilege of every trueThey grow unruly, and sit in thy bowers. hearted minister of the temple to choose • Probably " in thy hands" is meant by " there." his path.
His eldest brother was the noted Lord would leave him to the sole care of a Herbert of Cherbury, who wrote against mother, whose influence with him seems revealed religion. Truly strange are always to have been sacred. His brothers the differences that are sometimes to be may have often led him to entertain traced in sentiments, opinions, and ac- worldly views, and views at variance tions, between children of the same with those of his thoroughly religious family! How potable, in these days, the and intelligent parent; but he chose the religious position of the two Newmans, good part; and now, both in the world fleeing from one another's cutting, but and in the Church, his name and fame is blindly cutting logic - the one to the greater far than theirs. cloisters of the Romish Church, the In next number we shall quote some other into and beyond the arid wastes of poems from “The Temple,” illustrative Unitarianism! George was the fifth son, of Herbert's doubts and struggles, and of in a family of seven sons and three the final choice he made. daughters. The death of his father,
J. L. B. when he was only four years of age,
(To be continued.)
We do not know any more gratifying of his fellow-men. It should never, howcharacteristic of the present age, than the ever, be forgotten, that such lectures, to attempts now being made by the upper be really useful, ought not to be regarded and literary classes to instruct and to as an end, but merely as means to an end. arouse the masses. Lectures delivered They should never be regarded as the by such men as Lord Carlisle, Sir Robert “very lovely song of one that bath & Peel, Lord Ingestre, and Mr. Layard, pleasant voice,” agreeable to listen to, possess a value altogether irrespective of but forgotten as soon as heard; they their literary merits-great though these should serve mainly as hints and guides indisputably are. They are valuable, in- for future reading, for thus only can the asmuch as they are calculated to knit hearers be truly benefited. Of this Mr. together the bonds of society, and to lead Lee seems perfectly aware ; and if those the rich and the poor to cherish a mutual who listened to his admirable lecture, respect and mutual esteem for each other. put in practice in regard to lectures, the The same end is, to a greater or less de- advice he gave them in regard to books, gree, accomplished by these courses of their gain will be great. lectures which have, within the last few of the lecture itself, of its tone and years, become 80 common and so popular style, we can speak in the very highest in provincial towns. Delivered by the terms. The frequent and apt references gentlemen and clergymen of the district, to, and quotations from, many of our best and attended generally by crowds of authors, evince on Mr. Lee's part, not every class of society, we know that they merely a hereditary knowledge of books, have, in many cases, been attended with but also a degree of thoughtfulness and much beneficial results. Not merely taste rarely to be met with. His object have they proved a counter-attraction to is to shew the exact relation in which the public-house, they have sometimes books stand to the cultivation of the given rise to habits of reading and habits mind, and to point out the dangers of of thought, which cannot fail to be gratify. | desultory and miscellaneous reading. ing to every one interested in the welfare And let it not be imagined, that these
dangers are altogether imaginary. As • Books in relation to Hental and Moral Cullure. our Lord warned His disciples that they By the Rev. William Lee, Minister of Roxburgh.
should take heed not only what they Being the last of a Series of Lectures on Science and Literature, delivered in the Town Hall, Kelso. Kelso : Rutherfurd, 1855.
age of cheap books, cheap newspapers, cheap reviews and magazines, we should appropriate, that we venture to quote take care not merely what we read, but them :how we read. In fact, the latter caution seems to us even more necessary than the “In the case of books, however, as in former, since what we may denominate the case of all other like means of culbad books,-books positively injurious—
ture, there is a right and a wrong method
of study. We may be readers, and even are now-a-days of comparatively rare
great readers of books, without thereby occurrence, while intellectual dissipation cultivating our minds; nay, we may so in regard to books, as well as to sermons read as to make our reading, instead of and to lectures, is, we fear, decidedly on a help, a hindrance, instead of beneficial, the increase. Of the crowds who frequent
* detrimental to the improvement, eleva
tion, and development of our intellectual Lecture rooms and public meetings, and
are rooms and pubic meetings, and and moral nature,-a fact of great and who are never satisfied unless they hear obvious importance which I desire espeat least three sermons every Sunday, and cially to call attention to in this lecture, make one of the crowd that throngs after and a fact of which I shall proceed imevery popular preacher, how few are there
mediately to offer one or two illustrations.
There are serious and mischievous miswho take heed how, and inwardly digest
conceptions as to the terms on which the what, they hear! And in regard to read cultivation of the mind may be promoted ing, for which the opportunities are so by books. How often is it said to the much greater, this is still more empha-young: ‘Addict yourselves to reading, tically the case. We have, as Sir James!
read anything, read in any way ; only
read.' And there are those who, if they Stephen so graphically describes in his
but spend so much time in reading-no Lecture on desultory and systematic matter what, and no matter how they reading, “our daily gallop over our newg. read-imagine that they are carrying out paper,” with its endless variety of topics ; a great and benen
a great and beneficial mental process. -then we have magazines and reviews
Every book, every combination of paper,
printing, and boards, is an instrument, in coming in in shoals; while, finally, our their
als; wmie, wany, our their eyes, possessed of magical powers book-club sends us in every month its for their intellectual and moral advancemiscellaneous collection of history, poetry, ment. Every hour spent by them in travels, and biography, with perhaps a reading, even though the act should be sprinking of philosophy, or even of novels purely mechanical-an act in which nei
ther the attention, nor the judgment, nor and tales. Now, we must confess, that
war the memory, nor the imagination, nor the when we have reckoned up the amount heart, is exercised at all-is an hour which some " book - devourers” get spent in the discipline and development through in the course of a twelvemonth, of the highest powers of their being. and when we consider the impossibilitó This is hardly an exaggerated statement of, to use Lord Bacon's words, their being of
of opinions very prevalent on the subject
58 of this evening's lecture. It is an opinable “to chew and digest them, that is, ion, however, grossly and perniciously to read them wholly, and with diligence erroneous. If we would handle books and attention,” we have not unfre- and studies,' says Lord Bacon, and what quently felt that it would not be difficult influence and operation they have upon to maintain a very specious argument in
manners, there are divers precepts of great
caution and direction appertaining theresupport of Plato's paradox, that “the unto,' To the same purpose another invention of letters has not materially high authority, Mr. Locke, thus writes: improved mankind;" and that King Books and reading are looked upon to Thamus had some show of reason for be the great helps of the understanding
and instruments of knowledge, as it must saying, that “letters, by making men
be allowed that they are; and yet I beg neglect memory, will produce forgetful.
leave to question whether these do not ness in their souls ; because, trusting to prove a hindrance to many, and keep the external and foreign marks of writ. several bookish men from attaining to ing, they will not exercise the internal solid and true knowledge. This I think
“ I may be permitted to say, that there is powers of recollection and thought."
no part wherein the understanding needs Mr. Lee's remarks upon indiscriminate a more wary and careful conduct than in and desultory reading are so just and so the use of books.'
Our author, after some interesting , must be rightly used to produce this remarks on the various characters of result; and, indeed, that unless rightly books, Dext discusses the question: Will
disoneses the onestion: Will used, the study of them may do more the indiscriminate reading of books of all
harm than good. I have dwelt longer on
the latter point than on the former, sorts promote true culture, or will it not because, in fact, it is the most impo rather impair and injure, than benefit of the two, and that on which false ideas the intellectual and moral powers? To are most prevalent. And to what has this his answer is,
been already said on that topic, it may
be worth while still further to add a "It must be stated in the most em- single observation, namely, that the phatic terms language admits of, that caution which has been given as to a without a careful selection of the actual right and wrong method of study, applies books with which he occupies himself, a not only to books on other subjects, but man's reading, even should he do nothing also to books on the most important of else but read, may not only fail to all questions, religion, and not only to strengthen and elevate his higher powers, other books, but also to the greatest of but produce results exactly the reverse. all books-a book which stands alone This rule applies both to the intellect and unapproachable; that book which and the affections. Many a man's mental has God for its author, salvation for its culture,-that is, the amount of his end, and truth, without any mixture of useful knowledge, and the capacity of error, for its subject matter-the Holy the mind itself,-is, I am persuaded, Bible. What our Lord said to those who diminished, instead of being augmented listened to the great doctrines and preby his reading."
cepts of inspiration from His lips- Take Mr. Lee's defence of this opinion is
heed how ye hear'- must, with a verbal
change, be addressed to us who receive exceedingly instructive. Our limits, I divine revelation, not in a spoken, but however, forbid us to quote more than a in a written form. We must take heed few very apposite sentences, for which how we read the Word of God. That he is indebted to Bishop Butler, who
Word possesses mighty influences. Read
aright, it is able to make us wise unto says:
salvation,' and is 'profitable for doctrine, “The great number of books and for reproof, for correction, for instruction papers of amusement which, of one kind in righteousness, that the man of God or another, daily come in one's way, may be perfect, thoroughly furnished have in part occasioned, and most per- unto all good works.' It even regenerfectly fall in with and humour this idle ates and sanctifies our fallen nature. way of reading and considering things. But we may read Scripture itself without By this means, time, even in solitude, is profit; and more than that, the very happily got rid of, without the pain of Gospel of Christ, if “a savour of life unto attention ; neither is any part of it more life' to some men, may, by their own put to the account of idleness-one can misuse of it, become to others 'a savour scarce forbear saying, is spent with less of death unto death. thought than great part of that which “One word in conclusion. Let us is spent in reading. Thus people habit- remember, that it is not for time only, uate themselves to let things pass through but for eternity-not to fit us for the their minds, as one may speak, rather duties and enjoyments of the life that than to think of them ; thus, by use, they now is only, but also of that which is to become satisfied merely with seeing what come, that we engage in any of those is said, without going any further. Re- processes—that we use any of those means view and attention, and even forming a by which the intellect and the affections judgment, becomes fatigue; and to lay are exercised and enriched, and invigoranything before them that requires it, is ated and developed. It is right we to put them quite out of their way.'” should bear this in view, both to suggest
to us those forms of culture which are The concluding passage of the lecture most essential, and also to encourage us is so replete with warning, as well as in the more to give all diligence, and spare struction, that we feel that we cannot do no pains or labour to make the most of better than give it entire :
the means of such culture which are now
in our power. Let us not believe that “We have thus seen, then, first of all, any real knowledge thus once gained will that the study of books is an admirable ever be lost, either here or hereafter. At means of mental and moral culture. We all events, the effects on the mind of that hiave seen, however, secondly, that books discipline which it undergoes in the par