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A Letter to his Son John at College

Vol. I, Appendix A, 8 MY DEAR SON, — The Lord bless thee, and multiply his graces in thee, to the building up of that good work, which (I well hope) is truly begun in thee, and wherein I rejoice daily, and bless God, who hath pleased to call thee and keep thee in that good course, which yields hope to all the friends of thy future happiness. Be watchful, good son, and remember that, though it be true, in some cases, that principium est dimidium totius, yet, in divinity, he who hath attained beyond the middest, must still think himself to have but new begun; for, through the continual instigation of Satan, and our own proneness to evil, we are always in danger of being turned out of our course; but God will preserve us to the end, trust in him, and be guided by his will.

I received no letters from you since that in Latin, wherein you wrote for Cooper's Dictionary, which I sent you since by London; and I have wrote twice since. I purpose to send you by this bearer, Samuel Gostlin, a piece of Turkey grogram, about ten yards, to make you a suit; and I shall have a piece of good cloth against winter, to make you a gown; all my care is how to get it well conveyed. I would have sent you some other things, with some remembrancers to your aunt and cousins, but that the occasion of sending this messenger was so sudden as I could not provide them. If your uncle come over to Chester, you may come with him, and there I hope to see you. Be directed by him and your tutor; for, though I much desire to see you, yet I had rather hear of your welfare than hazard it. And if your uncle mean to come further than Chester, I would wish you not to come over now, for I am not willing you should come to Groton this year, except your uncle shall much desire your company. Remember my kind love to your good tutor, and to Mr. Downes, and excuse me to your aunt, that I write not to her, for I have not leisure...

What remains, this bearer can inform you of all our affairs. Put him in mind (as from me) to be sober, and beware of company. Your

grandmother and mother salute and bless you; your uncle Gostlin and aunt salute you; your master at Bury, (to whom I wish you to write at leisure,) your good host and hostess, salute you also. — Vale.

JOHN WINTHROP. GROTON, August 12, 1623.

You shall receive by Samuel a twenty-two shilling piece, if he have not occasion to spend it by the way.

Views on the Education of Women

Vol. II, 1645 Mr. Hopkins, the governour of Hartford upon Connecticut, came to Boston, and brought his wife with him, (a godly young woman, and of special parts,) who was fallen into a sad infirmity, the loss of her understanding and reason, which had been growing upon her divers years, by occasion of her giving herself wholly to reading and writing, and had written many books. Her husband, being very loving and tender of her, was loath to grieve her; but he saw his error, when it was too late. For, if she had attended her household affairs, and such things as belong to women, and not gone out of her way and calling to meddle in such things as are proper for men, whose minds are stronger, etc., she had kept her wits, and might have improved them usefully and honorably in the place God had set her. He brought her to Boston, and left her with her brother, one Mr. Yale, a merchant, to try what means might be had here for her. But no help could be had.


1640 The key of the Bay Psalm Book is a phrase in the preface, “that soe wee may sing in Sion the Lords songs of praise according to his owne will.” Imagine with what reverence the Pilgrims must have looked upon the little book, the only hymn-book in the world that they believed acceptable to God! With what awe and humble pride

they must have joined in the singing, gathered together in the chilly little meeting-house! There is little poetry in the Bay Psalm Book, but it is easier to find many books of poems than to discover one that is as rich as this in strong and tender associations.

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Whereunto is prefixed a discourse de-
claring not only che lawfullnes, but also e
the necessity of the heavenly Ordinance
of singing Scripture Plalmes in

the Churches of


Coll, u.

Let the word of God dwell plenteously in
you, in all wisdome, teaching andexhort-
ing one another in Psalmes, Himnes, and
pirituall Songs, singing to the Lord with
grace in your hearts.

lanses v.
If any be afflicted, let him pray, and if
any be merry les bim fing psalmes,


From the Preface If herefore the verses are not alwayes so smooth and elegant as some may desire or expect; let them consider that Gods Altar

needs not our pollishings : Ex. 20. for wee have respected rather a plaine translation, then to smooth our verses with the sweetnes of any paraphrase, and soe have attended Conscience rather then Elegance, fidelity rather then poetry, in translating the hebrew words into english language, and Davids poetry into

english meetre; that soe wee may sing in Sion the
Lords songs of praise according to his owne
will; untill hee take us from hence,
and wipe away all our teares, &
bid us enter into our masters
ioye to sing eternall


23 A Psalm of David
THe Lord to mee a shepheard is,

want therefore shall not I.
2 Hee in the folds of tender-grasse,

doth cause mee downe to lie:
To waters caline me gently leads
3 Restore my soule doth hee:
he doth in paths of righteousnes:

for his names sake leade mee.
4 Yea though in valley of deaths shad

I walk, none ill I'le feare :
because thou art with mee, thy rod,

and staffe my comfort are.
5 For mee a table thou hast spread,
in presence


foes :
thou dost annoynt my head with oyle,

my cup it over-flowes.
6 Goodnes & mercy surely shall

all my dayes follow mee:
and in the Lords house I shall dwell

so long as dayes shall bee.

Psalme joo

A Psalm of Prayse
MAke yee a joyfull sounding noyse

unto Iehovah, all the earth : 2 Serve yee Iehovah with gladnes :

before his presence come with mirth. 3 Know, that Iehovah he is God,

who hath us formed it is hee,
& not our selves : his owne people

& sheepe of his pasture are wee. 4

Enter into his gates with prayse, into his Courts with thankfullnes : make yee confession unto im

& his name reverently blesse.
5 Because Iehovah he is good,

for evermore is his mercy :
& unto generations all
continue doth his verity.

Psalme 137

THe rivers on of Babilon

there when wee did sit downe: yea even then wee mourned, when

wee remembred Sion. 2 Our Harps wee did hang it amid,

upon the willow tree.
3 Because there they that us away

led in captivitee,
Requir'd of us a song, & thus

askt mirth: us waste who laid; sing us among a Sions song,

unto us then they said. 4 The lords song sing can wee? being 5 in strangers land. Then let loose her skill my right hand, if I

Ierusalem forget.

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