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ARTS, HUMANITIES AND CULTURAL AFFAIRS ACT

OF 1975

JOINT HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON SELECT EDUCATION

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

AND THE

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON ARTS

AND HUMANITIES

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-FOURTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H.R. 7216 and s. 1800 TO AMEND AND EXTEND THE NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND HUMANITIES ACT OF 1965, TO PROVIDE FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF MUSEUM SERVICES, AND TO PROVIDE INDEMNITIES FOR EXHIBITIONS OF ARTISTIC AND HUMANISTIC ENDEAVORS, AND FOR OTHER

PURPOSES

HEARINGS HELD IN WASHINGTON, D.C.

NOVEMBER 12, 13, and 14, 1975

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor and the

Committee on Labor and Public Welfare

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1976

66-053

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky, Chairman
FRANK THOMPSON, JR., New Jersey ALBERT H. QUIE, Minnesota
JOHN H. DENT, Pennsylvania

JOHN M. ASHBROOK, Ohio
DOMINICK V. DANIELS, New Jersey ALPHONZO BELL, California
JOHN BRADEMAS, Indiana

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois JAMES G. O'HARA, Michigan

MARVIN L. ESCH, Michigan AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS, California EDWIN D. ESHLEMAN, Pennsylvania WILLIAM D. FORD, Michigan

PETER A. PEYSER, New York PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii (on leave)

RONALD A. SARASIN, Connecticut LLOYD MEEDS, Washington

JOHN BUCHANAN, Alabama PHILLIP BURTON, California

JAMES M. JEFFORDS, Vermont JOSEPH M. GAYDOS, Pennsylvania

LARRY PRESSLER, South Dakota WILLIAM "BILL" CLAY, Missouri

WILLIAM F. GOODLING, Pennsylvania SHIRLEY CHISHOLM, New York

VIRGINIA SMITH, Nebraska
MARIO BIAGGI, New York
IKE ANDREWS, North Carolina
WILLIAM LEHMAN, Florida
JAIME BENITEZ, Puerto Rico
MICHAEL BLOUIN, Iowa
ROBERT CORNELL, Wisconsin
TED RISENHOOVER, Oklahoma
PAUL SIMON, Illinois
EDWARD BEARD, Rhode Island
LEO ZEFERETTI, New York
GEORGE MILLER, California
RONALD MOTTL, Ohio
TIM HALL, Illinois

KF27

.E373

19759

SUBCOMMITTEE ON SELECT EDUCATION

JOHN BRADEMAS, Indiana, Chairman PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii (on leave)

ALPHONZO BELL, California LLOYD MEEDS, Washington

PETER A, PEYSER, New York SHIRLEY CHISHOLM, New York

JAMES M. JEFFORDS, Vermont WILLIAM LEHMAN, Florida

LARRY PRESSLER, South Dakota ROBERT CORNELL, Wisconsin

ALBERT H. QUIE, Minnesota, Ex Officio EDWARD BEARD, Rhode Island LEO ZEFERETTI, New York GEORGE MILLER, California TIM HALL, Illinois CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky, Ex officio

COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey, Chairman JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia JACOB K. JAVITS, New York CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

RICHARD S. SCHWEIKER, Pennsylvania EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts ROBERT TAFT, JR., Ohio GAYLORD NELSON, Wisconsin

J. GLENN BEALL, JR., Maryland WALTER F. MONDALE, Minnesota

ROBERT T. STAFFORD, Vermont
THOMAS F. EAGLETON. Missouri

PAUL LAXALT, Nevada
ALAN CRANSTON, California
WILLIAM D. HATHAWAY, Maine
JOHN A. DURKIN, New Hampshire

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON ARTS AND HUMANITIES

CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island, Chairman GAYLORD NELSON, Wisconsin

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York THOMAS F, EAGLETON, Missouri

ROBERT TAFT, JR., Ohio
WALTER F. MONDALE, Minnesota

ROBERT T. STAFFORD, Vermont
WILLIAM D. HATHAWAY, Maine
HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey

(ex officio)

(II)

will be 1/2011

CONTENTS

92

234
371

Hearings held in Washington, D.C.:

November 12, 1975.

November 13, 1975.

November 14, 1975_

Text of H.R. 7216 and S. 1800-

Statement of:

Ames, Amyas, National Committee for the Cultural Resources and

chairman of the board of the Lincoln Center, New York

Backas, James, executive director, Maryland Arts Council, Baltimore,

Md.

Berman, Dr. Ronald, Chairman, National Endowment for the

Humanities

Bode, Carl, chairman, Maryland Arts Council, Baltimore, Md.

Brustein, Robert, dean, Yale School of Drama

Capra, Frank, screen' director, producer, writer, American Film

Institute..

Coats, Maurice, executive director, Texas Commission on the Arts

and Humanities; Frank R. Dunham executive director, Virginia
Commission of the Arts and Humanities; William Jamison, execu-
tive director, Oklahoma Arts and Humanities Council; Dr. Sandra
Perry, executive director, Arkansas State Council on the Arts and
Humanities; and M. J. Zakrzewski, executive director, Alabama

State Council on the Arts and Humanities.--
Davis, Douglas, New York City -
Fridley, Russell, chairman, Minnesota Humanities Commission;

Edgar Shannon, chairman, Virginia Foundation for the Humanities;
Keith Blackledge, chairman, Nebraska Committee for the Human-
ities; David Littlefield, chairman, Vermont Committee for the
Humanities; and Judge Florence Murray, chairman, Rhode Island

Committee for the Humanities....
Hanks, Nancy, Chairman, National Endowment for the Arts, ac-

companied by Michael Straight, Deputy Chairman; and Brian

O'Doherty, director, visual arts program.-
Hastings, Richard A., deputy Assistant Secretary for Legislation

(Education), Department of Health, Education, and Welfare,
accompanied by Harold W. Arberg, Director of the Arts and

Humanities staff.

Hero, Peter deC., executive director, Oregon Arts Commission.

Heston, Charlton, chairman, board of trustees, American Film

Institute

Huseman, Richard, director, Bicentennial Youth Debates, Wash-

ington, D.C...

Lomax, Michael L., executive director, Bureau of Cultural and

International Affairs, city of Atlanta, Ga..

Meachum, Roy, Metromedia

Perry, Eleanor (Mrs.), film writer-producer, board of trustees, Ameri-

can Film Institute

Richmond, Hon. Frederick, a Representative in Congress from the

State of New York.

Sheppard, Suzanne (Mrs.), Sunnyvale, Calif.

Stevens, George, Jr., director, The American Film Institute..

Tester, Louise, executive director, Arizona Commission on the Arts

and the Humanities

211

14

85

106

98

329

Prepared statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.:

Ames, Amyas, National Committee for Cultural Resources and chair-

man of the board of the Lincoln Center, New York, “National Page
Report on the Arts," a research report.

249

Backas, James, executive director of the Maryland Arts Council,

prepared statement of

Berman, Dr. Ronald, Chairman, National Endowment for the Hu-

manities:

Prepared opening statement of..

125

Prepared statement of ----

127

Blackledge, Keith L., chairman of the Nebraska Committee for the 225

Humanities, prepared statement of -

Burkhardt, Frederick, president emeritus, ACLS, Burlington, Vt.,

letter and enclosure to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated Oct. 14, 1975.- 207
Frankel, Dr. Charles, Old Dominion professor of philosophy and public

affairs at Columbia University, New York, prepared statement of.. 208
Grody, Donald, executive secretary, Actors' Equity Association,

New York, N. Y., letter to Dr. Ronald Berman dated Sept. 9, 1975.- 204

Hanks, Nancy, Chairman, National Endowment for the Arts:

Biographies, National Endowment for the Arts staff..

76

Letter from Hon. Jacob K. Javits, dated Nov. 17, 1975, and
reply dated Dec. 10, 1975.

30

Prepared statement of..

54

State councils on the arts and humanities, lists of members and

their occupations.--

39

Supplemental prepared statement of ..

83

The National Endowment for the Arts, an article.

52

Hero, dec. Peter, executive director, Oregon Arts Commission,

prepared statement of .-

108

Huseman, Richard, director, Bicentennial Youth Debates, Washing-

ton, D.C., prepared statement and exhibits.

294

Lee, Sherman, vice chairman, National Council on the Humanities,

the Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio, letter to Hon.

Claiborne Pell, dated September 16, 1975, with enclosure...

138

Littlefield, David J., Stewart professor of English, Middlebury College,

prepared statement of

223

Lomax, Michael L., director, Bureau of Cultural Affairs, city of At-

lanta, prepared statement of

101

Murray, Hon. Florence K., associate justice of the Rhode Island

Superior Court and chairman of the Rhode Island Committee for
the Humanities, prepared statement of

219

National Endowment for the Humanities:

Committee membership lists-----

148

The Endowment and the Bicentennial..

177

Pell, Hon. Claiborne, a Senator from the State of Rhode Island,

and Chairman, Senate Subcommittee on the Arts and Humanities,

"Riding Out the Storm at Channel 13 With Jay Iselin," a newspaper

article

191

Sheppard, Suzanne (Mrs.), Sunnyvale, Calif., prepared statement of.. 335

Stevens, George, Jr., director, the American Film Institute:

Letter with material requested to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated

November 14, 1975.-

353

Prepared statement of

357

Tester, Louise C., executive director of the Arizona Commission on the

Arts and Humanities, prepared statement of_

104

APPENDIX

Alderson, William T., director, American Association for State & Local

History, Nashville, Tenn., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated Septem-
ber 24, 1975...

430

American Film Institute:

Self-generated revenue, analysis of growth of..

405

"Summary of Curriculum and Conservatory Programs, Center for

Advanced Film Studies,'' a report--

400

Anastasi, Joseph G., secretary, State of Maryland, Department of Eco-

nomic and Community Development, Annapolis, Md., letter to Hon.

John Brademas, dated December 3, 1975..

418
Page

Andrus, Cecil D., Governor, State of Idaho, Boise, letter to Hon. Frank

Church, dated October 17, 1975..

Artists, Composers and Authors Caucus, Minneapolis, Minn., "Statement

on S. 1800 and H.R. 7216,” by the National Foundation on the Arts

and Humanities -

Birdman, Jerome M., dean, School of Fine Arts, the University of Ne-

braska at Omaha, Omaha, Nebr., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated

November 7, 1975_-

Blackledge, Keith L., chairman, Nebraska Committee for the Humanities,

North Platte Telegraph, North Platte, Nebr., letter to Hon. Claiborne

Pell, dated November 20, 1975.-

Blunk, Rebecca T., administrator, Fredonia Arts Council, Fredonia, Kans.,

letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated October 22, 1975.

Bourne, C. William, manager, Murray Louis Dance Co., New York, N.Y.,

letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated November 6, 1975..

Bowie, W. F., president, by Mary Phillips, executive secretary, the Texas

Boys Choir, Fort Worth, Tex., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated

November 12, 1975.--

Brechemin, Mrs. Louis, Seattle, Wash., mailgram to Hon. Claiborne Pell,

dated November 4, 1975...

Brewer, Thomas B., chairman, Texas Committee for the Humanities and

Public Policy, Arlington, Tex., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated

October 10, 1975...

Brown, H. Hewett, general agent, the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Co.,

Louisville, Ky., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated November 13,

1975...

Brustein, Robert, dean, Yale University, School of Drama, New Haven

Conn., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated September 30, 1975.--.

Bunting, George L., Jr., president, Noxell Corp., Baltimore, Md., letter

to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated November 6, 1975.--

Carlson, A. J., associate dean for humanities and vice chairman, Texas

Committee for Humanities and Public Policy, Austin College, Sherman,

Tex., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated October 10, 1975.

Coats,' Maurice, executive director,' Texas Commission on the Arts &

Humanities, Austin, Tex., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated Novem-

ber 17, 1975..

Cooke, Eileen D., director, Washington Office, American Library Associa-

tion, Washington, D.C., letter to Claiborne Pell, dated December 5,

1975...

Cox, Leland H., Jr., executive secretary, South Caroling Committee for

the Humanities, Columbia, S.C., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated

October 10, 1975...

Craddick, Jan, executive director, Southeast Alaska Regional Arts Council,

Sitka, Alaska, letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated October 17, 1975.
D'Amours, Hon. Norman E., a Representative in Congress from the

State of New Hampshire, prepared statement of -
Daniels, Edwin A., Jr., vice president, The Rouse Co., Columbia, N'd.,

letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated November 4, 1975.-

Davis, Ossie, Dee & Davis, New Rochelle, N.Y., letier to Hon. Clə borne

Pell, dated October 16, 1975.-

del Tufo, Joseph P., professor, English literature, Dover, Del., letter to

Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated September 28, 1975.

Diebold, David K., Buffalo, N.Y., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated

November 3, 1975..

Diller, Edward, director, Honors College, professor of German, Univer-

sity of Oregon, Eugene, Oreg., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated

October 15, 1975..

Dunham, Frank R., executive director, Commonwealth of Virginia,

Richmond, Va., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated December 1, 1975..
Early, Arthur E., Meldrum and Fewsmith, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, letter

to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated October 7, 1975.
Edgerton, Wallace B. president, Institute of International Education,

New York, N.Y., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated October 23,

1975...

Eftis, Naomi, producing director, The Back Alley Theatre, Inc., Wash-

ington, D.C., letter to Hon. Claiborne Pell, dated November 4, 1975.--

478

450

381

463

431

477

442

453

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