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enterprise and a clear conception of the wants of the public, to the firm of Hyde & Martins, manufacturers of the Centennial and Victor Plows, and dealers in agricultural implements. They have been in business in their present line only since January, 1877, and have already established, by good management and the superiority of their plows, a fine business. Their plows, especially, deserve more than a passing mention. Being something entirely new, yet the advantages of it are so very plain that the only wonder is that plows have not been constructed in this manner ever since they have been so universally used. The principal advantages gained are lightness of draft and a peculiar shaping of the standard, so that it is almost impossible to choke ii in loose straw, rank weeds or cornstalks. Mr. V. M Hyde, the senior member of the firm, is a native of New York ; he came West first in 1863, locating in Bloomington, where, for five years, he was engaged as salesman, cashier and book-keeper in the dry-goods trade. In 1868, he removed to Detroit, Mich., and engaged in the manufacture of druggists' sundries, on Larned street, and wholesale crockery, glassware, etc., on Woodward Avenue. This business he was engaged in until 1873, when he returned to Bloomington, and engaged with the Bloomington Paper and Bag Co., as traveling salesman, which position he held until 1877, when he, in company with Mr. Martins, engaged in his present line of business. He is possessed of the energy, ability and experience to carry most any business through successfully. Mr C. C. Martins, the junior member of the firm, is a native of Prussia. In 1869, when he was 15 years old, he came to the United States. He first located in Belleville, near St. Louis, where he remained about one year. In 1870, he came to Bloomington, and engaged in the manufacture of carriages; this he followed until he engaged in the manufacture of plows, which he has since followed Before leaving his native country, he had acquired a good education and had begun to learn his trade. He is a thoroughly mechanical genius. The patenting of and construction of their plows being of his invention, two men could hardly be found to carry on the business to better advantage than himself and Mr. Hyde; both being so well adapted to their separate departments of the work. Should no misfortune befall them, they will yet rank among the large plow manufacturers of the West.
WILLIAM HILL, physician and surgeon, Bloomington. Among the leading physicians of Bloomington, who, by a long and successful practice, have established a reputation for skill and ability as a physician, is Dr. William Hill, who is a native of Butler Co., Ohio; he was born March 12, 1829; read medicine at Indianapolis, Ind., under Dr. J. W. Merritt; in 1819, he attended lectures at La Porte, Ind., and at Ann Arbor, Mich., during winter terms of 1851, 18:52 and 1853 ; attended and graduated at Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia, in 1856 ; he practiced medicine in Middletown, Ind., in 1851, and, in 1873, removed to Louisville, nl.; in 1856, he located at Salem, Ill., where he practiced ten years, including time spent in the United States army as Surgeon of 48th III. V. I., in 1861; in 1862, he resigned this post to accept the position of Surgeon of the 1st Missouri Light Artillery. At the close of the war, in 1866, he returned to Illinois and located at Bloomington, where he has since resided, engaging in the practice of his profession. He is a member of the McLean Co. Medical Society, of which he held the office of President in 1873; he has also written frequently for the different medical journals.
JAMES W. HAYES, deceased, Bloomington, whose portrait has a place in this work, was born in Haddonfield, N. J., July 3, 1833 ; his mother died when he was but a child, and soon after his father moved to California, and there died; he spent his early boyhood with his uncle, a farmer in Bucks Co., Penn.; at the proper age, he returned to Haddonfield and there learned the trade of a carpenter with another uncle, after which he went to Philadelphia, and there resided until the year 1855, when he was married and moved West. During the summer of 1855, he worked in Quincy, and in December of the same year, in company with Mr. John W. Evans, afterward and ever since his partner, came to Bloomington, and in the following spring began business as a contractor; in 1858, Hayes & Evans bought a two-thirds interest in the establistment then owned by Parke & Bros., and which occupied the same spot as does the well-known shop of Hayes & Evans to-day; Mr. S. S. Parke remained in the firm, which was known as Hayes, Evans & Co. ; soon afterward, they bought out Mr. Parke and changed the name of the firm accordingly ; in 1859, the shop, which had already fallen a prey to the fames twice before, was destroyed by fire, and was immediately rebuilt; from its organization, the firm of Hayes & Evans was successful; they have always been busy; their contracts have been faithfully performed, and both members of the firm have advarced from the foot of the ladder to the positions in which they are known, by perseverance, industry and good management; to the character of the deceased much of all this is due ; he was a man of wonderful energy, indomitable pluck, and clear and foreseeing mind ; quick spoken, and straightforward in his address, he was sometimes misunderstood hy those who knew him but slightly, but all who had continued intercourse with him, either in social or business relations, learned soon to appreciate his character; during his association with Mr. Evans, the deceased superintended the outside work, giving to this deparlment the activity and energy which characierized him, while Evans gave his attention to the work of the office and the shop. Mr. Hayes was a member of Remembrance Lodge, I. 0. 0. F., önd of Wade Barney Lodge of Masons. Mr. Hayes married, May 2, 1855, Miss Elizabeth S. Burk (daughter of Thomas and Ann Burk, natives of Philadelphia, Penn.); they have seven children -Ella (now Mrs. Dr. C. R. Carr, of Bloomington), Thomas B., Alice L., Howard E., William S., James W., Jr., and Fredonia. Mr. Hayes' death occurrel Jan, 27, 1874. from an aggravated lung trouble. His widow married Feb. 1, 1876, Luther Wilson, and still resides in Bloomington ; they have had two children, one living --Luther, and one dead ---Grace.
OSCAR HELBIG, music, Bloomington. There are probably but few men in Central Illinois so thoroughly skilled in the construction of musical instruments as Mr. Oscar Helbig, of 316 North Main street ; he is a native of Germany: came to the United States in 1871 ; though before leaving his native country, he had learned the trade of minufacturing pianos, and had worked in most of the large cities of Germany; he worked one-half year in New York City, for George Steeks, in the manufacturing of pianos; then went to Chicago, where he remained about one and one half years, also working at his trade while there, and did some business on his own account ; Be then came to Bloomington and began work for Mr. Strops; then worked for Andrus & Van Schoick, and finally began business for himself in tuning; he began on a small scale; by his close attention to business he now has a fine trade; has a fine line of musical instruments, for which he paid cash, buying them direct from the manufactories, more especially the pianos, of which he keeps several different manufactures; he also does something in the jobbing trade of smal. instruments; his reputation as a piano-tuner is not equaled in the city, as he keeps most of the finest instruments in order for a circuit of eighty miles : he is a thoroughly educated man in his line of business, and bids fair to rank among the large dealers of the State.
S. HAYES, carriage and wagon manufacturer, Bloomington; was born in Hartford Co., Conn , Jan. 17, 1807, where he learned the trade of wagon-making; he came to Bloomington in 1840; he embarked in business on his own account shortly after arriving here and has been a successful man; he owns the property occupied by him, corner of West and Front sts.. a location well adapted to his business; he makes all kinds and styles of vehicles and has the reputation of turning out substantial and honest work, which fact, probably as much as any other, has secured him an extensive trade; he has been a hard-working business man as well as enterprising and public-spirited, having always taken active part in all matters pertaining to the good of the community. He married Miss Eliza Roab, oť his native county, in September, 1829. They have raised a family of seven.
CAPT. GEORGE T. HERITAGE, mechanic, Bloomington. Capt. George T. Heritage is one of the few natives of England who is a resident of Bloomington; he was born in 1834, and, in 1816, came to Canada, where he remained for about nine years ; in 1855, he came to the States and located in Bloomington, beginning work for Mr. Walton the same year of his arrival; for twenty-four years he has held his position in the factory, though, during this time, he was engaged in the war of the late rebellion. In April, 1861, he enlisted as Sergeant in the 8th I. P. I., three months' service; after serving his term of enlistment, he returned and helped to organize the 39th I. V. I., which he entered in Co. B as First Sergeant; after nine months serve ice, he was promoted to the rank of Captain ; in 1864, he was shot through the body, from the effects of which he has not yet recovered and probably never will, as the wound wis a serere one; upon his return from the army, as soon as his health would permit, he again accepted his position with Mr. Walton; for many years he has had charge of the wood-work department of the factory ; during most of the time has charge of four or five men; he is now one of the honored and respected soldier-citizens of the city of Bloomington.
H. H. HEWITT, hardware, Bloomington. A fair illustration of what can be done by energy, industry and a close attention to business is found in the hardware and agricultural implement trade of Mr. H. H. Hewitt; he is a native of Saratoga Co., N. Y.; upon coming West, in 18.57, his first location was in El Paso, Woodford Co., III. ; here he taught the first school ever taught in El Paso; this was in the winter of 1858-59; in 1860, he opened the first hardware store in that place; this business he conduc'ed until 1869, when he sold out and came to Bloomington; for two years he was engaged in the book trade, the firm being Miner & Hewitt; in January, 1873, he again engaged in the hardware trade, with Mr. Haggard, the firm name being Haggard Hewitt; in 1874, he bought Mr. Haggard's interest in the business, and has since conducied it aloni; from 1871 until 1873, he also had an interest in a hardware establishment in El Paso ; his establishment is located at No. 309 N. Main st.; this building is 24 feet front and 100 feet deep, three Hoors and basement; in addition to this, he has two large sheds for storing farm machinery: prominent among his line of goods is the Schuttler wagon, Champion reaper and mower, the
Early Breakfast” and “ Everlasting” stoves; he employs from eight to ten men; his business aggregates about $100,000 per annum; this is wholly the result of his industry, energy an: good financiering, by which he has established a business of which any man may justly feel proud.
MRS. W. H. HANNA, Bloomington. Of those who were, during their life, prominent members of the bar in Bloomington, we mention Mr. Hanna; he was a native of Brookfielii, Indl.; those who are familiar with the history of Indiana will well remember the prominence of the Hannay; his people moved from his native place to Indianapolis when he was but two years oli; there he resided until the age of 25, when he moved to Bloomington and be in the practice of law, as he hal become a graduate of the legal profession before leaving Iulianapolis; his death occurred Aug. 5, 1870, in his Hith year. He wis mirried in 1815, Mrs. Hann being still a resident of Bloomington, and they are among the first families of the city, thoroughly educated and refined people.
E, T. HUTCHINSON, dentist, Bloomington ; before engaging in any profession, it would be well for any person to study his adaptability for that profession ; this seems to have been the case with Dr. E. T. Hutchinson, whose natural talent in the profession of dentistry has been well proven by his success; he is a native of Christian Co., Ky. ; was born April 9, 1815, and began the study of dentistry in 1868, graduating at the Pennsylvania Dental College of Philadelphia in 1871; after graduating, he returned to Bloomington, where he has been a resident since 1857, and began the practice of his profession; his office and residence is located corner Center and Grove streets, being what is known as the Hutchinson Block, which he erected in 1875, with special reference to the dental business; here, by his own design, he has elegantly furnished reception and operating rooms, paying special attention to having his operating room well lighted by large, French plate-glass windows, thus enabling him, with the help of the finest-improved make of dental instruments, to do fine and lasting work while operating, he having spent much time in the study and practice of this part of his profession ; of his success and ability in this part of the science, there is abundant proof among the first families of the city.
M. D. HERRINGTON, butcher, Bloomington; was born in Lenawee Co., Mich., April 23, 1844, where he lived until 1856, when he removed, with his parents, to Tipton, Iowa ; in 1858, they removed to Laclede, Mo., and, in 1869, to McLean, Ill. ; during his early life, he obtained a good education, including a commercial course at Quincy, Ill. ; his first business experience was in the grocery line, at Hannibal, Mo. ; he returned to Bloomington in 1873, and opened a meat-market; his shop is at 615 North Main street, where he has one of the neatest markets in this section of the Stato; the trade he has secured in this vicinity, and the satisfaction given to both private and public houses prove him to be a good business man. He married Miss Ida Jones, of this county, Aug. 15, 1871 ; they have three children.
BARNEY HEMMELE, grocer, Bloomington, was born in Germany Sept. 4, 1837; he came to this country in 1843, with his people, who settled in Alleghany, Penn., where he was raised and schooled and learned the trade of a cigar-maker, serving a regular apprenticeship. In 1853, he moved with his parents to St. Louis, and lived there until 1862, then to Bloomington, Ill., where he engaged in business on his own account: he opened his present place of business in 1868; his location is 710 West Market street, where he keeps a good assortment of groceries. He married Miss Caroline Pope, of this place, April 7, 1861; they have a family of eight children.
FRANK HOBLIT, banker, Bloomington, son of Samuel and Abigail (Downey) Hoblit, who were among the first settlers of Logan Co., Ill., where they resided many years, and had much to do with the settlement and development of that section; they were zealous workers in the cause of religion, belonging to the Baptist denomination ; by industry, perseverance and integrity, they amassed a large property, and were public-spirited and benevolent; in 1854, they removed to what was known as the Downey farm, Atlanta Township, where the father died May 26, 1866, beloved by friends and relatives, and respected by all who knew him. The subject of this sketch was born in Logan Co., III., Nov. 1, 1839; was brought up on a farm, and received a good common-school education; he began clerking at 18, was a merchant at 21, and a banker at 26. Mr. Hoblit was a delegate to the National Republican Convention at Philadelphia in June, 1872. In 1878, the National State Bank of Bloomington was established and Mr. Hoblit appointed President of the Bank, which has a capital of $100,000, and does a general banking business. He married Miss Mellie A., daughter of Dr. J. S. Allen, Jan. 5, 1864; she was born Jan. 2, 1846.
B. F. HOOPES, grocer, Bloomington ; wholesale and retail grocer and proprietor of the Bloomington Steam Coffee, Spice and Hominy Mills. Mr. Hoopes' advent to this city dates back to 1856, when he embarked in the grocery business, and, excepting four years, during which he resided in Springfield, has been one of the leading business men of Bloomington. Although never making any great fortune at one venture, yet he has constantly added to his possessions, until to day we find him enjoying a liberal trade and ranking among the solid men of this city. He is located at 105 West North street, a very central point for a large trade, and enjoys a good reputation for fair dealing with patrons. Another enterprise, which is a credit to the city as well as a paying institution, is the Steam Coffee, Spice and Hominy Mills which he has added to his already extensive business. He is a native of Pennsylvania ; born in Chester Co. Aug. 28, 1828. During his early life, he obtained a good education, laying the foundation for future usefulness. Oct. 12, 1862, he married Miss Augusta Harwood, of Holly, N. Y.; they have one child-Albert H.
F. A. HOMUTH, butcher; Bloomington ; was born in Prussia, September 20, 1828, where he was raised and schooled ; during his early life, he learned the trade of a tailor, which business be followed until 1860, when he came to this country, locating in Goshen, Ind., where he followed agricultural pursuits until 1863, when he removed to Bloomington, Ill., and began in the butcher business. His shop is at 110 Erst Front street, where he keeps a well-arranged market; he is a practical butcher of over fifteen yeurs' experience and is said to be well-skilled at the business. He marrie i Miss Tora Roof, of Bloomington, 11., in May, 1864; they have a family of two children.
B. L. HERRINGTON, butcher; Bloomington ; was born in Hillsdale Co., Mich., Oct. 30, 1851. He came to Bloomington, Ill., in 1865, and obtained a good education at the Wesleyan University, and also attended the Wabash College at Crawfordsville, Ind. He began in the butcher business in 1873, and is now conducting a first-class market at 202 East Front street He married Miss Mary J. Delano, of this county, December 20, 1878.
CHRISTIAN HAKER, saloon-keeper; Bloomington ; was born in Prussia, in 1813, and is the son of Christopher and Fredericka (Hagen) Haker, of Germany. He came with his parents, in 1857, to America, landing in New York City, and came directly West and located in Manitowoc. Wis. There he engaged in the butcher business. In 1859, he came to Bloomington and worked at his trade more or less until 1870, when he entered the saloon business. He married in Bloomingion to Miss Dora Fack, of Germany; they have had one child, now dead. Mr. Haker's mother died in Bloomington; his father is now living in Bloomington. Mr. Haker has three brothers and one sister living in Bloomington, and two sisters and a brother in Manitowoc, Wis.
GEORGE HOFMANN, saloon and boarding-house ; Bloomington ; was born in Germany, in 1831; when 12 years old, he was on the sea as a sailor. In 1850, he came to America and landed in New York City. At the breaking out of the late war he was in New Orleans, and left that city on the last ship that sailed from there before the port was closed; he went to Boston, and enlisted in the United States Navy, and was in the battle of Fort Jackson, and at the surrender of New Orleans; he did good service in the navy and was honorably discharged. In 1863, he came to Bloomington; here he commenced the saloon and boarding house business. He is one of the prominent Germans of the city. He married in Boston to Miss Paulina Hewert, of Germany ; they have three children.
F. HAMMOND, general agent for the Singer Sewing Machine; Bloomington ; was born in London, England, July 27, 1840. He came to America in 1869 ; came West and located in Chicago, where he entered the employ of the Singer Manufacturing Co. as a machinist ; he is a practical machinist. He was stationed for three years at Peoria, as general agent; from there he went to Bloomington and took charge of the Singer Co.'s office at 106 W. North street, which building, including the Phoenix Hotel and the corner north of the hotel, belongs to Mr. James Bolton, one of the members of the Singer Manufacturing Co. As an evidence of the extensive character of the Singer Sewing Machine enterprise it may not be inappropriate to mention thu they employ 40,000 girls, women, boys and men in the manufacture and disposition of their machines ; use 8,000 horses, and over 2,500,000 of their machines are in use. The company sold last year 366,000 machines, an excess of 73,000 over any preceding year, despite the hard times. Mr. Hammond has two sons connected with the general office in Chicago. F. W. Hamumond is book-keeper, and N. C. Hammond is a machinist.
D. T). HAGGARD, hardware merchant, Bloomington; was born in Christian Co., Ky., Nor 16, 1819. and is the son of Dawson and Charity ( Baldwin ) Ilaggard, of Virginia, having cometo Kentucky at an early day; Mr. Haggard's father died when he was young, leaving him to take charge of the farm; here Mr. Hazgird remained on the farm until 1837; he then went to Indiana and located in Greene County ; here he remained until 1811, engaged in farming; he then went to Bloomington; he came here a poor boy, and first cominenced making half-bushel measures in the winter of 1811-12; thence to a farm four miles south of Bloomington; he was also engaged in the manufacture of shoe pegs, hy a machine invented by himself; in 1813, he entered mer. cantile business, locating four miles south of Bloomington; he was also in business in Danvers and Concord, in general merchandising; in 1816, he came to Bloomington and commenced busi. ness in a general store; from that he entered the hardware business, and at one time he was one of the largest dealers in this line, his sales reaching $100,000 a year, but, during the hard times, he failed ; Mr. Haggard has returned to the harılware business, and to-day is the oldest mer. chant in the city. Mr. Haggard married, in 1847, Viss Nancy Minter, of Jessamine Co., Kr.: she died in 1854; he next married Miss Mary A. Ballard, of Fayette Co., Ky.; three sons and one daughter.
0. N. HODGE, farmer, P. (). Bloomington ; was born in McLean Co., Ill., on the old home. stead, Nov. 15, 1826, and, with the exception of thirteen years in California, the first three years of which were spent in mining and the rest of the time in farming, he has made the old homestead his home; he is the son of William H. Hodge, who was born Jan. 4, 1794, in Rockingham Co., N. C.; his ancestors came from England, and settled in Pennsylvania about 1700, when they moved to North Carolina. Mr. William H. Hodge, with his parents, moved to Tennessee in 1812 ; here Mr. Hodge was engaged in teaching school, as well as in Kentucky. In 1820, he started for Illinois, where he arrived on the 20th of February of that year ; he first settled in Sangamon County; in 1824, he moved to Blooming Grove, McLean Co., I.; here be bought land quite extensively; at this time there were but few families in the county; Mr Hodge assisted in the organization of Tazewell Co., in 1827: also, in the organization of McLean Co., in 1831. Mr. Hodge was Sneriff, Collector and Assessor of Tazewell Co. from 1827 to 1831. Mr. Houge married, in 1814, Miss Rachel Wall, of Kentucky, who died about the year 1815; has had ten children, six of whom are living. William H. Hodge died May 20, 1875, with lung fever, heing sick about three days. Thus the old setulers of McLean C). are, one by one, passing beyond the shores of the unknown river. The children of William and Rachel (Wall) Houlge now living
are-0. N. Hodge, born Nov. 15, 1826 (married Nancy J. Tipps and had one child, both deceased): Nancy (married Hugh Harris, now of Oregon); William C. (married Rachel Murphy, and lives in Bloomington); Mary J. (married Pieasant Hill, and living in California); James P. (married Miss Ellen Rouse, of Ohio, daughter of Col. John Rouse); Harriet (married 0. P. Woodsworth, and living in Bloomington.)
LOUIS HAKER, saloon-keeper, Bloomington; was born in Prussia, Dec. 7, 1836; in 1857, ho came to America, and landed in New York City; he came directly West, and first settled at Manito. woc, Wis., where he was engaged in a gaw-mill, and remained until 1859, when he came to Bloomington, which has been his home ever since. Mr. Haker was first engaged in a brick-yard; he also was at work in Phoenix Nursery; he has made two trips with live-stock to New Orleans. He was in the late war and did good service; he enlisted, in 1862, as private in Company A, 94th 1. V. I.; was at the battles of Perry Grove. Fort Morgan, etc., and a number of skirmishes; was mustered out in 1865; he then returned to Bloomington, and was on the city police of Bloomington and did good service. He married Minnie Swartz, of Germany. He began the saloon business in 1872,
E. C. UYDE, Bloomington; is the oldest merchant tailor in Bloomington, now doing business in the city; he came to Bloomington in 1854, and commenced business in 1855; he was burn in Washington Co., N. Y., Feb. 13, 1826, and is the son of Joel Hyde; moved with his parents to Delaware, Ohio, where he entered the Wesleyan University, and received a good education; he also learned his trade, as tailor, in Delaware, Ohio, May 12, 1854 ; when he arrived in Bloomington, he was first engaged in clerking in a store; from that he became owner of a merchant tailoring establishment in 18.15; in that year his store took fire and his stock was entirely destroyed; he then went to Chicago and purchased $600 worth of piece goods, giving his notes to be paid in three and six months: he paid these notes before they became due, and from that time on Mr. Ilyde has been very successful in business ; to-day he owns one of the finest stocks of piece goods, and has a trade that will do credit to any town in Mlinois.
SEBASTIAN HOHMANN, barber, Bloomington; more familiarly known as Charlie Hohmann, the barber; was born in Germany, Jan. 9, 1811 : in 1846, he came to Ainerica, and landed in New York city ; from there he went to Buffalo, N. Y., where he first engaged in working in it glass factory; at 14 years of age he commenced to learn his trade as barber, in Buffalo ; he at length came West and has been located in different States, working at his trade. Mr. Hohmanu was also barber on the Mississippi River for four or five seasons; he was on the steamer Grey Eagle, then running between St. Louis and St. Paul, when she collided with the railroad bridge at Rock Island, and sunk in a very short time; Mr. Hohmann was one of six whose efforts saved fortyeight persons from a watery grave; he himself received a very painful wound on the wrist, the effects of which are apparent to this day. He was a soldier in the late war, enlisting in 1862, as private, in Co. A, 961 I. V. I.; he had charge of a brigade band for one and a half years, and the remainder of the time served in the ranks; he was mustered out at close of war; in 1865 he returned to Bloomington, which has been his home ever since ; he is one of the oldest barbers in the business in the city, and owns the finest shop in Bloomington, situated in the Ashley House. Mr. Hohmann is also manager of Hohmann & Hasiing's band, which is one of the finest bands in Central Illinois.
JOHN M. HAMILTON, Bloomington. Mr. Hamilton was born at Richwood, Union Co., Ohio, May 28, 1847; his birth-place, or the habitation in which he first saw the light of this world, was a rough-hewn log cabin, located in the deep beech woods of that section of Ohio ; he is a direct descendant of that branch of the old Scotch family of Hamiltons which more than a century ago planted itself as a part of the advance guard of civilization in Maryland and Virginia ; his father was one of twelve children-ten sons and two daughters, who are now located in different parts of Illinois and Ohio ; in 1854, John emigrated with his parents in a covered wagon, to Marshall Co., Ill; here his father purchased a large farm, but the business crash of 1857 swept nearly everything out of his possession, and John and older brother were compelled to support, by their own labor, the entire family. In 1864, when but 16 years of age, young Hamilton enlisted and served for a year in the Union army ; returning home he taught a district school in the winter of 1865, meantime continuing to prepare himself for college, snatching such moments from labor as he could, for the cultivation of his mind; from the sale of a piece of land given him by a well-to-do uncle, a small amount saved from his earnings as a teacher, and a contribution from his father, John raised sufficient ready funds to enable him in September, 18615, to start out upon a classical course in the Delaware (Ohio) Wesleyan Univer. sity; and, in 1868, he graduated third in a class of forty-six students, receiving the degree of A. B.; in 1871, he received a second reward for his perseverance by having the affix of A. N. bestowed upon him by the same institution; he at once began the study of law in earnest, but his finances being exceedingly low, he was compelled to accept a position as Principal of an academy, at Henry, Ill.; he was at this time so sorely pressed for means that he found it necessary to negotiate a loan of $50 from an aged lady friend to defray his current expenses until such time as he should draw his salary ; on account of serious illness, Mr. Hamilton, in the spring of 1869, was compelled to resign the position of Principal of the academy; he then prosecuted the study of law at home, in Marshall Co., slowly regaining his health in the meantime;