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known as I. & G. W. Lackey ; his health then failing, he sold out to his brother, went to Chicago and began traveling for Fuller, Finch & Fuller, wholesale druggists; he traveled for this firm until 1869 ; having regained his health, he returned to Bloomington, and again began the retail drug business by buying the drug establishment of J. M. Major, since which time he has been permanently located, gradually increasing his business until now he has one among the finest retail drug houses in this part of Minois, doing a retail trade of about $33,000 per annum, besides his jobbing-trade, which is gradually increasing; his establishment is located at No. 110 W. Washington street; by his careful management and close attention to business, he has established a business, of which any man should be proud, and has no less reason to look for success in the future as he has had in the past.

ROBERT LOUDON, steam-fitting. Bloomington. In all cities of the size of Bloomington, there is always room for one first-class plumbing and steam-fitting establishment; this want has been supplied by Mr. Robert Loudon, who is a native of Ayrshire, Scotland; he was born March 22, 1832, and at the age of 25, emigrated to the l'ni ed States; though before leaving his native country he had learned the trade of a machinist, and had received a good education, upon his arrival in the United States, he located at Alton, Ill., where he entered the employ of the Terre Haute & Alton Railroad ; he was there one year, when the company moved their shops to Litch. field, he and one other man being the only ones retained out of forty men ; he was with the Rail. road Company until 1859, when he went to Jacksonville and started a machine shop; the firm was Ellis, Shields & Loudon; he was there but a short time, when he again went back to the Railroad Company's employ, remaining with them until 1862; then went to Cairo, where he was employed in the United States Navy Yard for one year; in 1863, he came to this city and accepted a position as foreman in the C. & A. R. R. shops; this position he held for some time; then took charge of Mr. Ollis' foundry; he remained with Mr. Ollis about six years, when he concluded to engage in business for himself; his business, though on a small scale when he began, has since grown to such proportions as to be a credit to himself and the city ; he is not only engaged in plumbing and steam-fitting, but also in the manufacturing of engines, and in fact everything pertaining to plumbing and steam-fitting; a more complete conception of his business may be gained by referring to his card, which is found in our classified directory; his establishment is known as the Eagle Machine Works, and is located at 620 and 622 N. Main street, and 607 and 609 N. Center street. Mr. L. is a thoroughly educated business man, and is well known to the citizens and business men of Bloomington. He has fitted up his works with $12,000 worth of machinery; his manufacture of engines and boilers may be seen at the Pantagruph office and at the tile. works, where they have given good satisfaction.

DR. A. H. LUCE, physician and surgeon, Bloomington. In the practice of medicine, in all cities, there are those physicians who, hy long practice, have become so well known to the people that the compliments of the press are unneeded on their part. Among this class of the physicians of Bloomington we find Dr. A. H. Luce, who has been a resident of the city since 1842. He is a native of Wayne Co., N. Y., and was born Feb. 28, 1816. He began the study of medicine in 1838, and graduated at the Geneva Medical College of New York in 1842, and located in Bloomington the same year. Since his residence here, he has given his time exclusively to his profession. He is a member of the McLean County Medical Society, of the Illinois State Medical Society, and of the A. M. Medical Association. In 1864, he was elected President of the State Society. He was one of the organizers of the McLean County Medical Society, in 1854, of which he was the first President, as he has also been since. He has also frequently written articles for the different medical journals.

N. LOAR, M. D., Bloomington. Dr. Loar is a native of Greene Co., Penn., and was born April 1, 1840. He began the study of medicine under Dr. J. Loar, then of Mount Pleasant, Penn., but now a resident of Bloomington. During the winter of 1864–65, he attended the PhysioMedical College of Cincinnati; practiced medicine during the summer of 1865, and, during the winter of 1865–66, he again attended lectures at the College ; summer of 1866, he spent his time in practice, and, in the winter of 1866–67, he again attended college, graduating in the spring of 1867. He spent the summer of 1867 in practicing his profession in Knox Co, Ohio, and in the fall of the same year removed to Bloomington, where he has since resided, giving his time and attention fully and exclusively to his profession. He came here young and a stranger, and, being naturally of an unassuming nature, the future sometimes looked dark; but, tleman as well as a thoroughly well-read physician, his practice gradually increased, as did also his circle of friends, until now, by his close attention to business, he has a fine practice and a host of warm friends, some being of the poorer class, to whom he has been a friend in many cases of need:

W. A. LEWIS, Superintendent Chair Manufactory, Bloomington. In all extensive manufactories, it is always necessary to have a general superintendent. This position Mr. W. A. Lewis holds in the Bloomington Chair Manufacturing Company's establi-hment. This firm manufactures about 40,000 chairs per annum. Mr. Lewis is a native of Niagara Co., N. Y., was horn Nov. 19, 1829, and came West in 1855. He had learned the trade of a cabinet-maker before leaving the East. Upon his arrival in Bloomington, not finding suitable prospects in the cabinet business, he engaged in the grain-trade, which he followed for seventeen years, and, in 1873,

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when the Bloomington Chair Manufacturing Company was organized, he accepted a situation with them, which he has since held. During his early life, he had but little chance of getting an education, but, by industry and good observation, he succeeded in procuring a fair business education. He is now filling a position of responsibility and trust, which is the result of his sober, industrious habits and close attention to business,

I. LITTLE, physician and surgeon, Bloomington. The medical profession is well represented in Bloomington, and includes among its list gentlemen of recognized merit. Included in this class is Dr. J. Little, whose practice is large and of a gratifying character. He is a native of Washington Co., Iod, and has been dependent upon his own resources in the procuring of his medical education. In 18:35, he began the study of medicine with Dr. A. Pence, of Terre Haute, Ind. In 1861, he entered the U. S. Army as Hospital Steward of the 33d I. V. I.; he had filled this post less than one year, when he was promoted to the post of Assistant Surgeon of the 24th Missouri V. I.; this office he held until the spring of 1864. Upon his return from the army, he again began the study of medicine, and, during the winter of 1864–65, he attended the Bellerue Hospital of N. Y. Upon the close of the term at Bellevue Hospital, he entered the Long Island Hospital for the spring course; graduating at this college, in June, 1865. After graduating, he again entered the army as surgeon of the U. S. C. Inf.; this post he held until 1866, when, upon the close of the war, he came to Bloomington, remaining but a short time, when he remove! to Le Roy, McLean Co., where he located and began the practice of medicine, remaining there eleven years.

In the spring of 1877, he removed to Bloomington, where he has since residled, engaging in the practice of his profession. He is a member of the McLean County Medical Suciety, of which he is the present Secretary. Is also a member of the Illinois State Medical Society, and of the Illinois Central Medical Association. Ilas held the position of City and County Doctor since 1868. He has made frequent contributions to the medical journals. Since his leaving the army, in 1866, he has given his time fully and exclusively to the practice of his profession.

E. B. LAWRENCE, carpenter, Bloomington; is a native of Greene Co., Ohio; at the age of 17 years, he left his home and went to Springfield, Ohio, where he remained ten years. While there, he learned the trade of a carpenter, though he is now a master also of the pattern makers and cabinet trades. In 1860, he came West, locating in Richland Co. He made several changes after this, to Logan Co., then to Sangamon, back to Logan, and finally to McLean, in 1872, where he has since remained, engaged working at his trade. He is one of the straight-forward, honest residents of the city of Bloomington. Being a No. 1 workman, and attentive to business, he has won a good name and reputation.

ALLEN T. LAWRENCE, Justice of the Peace, Bloomington ; was born in Morgan Co,, Ohio, Nov. 5, 1840; he was brought to Bloomington by his parents, in 1841, where he has since lived; he was educated at the Wesleyan University. flis first business experience was in book-keeping, which he followed for a number of years; during the late war he enlisted with the 8th I. p.1., and, at the expiration of this term (three months), he re-enlisted with the 94th I. V. I., and was appointed Assistant Military Postmaster for the army of the frontier, and was mustered out in April, 1863. He then returned and took up book-keeping. In 1870, he was elected Police Magistrate; was also appointed U. S. Commissioner for the Southern District; the latter position he still holds, with that of Justice of the Peace, to which he was elected in 1877. He is a thor ough business man, social, genial and much respected by all who know him. He married Miss Jennie M. Wilson, of Centralia, Sept. 21, 1872. They have one child-Harrie S.

JOIIN II. LOEHR, Deputy Treasurer, Bloomington; was born in Somerset Co., Penn., June 15, 1831, and is the sou of Peter J. and Anna B. (Snyder) Loehr; Mr. Loehr's adrent to this city dates from the year 1846. Many important positions of trust have been confided to him during his residence here, among which we may mention those of Deputy County Clerk and Deputy County Treasurer, positions which he has filled with credit and honor.

WILLIAM LOGAN, butcher, Bloomington; of the firm of Daniels & Logan ; a native of Ireland ; was born March 8, 1834; he came to the United States in 1819, and directly to Bloom.ington, I., where he has since lived a respected citizen ; he is said to be the oldest butcher in Bloomington, having been continually in the business here for upward of twenty-five years; his long continuance and present patronage is proof of his ability as a butcher; the fine quality of his meats and his honorable manner of doing business secure for himn extensive patronage. He married Miss Ann Prier of Philadelphia, Penn., Jan. 17, 1853 ; they have six children.

AUGUST LAUFER, stone-mason, Bloomington; was born in Prussia, May 1, 1832, he emigrated to America in 1867, and, coming West, located in Decatur, III., where he was engaged at his trade, which he learned in Germany when he was about 15 years old ; Mr. Laufer remained in Decatur until he came to Bloomington; since he came here, he has been engaged in working on some of the best business blocks and public buildings in the city, such as the Gridley Block, now occupied by J. E. Houtz & Co.'s dry goods store, Wesleyan University, Methodist Church, the new City Hall, etc.; Mr. Laufer's stoneyard is located at the corner of Center and Market streets. He was married to Mina Shmechel, of Germany; they have had six children; three children living.

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S. W. LYMAN, Bloomington ; is one of the oldest conductors in the employ of the Chicago & Alton Railroad; he was born in Chittenden Co., Vt., June 23, 1831, and is the son of Erastus and Sarah (White) Lyman ; when Mr. Lyman was about 21 years of age, he began railroading on the Vermont Central Line as brakeman, which position he filled but a short time; he then was appointed conductor of the V. C. R. R., running from Rouse's Point to Windsor, Vt.; remained with this company about three years; he then came West in 1854, and was conductor on the Vichigan Central Railroad one year; in 1855, Mr. Lyman came to Bloomington and entered the employ of the C. & A. R. R., as conductor, which position he has held, principally, ever since. Mr. Lyman married in Bloomington Miss Carrie Phillips ; they have three children, two girls and a boy.

CARL LARTZ, saloon-keeper, Bloomington; was born in Prussia in 1836; he came to America and landed in New York City in 1856 ; he remained in New York State until 1857, when he came West to Bloomington, 11.; here he commenced work in a brickyard, and, in 1862, he entered the army, enlisting in the 94th I. V. I., Co, A, a private, and did good service; he was mustered out in 1865. At the close of the war, he returned to Bloomington, and followed brickmaking until 1876; he then entered the saloon business, which he has followed ever since. He married Miss Reaka Rabenstrof, of Germany; they have eight children.

LIPP & FICKWEILER, hotel and restaurant, Bloomington ; proprietors of the Jefferson House, one of the home-like hotels of Bloomington. Otto Lipp was born in Weidenburg, Germany, 1815 ; came to America in 18.36, and landed in New York City; he then went to Lancas. ter. Penn., and, in 1868, came West and located in Bloomington; here he was engaged at his trade as cigar-maker, a trade he had learned in Lancaster. Mr. Lipp commenced the hotel and restaurant business in 1878, in partnership with Ernest Fickweiler, who is one of the leading Germans of Bloomington.

A. LIVINGSTON & CO., dealers in dry goods, Bloomington. As in most other branches of business and manufactures, Bloomington takes a leading position in the dry-goods line, having several leading houses of the kind in Central Illinois, and which take rank with those in cities of 100,000 inhabitants. A leading dry-goods house is that of Messrs. A. Livingston & Co., who commenced business in Bloomington in 1805, and are one of the oldest in the dry-goods business ; they carry a very valuable stock of dry goods and notions, valued at $25,000.

JOHN T. LILLARD. He was born and reared on a farm in Boyle Co., Ky.; he entered Center College, located at Danville, Ky., in the month of Sept., 1868; he graduated, with conspicuous honors. in June, 1872; after a season of stealy and persistent reading the elementary works, he was admitted to practice law in Kentucky, in 1873, being then 20 years of age; after still further prosecuting his studies, and after coming to Bloomington, he entered the law office of Williams & Burr, Bloomington; he was admitted to the bar of this State, upon a foreign license, in September, 1874. In August of 1875, a partnership was formed between Mr. Lillard and Mr. Richard Osborn, a firm which has achieved deserved success in the courts, and which still exists.

BENJAMIN D. LUCAS, was born in 1849, about two miles south of Bloomington; in 1856, his parents moved to the city, and a short time after, his mother died; after moving to town, he attended school at the old yellow schoolhouse, in the south part of town, until October, 1860, when his father, Richmond Lucas, died, and he went to Indiana, and went to school in the winter-time and worked on a farm during the summer ; after remaining there three years, he went to Shelbyville, III., and worked in a store, while not at school, about eight months; then he returned to Indiana, and after remaining there a few months, went to New York, and went to school in the winter and worked on a farm in the summer-time during three years; in 1866, he returned to Illinois, and again worked on a farm about four months, after which he taught school in the north part of ihe State. He then returned to Bloomington and entered the law office of Bloomfield & Fifer, and remained with them until they dissolved, after which he remained with Gen. Bloomfield until he was admitted to practice, in 1873; he then went into partnership with Mr. Bloomfield and remained nearly two years, when they dissolved; since then he has been alone. In the spring of 1876, he was appointed City Attorney by ex-Mayor Steere, which office he held until the expiration of the term. Mr. Lucas is certainly one of the most persistently studious lawyers at the McLean County bar; he is sincere and earnest in everything he undertakes, and from these very marked characteristics he has, for a young law. yer, reaped an abundant success ; his character is faultless, and in private as well as in public life, he is a conscientious and dignitied gentleman; no member of this bar is more highly respected hy his professional associates; if any exception can be taken to Mr. Lucas as a lawyer, the writer considers that it is found in his modesty, which, for a man of his profession, is truthfully excessive.

MISS ADA M. LAUGHLIN, teacher, Bloomington; was born in Putnam Co., Ill.; she received an education in Granville, Putnam Co., Ill. ; in 1865, she taught a district school, and, in 1866, attended the State Normal University, at Normal, Ill. ; in 1870, she accepted a position as Principal of one of the ward schools of Bloomington, which she has filled ever since, and is now Principal of the Third Ward School, one of the largest and finest school buildings in the city.

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