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West Township. The maiden name of his present wife was Dorothy Wigginton, to whom he was married Jan. 8, 1854; she was born in Kentucky in 1824; they have four children now lisingFrancis Marion, Stephen E., Jr., James T. and Lucretia.

H. CROSKEY, farmer; P. O. Farmer City; born in Harrison Co., Ohio, April 15, 1827, where he attended school in his youth and followed farming until he was 28 years of age, when, upon the 8th of March, 1855, he wils united in marriage with Rachel Hamilton ; she was born in Harrison Co., Ohio. May 21, 1835. Upon his marriage, he purchased a farm in Ohio, which he disposed of the following year and emigrated to Illinois, and purchased 160 acres of land upon Section 5, Town 21, West Township, upon which he lived three years, when he sold out, and after living one year in Le Roy, purchased his present place of 160 acres, upon which he located in the spring of 1860, where he has since lived; he located in West Township before its organization ; was one of the active org inizers of the township; cast the first vote ever polled in this township, and was the second Assessor. The children of Henry and Rachel Croskey were five in number-Clara B., born June 12, 1857; Joshua Hamilton, born Feb. 21, 1860; Mary Jane, born Feb. 27, 1865 ; Annie A., born March 16, 1868; Rettie Craig, born Nov. 7, 1871.

JAMES T. CRUMBAUGH, farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 18; P. O. Le Roy. The birth of this gentleman may be considered as one of the earliest in McLean (0.; he was born in Empire Township, McLean Co., Jan. 24, 1832; he was a twin brother of Daniel 7. Crumbaugh and a son of Daniel and Martha (Robinson) Crumbaugh, who were among the earliest seuilers of McLean Co., locating in Empire Township in the fall of 1830, and of whom a more extended mention is made in another part of this work. James T. remained with his father and followed farming and stock-raising until 21 years of age, when he farmed for himself for two years, upon a part of his father's farm, and, the following year, he, with his brother, D. T., purchased 160 acres of land, upon Section 13, and put in a crop of 60 acres of wheat, which yielded 30 bushels to the acre, the whole crop being sold in the field, at $1 per bushel ; in 1856, he purchased 80 acres of land upon Section 18, West Township, and, the following year, added, by purchase, 120 acres more, which he improved, and, in 1864, he realized $3,500 from th product of his 200 acres, with which he purchased 280 acres adjoining his home farm ; in 1867, he purchased 80 acres, and, in 1869. he purchased 160 acres, at $35 per acre, to which, in 1874, he added 74 acres, for which he paid $2,000, cash, making 794 acres in West, and 60 acres in Empire Townships, upon which there is no incumbrance. Mr. Crumbaugh first commenced farming upon rented land, which he followed two years; his capital consisted of one horse ; his harness and plows he borrowed of his neighbors ; he then, with his brother, D. T., purchased 160 acres of land, upon time, as well as their farming implements, their seeds being purchased from the proceeds of their previous farming. He now owns 854 acres of land, feeds 150 head of cattle and ships his own stock, all of which he has accumulated by his own hard labor and good business management, in which he has been nobly assisted by his amiable wife, to whom he was united in marriage upon the 18th of Sept., 1803 ; her maiden name was Elizabeth J. Wiley ; she was born in Empire Township, McLean Co., Nov. 17, 1841; she was the daughter of James Wiley, one of the early settlers of McLean Co., and of whom a more extended notice is given in the sketch of James S. Wiley, among the biographies of Empire Township. Mr. Crumbaugh expresses much gratitude to his esteemed brother-in-law, Charles Cope, and attributes much of his success in life to the kindness and judgment and advice of that gentleman, and by whom he was generously supplied with money at various times; not to the subject of this sketch alone was his kindness shown, but it extended to the balance of the family, as well as to many others. The biography of Mr. Cope is to be found among the sketches of Empire Township. James T. and Elizabeth Crumbaugh were the parents of one child, which died in infancy.

LEONARD A. CRUMBAUGH, farmer and stock-raiser; P. O. Le Roy: one of the early settlers of McLean Co.; born in Sangamon Co., III., Nov. 13, 1829; he was the son of Daniel and Martha Crumbaugh, who emigrated from Kentucky to Sangamon Co. in 1828, and located upon Sec. 14, in what is now Empire Township, in the fall of 1830; liere they lived until their death; Mrs. Crumbaugh died Jan. 4, 1857, and Mr. Crumbaugh died May 19, 1874: they lie buried in the Oak Grove Cemetery, and over their grave stands a large marble monument, erected sacred to their memory by their loving children. The subject of this sketch remained with his father until 21 years of age, and in August, 1852, he entered 200 acres of land upon Sec. 19, West Township, upon which he then located, and where he has since lived during a period of twenty-seven years; he is, aside from farming, quite extensively engaged in stock raising, feeding and shipping from 60 to 80 cattle, 100 to 150 hogs, 300 sheep and from 15 to 20 horses; he has since added to his farm by purchase, until it now contains 640 acres of prairie, 45 acres of timber, and 160 acres in Piatt Co. Mr. Crumbaugh has some vivid recollections of the hardships and privations of frontier life; he has, in times of low water, driven forty miles to mill, and made two trips to Chicago with wheat, which he sold at 50 cents per bushel, lording back with salt, leather and groceries, the trip consuming ten or twelve days, and they camping out and doing their cooking. Of township and school offices, Mr. Crumbaugh has had his full share; he was the first School Trustee of West Township, which office he held for sis years; has held the office of School Director for a period of one-fourth of a century, and other petty offices. The marriage nuptials of Leonard A. Crumbaugh and Sarah M. Wiley were cele ebrated Sept. 25, 1856; she was born in Le Roy Dec. 18, 1838; their children were five in number-Pamelia, born Aug. 27, 1858, and died Sept. 7, 1860; William F., Aug. 27, 1861 ; Charles, Sept. 10, 1864; Gertrude, Aug. 27, 1868, and one which died in infancy, born Sept. 10, 1862. It will be noticed, by referring to the above dates, that three of their children were born upon the 27th of August, while the births of the other two occurred upon the 10th of September, Mrs. Crumbaugh was the daughter of James Wiley-an early settler and a prominent citizen of Empire Township-and who is more prominently mentioned in the biography of J. S. Wiley, to be found among the sketches of Empire Township, in another part of this work.

D. MONROE DICKINSON, farmer and stock-raiser; P. ). Sabina ; born in Pike Co., Ill., Oct. 29, 1842 (he is the son of Eliada and Lois Dickinson, whose biography appears among the sketches of Empire Township, in another part of this work); after attending the common schools until 15 years of age, he entered the German and English College at Quincy, which he attended two terms, and upon the 8th of August, 1862, he enlisted in the 99th Regt. of I. V. I., and went forward to battle for the Union; he served in the campaign of Missouri until the spring of 1863 ; he was then forwarded to the attack upon Vicksburg, joining the army at Milliken's Bend, and was then continually engaged in fighting, until the surrender of Vicksburg upon the 4th of July following; among the battles in which he was engaged upon that campaign, were Grand Gulf, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills, Black River, and was in the memorable charge on the 22d of May, upon the rebel breastworks at Vicksburg, where the gallant 99th engaged with 300 strong, and of which 150 were killed and many more wounded; he remained with the army at Vicksburg until its surrender, after which he was engaged in Mississippi, including the second battle of Jackson, where, after a two weeks siege, the Union army was victorious ; returning to Vicksburg, he was transferred to the Gulf department, and after assisting in the capture of Fort Esperanza, was sent to Mobile Bay, and assisted in the capture of Fort Gaines, Fort Morgan, Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely, when the 99th had the honor of being the first regis ment to march into Mobile; he was then sent to Shreveport, La., and Baton Rouge, where he was mustered out of service in August, 1865. Mr. Dickinson served in the Union army upwards of three years; he was wounded at the battle of Magnolia, but refused to go to the hospital ; at the battle of Black River, a ball passed through his coat and vest; at the second battle of Jackson, a piece of shell passed through his hat; after receiving his discharge in August, 1865, he returned to West Township, McLean Co., and the fall of 1866 purchased 280 acres in West Township, which he afterward exchanged for his present place of 240 acres, where he now lives, His marriage with Maria I. Williams was celebrated Feb. 28, 1867 ; she was born in Boone Co., Ind., Jan. 21, 1850; they have three children by this union-Clara Lois, born Jan. 10, 1868; Melvina, Sept. 19, 1870, and Eliada, Aug. 9, 1873.

HENRY B. FRIDLEY, farmer and stock-raiser ; P. O. Delano; born in Crawford Co., Penn., Feb. 25, 1835; his father, John Fridley, was born in Pennsylvania and located in Fulton Co., II., in 1836, where he died Sept 5, 1847. His mother's maiden name was Esther Buck, born in Pennsylvania in 1803, and now lives in Fulton Co., Ill. The subject of this sketch attended school and engaged in farming until 20 years of age, when he was united in marriage with Sarah A. Buck, upon the 11th of Oct., 1855; she was born in Fulton Co., III., Sept. 28, 1837; her parents came from Pennsylvania to Fulton Co., II., in 1836. Three children were the fruit of this union-Esther M, born April 8, 1858 ; Charles D., Oct. 7, 1859, and Henry F. P., March 23, 1863. Mr. Fridley engaged in farming in Fulton Co. until the summer of 1867, when he came to McLean Co. and purchased 320 acres of land upon Sec. 25, West Township, upon which he located, and whiere he has since lived, and which, by his own hard labor, he has brought from its wild prairie condition to its present high state of cultivation. He also owns upwards of 300 acres of land in Texas, valued at $6,000, all of which he, with the united efforts of his wife, has accumulated since their marriage, at which date his capital consisted of $2 in cash and five spring calves. His first crop in McLean Co. was a failure, and he was obliged to run in debt for the feed for his seventy-six head of cattle, twelve horses and some hogs, which he hauled six mileg through very deep mud. He cultivates many different kinds of fruit, among which are different kinds of apples, peaches, pears, cherries, grapes, raspberries, gooseberries, currants, blackberries, quinces, plums, etc.

HENRY GRIZZELL, farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 33 ; P. O. Sabina ; born in Gloucestershire, England, July 28, 1815. He was the only child of Josiah Grizzell, who was born in 1769, and raised in Gloucestershire, England. He followed farming until his decease, which occurred in the fall of 1834. His mother was born in the same place ; her maiden name was Anna Roach : her birth occurred in 1769 ; she died in England in 1813 ; they both lie buried in the churchyard in Harrisville Parish. The subject of this sketch attended the private subscription schools in his youth, after which he followed farming until he emigrated to America, where he landed in New York in April, 1851, after a tedious voyage of thirteen weeks. He then lived in Auburn, N. Y., two years, when he emigrated West, and located at Cleaverville, Cook Co., Ill., in 1853. Here he followed farming and carpentering for two years, and in 1855, he came to McLean Co., living near Bloomington two years, and, in 1857, he came to West Township, and entered 160 acres of land, upon which he located the following year, and where he has since lived.

He was

one of the first settlers of West Township, and is one of, if not the oldest resident of the township. He now owns 290 acres of well-improved land in Sections 32 and 33, which he has accumulated by his own hard labor, energy and economy, in which he has been nobly assisted by his wife, to whom he was united in marriage in Monmouthshire, England, July 15, 1844 ; her maiden name was Jane Martin; she was born in the parish of Hardwich, Glogcestershire, England, Dec. 12, 1815 ; her father, Thomas Martin, was born in the same shire, and died in Monmouthshire in the fall of 1817 ; her mother's maiden name was Hannah Vick; she was born in Gloucestershire, and died in Worcestershire, July, 1811. The children of Henry And Jane Grizzell were eight in number, of which four are now living, viz: Ann Maria, born May 15, 1845, now Mrs. H. R. Benson, wife of a prominent lawyer of Bloomington; Edward H., Dec. 15, 1846, farming in Barton Co., Kan. ; Robert, Aug. 27, 1818, now in Kansas ; and John Martin, now attending the Wesleyan University at Bloomington. Mr. and Mrs. Grizzell hare been members of the Episcopal Church since their childhood.

ELIJAH HAMAND, farmer and stock-raiser ; P. O. Le Roy; born in Perry Co., Ohio, Nor. 0, 1846, where he followed farming until 19 years of age, when he enlisted in the 114th Ohio V. I.; upon the 221 of August, 1862. he was sent to Memphis, and was engaged in the campaigo through Tennessee, the battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, fight of Vicksburg, Arkansas Post, from there to Young's Point, where, for three months, he was engaged in digging the canal, being a large part the time exposed to the fire of the rebel army ; in the spring of 1863, he joined the main army of Grant at Milliken's Bend and participated in nearly all of the battles through the campaign, among which were Grand Gulf, Port Gibson, Black River, Champion Hills, and, upon the 22d of May, when the gallant charge was made upon the rebel breastworks at Vicksburg, in which his regiment suffered great loss in killed and wounded; he was then transferred to the Gulf department, going to Texas; was engaged in the Red River expedition, after which, he was sent to Florida, and from there marched overland and assisted in the capture of Ft. Blakely, which was virtually the last battle of the war; in August, 1865, he was mustered out and received his discharge at Columbus, Ohio, having served in the Union army upward of three years. After receiving his discharge, he located in West Township, McLean Co., and farmed with his father until 1869, when he purchased his present place of eighty acres, upon which he has since lived and upon which he has good farm buildings. His marriage with Emma Coleman Wils celebrated Sept. 6, 1867; she was born in Hamilton Co., Ohio, July 16, 1848; they have five children by this union, viz., Maggie R., Lydia S., Thomas S., Nannie B. and Emma L. Mrs. Hamand is the daughter of Henry R. Coleman, of the early pioneers of McLean Co. Mr. Hamand is a Republican; he cast his first vote for A. Lincoln and has always worked for the Buccess of his party ; le is a Steward of the M. E. Church, of which he with his wife have been members since 1873,

JOHN HAMILTON, farmer and stock-raiser; P. O. Farmer City ; born in Harrison Co., Ohio, Nov. 22, 1820, where he attended school and followed farming until 23 years of age, when, after clerking one year in the merchandise trade, he purchased a farm in Knox Co., which he improved until 1850, when he sold out, and, emigrating to Illinois, purchased a farm in Empire Township, McLean Co., upon which he located and followed farming for four years, when, in 1855, he again sold out and purchased his present farm of 320 acres, upon Section 6, Town 21, West Township, upon which he then located, and where he followed farming until 1852, when he rented his farm and removed to Bloomington, where he engaged in buying and shipping stock to Chicago and the Eastern markets until 1872, when he returned to his farm, where he has since lived. He was married to Rebecca R. Pritchard, in Cadiz, Ohio, Aug. 21, 1845; she was born at the above place March 7, 1825; she is a daughter of John and Sarah Pritchard; her father was born in Frederick Co., Md., and located in Ohio at an early day; her mother's maiden name was Saralı Brownfield ; she was born in Fayette Co., Penn. The children of John and Rebecca Hamilton were seven in number—Sarah J. (now wife of B. F. Funk, of Bloomington), born June 11, 1816; Mary, born March 31, 1819 (she was married to Judge A. S. Wilson, of Washington Co., Kan., where she died Oct. 12, 1878, leaving two children); Alice, born July 15, 1851 (now Mrs. J. J. Dally, of Missouri); Ella, born Jan. 14, 1854 (now wife of W. E. P. Anderson, a lawyer); Bella, born Jan. 26, 1858 ; Lizzie, Aug. 14, 1860, and Ernest P., Sept. 12, 1866; the last three now living at home.

WILLIAM W. HAMMOND, farmer and stock-raiser ; P. 0. Sabina. The subject of this sketch was born in Lancashire, England, April 2, 1839; his father, Wm. Hammond, was born at the above place, where he followed blacksmithing until 1841, when he emigrated to America; he died in Illinois in 1869; his widow died in New Jersey in 1877. Wm. W. lived with his parents until 14 years of age, when he came to Illinois, and located in Empire Township, McLean Co., in 1854 ; his capital at that time was $5; he immediately secured employment as farm laborer, at $8 per month; and the proceeds of his first season's labor was loaned out and has remained in than condition for the past twenty-five years. He continued to work out until 22 years of age, when he was united in marriage, on the 9th of Dec., 1861, with ('atharine Bishop; she was born in McLean Co., April 4, 1842 ; five children were the fruit of this union, of whom four are now living, viz.: Ida May, born Sept. 23, 1862; James W., Sept. 3, 1864; Charles B., Oct. 14, 1866, and Elizabeth C, March 11, 1870. Mrs. Hammond is the daughter of the Hon. Malon

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